1997 Bolivarian Games

The XIII Bolivarian Games (Spanish: Juegos Bolivarianos) were a multi-sport event held between October 17–26, 1997, in Arequipa, Peru. The Games were organized by the Bolivarian Sports Organization (ODEBO).

XIII Bolivarian Games
Host cityArequipa, Arequipa
Country Peru
Nations participating6
Athletes participating1710
Events22 sports
Opening ceremonyOctober 17, 1997 (1997-10-17)
Closing ceremonyOctober 24, 1997 (1997-10-24)
Officially opened byAlberto Fujimori
Torch lighterHernán Llerena
Main venueEstadio Monumental de la Universidad Nacional San Agustín

The opening ceremony that took place on October 17, 1997, at the Estadio Monumental de la Universidad Nacional San Agustín in Arequipa, Perú.[1] The Games were officially opened by Peruvian president Alberto Fujimori. Torch lighter was 70-year-old former cyclist Hernán Llerena,[1] who won 4 gold medals at the 1947–48 Bolivarian Games and another gold medal at the 1951 Bolivarian Games.[2]

Gold medal winners from Ecuador were published by the Comité Olímpico Ecuatoriano.[3]

ParticipationEdit

About 1710 athletes from 6 countries were reported to participate:[4]

The numbers might include coaches, because other sources publish smaller numbers.[5][6]

SportsEdit

The following 20 sports (+ 1 exhibition) were explicitly mentioned:[3][5][7]

: Exhibition event.
: The competition was reserved to youth representatives (U-17).[8]

Medal countEdit

The medal count for these Games is tabulated below.[9] This table is sorted by the number of gold medals earned by each country. The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next, and then the number of bronze medals.

1997 Bolivarian Games Medal Count
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   Venezuela 121 110 84 315
2   Colombia 119 93 75 287
3   Peru 50 66 95 211
4   Ecuador 24 37 73 134
5   Bolivia 4 5 24 33
6   Panama 2 5 17 24
Total 320 316 368 1004

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Breves Juegos Bolivarianos (in Spanish), El Universal, October 20, 1997, retrieved January 19, 2013
  2. ^ Gamarra Zorrilla, José, Bolivia Olímpica Capítulos VI al VIII (PDF) (in Spanish), ANDES Academia del Conocimiento y el Desarrollo "Fernando Diez de Medina", retrieved October 22, 2012
  3. ^ a b CUADRO DE MEDALLISTAS ECUATORIANOS EN LA HISTORIA DE LOS J. D. B. POR EDICIÓN (PDF) (in Spanish), Comité Olímpico Ecuatoriano, archived from the original (PDF) on June 8, 2012, retrieved October 22, 2012
  4. ^ Inauguran la villa Bolivariana (in Spanish), explored.com.ec from Hoy, October 15, 1997, retrieved January 19, 2013
  5. ^ a b Arequipa Capital Bolivariana (in Spanish), explored.com.ec from Hoy, October 16, 1997, archived from the original on January 6, 2013, retrieved January 20, 2013
  6. ^ La semana en noticias (in Spanish), El Universal, October 20, 1997, retrieved January 20, 2013
  7. ^ Contreras, Richard (October 28, 1997), Alarmante retroceso del deporte nacional (in Spanish), El Universal, retrieved January 20, 2013
  8. ^ La sub 17 se prepara (in Spanish), explored.com.ec from Hoy, September 11, 1997, retrieved January 20, 2013
  9. ^ RESULTADOS - XIII Juegos Bolivarianos. Arequipa - Perú, 1997 (in Spanish), Comité Organizador de los Juegos Deportivos Bolivarianos 2005, archived from the original on October 11, 2007, retrieved January 16, 2013