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Güines is a municipality and town in the Mayabeque Province of Cuba. It is located 50 km (31 mi) southeast of Havana, next to the Mayabeque River. It is the most populated town, but not the capital, of its province.

Güines
Coat of arms of Güines
Coat of arms
Güines municipality (red) within Mayabeque Province (yellow) and Cuba
Güines municipality (red) within
Mayabeque Province (yellow) and Cuba
Coordinates: 22°50′51″N 82°01′25″W / 22.84750°N 82.02361°W / 22.84750; -82.02361Coordinates: 22°50′51″N 82°01′25″W / 22.84750°N 82.02361°W / 22.84750; -82.02361
CountryCuba
ProvinceMayabeque
Founded1737[1]
Established1815 (Municipality)
Area
 • Total445 km2 (172 sq mi)
Elevation
65 m (213 ft)
Population
 (2004)[3]
 • Total68,951
 • Density154.9/km2 (401/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Güinero(a)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
Area code(s)+53-62

HistoryEdit

The city was founded in 1737 by the Spanish.[1] Prior to the arrival of the Spanish, what is now Güines was part of a region ruled by the Indian chief Habaguanex.

One of the earliest mentions of the word Güines is in 1598, when Don Diego de Rivera or Ribera was awarded a land grant for Los Güines Corral.

Güines can be considered one of the primary points of Cuba's transformation into a sugar-producing slave society in the wake of the Haitian Revolution. Its demographics radically changed as a result. As the historian Ada Ferrer explains, "people classified as white had accounted for about three-quarters of the population in 1775" but "by the 1820s, they constituted less than 38 percent."[4]

In 1837, a railway was opened from Havana - the first in Cuba, and one of the earliest in the Americas.

GeographyEdit

The municipality is divided into the barrios of Catalina, Norte, Rural Primero, Rural Segundo, Rural Tercero, Rural Cuarto and Sur.[1]

DemographicsEdit

In 2004, the municipality of Güines had a population of 68,951.[3] With a total area of 445 km2 (172 sq mi).[2] It has a population density of 154.9/km2 (401/sq mi).

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Guije.com. "Güines" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-07.
  2. ^ a b Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-07.
  3. ^ a b Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-07.
  4. ^ Ferrer, Ada (2014). Freedom's Mirror: Cuba and Haiti in the Age of Revolution. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 37.

External linksEdit