List of countries by inequality-adjusted HDI

This is a list of countries by inequality-adjusted human development index (IHDI), as published by the UNDP in its 2019 Human Development Report. According to the 2016 Report, "The IHDI can be interpreted as the level of human development when inequality is accounted for," whereas the Human Development Index itself, from which the IHDI is derived, is "an index of potential human development (or the maximum IHDI that could be achieved if there were no inequality)."[1][2]

World map representing the inequality-adjusted Human Development Index categories (based on 2019 data, published in 2020).
  0.800–1.000 (very high)
  0.700–0.799 (high)
  0.550–0.699 (medium)
  0.350–0.549 (low)
  Data unavailable
World map showing more detailed breakdown of countries by inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (based on 2019 data, published in 2020).
  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849
  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549
  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  0.350–0.399
  0.300–0.349
  0.250–0.299
  0.200–0.249
  Data unavailable

MethodologyEdit

The index captures the HDI of the average person in society, which is less than the aggregate HDI when there is inequality in the distribution of health, education and income. Under perfect equality, the HDI and IHDI are equal; the greater the difference between the two, the greater the inequality.

The IHDI, estimated for 151 countries (includes the world and other 150 specific countries), captures the losses in human development due to inequality in health, education and income. Losses in all three dimensions vary across countries, ranging from just a few percent (Czech Republic, Slovenia) up to over 40% (Comoros, Central African Republic). Overall loss takes into account all three dimensions.[3]

ListEdit

The table below ranks countries according to their inequality-adjusted human development index (IHDI). Data is based on 2019 estimates.

2019 inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI) (2020 report)Edit

Rank Country 2019 estimates (2020 report)[4][5][6]
IHDI HDI Overall loss (%) Growth since 2010
Very high human development
1   Norway 0.899 0.957 6.1   0.021
2   Iceland 0.894 0.949 5.8   0.055
3    Switzerland 0.889 0.955 6.9   0.015
4   Finland 0.888 0.938 5.3   0.040
5   Ireland 0.885 0.955 7.3   0.066
6   Denmark 0.883 0.940 6.1   0.025
7   Sweden 0.882 0.945 6.7   0.033
8   Netherlands 0.878 0.944 7.0   0.036
9   Slovenia 0.875 0.917 4.6   0.047
10   Germany 0.869 0.947 8.2   0.016
11   Australia 0.867 0.944 8.2   0.011
12   Czech Republic 0.860 0.900 4.4   0.042
13   Belgium 0.859 0.931 7.7   0.026
14   New Zealand 0.859 0.931 7.7 NA
15   Austria 0.857 0.922 7.0   0.021
16   United Kingdom 0.856 0.932 8.2   0.032
17   Canada 0.848 0.929 8.7   0.025
18   Japan 0.843 0.919 8.3   0.053[a]
19   Estonia 0.829 0.882 7.1   0.051
20   Luxembourg 0.826 0.916 9.8   0.009
21   Hong Kong 0.824 0.949 13.2 NA
22   Malta 0.823 0.895 8.0   0.033[b]
23   France 0.820 0.901 9.0   0.022
24   South Korea 0.815 0.916 11.0   0.074
25   Israel 0.814 0.919 11.4   0.031
26   Singapore 0.813 0.938 13.3 NA
26   Poland 0.813 0.880 7.6   0.063
28   United States 0.808 0.926 12.7   0.004
29   Slovakia 0.807 0.860 6.2   0.032
30   Cyprus 0.805 0.887 9.2   0.048
High human development
31   Hungary 0.791 0.854 7.4   0.032
31   Lithuania 0.791 0.882 10.3   0.055
31   Greece 0.791 0.888 10.9   0.014
34   Italy 0.783 0.892 12.2   0.010
34   Latvia 0.783 0.866 9.6   0.050
34   Croatia 0.783 0.851 8.0   0.092
34   Spain 0.783 0.904 13.4   0.004
38   Belarus 0.771 0.823 6.3   0.050
39   Kazakhstan 0.766 0.825 7.2   0.105
40   Portugal 0.761 0.850 12.7   0.031
41   Montenegro 0.749 0.829 9.7   0.026
42   Russia 0.740 0.824 10.2   0.049
43   Romania 0.730 0.828 11.8   0.022
44   Argentina 0.729 0.845 13.7   0.063
45   Ukraine 0.728 0.779 6.4   0.035
46   Bulgaria 0.721 0.816 11.6   0.022
47   Georgia 0.716 0.812 11.8   0.093
48   Uruguay 0.712 0.817 12.7   0.055
49   Chile 0.709 0.851 16.7   0.058
50   Albania 0.708 0.795 10.9   0.058
51   Oman 0.706 0.813 13.2 NA
52   Serbia 0.705 0.806 12.5   0.021
Medium human development
53   Armenia 0.699 0.776 9.9   0.034
54   Mauritius 0.694 0.804 13.7   0.035[c]
55   Iran 0.693 0.783 11.5   0.181[d]
56   Azerbaijan 0.684 0.756 9.5   0.058
57   Turkey 0.683 0.820 16.7   0.119
58   North Macedonia 0.681 0.774 12.0   0.062
59   Barbados 0.676 0.814 17.0 NA
60   Sri Lanka 0.673 0.782 13.9   0.048
61   Moldova 0.672 0.750 10.4   0.055
62   Seychelles 0.670 0.796 15.8 NA
63   Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.667 0.780 14.5   0.093
64   Costa Rica 0.661 0.810 18.4   0.054
65   Thailand 0.646 0.777 16.9   0.075
66   Panama 0.643 0.815 21.1   0.083
67   China 0.639 0.761 16.0   0.101
68   Mongolia 0.634 0.737 14.0   0.044
69   Kyrgyzstan 0.630 0.697 9.6   0.068
70   Saint Lucia 0.629 0.759 17.1   0.011[e]
71   Peru 0.628 0.777 19.2   0.128
72   Jordan 0.622 0.729 14.7   0.027
73   Ecuador 0.616 0.759 18.8   0.037
74   Palestine 0.613 0.708 13.4   0.001[f]
74   Mexico 0.613 0.779 21.3   0.022
76   Jamaica 0.612 0.734 16.6   0.002
77   Algeria 0.596 0.748 20.3 NA
78   Tunisia 0.596 0.740 19.5   0.061
79   Colombia 0.595 0.767 23.1   0.074
79   Dominican Republic 0.595 0.756 21.3   0.063
81   Indonesia 0.590 0.718 17.8   0.043
82   Venezuela 0.588 0.711 17.3   0.009
83   Vietnam 0.588 0.704 16.5   0.035
  World 0.587 0.731 18.6   0.054
84   Philippines 0.587 0.718 18.2   0.043
85   Turkmenistan 0.586 0.715 18.0   0.095
86   Tajikistan 0.584 0.668 12.6   0.068
86   Maldives 0.584 0.740 21.1   0.005
88   Brazil 0.570 0.765 25.5   0.041
89   Paraguay 0.557 0.728 23.5   0.033
90   Guyana 0.556 0.682 18.5   0.028
91   Belize 0.554 0.716 22.6   0.059
Low human development
92   Bolivia 0.546 0.718 24.0   0.133
93   Gabon 0.544 0.703 22.6   0.030
94   Iraq 0.541 0.674 19.7   0.034[g]
95   Suriname 0.535 0.738 27.5   0.002
96   El Salvador 0.529 0.673 21.4   0.046
97   São Tomé and Príncipe 0.520 0.625 16.8   0.131[h]
98   Kiribati 0.516 0.630 18.1   0.099[i]
99   Nicaragua 0.505 0.660 23.5   0.036
100   Egypt 0.497 0.707 29.7   0.013
101   Guatemala 0.481 0.663 27.5   0.079
102   Bangladesh 0.478 0.632 24.4   0.085
103   Bhutan 0.476 0.654 27.2   0.002[j]
104   India 0.475 0.645 26.4   0.068
104   Cambodia 0.475 0.594 20.0   0.091
106   Honduras 0.472 0.634 25.6   0.049
107   South Africa 0.468 0.709 34.0   0.011
108   Laos 0.461 0.613 24.8   0.046
109     Nepal 0.446 0.602 25.9   0.080
110   Kenya 0.443 0.601 26.3   0.068
111   Zimbabwe 0.441 0.571 22.8   0.103
112   Ghana 0.440 0.611 28.0   0.018
113   Timor-Leste 0.436 0.606 28.1   0.018
114   Eswatini 0.432 0.611 29.3   0.104
115   Rep. of the Congo 0.430 0.574 25.1   0.085
116   Namibia 0.418 0.646 35.3   0.090
117   Zambia 0.401 0.584 31.3   0.040
118   Uganda 0.399 0.544 26.7   0.061
119   Tanzania 0.397 0.528 25.0   0.053
119   Angola 0.397 0.581 31.7   0.086
121   Madagascar 0.390 0.528 26.1   0.028
121   Papua New Guinea 0.390 0.555 29.7 NA
123   Rwanda 0.387 0.543 28.7   0.077
124   Pakistan 0.384 0.550 31.1   0.033
125   Lesotho 0.382 0.527 27.5   0.078
126   Cameroon 0.375 0.563 34.1   0.042
127   Mauritania 0.371 0.546 32.1   0.044
128   Togo 0.351 0.515 31.8   0.039
129   Nigeria 0.348 0.539 35.4   0.067
129   Senegal 0.348 0.512 32.0   0.049
129   Ethiopia 0.348 0.485 28.2   0.071
132   Côte d'Ivoire 0.346 0.538 35.7   0.047
133   Malawi 0.345 0.483 28.6   0.053
134   Benin 0.343 0.520 37.1   0.023
135   Dem. Rep. of the Congo 0.335 0.480 31   0.057
135   Gambia 0.335 0.496 33.5   0.055
137   Sudan 0.333 0.510 34.7 NA
138   Liberia 0.325 0.480 32.3   0.040
139   Yemen 0.321 0.470 31.7   0.012
140   Mozambique 0.316 0.456 30.7   0.097
140   Burkina Faso 0.316 0.452 30.1   0.071
142   Guinea 0.313 0.477 34.4   0.057
143   Haiti 0.303 0.510 40.6   0.024
143   Burundi 0.303 0.433 30.0   0.044
143   Comoros 0.303 0.554 45.3   0.010
146   Guinea-Bissau 0.300 0.480 37.5   0.049
147   Sierra Leone 0.291 0.452 35.6   0.049
148   Mali 0.289 0.434 33.4   0.037
149   Niger 0.284 0.394 27.9   0.065
150   South Sudan 0.276 0.433 36.3 NA
151   Chad 0.248 0.398 37.7   0.024
152   Central African Republic 0.232 0.397 41.6   0.020

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Since 2013
  2. ^ Since 2012
  3. ^ Since 2011
  4. ^ Since 2013
  5. ^ Since 2014
  6. ^ Since 2013
  7. ^ Since 2013
  8. ^ Since 2011
  9. ^ Since 2013
  10. ^ Since 2012

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Human Development Reports, Composite indices — HDI and beyond (2015) 87
  2. ^ "Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2010-11-05.
  3. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions - Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI)". United Nations.
  4. ^ Human Development Report 2020 The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 15 December 2020. pp. 351–355. ISBN 978-92-1-126442-5. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
  5. ^ "Inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI)". hdr.undp.org. UNDP. Retrieved 15 December 2020.
  6. ^ "Human Development Report 2020 – "Human Development Indices and Indicators"". hdr.undp.org.

External linksEdit