Mayabeque Province is one of two new provinces created from the former La Habana Province, whose creation was approved by the Cuban National Assembly on August 1, 2010, the other being Artemisa Province.[3][4] The new provinces came in to existence on January 1, 2011.

Mayabeque Province
CapitalSan José de las Lajas
MunicipalitiesSan José de las Lajas, Jaruco, Santa Cruz del Norte, Madruga, Nueva Paz, Güines, Melena del Sur, Quivicán, Batabanó, San Nicolás de Bari, Bejucal
 • PresidentTamara Valido Benítez
 • Vice-PresidentManuel Aguiar Lamas
 • Total3,732.73 km2 (1,441.22 sq mi)
 • Total381,385
 • Density100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
Area code+53-47
HDI (2019)0.797[2]
high · 3rd of 16

Overview edit

Mayabeque is made up of the 11 eastern municipalities of the former La Habana province, with the capital in San José de las Lajas. Mayabeque Province is named after the Mayabeque River (the largest in this territory) as well as the south shore of Mayabeque beach, the place believed to be the original location of Havana village (San Cristóbal de La Habana) that was founded in 1514.[5]

The new province became the smallest (excluding Havana city province) and least populated province in the country.

Mayabeque's economy is based on agriculture (potatoes, fruits, vegetables, sugar cane) and livestock farming, particularly milk production. It also has a relevant industry sector located mainly in San José de las Lajas and Santa Cruz del Norte. Products include building materials, electrical cables, rubber industry, glass vessels, ceramics, food processing, paper processing, bio-pharmaceuticals (in Bejucal), fishing products, and oil and gas extraction. The province also has two large Havana Club rum factories, power plants, and sugar mills; as well as important scientific institutions and an agricultural science university.

Municipalities edit

Map of Mayabeque Province
Road map of Mayabeque Province
Municipality km2 Population inhabitants/km2
Bejucal 116.36 26,966 231.7
San José de las Lajas 592.67 74,186 125.2
Jaruco 275.9 25,135 91.1
Santa Cruz del Norte 379.38 34,216 90.2
Madruga 459.58 29,805 64.9
Nueva Paz 522.8 25,471 48.7
San Nicolás 228.86 20,695 90.4
Güines 433.09 67,919 156.8
Melena del Sur 233.56 20,646 88.4
Batabanó 263.43 26,944 102.3
Quivicán 227.1 29,463 129.7
Total 3,732.73 381,446 102.2

Source: Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas e Instituto de Planificación Física/2010 [6]

The most populated cities are Güines (42 000 hab.) and San José de las Lajas (37 000 hab.)

References edit

  1. ^ a b "Lugar que ocupa el territorio según la superficie y la población" (PDF). Una MIRADA a Cuba (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas. Cuba. 2010.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ La racionalidad como premisa Archived 2010-06-11 at the Wayback Machine - Periódico Granma
  4. ^ Proponen en Pleno del Partido dos nuevas provincias cubanas: Artemisa y Mayabeque (+ Infografía) - Cubadebate
  5. ^ ¿Por qué Artemisa y Mayabeque?[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Mejor atención al pueblo y más funcional Archived 2010-07-26 at the Wayback MachineDiario Granma

External links edit

22°58′5″N 82°09′21″W / 22.96806°N 82.15583°W / 22.96806; -82.15583 (Mayabeque Province)