A statue of Simón Bolívar in Caracas, the inspiration for the Games.

The Bolivarian Games (Spanish: Juegos Bolivarianos, full name Juegos Deportivos Bolivarianos) are a regional multi-sport event held in honor of Simón Bolívar, and organized by the Bolivarian Sports Organization (Organización Deportiva Bolivariana, ODEBO). The event is open to athletes from Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela. In 2010, ODEBO decided to include Chile as seventh member of ODEBO.[1]

HistoryEdit

The first Games were held in 1938 in Bogotá, Colombia for the city's 400th anniversary. They have since been held irregularly, but every four years since 1973, with the last edition in Trujillo, Peru in 2013. Inspired by the events of 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin,[2] Alberto Nariño Cheyne was the key designer of the idea of a Games to foster unity among the Bolivarian countries through the means of sport.[3]

Following the first Games, the Bolivarian Sports Organization was formed as a sub-organisation of the Pan American Sports Organization by six founding members from the respective countries – Jorge Rodríguez Hurtado (Bolivia), Alberto Nariño Cheyne (Colombia), Galo Plaza Lasso (Ecuador), Luis Saavedra (Panama), Alfredo Hohagen Diez Canseco (Peru) and Julio Bustamante (Venezuela).[2]

In terms of medals, Peru was dominant in the early years of the competition but Venezuela has consistently been the most successful country since the 1960s.

A detailed history of the early editions of the Bolivarian Games between 1938 and 1989 was published in a book written (in Spanish) by José Gamarra Zorrilla, former president of the Bolivian Olympic Committee, and first president (1976-1982) of ODESUR.[4]

GamesEdit

Games Year Host country
(as recognized by IOC)
Host city Opened by Dates Nations Competitors Top nation
1938 I Bogotá   Colombia Alfonso López Pumarejo 6–22 August 6   Peru
1948 II Lima   Peru José Luís Bustamante y Rivero 25 December – 8 January 6   Peru
1951 III Caracas   Venezuela Germán Suárez Flamerich 5–21 December 6   Peru
1961 IV Barranquilla   Colombia Alberto Lleras Camargo 3–16 December 5   Venezuela
1965 V Quito   Ecuador Ramón Castro Jijón 20 November – 6 December 6   Venezuela
1970 VI Maracaibo   Venezuela Rafael Caldera 23 August – 6 September 6   Venezuela
1973 VII Panama City   Panama Demetrio Basilio Lakas 17 February – 3 March 5   Venezuela
1977 VIII La Paz   Bolivia Hugo Banzer 15–29 October 6   Venezuela
1981 VIX Barquisimeto   Venezuela Luís Herrera Campins 4–14 December 6   Venezuela
1985 X Cuenca   Ecuador León Febres Cordero 9–18 November 6   Venezuela
1989 XI Maracaibo   Venezuela Jaime Lusinchi 14–25 January 6   Venezuela
1993 XII Cochabamba   Bolivia Jaime Paz Zamora 24 April – 2 May 6   Venezuela
1997 XIII Arequipa   Peru Alberto Fujimori 17–26 October 6   Venezuela
2001 XIV Ambato   Ecuador Roberto Hanze 7–16 September 6   Venezuela
2005 XV Armenia and Pereira   Colombia Álvaro Uribe 12–21 August 6   Venezuela
2009 XVI Sucre   Bolivia Evo Morales 15–26 November 6 435   Venezuela
2013 XVII Trujillo[5]   Peru Ollanta Humala 16–30 November 11 562   Colombia
2017 XVIII Santa Marta   Colombia Clara Luz Roldán 11–25 November 11 469   Colombia
2021 XIX Valledupar   Colombia TBA TBA TBA TBA TBA

Beach GamesEdit

Year Games Host City Host Country Opened by Dates Nations Events Top medalling
nation
2012 I Lima   Peru 1–11 November 10 64   Peru
2014 II Huanchaco[6]   Peru 3–12 December 11 71   Venezuela
2016 III Iquique[7]   Chile 24 November - 3 December 11 81   Chile
2019 IV Vargas   Venezuela 22–30 November

Youth GamesEdit

Year Games Host City Host Country Opened by Dates Nations Events Top medalling
nation
2020 I Sucre[8]   Bolivia

SportsEdit

The following table was compiled based on information extracted from a variety of sources.[4][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31] It should be considered as incomplete.

Disciplines from the same sport are grouped under the same color:

     Aquatics     Cycling     Football     Gymnastics     Roller sports     Volleyball

Sport (Discipline) Body 38 47 51 61 65 70 73 77 81 85 89 93 97 01 05 09 13
World South America
 
Diving   FINA ASUA X X X X X X X X X X X X
Swimming   X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Synchronized swimming   X
Water polo   X X X X X
 
Archery   FITA AAF X X X
Athletics   IAAF CONSUDATLE X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Badminton   BWF BPA X
Baseball   IBAF COPABE X X X X X X X X X X X X
Basketball   FIBA FIBA Americas X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Basque Pelota/
Pelota Nacional
  FIPV X X X
Billiards   CMSB CPB X X X X X
Bodybuilding   IFBB IFBBSud America X
Bola Criollas   FIB X
Bowling   FIQ PABCON X X X X X X X X X
Boxing   AIBA AMBC X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Caballos amaestrados
(Dressage)
  X
Canoeing   ICF COPAC X X X
Chess   FIDE CCA X X X X X X
Climbing   IFSC X X
Coleo   X
 
BMX racing   UCI COPACI X X
Mountain biking   X X
Road cycling   X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Track cycling   X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 
Equestrian   FEI PAEC X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Fencing   FIE CPE X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Field hockey   FIH PAHF X
 
Football   FIFA CONMEBOL X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Futsal   X
 
Golf   IGF FSG X X X X
 
Artistic gymnastics   FIG UPAG X X X X X X X X X X X X
Rhythmic gymnastics   X X X X
 
Judo   IJF PJC X X X X X X X X X X X X
Karate   WKF PKF X X X X X X
Modern pentathlon   UIPM X
Racquetball   IRF PARC X X X X
 
Roller speed skating   FIRS CPRS X
 
Rowing   FISA X X
Rugby   IRB CONSUR X
Sailing   ISAF SASC X X X X X X
Shooting   ISSF CAT X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Softball   ISF CONPASA X X X X X X X
Squash   WSF FPS X X X
Surfing   ISA APAS X X
Table tennis   ITTF LATTU X X X X X X X X X X
Taekwondo   WTF PATU X X X X X X X
Tennis   ITF COSAT X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Triathlon   ITU PATCO X X X
 
Beach volleyball   FIVB CSV X X X
Volleyball   X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 
Water skiing   IWWF IWWF Pan Am X
Weightlifting   IWF PAWC X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
Wrestling   UWW CPLA X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 
Total sports[9] 16 15 16 12 20 17 16 16 19 18 19 18 21 30 28 30

All-time medal countEdit

The total medal count for all the Games until 2017 is tabulated below. This table is sorted by the number of gold medals won by each country. The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next, and then the number of bronze medals. Chile, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala and Paraguay started competing since the 2013 Bolivarian Games.

As of 2017:

Bolivarian Games Medal Count
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   Venezuela 1856 1487 1145 4488
2   Colombia 1399 1313 1067 3779
3   Peru 592 671 861 2124
4   Ecuador 401 661 1010 2072
5   Panama 192 190 307 689
6   Bolivia 107 182 418 707
7   Chile 87 97 150 334
8   Guatemala 38 45 65 148
9   Dominican Republic 36 33 78 147
10   Paraguay 16 17 21 54
11   El Salvador 9 15 17 41
Total 4731 4702 5147 14578

All time recordsEdit

All-time medal count (Beach Games)Edit

As 2016

Bolivarian Games Medal Count
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   Venezuela 58 50 46 154
2   Chile 48 46 38 132
3   Peru 48 35 47 130
4   Colombia 30 24 29 83
5   Ecuador 19 40 37 96
6   Guatemala 6 3 6 15
7   Paraguay 3 9 9 21
8   El Salvador 3 6 5 14
9   Dominican Republic 1 3 6 10
10   Panama 0 0 2 2
11   Bolivia 0 0 0 0
Total 216 216 215 647

