Southeastern United States
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|Southeast Region of the United States of America|
|Southeastern United States|
Dark red states are usually included in definitions of the Southeastern United States. Light red states are considered "Southeastern" with less frequency.
|• Total||580,835 sq mi (1,504,360 km2)|
|• Land||540,511 sq mi (1,399,920 km2)|
|• Water||40,324 sq mi (104,440 km2) 6.9%|
|• Density||150.5/sq mi (58.1/km2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT/CDT (UTC)|
There is no official Census Bureau definition of the southeastern United States. However, the American Association of Geographers defines the southeastern United States as Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia. The OSBO uses the same states, but includes Arkansas and Louisiana.
Most populous statesEdit
The most populous state in the region is Florida (20,612,439), followed by Georgia (10,310,371) and North Carolina (10,146,788).
|State||2017 Estimate||2010 Census||Change||Area||Density|
|Alabama||4,874,747||4,779,736||+1.99%||50,645.29 sq mi (131,170.7 km2)||96/sq mi (37/km2)|
|Arkansas||3,004,279||2,915,918||+3.03%||52,035.44 sq mi (134,771.2 km2)||58/sq mi (22/km2)|
|Florida||20,984,400||18,801,310||+11.61%||53,624.72 sq mi (138,887.4 km2)||391/sq mi (151/km2)|
|Georgia||10,429,379||9,687,653||+7.66%||57,513.44 sq mi (148,959.1 km2)||181/sq mi (70/km2)|
|Kentucky||4,454,189||4,339,367||+2.65%||39,486.31 sq mi (102,269.1 km2)||113/sq mi (44/km2)|
|Louisiana||4,684,333||4,533,372||+3.33%||43,203.87 sq mi (111,897.5 km2)||108/sq mi (42/km2)|
|Mississippi||2,984,100||2,967,297||+0.57%||46,923.24 sq mi (121,530.6 km2)||64/sq mi (25/km2)|
|North Carolina||10,273,419||9,535,483||+7.74%||48,617.87 sq mi (125,919.7 km2)||211/sq mi (82/km2)|
|South Carolina||5,024,369||4,625,364||+8.63%||30,060.67 sq mi (77,856.8 km2)||167/sq mi (65/km2)|
|Tennessee||6,715,984||6,346,105||+5.83%||41,234.86 sq mi (106,797.8 km2)||163/sq mi (63/km2)|
|Virginia||8,470,020||8,001,024||+5.86%||39,490.06 sq mi (102,278.8 km2)||214/sq mi (83/km2)|
|West Virginia||1,815,857||1,852,994||−2.00%||24,038.19 sq mi (62,258.6 km2)||76/sq mi (29/km2)|
|Total||83,715,076||78,385,623||+6.80%||526,873.96 sq mi (1,364,597.3 km2)||159/sq mi (61/km2)|
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The predominant culture of the Southeast has its origins with the settlement of the region by British colonists and African slaves in the 17th century, as well as large groups of English, Scots and Ulster-Scots, Germans, French, and Acadians in succeeding centuries. Since the late 20th century the New South has emerged as the fastest growing area of the United States economically. Multiculturalism has become mainstream in the Southeastern states. African Americans remain an dominant demographic at around a 30% of the total population of the Southeast. The New South is built upon the metropolitan areas along the interstate 85 corridor. Cities include Birmingham, Atlanta, Greenville, Spartanburg, Charlotte, Greensboro, Winston-Salem and Raleigh-Durham. The economic power of this megalopolis will rival that of the Northeastern megalopolis in the coming decades.
Most of the southeastern part of the United States is dominated by the humid subtropical climate. As one nears the southern portions of Florida, the climate gradually becomes tropical as winters are freeze free and all months have a mean temperature above 18 C (the defined coldest monthly mean temperature of tropical climates).
