Artemisa Province

Artemisa Province is one of the two new provinces created from the former La Habana Province, whose creation was approved by the Cuban National Assembly on August 1, 2010, the other being Mayabeque Province.[3][4][5] The new provinces came into existence on January 1, 2011.

Province of Artemisa
Provincia de Artemisa
Coat of arms of Province of Artemisa
Artemisa in Cuba.svg
Coordinates: 22°48′49″N 82°45′48″W / 22.81361°N 82.76333°W / 22.81361; -82.76333 (Artemisa Province)Coordinates: 22°48′49″N 82°45′48″W / 22.81361°N 82.76333°W / 22.81361; -82.76333 (Artemisa Province)
CapitalCity of Artemisa
MunicipalitiesMariel, Guanajay, Caimito, Bauta, San Antonio de los Baños, Güira de Melena, Alquízar, Artemisa Municipality, Candelaria, San Cristóbal, Bahía Honda
 • Total4,004.27 km2 (1,546.06 sq mi)
Highest elevation
681 m (2,234 ft)
 • Total660 278
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
Area code+53-47
HDI (2019)0.797[2]
high · 3rd of 16


Artemisa was the largest city and municipality of the former La Habana Province. The newly formed province combined the eight western municipalities of La Habana Province and three eastern municipalities of neighbor province Pinar del Río (Bahía Honda, Candelaria and San Cristóbal). The capital and largest city is Artemisa (47,000 pop. in 2015).

The new province is only larger than Havana city and Mayabeque, but with more population than four other Cuban provinces. It is the most densely populated, after Havana city and Santiago de Cuba.

The economy of the Artemisa province is based mainly on agriculture (fruits, potatoes, rice, vegetables, sugar cane) and industry of building materials (two cement factories), food processing industry and power plants. It contains the important port of Mariel in the northern coast. The province is also important in the military sector with the main Cuban Air Force base (San Antonio de los Baños) the Western base of the Cuban Navy (Cabañas Bay) and the Military Academy (College) "Antonio Maceo" in Caimito.


Map of Artemisa Province. Deep yellow color indicates former municipalities of Pinar del Río Province
Road Map of Artemisa Province
Municipality km2 Population
Mariel 270.85 44,786
Guanajay 110.26 28,750
Caimito 239.4 39,304
Bauta 155.13 48,024
San Antonio de los Baños 126.37 49,942
Güira de Melena 199.22 39,821
Alquízar 194.36 32,501
Artemisa 688.7 82,917
Bahía Honda 784.14 45,124
Candelaria 301.42 20,283
San Cristóbal 934.4 70,940
Total 4,004.27 502,392

Source: Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas 2010[6]


The maximum elevation in the province is Guajaibon peak (700 meters), and is located near N 22 47' 19" W 83 21' 52" in Sierra del Rosario range.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Lugar que ocupa el territorio según la superficie y la población" (PDF). Una MIRADA a Cuba (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas. Cuba. 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-03-11. Retrieved 2012-01-15.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ La racionalidad como premisa Archived 2010-06-11 at the Wayback Machine - Periódico Granma
  4. ^ Proponen en Pleno del Partido dos nuevas provincias cubanas: Artemisa y Mayabeque (+ Infografía) - Cubadebate
  5. ^ ¿Por qué Artemisa y Mayabeque?[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Mejor atención al pueblo y más funcional Archived 2010-07-26 at the Wayback MachineDiario Granma

External linksEdit