The Colombia–Panama border is the 225 km (139-mile) long international boundary between Colombia and Panama. It is also the border between South America and North America. It includes the Darién Gap, a 106 km (66 miles) long swath of undeveloped swampland and forest that begins in Yaviza, Panama and ends in Turbo, Colombia.
In May 2016, Panama closed key border crossings to prevent undocumented migrants from Cuba and Africa entering the country. Cubans entering the United States are typically able to receive residency under the Cuban Adjustment Act of 1996, making Puerto Obaldia a popular crossing point for Cuban migrants traveling to the United States. The decision to close the border was made because Costa Rica and Nicaragua had closed their borders to Cubans heading north. The closing of the Panama-Colombia border resulted in a number of migrants being stranded in Turbo, a transit point for migrants. Some of the Cubans began protesting, demanding that Colombia airlift them to Mexico.
Formerly, the regional border was initially created in 1508 after royal decree, to separate the colonial governorships of Castilla de Oro and Nueva Andalucía, using the River Atrato as the boundary between the two goverorships.
The current limit was regulated by the Victoria-Velez Treaty signed in Bogotá on August 20, 1924 by the Foreign Ministers of Panama, Nicolas Victoria; and Colombia, Jorge Velez. This treaty is officially registered in the Register No. 814 of the Treaty League of Nations, on 17 August 1925. The border was made based on the same Colombian law of June 9, 1855.
- Berrio-Lemm, Vladimir. A short survey of public international law: Limits of Costa Rica and Panama. Page 47. Lottery # 420 Cultural Magazine. September–October 1998
- De Leon, Raquel Maria. Boundaries and Borders'. Panama. 1965.