Seasonally, summers are generally hot and humid throughout the entire region. The Bermuda High pumps hot and moist air mass from the tropical Atlantic Ocean and eastern Gulf of Mexico westward toward the southeast United States, creating the typical sultry tropical summers. Daytime highs are often in the upper 80's to lower 90's F. Rainfall is increasingly summer concentrated as one moves southward, reaching a sharp summer monsoon like pattern over Florida. Sunshine is abundant across the southeastern United States in summer, as the rainfall comes in quick, but intense tropical downpours.
Winters are cool in the northern areas like Tennessee, Virginia, Maryland, and western North Carolina, with average highs in the 45 °F (7 °C) range in January. Farther south, winters become more mild across interior eastern North and South Carolina, Georgia, and Alabama, with average January highs in the 53 °F (12 °C) range. As one nears the Gulf of Mexico coastal plain and coastal areas of Georgia and South Carolina, winters become warm, with daytime highs near or over 60 °F (16 °C), until far enough south in central Florida where daytime highs are above 70 °F (21 °C). Winters tend to be very dry and sunny across Florida in winter, with a gradual increase in winter rainfall with increasing latitude.
The Southeast has changed dramatically in the last two generations. Since 1980, there has been a boom in its service economy, manufacturing base, high technology industries, and the financial sector. Examples of this include the surge in tourism in Florida and along the Gulf Coast; numerous new automobile production plants such as Mercedes-Benz in Tuscaloosa, Alabama; Hyundai in Montgomery, Alabama; Toyota Motors in Blue Springs, Mississippi; Kia in West Point, Georgia; the BMW production plant in Greer, South Carolina; Volkswagen in Chattanooga, Tennessee; the GM manufacturing plant in Spring Hill, Tennessee; the Volkswagen manufacturing plant in Pulaski, Virginia;and the Nissan North American headquarters in Franklin, Tennessee; the two largest research parks in the country: Research Triangle Park in the Triangle area of North Carolina (the world's largest) and the Cummings Research Park in Huntsville, Alabama (the world's fourth largest); and the corporate headquarters of Verso Paper in Memphis, as well as FedEx, which is one of the world's largest shipping companies.
Fortune 500 companies having headquarters in the region include 20 in Virginia, 16 in Florida, 15 in North Carolina, and 14 in Georgia. This economic expansion has enabled parts of the South to have of some of the lowest unemployment rates in the United States. In Alabama, there is a large-scale manufacturing project owned by the German steel megacorporation ThyssenKrupp, which operates a massive, state-of-the-art facility in Mobile.
Research and developmentEdit
Research Triangle Park, in the Raleigh-Durham urban area of North Carolina, has emerged as a major hub of technology, governmental, and biotechnological research and development, as has the Virginia BioTechnology Research Park in Richmond. The Cummings Research Park in the Huntsville, Alabama area is the second largest research complex in the nation. Located in Huntsville is the Redstone Arsenal, United States Army Missile Command, the U.S. Space & Rocket Center, NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and many other key government, military, and aerospace agencies.
The National High Magnetic Field Laboratory in Tallahassee, Florida, is the largest laboratory in the world devoted to the study of magnetism. The University of South Carolina is currently constructing a research campus in downtown Columbia, and the university is the nation's only National Science Foundation-funded Industry/University Cooperative Research Center for Fuel Cells.
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There are a number of notable universities, with several large research universities which exert influence beyond the region. These include the oldest public universities in the country, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, College of William & Mary and University of Georgia, along with the University of Alabama, Florida State University, Auburn University, the Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), Virginia Tech, and the University of Virginia.
There are a number of well-known private institutions, including Wake Forest University and Duke University in North Carolina, Tulane University in New Orleans, Morehouse College, Spelman College, and Emory University in Atlanta, the University of Miami in Florida, Tuskegee University in Alabama, and Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee.
