Holguín (Spanish pronunciation: [olˈɣin]) is one of the provinces of Cuba, the third most populous after Havana and Santiago de Cuba. It lies in the southeast of the country. Its major cities include Holguín (the capital), Banes, Antilla, Mayarí, and Moa.
|• Total||9,209.71 km2 (3,555.89 sq mi)|
|• Density||110/km2 (290/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
The province has a population of slightly over one million people. Its territory exceeds 9,300 km2 (3,600 sq mi), 25 percent of which is covered by forest.
Christopher Columbus landed in what is believed to have been today's Holguín province on October 27, 1492. He declared that it was "the most beautiful land human eyes had ever seen".
The Holguín province was established in 1978, when it was split from the Oriente region.
Tourism has only recently begun to be developed, offering beach resorts in the outskirts of the region, with a number of hotels around the Guardalavaca area, Playa Esmeralda, Playa Yuraguanal, Playa Blanca, Playa Pesquero, and Cayo Saetia. The Cuchillas del Toa Biosphere Reserve, Sierra Cristal National Park and Alejandro de Humboldt National Park are partly located in the province. Gibara is a little visited historical port located west of the main Guardalavaca resorts. Recently a large number of tourists are being reported to have had visited the city and its rich culture and beauty. Direct flights to Canada and Europe from Holguin airport limit transfer time to around 1 hour to most resorts on the Costa Holguinera. Canadians and Europeans share the coral beaches with Cubans.
Holguín is divided into 14 municipalities:
|Báguanos||52,854||50,700||806||Correct name: Báguano|
|Frank País||25,621||24,334||510||Cayo Mambí|
|Rafael Freyre||50,080||52,699||620||Santa Lucia|
|Sagua de Tánamo||52,013||48,213||704|
|Urbano Noris||43,892||41,116||846||San German|
Per the 2012 census, the population was 1,035,072, and a similar population density of 111.38/km2 (288.5/sq mi).
- Aroldis Chapman, left-handed pitcher for the New York Yankees
- Calixto García, General in the three liberation wars of Cuba
- Fidel Castro, revolutionary, lawyer, former President of Cuba and First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba
- Raúl Castro, former minister of the Revolutionary Army Forces, Vice-President of Cuba, President of Cuba and current First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba
- Mario Kindelan two times lightweight boxing Olympic champion in 2000 and 2004
- Marcos A. Rodriguez, entrepreneur and broadcaster
- Cesar Morales, pianist
- Frank Fernández, pianist
- Fulgencio Batista, last president and military dictator of the Republican era (1902-1959)
- Faustino Oramas, musician
- "Lugar que ocupa el territorio según la superficie y la población" (PDF). Una MIRADA a Cuba (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas. Cuba. 2010.
- Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-06.
- Government of Cuba (2012). "National Census Report" (PDF) (in Spanish). p. 110. Retrieved 2020-05-21.
- Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-06.
- Government of Cuba (2002). "Population by Province" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2005-11-18. Retrieved 2007-10-02.
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