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Historia". odebolivariana.org (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 27 August 2016. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
  2. ^ a b Creacion Archived July 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine (in Spanish). Juegos Bolivarianos. Retrieved on 2009-11-27.
  3. ^ Historia de los Juegos Deportivos Bolivarianos. EABolivia (2009-11-13). Retrieved on 2009-11-27.
  4. ^ a b Gamarra Zorrilla, José, Bolivia Olímpica Capítulos VI al VIII (PDF) (in Spanish), ANDES Academia del Conocimiento y el Desarrollo "Fernando Diez de Medina", retrieved June 28, 2012
  5. ^ CPNRadio (December 23, 2010). Trujillo seriá la sede de los juegos Bolivarianos 2013 "Trujillo seriá la sede de los Juegos Bolivarianos 2013" Check |url= value (help) (in Spanish).
  6. ^ El Telégrafo (July 22, 2013). "Huanchaco será sede de los II Juegos Bolivarianos de Playa" [Huanchaco selected as host city for the 2nd Bolivarian Beach Games] (in Spanish). Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved October 7, 2013.
  7. ^ "Iquique acogerá III Juegos Bolivarianos de Playa 2016". ODEBA. 7 March 2015. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
  8. ^ "COB se reúne con el Alcalde de Sucre con miras a los Bolivarianos 2020". www.comiteolimpicoboliviano.org.bo (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  9. ^ a b JUEGOS DEPORTIVOS BOLIVARIANOS DESDE 1938 HASTA 2009 (in Spanish), Comité Olímpico Peruano, archived from the original on August 2, 2012, retrieved June 28, 2012
  10. ^ PARTICIPACION HISTORICA DEL PERU (PDF) (in Spanish), Comité Olímpico Peruano, archived from the original (PDF) on November 4, 2013, retrieved June 28, 2012
  11. ^ CUADRO DE MEDALLISTAS ECUATORIANOS EN LA HISTORIA DE LOS J. D. B. POR EDICIÓN (PDF) (in Spanish), Comité Olímpico Ecuatoriano, archived from the original (PDF) on June 8, 2012, retrieved June 28, 2012
  12. ^ XIX JUEGOS DEPORTIVOS BOLIVARIANOS "AMBATO 2001" - MEDALLISTAS DE ORO POR DEPORTE DE ECUADOR (PDF) (in Spanish), Comité Olímpico Ecuatoriano, archived from the original (PDF) on June 8, 2012, retrieved June 28, 2012
  13. ^ XV JUEGOS DEPORTIVOS BOLIVARIANOS "ARMENIA-PEREIRA-CARTAGENA-BOGOTA (PDF) (in Spanish), Comité Olímpico Ecuatoriano, archived from the original (PDF) on June 8, 2012, retrieved June 28, 2012
  14. ^ Quesada F., Estewil (April 24, 1993), Comienza el Ciclo Olímpico (in Spanish), El Tiempo, Bogotá, Colombia, retrieved June 30, 2012
  15. ^ Comienza el Ciclo Olímpico (in Spanish), El Tiempo, Bogotá, Colombia, May 30, 2000, retrieved June 30, 2012
  16. ^ AREQUIPA CAPITAL BOLIVARIANA (in Spanish), Explored, Quito, Ecuador, October 16, 1997, archived from the original on January 6, 2013, retrieved June 30, 2012
  17. ^ HOY SE INAUGURAN LOS JUEGOS BOLIVARIANOS DE AMBATO (in Spanish), Explored, Quito, Ecuador, September 7, 2001, archived from the original on January 6, 2013, retrieved June 30, 2012
  18. ^ Pierrend, José Luis; Cornejo, Alfonzo (September 3, 2005), Bolivarian Games: Soccer Tournaments, RSSSF -- The Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation, retrieved June 30, 2012
  19. ^ HISTORIA DEL BOXEO EN COLOMBIA (in Spanish), boxeodecolombia, retrieved June 30, 2012
  20. ^ Tiro Olímpico. Historial de Medallas (PDF) (in Spanish), Federación Venezolana de Tiro, archived from the original (PDF) on November 16, 2010, retrieved June 30, 2012
  21. ^ Participantes en Ciclos Olímpicos (in Spanish), Federación Peruana de Lucha Amateur, September 21, 2010, retrieved June 30, 2012
  22. ^ Se inician hoy los Juegos Bolivarianos (in Spanish), La Prensa, Panamá, September 7, 2001, retrieved June 30, 2012
  23. ^ XIV Juegos Bolivarianos Ambato 2001 (in Spanish), Diario HOY, Quito, Ecuador, archived from the original on July 7, 2012, retrieved June 30, 2012
  24. ^ XV Juegos Bolivarianos 2005 - Armenia - Pereira (in Spanish), archived from the original on July 22, 2012, retrieved June 30, 2012
  25. ^ CARACAS EN RETROSPECTIVA - JUEGOS DEPORTIVOS BOLIVARIANOS 1951 (in Spanish), September 1, 2012, retrieved October 23, 2012
  26. ^ ECUADOR SE CLASIFICO EN SEGUNDO TERMINO (in Spanish), El Tiempo, August 23, 1938, pp. 4, 7 (original page no.: 6, 13), retrieved October 24, 2012
  27. ^ RESULTADOS GENERALES DE LOS JUEGOS BOLIVARIANOS (in Spanish), El Tiempo, August 23, 1938, pp. 4, 5 (original page no.: 6, 7), retrieved October 24, 2012
  28. ^ Méndez, Jorge (December 29, 1947), La Ciudad de los Virreyes Está de Fiesta por los Juegos Bolivarianos - Sin complejos de inferioridad debemos ganar el béisbol - Un balance de las justas bolivarianos por Jorge Méndez, enviad especial de EL TIEMPO a Lima (in Spanish), El Tiempo, p. 7 (original page no.: 13), retrieved October 25, 2012
  29. ^ El Atletismo Llega a su Etapa Final - Triunfos de Colombia en Natación, Tiro, Ajedrez, Billar - Panamá y el Perú Acaparon las Victorias en la Pruebas de la Jornada de Atletismo (in Spanish), El Tiempo, December 11, 1951, p. 6 (original page no.: 10), retrieved October 26, 2012
  30. ^ COLOMBIA CAMPEON BOLIVARIANO DE FUTBOL - Bríllante Tríunfo de Forero en la Prueba de Fondo - Holder, de Panamá, Quebró los Records Bolivariano y Panamericano de pesas - Perú conquistó el pentathlon moderno - Lloreda ganó la prueba contra reloj - Exitos de Panamá y Venezuela en boxeo (in Spanish), El Tiempo, December 17, 1951, p. 10 (original page no.: 17), retrieved October 26, 2012
  31. ^ Quesada, Estewil (January 15, 1989), En la Inauguración de los Bolivarianos - Folclor por encima de la fantasía (in Spanish), El Tiempo, retrieved January 18, 2013
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  35. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-12-01. Retrieved 2017-11-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit