Prime Minister of Cuba
The Prime Minister of Cuba (Spanish: Primer Ministro de Cuba), known as the President of the Council of Ministers (Spanish: Presidente del Consejo de Ministros de Cuba) between 1976 and 2019, is the head of the Council of Ministers of Cuba.
|Prime Minister of Cuba
Primer Ministro de Cuba
|Member of||Council of Ministers,|
Council of State
|Nominator||President of Cuba|
|Appointer||National Assembly of People's Power|
|Term length||Five years|
|Inaugural holder||Carlos Saladrigas Zayas|
|Formation||10 October 1940|
The office of Prime Minister was first instituted in 1940 in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution of Cuba as amended in that year. The first Prime Minister of Cuba was Carlos Saladrigas Zayas (1900–1957), the nephew of former President Alfredo Zayas. The prime minister was also sometimes referred to as "premier". Between 1940 and 1959, Cuba saw fifteen changes of prime minister; Félix Lancís Sánchez exercised the role twice (1944–1945 and 1950–1951) while Fulgencio Batista held the position concurrently with that of President of Cuba for one month (April 1952) following a military coup. Fidel Castro became prime minister in 1959, replacing José Miró Cardona.
The title of the office was officially changed on 2 December 1976 when a new national constitution, restructuring the government, came into force. Under that constitution, the post of President was abolished and replaced by a Soviet-style collective head of state, the Council of State, elected by the National Assembly of People's Power.
However, unlike the USSR's arrangements, where the Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet and the Council of Ministers were distinct posts, the Cuban Council of Ministers was chaired by the same person as the Council of State. Furthermore, unlike English and Russian, Spanish does not distinguish between the terms "chairman/председатель" and "president/президент", translating both as "presidente".
On 24 February 2019, another constitution – Cuba's current – was adopted in a referendum. Under it, the government was again re-organized, and the posts of President and Prime Minister were restored. This reorganization, however, has yet to enter into effect.
- 1959: Castro sworn in as Cuban PM BBC online.
- Mimi Whitefield (25 February 2019). "Cuba approves new constitution: What changes, what doesn't?". Miami Herald. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
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