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Artemisa Province is one of the two new provinces created from the former La Habana Province, whose creation was approved by the Cuban National Assembly on August 1, 2010, the other being Mayabeque Province.[2][3][4] The new provinces were enforced on January 1, 2011.

Artemisa Province
Artemisa in Cuba.svg
Coordinates: 22°48′49″N 82°45′48″W / 22.81361°N 82.76333°W / 22.81361; -82.76333 (Artemisa Province)Coordinates: 22°48′49″N 82°45′48″W / 22.81361°N 82.76333°W / 22.81361; -82.76333 (Artemisa Province)
CountryCuba
CapitalArtemisa
MunicipalitiesMariel, Guanajay, Caimito, Bauta, San Antonio de los Baños, Güira de Melena, Alquízar, Artemisa, Candelaria, San Cristóbal, Bahía Honda
Area
 • Total4,004.27 km2 (1,546.06 sq mi)
Highest elevation
681 m (2,234 ft)
Population
(2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total502,312
 • Density130/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
Area code(s)+53-47

Contents

OverviewEdit

Artemisa was the largest city and municipality of the former La Habana Province. The newly formed province combined the eight western municipalities of La Habana Province and three eastern municipalities of neighbor province Pinar del Río (Bahía Honda, Candelaria and San Cristóbal). The capital and largest city is Artemisa (47,000 pop. in 2015).

The new province is only larger than Havana city and Mayabeque, but with more population than four other Cuban provinces. It is the most densely populated, after Havana city and Santiago de Cuba.

The economy of the Artemisa province is based mainly on agriculture (fruits, potatoes, rice, vegetables, sugar cane) and industry of building materials (two cement factories), food processing industry and power plants. It contains the important port of Mariel in the northern coast. The province is also important in the military sector with the main Cuban Air Force base (San Antonio de los Baños) the Western base of the Cuban Navy (Cabañas Bay) and the Military Academy (College) "Antonio Maceo" in Caimito.

MunicipalitiesEdit

 
Map of Artemisa Province. Deep yellow color indicates former municipalities of Pinar del Río Province
 
Road Map of Artemisa Province
Municipality km² Population
Mariel 270.85 44,786
Guanajay 110.26 28,750
Caimito 239.4 39,304
Bauta 155.13 48,024
San Antonio de los Baños 126.37 49,942
Güira de Melena 199.22 39,821
Alquízar 194.36 32,501
Artemisa 688.7 82,917
Bahía Honda 784.14 45,124
Candelaria 301.42 20,283
San Cristóbal 934.4 70,940
Total 4,004.27 502,392

Source: Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas 2010[5]

TopographyEdit

The maximum elevation in the province is The Guajaibon peak (700 meters), and is located near N 22 47' 19" W 83 21' 52" in Sierra del Rosario range.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Lugar que ocupa el territorio según la superficie y la población" (PDF). Una MIRADA a Cuba (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas. Cuba. 2010.
  2. ^ La racionalidad como premisa - Periódico Granma
  3. ^ Proponen en Pleno del Partido dos nuevas provincias cubanas: Artemisa y Mayabeque (+ Infografía) - Cubadebate
  4. ^ ¿Por qué Artemisa y Mayabeque?[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Mejor atención al pueblo y más funcionalDiario Granma

External linksEdit