Manta, Ecuador

Manta is a mid-sized city in Manabí Province, Ecuador. It is the most populous city in the province, and the tenth most populous in the country. Manta has existed since Pre-Columbian times. It was a trading post for the Manta, also known as Manteños.

Manta
City
San Pablo de Manta
A view of one of Manta's modern districts
A view of one of Manta's modern districts
Flag of Manta
Flag
Coat of arms of Manta
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Primer Puerto Marítimo del Ecuador <Ecuador's First Seaport>
Motto(s): 
Capital Mundial del Atún y Ciudad de la Pesca, del Atún y del Puerto Turístico, Marítimo y Pesquero (World Capital of Tuna Fishing, Tuna Touristic Port, Maritime and Fisheries)
Manta is located in Ecuador
Manta
Manta
Location in Ecuador
Coordinates: 00°57′00.08″S 80°42′58.32″W / 0.9500222°S 80.7162000°W / -0.9500222; -80.7162000Coordinates: 00°57′00.08″S 80°42′58.32″W / 0.9500222°S 80.7162000°W / -0.9500222; -80.7162000
CountryEcuador
ProvinceManabí
CantonManta
Government
 • MayorAgustin Intriago
Area
 • City60.49 km2 (23.36 sq mi)
Elevation
6 m (20 ft)
Population
 (2010)
 • City217,553
 • Density3,600/km2 (9,300/sq mi)
 • Metro
226,477
Time zoneUTC-5 (ECT)
Postal code
EC1308
Area code(s)(+593) 5
ClimateBWh
Websitewww.manta.gob.ec (in Spanish)

According to the 2001 census, the city had 192,322 inhabitants. In the 21st century, its main economic activity is tuna fishing. Other economic activities include tourism and a chemical industry, with products ranging from cleaning supplies to oils and margarine.

Located on the Pacific coast, Manta has the largest seaport in Ecuador. The port was used by Charles Marie de La Condamine upon his arrival in Ecuador in 1735 when leading the French mission to measure the location of the equator. From Manta, Condamine started his trip inland towards Quito.

Manta has an international airport, Eloy Alfaro International Airport with passenger airline service, and an important military base (known as Manta Air Base or Eloy Alfaro Air Base). Between 1999-2009 Manta Air Base was used by U.S. air forces to support anti-narcotics military operations and surveillance flights against Colombian drug trafficking cartels. The lease was not renewed by the Ecuadorean government.

Manta is recognized for its international film festival, featuring groups from different places in the world. The Ecuadorian actor Carlos Valencia was invited to Cannes Film Festival for his performance in Ratas Ratones y Rateros (1999), directed by Sebastián Cordero. The latter was born in the capital city of Quito.

SportEdit

Sporting events take place in November, and from January through April. Fútbol (soccer) is the main sport of the city, as it is in the nation. The city has two professional teams: Delfín S.C. and Manta F.C., who used to be Manta S.C. Other teams have included Green Cross F.C., America, Juventud Italiana, and River Plate. However, most residents are fans of Barcelona Sporting Club and Club Sport Emelec, the teams with the largest fan base in Manabí.

Given the city's location along the Pacific Ocean, water sports are also very significant here. These include surfing (Manta was the host for the 2004 Bodyboarding World Cup), scuba diving, water skiing, and kitesurfing. Nearby Salinas was the site of the ISA World Junior Surfing Games Ecuador in 2009. Surfing in Ecuador is very popular because of the year-round steady climate.

Manta has some of South America's most breathtaking beaches. The city was selected as the site of the sixth South American Windsurfing Championship. It is renowned for its diving and sport fishing, with Black and Blue Marlin reaching even the 1,000-pound mark.[citation needed]

Tennis is also widely played in Manta. A number of ATP Challenger Series have been played in the city.

Entertainment and cultureEdit

Manta hosts an International Theater Festival in September.[1] A MAAC cine, one of four in Ecuador, shows independent and non-Hollywood productions.[2]

The Central Bank Museum includes an important collection of Pre-Columbian craft.

EconomyEdit

Manta has one of the most solid city economies in Ecuador. The main industries are fishing and tuna canning and processing. Processed tuna is exported to Europe and the U.S. International tuna corporations, including Bumble Bee, Van Camps, British Columbia Packers, and Conservas Isabel, as well as leading national tuna processor Marbelize, have sizable factories in Manta.

Other important products include vegetable oil. Large Ecuadorian corporations, including La Fabril and Ales, have their main factories in Manta.

According to a recent survey by Vistazo magazine, many of the largest (by revenue) companies in Ecuador are located in the Manta metropolitan area. (It is third after Quito and Guayaquil, which have larger companies).