The region is home to the greatest number of historically black colleges and universities in the nation. The three largest in the region are North Carolina A&T University, Florida A&M University, and Jackson State University.
|3||Washington||District of Columbia||672,228|
Metropolitan Statistical AreasEdit
Combined Statistical AreasEdit
Beyond Megalopolis by Virginia Tech's Metropolitan Institute, an attempt to update Jean Gottmann's work with current trends, defines two "megapolitan areas" contained within the Southeast, out of a total of ten such areas in the United States:
- "Piedmont" extending from North Carolina to Alabama
- "Peninsula" covering South Florida and Central Florida
Two others tie some areas on the margins of the Southeast to urban centers in other regions:
- "Gulf Coast" extending as far east as the western tip of Florida
- "Northeast" including much of Maryland and eastern Virginia
These are the combined statistical areas of the Southeastern region which exceed 1 million in population according to the United States Census Bureau's 2016 estimates. Note that the metropolitan areas of Tampa and Richmond are not included in any CSAs, so they are included in the table without constituent areas.
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In professional sports, the Southeast has seven NFL teams: Atlanta Falcons, New Orleans Saints, Miami Dolphins, Tampa Bay Buccaneers, Jacksonville Jaguars, Carolina Panthers,and the Tennessee Titans. The Falcons, Saints, Buccaneers and Panthers play in the NFC South, the Jaguars and the Titans play in the AFC South, and the Dolphins play in the AFC East.
Seven National Basketball Association teams play in the Southeast: Washington Wizards, Charlotte Hornets, Atlanta Hawks, Memphis Grizzlies, Miami Heat, Orlando Magic and New Orleans Pelicans. The Wizards, Heat, Hornets, Magic and Hawks are in the Eastern Conference and the Grizzlies and Pelicans are in the Western Conference.
The Southeastern Conference is an NCAA Division 1 conference of Southeastern college teams, including the Alabama Crimson Tide, Auburn Tigers, Kentucky Wildcats, Ole Miss Rebels, Florida Gators, South Carolina Gamecocks, Tennessee Volunteers and Georgia Bulldogs, Mississippi State Bulldogs, and Vanderbilt Commodores. The Sugar Bowl, Orange Bowl, Peach Bowl, and Citrus Bowl are notable college football bowls held in Southeastern cities. The Atlantic Coast Conference also features Southeastern teams, such as the Florida State Seminoles, Louisville Cardinals, Miami Hurricanes, Clemson Tigers and Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets.
The majority of NASCAR teams are headquartered in the Charlotte area along with the sports operations headquarters and media outlets. Tracks in the region include Daytona International Speedway, Homestead-Miami Speedway, Talladega Superspeedway, Bristol Motor Speedway, Charlotte Motor Speedway, Atlanta Motor Speedway, Darlington Raceway, Kentucky Speedway, Martinsville Speedway, and Richmond International Speedway.
- Southeastern Division of the Association of American Geographers
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 (PEPANNRES): All States within the United States and Puerto Rico". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
- "Miami, Florida Temperature Averages". Weatherbase. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
- "Virginia Beach, Virginia Temperature Averages". Weatherbase. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
- "State jobless rate below US average". The Decatur Daily. August 19, 2005. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-12.
- "Business Partnership Opportunities". Innovista.sc.edu. Retrieved 2013-12-13.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2015 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 - United States -- Places of 50,000+ Population (PEPANNRSIP)". American Factfinder. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 (PEPANNRES): All Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas within United States and Puerto Rico". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 (PEPANNRES)". American Factfinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
- Waymer, Jim (September 19, 2013). "Refuge hopes new hunts help big pig problem". Florida Today. Melbourne, Florida. p. 1B. Retrieved September 19, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Southeastern United States.|
- Flora Atlas of the Southeastern United States – by the North Carolina Botanical Garden & University of North Carolina Herbarium (NCU).
- Sea Level Changes in the Southeastern United States. Past, Present, and Future – University of South Florida (August 2011)
- on YouTube