Central American and Caribbean Games

The Central American and Caribbean Games (CAC or CACGs) are a multi-sport regional championship event, held quadrennial (once every four years), typically in the middle (even) year between Summer Olympics. The games are for countries in Central America, the Caribbean, Mexico, and the South American Caribbean countries of Colombia, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela.

Central American and Caribbean Games (CACGs)
Juegos Centroamericanos y del Caribe (in Spanish)
First eventOctober 30 – November 2, 1926
Occur every4 years
Last eventJuly 19 – August 3, 2018
PurposeSports for Central American and Caribbean people
OrganizationCentro Caribe Sports (formerly CACSO)
Silver coin: 5 Balboas, Panama - 11th Central American and Caribbean Games, 1970
Central American and Caribbean Games 2010, Triathlon, in Mayagüez, Puerto Rico

The games are overseen by Centro Caribe Sports (formerly CACSO).[1] They are designed to provide a step between sub-CACG-region Games held the first year following a Summer Olympics (e.g. Central American Games) and the Continental Championships, the Pan American Games, held the year before the Summer Olympics.

The last Games were held in Barranquilla, Colombia between 19 July to 3 August, 2018. The next Games will be held in 2023.

HistoryEdit

The CACGs are the oldest continuing regional games in the world,[2] and only the Olympics have run longer. Mexico, Cuba and Guatemala were the three countries present at the first games, which were then called the Central American Games. In 1935 their name was changed to Central American and Caribbean Games to reflect expanding participation.

The 1942 edition was suspended after the impact of the World War II.

A "Central American Games" does exist today, Juegos Centroamericanos, involving just Central American countries.

EditionsEdit

Host cities of the Central American and Caribbean Games

The first two editions of the Games were known as the "Central American Games" at the time, but the edition lineage continued after the inclusion of the Caribbean nations in 1935.[3]

Year Edition Host city Host nation
(as recognized by the IOC)
Dates Nations Events Sports Competitors Top placed team
1926 1 Mexico City   Mexico October 30 – November 2 3 3 9 269   Mexico
1930 2 Havana   Cuba March 15 – April 15 9 9 9 606   Cuba
1935 3 San Salvador   El Salvador March 16 – April 5 9 9 13 741   Mexico
1938 4 Panama City   Panama February 5 – February 24 10 10 16 1216   Mexico
1946 5 Barranquilla   Colombia March 5 – March 25 13 13 17 1540   Mexico
1950 6 Guatemala City   Guatemala February 28 – March 12 14 14 19 1390   Mexico
1954 7 Mexico City   Mexico March 5 – March 20 12 12 19 1356   Mexico
1959 8 Caracas   Venezuela January 6 – January 15 12 12 17 1150   Mexico
1962 9 Kingston   Jamaica August 15 – August 28 15 15 16 1559   Mexico
1966 10 San Juan   Puerto Rico July 11 – July 25 18 18 17 1689   Mexico
1970 11 Panama City   Panama February 28 – March 13 21 21 16 2095   Cuba
1974 12 Santo Domingo   Dominican Republic February 27 – March 13 23 23 18 1928   Cuba
1978 13 Medellín   Colombia July 7 – July 28 19 19 21 2605   Cuba
1982 14 Havana   Cuba August 7 – August 18 19 19 24 2420   Cuba
1986 15 Santiago de los Caballeros   Dominican Republic June 24 – July 5 26 26 25 2963   Cuba
1990 16 Mexico City   Mexico November 20 – December 3 29 29 30 4206   Cuba
1993 17 Ponce   Puerto Rico November 19 – November 30 31 31 32 3,570   Cuba
1998 18 Maracaibo   Venezuela August 8 – August 22 31 31 30 5200   Cuba
2002 19 San Salvador   El Salvador November 19 – November 30 31 31 32 4,301   Mexico
2006 20 Cartagena de Indias   Colombia July 15 – July 30 32 32 37 4,865   Cuba
2010 21 Mayagüez   Puerto Rico July 17 – August 1 31 31 42 5204   Mexico
2014 22 Veracruz   Mexico November 14 – November 30 31 31 36 5707   Cuba
2018 23 Barranquilla   Colombia July 19 – August 3 37 37 36 5854   Mexico
2023 24 San Salvador   El Salvador June 23 – July 8
2026 25 Santo Domingo   Dominican Republic TBD

SportsEdit

Sport 1926 1930 1935 1938 1946 1950 1954 1959 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1993 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018
  Archery X X X X X X X X X X
  Athletics X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  Badminton X X X X X X
  Baseball X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  Basketball X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  Basque Pelota X X X
  Beach Volleyball X X X X X X
  Bowling X X X X X X X X X X
  Boxing X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  Canoeing X X X X X X X
  Cycling X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  Diving X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  Equestrian X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  Fencing X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  Field hockey X X X X X X X X X X
  Football X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  Golf X X X X X X X
  Artistic gymnastics X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  Rhythmic gymnastics X X X X X X
  Trampoline