Tourism is increasingly important for Manta's economy. Various cruise ships have made Manta a port of call while traveling the southern Pacific Ocean. In addition, the original and official "Panama" hats are produced in Manabí. Internationally known, they are made in the nearby town of Montecristi. Panama hats are favorite souvenirs among visitors of Manta.

TourismEdit

Manta receives numerous visits from foreign as well as local tourists. The most visited beaches include "El Murciélago", "Santa Marianita", "San Lorenzo" and "Barbasquillo". Surfers often travel to San Lorenzo to find powerful waves (regularly head high).

Kitesurfing has recently become very popular in Santa Marianita (Playa Bonita) because of the excellent wind conditions and long beach.

Nearby is the small town of Montecristi, founded in the early 17th century. It has colonial architecture but is best known for its wickerwork weaving. It is also the original birthplace of Panama hats; despite their name, they were historically produced in Ecuador.

Manta Beach[3]

GalleryEdit

EducationEdit

Manta possesses a number of universities and high schools. The largest and most traditional university is Universidad Laica Eloy Alfaro; others include Universidad del Pacifico (Pacific University) and Manta Institute of Technology. The most traditional high schools include Colegio San Jose, Colegio Senoritas Manta, and Colegio Stella Maris.

Foreigh-oriented upper class high schools include Jefferson High School (American), Julio Pierregrosse High School (Spanish), and Leonardo da Vinci High School (Italian). These are the most prestigious high schools in the city, keeping international academic standards. The Spanish language school, Academia Surpacifico, has more than 14 years of experience teaching Spanish to foreigners.

ClimateEdit

Despite the city's location near the equator, the Humboldt Current gives Manta an arid climate (Köppen BWh). The city is cloudy and hot most of the year, and rainfall is erratic and largely confined to the months between January and April. At these times, it occurs mainly during El Niño events, when the Humboldt Current weakens.

Climate data for Manta, Ecuador
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.0
(95.0)
34.4
(93.9)
34.4
(93.9)
35.6
(96.1)
34.4
(93.9)
35.0
(95.0)
35.0
(95.0)
35.6
(96.1)
32.8
(91.0)
33.3
(91.9)
32.2
(90.0)
32.2
(90.0)
35.6
(96.1)
Average high °C (°F) 30.0
(86.0)
30.0
(86.0)
30.6
(87.1)
30.6
(87.1)
30.6
(87.1)
29.4
(84.9)
28.9
(84.0)
29.4
(84.9)
28.9
(84.0)
28.9
(84.0)
29.4
(84.9)
29.4
(84.9)
29.7
(85.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.1
(79.0)
26.1
(79.0)
26.4
(79.5)
26.4
(79.5)
26.15
(79.07)
25.25
(77.45)
24.75
(76.55)
24.7
(76.5)
24.45
(76.01)
24.45
(76.01)
25
(77)
25.25
(77.45)
25.42
(77.75)
Average low °C (°F) 22.2
(72.0)
22.2
(72.0)
22.2
(72.0)
22.2
(72.0)
21.7
(71.1)
21.1
(70.0)
20.6
(69.1)
20.0
(68.0)
20.0
(68.0)
20.0
(68.0)
20.6
(69.1)
21.1
(70.0)
21.2
(70.1)
Record low °C (°F) 17.2
(63.0)
17.2
(63.0)
13.0
(55.4)
17.2
(63.0)
17.2
(63.0)
13.3
(55.9)
16.1
(61.0)
15.0
(59.0)
15.0
(59.0)
14.4
(57.9)
15.6
(60.1)
15.6
(60.1)
13.0
(55.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 40.6
(1.60)
96.5
(3.80)
68.6
(2.70)
25.4
(1.00)
2.5
(0.10)
5.1
(0.20)
5.1
(0.20)
0.8
(0.03)
0.8
(0.03)
0.8
(0.03)
2.5
(0.10)
5.1
(0.20)
253.8
(9.99)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 124 113 155 150 124 90 93 93 90 93 90 93 1,308
Source 1: Sistema de Clasificación Bioclimática Mundial[4]
Source 2: World Climate Guide (sunshine only)[5]

Sister CitiesEdit

Manta has one sister city, as designated by Sister Cities International:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.teatrolatrinchera.com.ec/fim/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ http://www.culturaypatrimonio.gob.ec/cartelera-maac-cine-manta/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ "Manta Beach". MantaBeach real estate and tourism. Retrieved 2016-04-16.
  4. ^ "ECUADOR - MANTA". Centro de Investigaciones Fitosociológicas. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
  5. ^ "Manta Climate Guide". World Climate Guide. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
  6. ^ Manta and Vladivostok become sister cities Archived 2011-07-17 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit