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The South American Games (also known as ODESUR Games; Spanish: Juegos Sudamericanos; Portuguese: Jogos Sul-Americanos), formerly the Southern Cross Games (Spanish: Juegos Cruz del Sur) is a regional multi-sport event held between nations from South America, organized by the South American Sports Organization (Organización Deportiva Sudamericana, ODESUR).[1]

South American Games
AbbreviationJJ.SS.
First event1978 in La Paz, Bolivia
Occur everyfour years
Last event2018 in Cochabamba, Bolivia
PurposeMulti sport event for nations on the South American continent

The first Games were held in 1978 in La Paz, Bolivia. They have since been held every four years, with the most recent edition in 2018 in Cochabamba, Bolivia. The next games will be held in 2022 in Asunción, Paraguay. The Games have had an equivalent to the Olympic Flame since their inception: the South American Flame, which is relayed from Tiahuanaco, Bolivia, to the host city.[2]

For the XI edition in 2018 there were two bids: Cochabamba, Bolivia, and Barquisimeto, Venezuela, with the final hosting decision in favour of Cochabamba in 2011. Starting with the 2014 edition, the South American Para Games are held for South American Paralympic athletes. Just like the Olympic Games, the host city for the South American Games is also the host for Para-South American Games.

The detailed history of the South American Games together with an extensive list of medal winners was published in a book written (in Spanish) by Argentinian journalist Ernesto Rodríguez III with support of the Argentine Olympic Committee under the auspices of the Ministry of Education in collaboration with the Sports Secretary of Argentina.[3]

Contents

GamesEdit

Year Games Host City Host Country Opened by Dates Athletes Nations Sports Top medalling
nation
1978 I La Paz   Bolivia Juan Pereda 3 November – 12 November 480 8 16   Argentina
1982 II Rosario   Argentina Reynaldo Bignone 26 November – 5 December 961 10 19   Argentina
1986 III Santiago   Chile Augusto Pinochet 28 November – 8 December 969 10 17   Argentina
1990 IV Lima   Peru Alberto Fujimori 1 December – 10 December 1,070 10 16   Argentina
1994 V Valencia   Venezuela Rafael Caldera 19 November – 28 November 1,599 14 19   Argentina
1998 VI Cuenca   Ecuador Gustavo Noboa 21 October – 31 October 1,525 14 24   Argentina
2002 VII Multiple Cities   Brazil 1 August – 11 August 2,069 13 24   Brazil
2006 VIII Buenos Aires   Argentina Néstor Kirchner 9 November – 19 November 2,938 15 28   Argentina
2010 IX Medellín   Colombia Álvaro Uribe 19 March – 30 March 3,751 15 31   Colombia
2014 X Santiago   Chile Sebastián Piñera 7 March – 18 March 3,499 14 33   Brazil
2018 XI Cochabamba   Bolivia Evo Morales 26 May – 8 June 4,010 14 35   Colombia
2022 XII Asunción   Paraguay

Para GamesEdit

Year Games Host City Host Country Opened by Dates Athletes Nations Sports Top medalling
nation
2014 I Santiago[4]   Chile 26 March – 30 March 600+ 8 7   Argentina
2018 II Cochabamba[5]   Bolivia Cancelled

Youth GamesEdit

Year Games Host City Host Country Opened by Dates Athletes Nations Sports Top medalling
nation
2013 I Lima   Peru 20 September – 29 September 1200 14 19   Brazil
2017 II Santiago   Chile 29 September – 8 October 1279 14 20   Brazil
2021 III Rosario   Argentina

Beach GamesEdit

Year Games Host City Host Country Opened by Dates Athletes Nations Sports Top medalling
nation
2009 I Punta del Este/Montevideo   Uruguay 3-13 December 12 9   Brazil
2011 II Manta   Ecuador 2-12 December 675 13 10   Brazil
2014 III Vargas   Venezuela 14–24 May 12 10   Venezuela
2017 Pimentel   Peru Cancelled
2019 IV Rosario   Argentina 14–23 March 13

All-time medal countEdit

The total medal count for all the Games until 2018 is tabulated below. This table is sorted by the number of gold medals earned by each country. The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next, and then the number of bronze medals.

