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Republic of El Salvador
República de El Salvador (Spanish)
Motto: "Dios, Unión, Libertad" (Spanish)
English: "God, Union, Liberty"
Anthem: Himno Nacional de El Salvador
(English: "National Anthem of El Salvador")
ISO 3166 codeSV

El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador, is a country in Central America. It is bordered on the northeast by Honduras, on the northwest by Guatemala, and on the south by the Pacific Ocean. El Salvador's capital and largest city is San Salvador. The country's population in 2023 was estimated to be 6.5 million.

Among the Mesoamerican nations that historically controlled the region are the Lenca (after 600 AD), the Mayans, and then the Cuzcatlecs. Archaeological monuments also suggest an early Olmec presence around the first millennium BC. In the beginning of the 16th century, the Spanish Empire conquered the Central American territory, incorporating it into the Viceroyalty of New Spain ruled from Mexico City. However the Viceroyalty of New Spain had little to no influence in the daily affairs of the isthmus, which was colonized in 1524. In 1609, the area was declared the Captaincy General of Guatemala by the Spanish, which included the territory that would become El Salvador until its independence from Spain in 1821. It was forcibly incorporated into the First Mexican Empire, then seceded, joining the Federal Republic of Central America in 1823. When the federation dissolved in 1841, El Salvador became a sovereign state, then formed a short-lived union with Honduras and Nicaragua called the Greater Republic of Central America, which lasted from 1895 to 1898. (Full article...)

View of Structure B1-1 from B1-2

Tazumal (/täsuːˈmäl/) is a pre-Columbian archeological site in Chalchuapa, El Salvador. Tazumal is an architectural complex within the larger area of the ancient Mesoamerican city of Chalchuapa, in western El Salvador. The Tazumal group is located in the southern portion of the Chalchuapa archaeological zone. Archaeologist Stanley Boggs excavated and restored the Tazumal complex during the 1940s and 1950s.

Archaeological investigations indicate that Tazumal was inhabited from the Classic period through to the Postclassic and that the site had links as far afield as central Mexico, the northern Yucatán Peninsula and lower Central America. Metal artifacts from the complex date to the 8th century AD and are among the earliest metal artifacts reported from Mesoamerica. (Full article...)

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El Salvador news

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July 2, 2024 – 2024 Atlantic hurricane season
One person is killed in a landslide caused by Tropical Storm Chris in San Salvador, El Salvador. (Expreso Mexico)
June 22, 2024 –
The death toll from the storms and heavy rains in El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras increases to 30 people, including at least six children. (Reuters)
June 21, 2024 –
The death toll from torrential rains in El Salvador increases to 19 people, including at least two children. (AP)
June 17, 2024 –
Seven people are killed amid heavy rains across El Salvador. (AP)
March 24, 2024 – Salvadoran gang crackdown
Salvadoran President Nayib Bukele announces the beginning of a blockade of four municipalities in northern El Salvador, mobilizing 5,000 soldiers and 1,000 police officers to arrest suspected gang members. (El Mundo)
February 4, 2024 – 2024 Salvadoran general election
Salvadorans vote to elect the president, vice president, and Legislative Assembly. With over 80% of the popular vote, Nayib Bukele wins re-election in a first-round landslide. (BBC News) (Reuters)

Did you know...

  • ...that El Salvador is one of the most densely populated countries in Latin America, and also one of the most industrialized?
  • ...that El Salvador uses the U.S. Dollar as its currency?
  • ...that the department of Sonsonate is known for its coconuts?
  • ...that Roque Dalton, one of El Salvador's most beloved writers, was imprisoned and persecuted by the Salvadoran Communist Guerrilla?
  • ...that El Salvador and Honduras fought a war in 1969?



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