X

X X
  Handball X X X X X X
  Judo X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  Karate X X X X X X X
  Modern pentathlon X X X X X
  Racquetball X X X X X X X X
  Roller skating X X X X X X
  Rowing X X X X X X X X X X
  Rugby Sevens X X X
  Sailing X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  Shooting X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  Softball X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  Squash X X X X X
  Swimming X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  Synchronized swimming X X X X X X X X X X X
  Table tennis X X X X X X X X X X
  Taekwondo X X X X X X X X
  Tennis X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  Triathlon X X X X X X
  Volleyball X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  Water polo X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  Water ski X X
  Weightlifting X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  Wrestling X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

NationsEdit

Nation 1926 1930 1935 1938 1946 1950 1954 1959 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1993 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018
  AHO X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  ARU X X X X X X X X
  ATG X X X X X X X X X
  BAH X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  BAR X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  BER X X X X X X X X X X X X
  BIZ X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  IVB X X X X X X X X X X
  CAY X X X X X X X X X
  COL X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  CRC X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  CUB X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  DMA X X X X X X
  DOM X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  ESA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  GRN X X X X X X X X X
  GUA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  GUY X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  HAI X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  HON X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  ISV X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  JAM X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  LCA X X X X X X X
  MEX X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  NCA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  PAN X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  PUR X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  SKN X X X X X X X
  SUR X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  TRI X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  VIN X X X X X X X X
  VEN X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

Historical medal countEdit

 
Centroamerican games 2010 gold medal, held in Mayagüez, Puerto Rico

The following medals were won:[4][5]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Cuba (CUB)18549617473562
2  Mexico (MEX)1367133311783878
3  Venezuela (VEN)5988209912409
4  Colombia (COL)5306166561802
5  Puerto Rico (PUR)3435157301588
6  Dominican Republic (DOM)172279435886
7  Jamaica (JAM)113122136371
8  Guatemala (GUA)105184370659
9  Panama (PAN)89156175420
10  Trinidad and Tobago (TTO)5284114250
11  El Salvador (SLV)51124225400
12  Costa Rica (CRC)3847104189
13  Netherlands Antilles (ANT)313148110
14  Bahamas (BAH)28263387
15  Barbados (BAR)16155081
16  Suriname (SUR)1351230
17  U.S. Virgin Islands (VIR)11201950
18  Guyana (GUY)7153759
19  British Virgin Islands (VGB)6118
20  Cayman Islands (CYM)55919
21  Aruba (ABW)531119
22  Saint Lucia (LCA)4116
23  Nicaragua (NIC)3155876
24  Honduras (HON)3123853
25  Haiti (HTI)3112438
26  Bermuda (BMU)261422
27  Belize (BLZ)1225
28  Dominica (DMA)1023
29  Antigua and Barbuda (ATG)05611
30  Grenada (GRD)0347
31  Saint Kitts and Nevis (KNA)0167
32  Guadeloupe (GLP)0011
  Martinique (MTQ)0011
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (VCT)0011
Totals (34 entries)54515418623917108

Central American and Caribbean Beach GamesEdit

Year Edition Host city Host nation
(as recognized by the IOC)
Dates Nations Events Sports Competitors Top placed team
2022 1 Santa Marta   Colombia November

Central American and Caribbean Junior GamesEdit

Year Edition Host city Host nation
(as recognized by the IOC)
Dates Nations Events Sports Competitors Top placed team
2024 1

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ (in Spanish) ODECABE website www.odecabe.org; retrieved 2010-03-03
  2. ^ History of CACSO Archived July 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine from the CACSO website (www.cacso.org); retrieved 2009-06-26.
  3. ^ "Nuevas marcas en Mayagüez 2010, y no han empezado los juegos - Primerahora.com". Archived from the original on 2010-07-20. Retrieved 2010-07-17.
  4. ^ Medals – Total of Medals (1926-2010) from the ODECABE website (http://www.odecabe.org Archived 2012-09-09 at archive.today); retrieved 2014-11-26.
  5. ^ Veracruz 2014 – Medal Count Archived 2014-11-29 at the Wayback Machine from the Veracruz 2014 website ("Veracruz 2014 | Juegos Centroamericanos y del Caribe Veracruz2014". Archived from the original on 2014-11-12. Retrieved 2014-11-11.); retrieved 2014-11-30.

CitationsEdit