South American Games medal count
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   Argentina 884 761 727 2372
2   Brazil 739 601 551 1891
3   Venezuela 535 469 500 1504
4   Colombia 503 423 400 1326
5   Chile 354 455 536 1345
6   Peru 190 271 362 823
7   Ecuador 188 244 371 803
8   Uruguay 68 115 146 329
9   Bolivia 35 84 156 275
10   Paraguay 19 44 61 124
11   Panama 13 18 28 59
12   Suriname 9 3 12 24
13   Netherlands Antilles 7 7 17 31
14   Guyana 2 4 13 19
15   Aruba 0 4 14 18
Total 3546 3503 3894 10943

SportsEdit

Disciplines from the same sport are grouped under the same color:

     Aquatics     Cycling     Football     Gymnastics     Roller sports     Volleyball

Sport (discipline) Body 78 82 86 90 94 98 02 06 10 14 18
World South America
 
Diving   FINA ASUA X X X X X
Open water swimming   X X X X
Swimming   X X X X X X X X X X
Synchronized swimming   X X X X X
Water polo   X X
 
Archery   FITA AAF X X X X X X
Athletics   IAAF CONSUDATLE X X X X X X X X X X X
Badminton   BWF BPA X X X
Baseball   IBAF COPABE X X X X X
Basketball   FIBA ABASU X X X X X X
Basque pelota   FIPV X
Bocce   CMSB X
Bodybuilding   IFBB IFBBSud America X
Bowling   FIQ PABCON X X X X X X X X X
Boxing   AIBA AMBC X X X X X X X X X X X
Canoeing   ICF COPAC X X X X X X X
 
BMX racing   UCI COPACI X X X X
Mountain biking   X X X X X X
Road cycling   X X X X X X X X X X X
Track cycling   X X X X X X X X X X
 
Equestrian   FEI PAEC X X X X X X
Fencing   FIE CPE X X X X X X X X X X X
Field hockey   FIH PAHF X X X
 
Football   FIFA CONMEBOL X X X X X X X
Futsal   X X X X X X
 
Golf   IGF FSG X X X
 
Artistic gymnastics   FIG CONSUGI X X X X X X X X X X X
Rhythmic gymnastics   X X X X X X X X
Trampoline   X
 
Handball   IHF PATHF X X X X X
Judo   IJF PJC X X X X X X X X X X X
Karate   WKF PKF X X X X X X X
Modern pentathlon   UIPM X X
Racquetball   IRF PARC X X
 
Artistic roller skating   FIRS CPRS X X X X X X X
Roller hockey   X X
Roller speed skating   X X X X X X X
 
Rowing   FISA X X X X X X X
Rugby sevens   IRB CONSUR X X
Sailing   ISAF SASC X X X X X X X X X
Scuba diving   X
Shooting   ISSF CAT X X X X X X X X X X X
Softball   ISF CONPASA X X X
Squash   WSF FPS X X
Table tennis   ITTF LATTU X X X X X X X X X
Taekwondo   WTF PATU X X X X X X X X X
Tennis   ITF COSAT X X X X X X X X X X X
Triathlon   ITU PATCO X X X X X X
 
Beach volleyball   FIVB CSV X X X
Indoor volleyball   X X X X X
 
Water skiing   IWWF IWWF Pan Am X X X X
Weightlifting   IWF PAWC X X X X X X X X X X X
Wrestling   UWW CPLA X X X X X X X X X X X
 
Total events 171 249 193 260 296 357 380 463 486 317 373

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ediciones de los Juegos (in Spanish), ODESUR, archived from the original on 16 June 2012, retrieved 5 June 2012
  2. ^ Llama Suramericana (in Spanish), ODESUR, archived from the original on 18 August 2012, retrieved 5 June 2012
  3. ^ Rodríguez III, Ernesto (2010), LIBROS DEL CICLO OLÍMPICO ARGENTINO - Libro I de los Juegos Odesur 1978-2010 (in Spanish) (1a. ed.), Buenos Aires: Alarco Ediciones, p. 192, ISBN 978-987-1367-18-4, archived from the original on 4 January 2012, retrieved 3 June 2012
  4. ^ "Para-South American Games to open in Santiago". paralympic.org. Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  5. ^ "South American Paralympics Cancelled". Around the Rings. 16 April 2018. Retrieved 17 April 2018.

External linksEdit