Central American Games

The Central American Games (Spanish: Juegos Deportivos Centroamericanos) are a multi-sport regional championships event, held quadrennial (every 4 years), typically in the first year after Summer Olympics. The Games are open for member federations of the Central American Sports Organization (Spanish: Organización Deportiva Centroamericana) ORDECA in Central American countries.[1] (in Spanish)

The Games have had an equivalent to the Olympic Flame, being ignited in Q'umarkaj, one of the ancient cultural Mayan centers located in El Quiché, Guatemala.[2] However, some people and organizations have criticised the games for not including the Mesoamerican ballgame, the oldest ball sport in the continent, on the sports programme.

The competition is the second multi-sport event to have the name: the Central American and Caribbean Games began life in 1926 as the Central American Games and had this moniker until it expanded its remit in 1935.

EditionsEdit

Host cities of the Central American Games
Games Year Opened by Host country
(as recognized by IOC)
Host city Dates Nations Competitors Sports Top nation
1973 I Alejandro Maldonado Aguirre   Guatemala Guatemala City 24 November – 2 December 6 16 966   Panama
1977 II Carlos Humberto Romero   El Salvador San Salvador 25 November – 4 December 5 18 1282   Panama
1986 III Estadio Doroteo Guamuch Flores   Guatemala Guatemala City 4–10 January 5 20 1320   Guatemala
1990 IV José Azcona   Honduras Tegucigalpa 5–14 January 6 22 2082   Guatemala
1994 V Armando Calderón Sol   El Salvador San Salvador 25 November – 1 December 7 27 2112   El Salvador
1997 VI Carlos Roberto Reina   Honduras San Pedro Sula 5–15 December 7 25 2290   El Salvador
2001 VII Harris Whitbeck   Guatemala Guatemala City 22 November – 3 December 7 29 2182   Guatemala
2006 VIII Melitón Sánchez   Nicaragua Managua 2–12 March 6 19 1095   Guatemala
2010 IX Ricardo Martinelli   Panama Panama City 9–19 April 6 23 1739   El Salvador
2013 X Laura Chinchilla   Costa Rica San José 3–17 March 7 26 2738   Guatemala
2017 XI Daniel Ortega   Nicaragua Managua 3–17 December 7 27 3500   Guatemala
2021 XII   El Salvador Santa Tecla 5–19 December 7

All time medal table (1997 - 2017)Edit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Guatemala (GUA)5354813821398
2  El Salvador (ESA)4633513881202
3  Costa Rica (CRC)3423433751060
4  Panama (PAN)203235272710
5  Nicaragua (NIC)166230383779
6  Honduras (HON)166225333724
7  Belize (BLZ)11253268
Totals (7 nations)1886189021655941

SportsEdit

Disciplines from the same sport are grouped under the same color:

     Aquatics     Cycling     Football     Gymnastics     Roller sports     Volleyball

Sport (Discipline) Body 73 77 86 90 94 97 01 06 10 13 17
World Central America
 
Diving   FINA CCCAN X
Open water swimming   X X
Swimming   X X X X X X X X X X X
Synchronized swimming   X X
Water polo   X X X X X X X
 
Archery   FITA COPARCO X X
Athletics   IAAF CADICA X X X X X X X X X X X
Badminton   BWF BPA X
Baseball   IBAF COPABE X X X X X X X X X X
Basketball   FIBA FIBA Americas X X X X X X X X X X X
Bodybuilding   IFBB CACBBFF X X X X X X X X
Bowling   FIQ PABCON X X X X X X
Boxing   AIBA AMBC X X X X X X X X X X X
Chess   FIDE CCA X X X X X X X X
 
BMX racing   UCI COPACI X
Mountain Biking   X X
Road Cycling   X X X X X X X X X X X
 
Equestrian   FEI PAEC X X X X X X X X X X
Fencing   FIE CPE X X X X X X X X X X X
 
Football   FIFA UNCAF X X X X X X X X X
Futsal   X X X
 
Gymnastics   FIG UPAG X X X X X X X X
 
Handball   IHF PATHF X X X X
Judo   IJF PJC X X X X X X X X X X X
Karate   WKF PKF X X X X X X
Racquetball   IRF PARC X X X X X X X
 
Roller speed skating   FIRS CPRS X X
 
Rowing   FISA X X X X
Sailing   ISAF X X
Shooting   ISSF CAT X X X X X X X X
Softball   ISF CONPASA X X X X X X X X X X X
Squash   WSF FPS X X
Table tennis   ITTF LATTU X X X X X X X X X X X
Taekwondo   WTF PATU X X X X X X X X
Tennis   ITF COTECC X X X X X X X X X
Triathlon   ITU PATCO X X X X X X X
 
Beach Volleyball   FIVB NORCECA X X X X
Volleyball   X X X X X X X X X X
 
Weightlifting   IWF PAWC X X X X X X X X X X X
Wrestling   UWW CPLA X X X X X X X X X X X
 
Total sports 16 18 20+3 22+1 27 25+1 29+1 19 23

: Exhibition contest

Para GamesEdit

Year Event Opened by Host Country Host City Duration Countries Sports Athletes
2013 I   Costa Rica San Jose April 13 - April 21 6
2018 II   Nicaragua Managua January 21 - January 28 7

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Centroamericanos - Resultados en la historia (in Spanish), masgoles.com, archived from the original on September 19, 2012, retrieved August 10, 2012
  2. ^ Comenzaron los juegos ayer en Guatemala (in Spanish), La Nación, Costa Rica, November 25, 1973, p. 35 (original page no.: 62A), retrieved August 27, 2012

External linksEdit