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René Pérez Joglar (born February 23, 1978), known professionally as Residente (often stylized as Resīdεntә), is a Puerto Rican, rapper, writer, filmmaker, and also one of the founders of the Puerto Rican alternative rap group Calle 13. He has won four Grammy Awards and 24 Latin Grammy Awards -- more than any other Latin artist. He studied art for 8 years and has directed some of his own music videos. His lyrics have earned him the respect of many music colleagues and critics and have even been studied as part of school and university courses. He has been recognized for his social contributions and serves as the face of campaigns for UNICEF and Amnesty International. He has consistently defended education in Latin America and the rights of indigenous peoples. In 2009 he referred to the governor of Puerto Rico Luis Fortuño as an "SOB" for laying off more than 30,000 public employees. In November 2015, Residente received a recognition award in Barcelona at the World Summit of Nobel Peace Laureates forum due to his commitment to social awareness and for promoting peace.
René Pérez Joglar
February 23, 1978
|Residence||New York City|
|Alma mater||Savannah College of Art and Design|
|Net worth||$10 million (2017)|
(m. 2013; div. 2017)
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Career
- 3 Luis Fortuño comments
- 4 Social work, education and recognition
- 5 Personal life
- 6 Discography
- 7 Filmography
- 8 Band members
- 9 Accolades
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Early life and educationEdit
René Pérez Joglar was born in a hospital in Hato Rey, a sector within the San Juan area. His mother, Flor Joglar de García, is a Puerto Rican actress who was part of the theatrical company called Teatro del 60 (Theater of the 60s). In her student years, she belonged to Juventud Independista Universitaria or JIU (Independent Youth of the University). René's father, Reinaldo Pérez Ramírez, is a labor lawyer, musician and writer. He studied in the Escuela Libre de Música (Free School of Music). When he was 17, together with Louis García, a trombonist and arranger, they founded the band, Latin Tempo. Reinaldo studied Political Science and Law at the University of Puerto Rico with the idea of contributing to the Independence of Puerto Rico. While he was studying Political Science, he became the president of the Juventud Independista Universitaria (JIU). Immediately after he graduated from the School of Law, he founded a law firm dedicated to representing labor unions. In 1978, he traveled to Cuba as a representative of the youth of Puerto Rico and a member of the Partido Socialista Puertorriqueño or PSP (Puerto Rican Socialist Party). In the 1980s, he traveled to Nicaragua during the Sandinista Revolution to show solidarity with other Puerto Ricans.
René grew up in a working middle-class neighborhood in Trujillo Alto with his brothers and mother. He was surrounded by art, music and sports from early life. He taught himself to play the guitar and took saxophone and drum classes. At 12 years old, he was part of the school band as a drummer. Since he was young, his interest for drawing and music was evident, but baseball was always his passion, a sport that he practiced for many years until he finished high school. When he finished school, he had to make the tough decision regarding which path to take and chose the arts. He was admitted to the Escuela de Artes Plásticas (School of Visual Arts) in San Juan, Puerto Rico, where he obtained his Bachelor of Fine Arts degree. He earned a scholarship based on his portfolio and transferred to the Savannah College of Art and Design (SCAD), where he finished his Masters in Fine Arts.
While he was studying in Savannah, René created his alias "Residente Calle 13" to relive some memories from his childhood and during his free time began to write poems and rap songs. When he finished his Masters, he traveled to Barcelona, Spain, with the dream of working there. After failing to find employment, he decided to take film courses because he also loved this form of art. During the time he lived in Spain, he screened a short film he directed while he was a student in the SCAD called S=emp2 or sexo = energía x masa x placer2 (Sex = Energy x Mass x Pleasure2). He presented it in Madrid and won second place in a short film festival of independent films.
When he returned to Puerto Rico, he worked on a variety of art projects. He created illustrations and 3D animations for architects. He also worked as a music video editor. During this period, he started to write again, this time from the capital, Old San Juan. René started to feed his writing with the essence of the boricua (Puerto Rican) life and its lingo. He also connected with the La Perla neighborhood since he lived across from it. All this is reflected in his first album later on. Having reached a better understanding of how and what to write about, René approached his brother, Eduardo Cabra, to help him with the music.
Although many major labels did not pay attention to his music, René continued his search. It was not until one afternoon when René was without food in his refrigerator that he desperately called his brother, Gabriel, who recommended that he present his music to White Lion Records, an independent music company responsible for the success of Tego Calderón. He wrote the song "Tengo Hambre" ("I'm Hungry") during this period. Elias de León, owner of White Lion Records, and his A&R Director, Carlos “Karly” Rosario, were the first visionaries to see René's great potential.
Residente became well known in June 2005 with the single, "Se Vale To-To", which was heard on radio stations in Puerto Rico. In September 2005, due to the assassination of the leader Machetero Filiberto Ojeda Ríos by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, he wrote and recorded the song, "Querido FBI" ("Dear FBI"). The song was released online only 30 hours after the death of Ojeda. "Querido FBI" captured the attention of the press and appeared in the front pages of news outlets. The song would define the social commitment of Residente and Calle 13. It was the first time that a song with highly social content and pro-Independence messages aired on Puerto Rican mainstream radio. In November, Calle 13 released the song "Atrévete-te-te" to the public. It was the group's first single that achieved international success.
The first album, Calle 13, was released on November 29, 2005. It was praised by Time Magazine and later won three Latin Grammy Awards nominations, resulting in winners in all three categories. In December of the same year, Residente was invited by the Governor of Puerto Rico to join the campaign against Balas al Aire (Bullets In the Air). Residente and his brother, Eduardo Cabra (nicknamed "Visitante") composed "Ley de Gravedad" ("The Law of Gravity"). At the same time, The New York Times invited Americans to visit Puerto Rico to have the opportunity to meet "the first intellectual who reached stardom with Reggaeton." His first two songs along with the song, "Suave," made him well known in Latin America.
The single "Atrevete-te" reached the top hits charts in Colombia and became a radio hit in Mexico, Venezuela, Argentina, Ecuador, Peru and Chile. The Puerto Rican group left its native land for the first time and started to travel in Latin America, performing at concerts and at international award ceremonies. In May of this year, they held their first concert on the island at the Coliseo de Puerto Rico José Miguel Agrelot, where they played all the songs from their first album, including some songs they released for free on the Internet. Residente was invited to collaborate with other artists like Nelly Furtado on the song, "No hay igual", and after his performance on the Premios Juventud (the Hispanic Youth Awards), with Alejandro Sanz on "La Peleíta". They shared the stage with the Argentinean rocker Gustavo Cerati at the Central Park Summerstage in New York. Calle 13 won the Artista Promesa (Promising Artist) award at the Latin American MTV awards. A month later, they won the 3 nominations from the Latin Grammy Awards.
On April 24, they released their second album called Residente o Visitante, which was defined as the darkest, strongest and most obscene that the group had recorded. This album incorporates collaborations with Bajofondo Tango Club and the Argentinean composer, musician and producer, Gustavo Santaolalla, winner of two Oscar awards. The album also includes duets with La Mala Rodriguez, Tego Calderón, contributions from the Venezuelan musician Panasuyo, the Cuban group Orishas, and the Argentinean musician and composer, Vicentico, cofounder and vocalist of the Fabulosos Cadillacs. They also performed for the first time in the Mexican Rock Festival, Vive Latino, and Barcelona's Sonar Festival. During this time, they traveled to Argentina where they had two concerts and their music was very well received. During this year, they were invited to be on the cover of Billboard Magazine. They released on the internet the song, "Tributo a la Policía" ("Tribute to the Police"), which talks about the murder of innocent people by the Puerto Rican Police. They were nominated again for the Latin Grammy Awards and won two of the four nominations and gave a memorable performance with Orishas of the song "Pa'l Norte".
They released their album, Los de atrás vienen conmigo (The Ones In the Back Come With Me), which proved that each album released by Calle 13 has been able to surpass the previous one. Los de atrás vienen conmigo features a fusion of music styles, among them: salsa, Uruguayan candombe, balcánica, electronic and rock. In the first track of the album, "Que lloren" ("Let Them Cry"), Residente strongly critiqued Reggaeton artists for singing songs that did not make any sense. This caused a stir among the genre of Reggaeton. Calle 13 split completely from the musical genre, and this was the first album where they did not utilize that rhythm. Residente also started to express a bigger social commitment. This album included collaborations with Café Tacuba ("No hay nadie como tú") and Rubén Blades ("La Perla").
Residente recorded "Canción para un niño en la Calle" ("Song For A Child In the Street") with Mercedes Sosa, a song that is part of Cantora, the last record of the great Argentinean folkloric singer. Afterwards, Calle 13 performed in the Club Geba of Argentina and took advantage of a euphoric audience to record the video of the song, "Fiesta de Locos" ("Crazy People Party").
On May 2, 2009, Calle 13 performed once again at the Coliseo de Puerto Rico José Miguel Agrelot for the release of their third album Los de Atrás Vienen Conmigo. "In The Heights" playwright Lin-Manuel Miranda was invited to make an appearance after Residente had seen his acceptance speech for Best Original Score at the 62nd Tony Awards. Backstage, Flor Joglar de Gracia, mother of Residente and little sister ILE, revealed to Miranda their connection to Gilberto Concepción de Gracia, founder of the Puerto Rican Independence Party. Miranda and Residente have since confirmed their family relation through social media.
In the month of July, Residente presented his first documentary, Sin mapa (Without a Map), which was televised by MTV. It narrates the group's journey: Residente, Visitante, Gabriel Cabra Jolgar (René and Eduardo's brother), Ismael Cancel (Calle 13's drummer) and Brian Rodríguez (who is in charge of Calle 13's security). They went on a search for the essence of the great Latin American continent. The journey started in Nicaragua and extended through Peru, Venezuela, and Colombia. The documentary highlights different moments of the band's concerts, like a parenthesis within the adventure of the trip, all of this utilizing the very scarce resources they had at the time. They would later transform these experiences into new lyrics with more social relevance. Sin mapa captures the moment when Calle 13 went from anonymity to, in less than a year, a recognized band in Latin America, which is highlighted in the song "La fokin' moda" ("The Fuckin' Trend"). The album, Los de atrás vienen conmigo, had 5 Latin Grammy Award nominations. Calle 13 won all 5 nominations and during the ceremony gave a live performance with Rubén Blades. Residente was invited to host, alongside Nelly Furtado, the MTV Latin American Awards ceremony. Throughout the evening, he expressed his concerns and that of many of Latin American citizens regarding diverse social and political issues concerning Latin America. He changed in and out of shirts displaying controversial messages that were sent to him by his fans through a well-known social media site.
In March, Calle 13 performed in front of 500,000 people in the Tribuna Antiimperialista de la Habana. A month later, they went back to the Mexican Vive Latino Festival and played in front of 100,000 people, delivering a very successful performance. They also performed in Rock in Rio of Madrid, Spain, in front of 80,000 people and left the people of Madrid asking for more. During this year, Calle 13 released the official video of their song "Calma Pueblo" ("Calm Down, People"), generating great controversy in the media because of its protest lyrics and use of nudity; something in the breath of what photographer Spencer Tunik does with his series of fixed images, which shows that people get used to these types of images, like in paintings and photography, but not when they take on movement or another form. In April, René joined the students of the University of Puerto Rico in their strike, fighting for more accessible quality education. He visited them in their camps, made his support public, and a few days later marched with students and teachers. On November 23, they released their 4th album, Entren los que quieran (Enter Whoever Would Like To). Until now, this has been the most important album in the group's career. The album includes collaborations with Omar Rodríguez (Mars Volta), Totó la Momposina, Susana Baca, Maria Rita and Seun Kuti. With this new musical project, Calle 13 experimented and evolved its style, using more elements of Latin American folklore, Afro-beat, Rock, and Merengue, among others, and expressing a bigger social commitment in its lyrics. Entren los que quieran received 10 Latin Grammy Award nominations and won 9 of them. Their track, "Latinoamérica", became an anthem for the Latin American continent and is considered the most important track of the album.
Calle 13 started the year with three concerts at the Luna Park in Buenos Aires, Argentina, and later went to the Festival de Viña del Mar, Chile, where they performed for the second time, three years after their first appearance. One more time, they won over the Chilean audience giving one of the best shows in the history of the event, where Residente declined to have his performance interrupted to be awarded the well-known statues that they had won, including the Antorcha de Oro (Golden Torch), Gaviota de Plata (Silver Seagull), Gaviota de Oro (Golden Seagull) and Antorcha de Plata (Silver Torch). Residente had the words "Fuerza Mapuche" ("Be strong, Mapuche"), written on his back and shared the stage with Chilean musicians who do not get the proper recognition in Chile. By June of this year, Calle 13 had completed a European tour of about 10 countries, performing 20 concerts in just one month. Afterwards, they visited the Universidad Nacional autónoma de México or UNAM (the Autonomous National University of Mexico) to screen their music video of "Latinoamérica". In November, the band opened the 12th annual Latin Grammy Awards with an arrangement of their song, "Latinoamérica", orchestrated by Alex Berti, directed by Gustavo Dudamel, and performed by the Orquesta Sinfónica Juvenil Simón Bolívar de Venezuela (the Simón Bolívar Symphonic Youth Orchestra of Venezuela) . The same night they won 9 out of the 10 categories for which they were nominated, breaking the record of award wins in the same night. This made them the group with the most Grammy awards won in the history of the Latin Grammy Awards with a total of 19 awards.
During the month of April, René visited the Uruguayan president, Pepe Mujica, to talk about the colonial status of Puerto Rico and obtain the Latin American support for its independence. This initiative started when the Cumbre de la Comunidad Latinoamericana de Estados Latinoamericanos y Caribeños or CELAC (Community of Latin American and Caribbean States) did not include Puerto Rico due to its colonial status. In May, Calle 13 released the video, "La Vuelta al Mundo" ("Around The World"), directed by Juan José Campanella. A month later, the president of Argentina, Cristina Fernández de Kirshner, received René in her office at la Casa Rosada (the Pink House) to talk about the colonial status of Puerto Rico. This was in response to a formal petition that he made on May 28, 2012, requesting an audience. In the letter to the dignitary, the artist addressed it "on behalf of all the Puerto Ricans that have fought for its independence, the ones that are in jail because of this, the ones that have lost their lives in the middle of the fight and all of us that continue with their legacy". This meeting was the second one that he had with a President for this purpose. At the end of May, Calle 13 finished their trip around Mexico with a powerful performance that is estimated to have had 60,000 in attendance at the Wirikuta Fest in the Foro Sol of Mexico City. Residente had a message drawn on his back that said, "Yo soy 132" ("I am 132"), in support of the movement of the same name. The group, formed by college students, had raised its voice in protest of the Mexican media to persuade it to broadcast information with truthfulness and integrity, without hiding or distorting any information. Residente surprised his fans with the unexpected appearance of Zack de la Rocha (Rage Against the Machine). The Mexican-American vocalist and social activist known for his work in favor of undocumented immigrants joined Residente during his performance of "Calma Pueblo". During de la Rocha's appearance on stage, Residente sent a message to all of Latin America that what happens in Wirikuta happens all over the continent; "What belongs to us cannot be touched, cannot be sold, because united people will never be defeated." On June 1, Residente went to the Escuela de Periodismo y Comunicación Social de la Universidad de la Plata or UNLP (the School of Social Communication and Journalism of the National University of La Plata) in Argentina to receive the Rodolfo Walsh award given to the Puerto Rican group for its support of communication and popular culture. After leaving this important event, he visited Unit 33 in the women's jail in Los Hornos, an institution that has more than 300 female prisoners, many of them pregnant and others with children of ages ranging from newborns to 4 years old. This was in response to an email invitation. At the end of June, René joined Tom Morello (Rage Against The Machine) and Chad Smith (The Red Hot Chili Peppers) in collaboration with the New York rock band Outernational for the song, "Todos Somos Ilegales" ("We Are All Illegal"), in support of the undocumented immigrants in United States. The video release coincided with the Supreme Court decision to uphold the most disputed part of the Arizona's anti-immigrant law, SB-1070, which requires police to determine the immigration status of someone arrested or detained when there is "a reasonable suspicion" they are not in the U.S. legally. On July 13, Calle 13 performed in front of 7,000 fans in Prospect Park in Brooklyn as part of the Latin America Alternative Music Conference (LAMC) in New York. The general consensus was that Prospect Park had never been so full of people for a concert; as a matter of fact, 5,000 had stayed outside of the park listening to and enjoying the concert. The day before, Calle 13 participated in a long interview with Gabriel Abaroa, President and CEO of the Latin Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences.
They continued their European tour performing in different countries, playing 20 concerts in 30 days. They participated in the rock festival Maquinaria Fest together with well-known rock bands, among them Deftones, Marilyn Manson, Kiss and Slayer. In Spain, the group offered a 20% discount to all unemployed spectators. This was done in Santiago de Compostela, Madrid, Barcelona, and Cadíz. In November, they released their music video worldwide called, "La Bala" ("The Bullet"), the last track of the album Entren los que quieran, done with the support of UNICEF and Amnesty International. The video was recorded in 10 countries under the direction of Simon Brand and with the collaboration of 12 directors from around the world. Afterwards, they performed in the city of La Plata, Argentina, in front of 150,000 fans. In December, they played a concert at the Palacio de los Deportes (the Sports Palace) in Mexico City. This was the first time that the Puerto Rican group performed alone in that venue. The group performed in front of 16,000 fans who sang along with all of the songs. Calle 13 closed their tour of Entren los que quieran in Puerto Rico with a historic concert. After being censured on the Island for 3 years, the band performed in front of 30,000 people and broke attendance records for open concerts on the Island.
During the summer of 2013, Calle 13 composed the song "Me vieron cruzar" ("They Saw Me Cross"), for the animated 3D movie, Metegol (Underdogs), of renowned Argentinean director, Juan José Campanella. This was the first time the band composed a song for a movie.
In June, René had a surprise encounter with Julian Assange, founder of Wikileaks, an asylee for two years at the Ecuadorian Embassy in London. They not only had several days of conversations, but during the second day that Residente was in London, they had a Twitcam through his official account @Residente that was translated and uploaded to the @WikiLeaks Twitter account while it was being transmitted live from the Ecuadorian Embassy in London.
In November, Calle 13 released "Multi Viral", a song created with the collaboration of Julian Assange. The song protested the manipulation, censorship, and hiding of information by the media. The song was published in the "lyrics video" format in Calle 13's YouTube channel, elvecindariocalle13, and could be streamed for free from SoundCloud. "Multi Viral" also had the participation of Tom Morello, one of the best guitar players of all time and the Israeli-Palestinian composer and singer, Kamilya Jubran. Just a month later, they released their first unofficial single, "MultiViral". The Puerto Rican band was in the news again with the release of the music video "Homónimo", which was recorded in Bethlehem and Beit Sahour in Palestine. One of the locations in the video was an Israeli wall that is strongly guarded and has security cameras every 100 feet.
On February 18, Calle 13 released their first official single, "El Aguante" ("Endurance"). The song, written and performed by Residente, was composed and musically produced by Visitante. On February 25, Calle 13 performed for free in front of more than 50,000 people in a concert in the Ciudad Universitaria Rio Piedras (University City Rio Piedras), which is part of the capital of Puerto Rico, San Juan. The concert was given in front of the main entrance of the University of Puerto Rico. The place was selected as a reference to the need to promote education as a fundamental instrument for the development of a better society that promotes the eradication of violence and puts a stop to the decline of the human rights and values. On March 1, the band started their MultiViral tour in the Ferro Stadium of Argentina in front of 20,000 people. During their Latin American tour, Residente started an awareness movement for Oscar López Rivera, a political prisoner in Puerto Rico who has been imprisoned for more than 32 years for seditious conspiracy, a made-up crime created to imprison him, as he was never found guilty of any crime. This was a crime of thought because López Rivera wanted to fight against the colonization. As part of their protest, the band invited the audience to turn on their cell phones or any other kind of electronic device with light on it as an act of complaint calling for the release of López Rivera. The pictures of those moments were included in their social media, including on their Twitter account, where they tagged the account of the President of the United States, @BarackObama.
Five days later, they published their second music video, "Adentro" ("Inside"), which was recorded in Arizona, La Barriada Morales in Caguas, Puerto Rico, and in La Cantera Roca Dura in Manatí, Puerto Rico. This video has the participation of legendary baseball star and U.S. hall of famer, Willie Mays. On November 22, Calle 13 performed in the Palacio de los Deportes (the Sports Palace) in Mexico City. Two months before the show, 43 Ayotzinapa college students had been kidnapped and went missing in Iguala, Mexico. René was touched by the story and met some friends and relatives of the missing students. During the Palacio de los Deportes concert, Residente invited a few family members of the missing students to talk on the stage, which resulted in more than 15,000 people demanding justice for the missing. In December, the group performed in the Hiram Bithron Stadium of Puerto Rico, where they played in front of 35,000 people. René took advantage of the opportunity to invite to the stage the daughter of the political prisoner Oscar López Rivera to say a few words in front of the audience.
At the beginning of June, before starting a new European tour, Residente announced that he was working on a new project. After a successful European tour, René traveled to Russia, Siberia, and China to work on his new album, Residente.
Residente released his debut solo album titled Residente in 2017. The album received much acclaim from the Latin music academy and mainstream critics winning the Latin Grammy for best urban music album and being named Billboard's Best Spanish Language Album of the Year. During an interview with Billboard, Residente criticized modern Spanish urban music citing it as uninspired, simple, ignorant and redundant. This prompted legendary hip-hop and reggaeton artist Tempo to respond lyrically which led to a highly publicized rap battle. Mainstream latino journalists declared Residente victorious as well as many mainstream audiences and outlets on social media. His song La Catedra is a speedy 12 minute, 1,900 word record clap-back, beating the previous Guinness Book of World record-holders, Emimem and MC Harry Shotta. 
On March 11, 2017, the artist's self-titled documentary, Residente, was released. After receiving the results of his DNA test, the documentary follows Residente on a global journey tracing back his ancestors through different continents and countries. Residente travels to various countries and regions including Siberia, Georgia, Moscow, China, Burkina Faso, Ghana and his home country, Puerto Rico. As he travels through different regions, he collaborates with different local musicians playing indigenous instruments, creating his debut self-titled album, Residente.
Residente released a collaboration with Bad Bunny titled "Afilando Los Cuchillos" ("Sharpening the Knives"), a political polemic against Puerto Rican governor Ricardo Rosselló. He took part in mass protests against this governor, alongside Bad Bunny and Ricky Martin.
Luis Fortuño commentsEdit
On October 15, 2009, Calle 13 won the Premios MTV Latinoamérica for "Best Urban Artist". Pérez hosted the ceremony and used this exposure to insult Puerto Rican governor Luis Fortuño and comment about a civilian general strike that was organized earlier that day, held to protest the firing of more than 25,000 public employees by Fortuño's administration. Pérez generated much controversy after referring to Fortuño as an "hijo de la gran puta". The phrase can be translated as "son of a great bitch", the phrase places emphasis on the mother of the subject being a prostitute, which many found disrespectful to Fortuño's mother. Fortuño responded by saying: "This individual disrespected all Puerto Rican women, all Puerto Rican mothers and the people of Puerto Rico in general." In 2014, Residente expressed his regret in the band's song "Adentro", from their fifth studio album Multi_Viral, by saying: "I said 'son of a bitch' to the governor and, although he deserved it, in my interior I regretted it and I did not say it to this day."
Social work, education and recognitionEdit
- On February 2011, the group had three shows in Luna Park of Buenos Aires, Argentina. It was requested at the entrance that the fans donate powder milk or school materials for people in need. On May 10, 2011, Calle 13 appeared on the well-known Jimmy Kimmel show in the United States. René took advantage of the opportunity to share a political message, as he usually does. He wore a T-shirt that read, "Pa'l carajo la cuota" ("To hell with the quota"), alluding to the controversial quota of $800 that was imposed on the students of the University of Puerto Rico.
- After taking the T-shirt off, he revealed two messages written on his body. On the front, there was a message that read, "No al gasoducto" ("No to the pipeline"), in reference to the Via Verde project pushed by Luis Fortuño, Governor of Puerto Rico (a pro-annexationist), for the use of natural gas that he wanted to build in the northern mountains of the Island for which he had already expropriated several rural homes and that would cause a great deforestation with the potential of causing a catastrophe of great proportions. On his back, the message read "Patagonia sin represas" ("Patagonia without dams"), protesting the Chilean megaproject, Hydroaysén.
- On November 2011, Calle 13 joined UNICEF in its campaign against the trade and exploitation of children. As part of this project, they filmed a documentary in collaboration with MTV Exit named, Esclavos invisibles (Invisible Slaves), and donated the track, "Preparame la cena" ("Prepare Me Dinner"), from the album Entren los que quieran.
- On November 2011, Residente and his band Calle 13 performed in a concert in El Salvador, where the money to buy the tickets was collected in rice and beans, which were later given to the people affected by the major storms that hit the country during two weeks.
- On May 25, 2012, they exchanged tickets for food again (beans and rice). This time, it was in Hermosillo, Mexico, where they were able to collect more than 40,000 pounds (20,000 kilos) of food for the poorest community of the region.
- On May 26, 2012, they participated in the Wirikuta Fest in Mexico City in support of Frente en defensa de Wirikuta (the Front in defense of Wikiruta). Wirikuta is a sacred desert that extends through more than 345,000 acres (140,000 hectares) in the City of San Juan de Potosi. It is being exploited by Canadian Mining companies, which are putting in danger endemic species and the health of the families that live there.
- On February 26, 2014, René Pérez visited La Fortaleza, the residence of the Governor of Puerto Rico, for an informal meeting with the Governor Alejandro Padilla. On this occasion, he brought two young people with him: Jerald Constanzo, from the community Cano de Martin Pena, and Jaylivan Díaz, from the Barriada Morales de Caguas, to discuss with the Governor their neighbourhood's needs.
Commitment to educationEdit
Residente has been a strong fighter in favor of Latin American education, joining protest marches in Puerto Rico, Chile, Colombia and the Dominican Republic, among others.
- In April 2010, René showed a video at the University of Puerto Rico recorded by different local and international artists and athletes with messages of support to the student struggles in the country. The same day, he fed the students that were protesting at the University and that had the campus closed down.
- In September 2011, he joined forces with Chilean student leaders to support them in their fight calling for a quality, free public university.
- In November 2011, during the Latin Grammy Awards, René wore a T-shirt that read "Educación Pública, gratuita para Puerto Rico, Chile, Colombia y República Dominicana" ("Free, public education for Puerto Rico, Chile, Colombia, and the Dominican Republic").
- 2005: Calle 13
- 2007: Residente o Visitante
- 2008: Los de Atrás Vienen Conmigo
- 2010: Entren Los Que Quieran
- 2014: Multi Viral
- 2017: Residente
2019 Puerto Rico Social Movement SongEdit
- A song, Afilando los Cuchillos, (in English: Sharpening the knives) with lyrics by Bad Bunny and Residente, was released during the protests.
|Calle 13: Sin Mapa||2009||Himself||Documentary, also screenwriter and music|||
|Mercedes Sosa, Cantora: Un Viaje Íntimo||2009||Himself||Documentary|||
|Old Dogs||2009||Tattoo artist|||
|Sonó Sonó Tité Curet||2011||Himself||Documentary|||
|Hecho en México||2012||Himself||Documentary|||
|Residente||2017||Himself||Documentary, also director and music|||
|Rubén Blades Is Not My Name||2018||Himself||Documentary, post-production|||
|My Block: Puerto Rico||2006||Himself||Documentary|||
|8th Premios MTV Latinoamérica||2009||Himself (co-host)||TV Special|||
|Líbano||2017||Himself||Short documentary, also director|||
Directed music videosEdit
|"Desencuentro"||2017||Residente featuring SoKo||Nominated – Latin Grammy Award for Best Short Form Music Video|||
|"Guerra"||2017||Residente||Nominated (Pending) – Latin Grammy Award for Best Short Form Music Video|||
|"Sexo"||2018||Residente and Dillon Francis featuring iLe||Nominated (Pending) – Latin Grammy Award for Best Short Form Music Video
Nominated (Pending) – Latin American Music Award for Favorite Video
|"Rap Bruto"||Residente and Nach|||
|"Banana Papaya"||Kany García and Residente|||
|"Así de Grandes Son Las Ideas"||2014||Calle 13||Story||José Rivera|||
- 4 Grammy Awards
- 24 Latin Grammy Awards (including two Album of the Year, two Record of the Year, and one Song of the Year awards) – ties the record for the most Latin Grammy Award wins
- Other recognitions
- Ramón Emeterio Betances Medal; given by the Ateneo Puertorriqueño in 2011 in San Juan, Puerto Rico for "having fought for the permanence of the Puerto Rican identity and the freedom of the island."
- Rodolfo Walsh Award; given by the School of Journalism and Social Communication at the National University of La Plata in 2012 in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina for Calle 13's "contribution to communication and popular culture."
- Emissary of Awareness; given by Amnesty International in 2012 in London, England for "his social commitment and identification with young people in Latin America."
- Nobel Peace Summit Award; given by the Nobel Peace Laureates in 2015 during the World Summit of Nobel Peace Laureates in Barcelona, Spain for "his song lyrics and his support for social causes."
- BMI Champion Award; given by Broadcast Music, Inc. in 2018 during the 25th BMI Latin Music Awards in California, United States for "his musical career and philanthropic efforts."
- "Residente of Calle 13 is still "American"" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2013-12-23.
- Cala, Christina (March 23, 2017). "Residente Journeys Across The World — And Finds Himself Everywhere". NPR. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
- Gomez, Shirley (July 18, 2017). "Richest Reggaeton Artists: 15 Urban Music Singers with Fat Bank Accounts and Fit Bodies". Latin Times. Newsweek Media Group. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
- "Calle 13 wrong insulting Puerto Rico governor". Latino Music Cafe. Retrieved 2017-04-12.
- Judy Cantor-Navas Billboard (2015-11-18). "Calle 13's Rene Perez Receives Nobel Peace Summit Award". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2017-04-12.
- "René Pérez Joglar: "En Puerto Rico, naces y ya estás en política"". Elperiodico.com. Retrieved 2017-04-12.
- "Orgulloso René Pérez de campaña para los Panamericanos | El Nuevo Día". Elnuevodia.com. 2015-04-14. Retrieved 2017-04-12.
- "Controversial Songwriter Appears at Gracie Mansion". Observer. 2014-06-06. Retrieved 2017-04-12.
- "ADENDI". ADENDI. 2011-10-26. Retrieved 2017-04-12.
- "ADENDI". ADENDI. 2011-10-26. Retrieved 2017-04-12.
- 36 Hours By JULIA CHAPLIN OCT. 29, 2006 (2006-10-29). "36 Hours in San Juan - The New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2017-04-12.
- ""Ser del under es pura actitud"". Edant.clarin.com. 2007-05-04. Retrieved 2017-04-12.
- "Billboard - Google Books". Books.google.com.pr. 2006-10-14. Retrieved 2017-04-12.
- 8 years ago (2009-05-03). "Calle 13 & Lin Miranda - La Fucking Moda @ Calle 13 Concert In Puerto Rico on Vimeo". Vimeo.com. Retrieved 2017-04-12.
- Visitante, Residente (2009-05-03). "LIn Manuel y Calle 13 en Coliseo Jose Miguel Agrelot". Flickr. Retrieved 2017-04-12.
- "Lin-Manuel Miranda Tony Acceptance Speech - In The Heights - YouTube". M.youtube.com. 2008-06-16. Retrieved 2017-04-12.
- Ayala, Leonor. "In Lin-Manuel Miranda's Puerto Rican Town, Crisis Worries Family Members". NBC News. Retrieved 2017-04-12.
- "A paso firme en las alturas | VANESA BAERGA". Vanesabaerga.wordpress.com. 2013-06-27. Retrieved 2017-04-12.
- Lin-Manuel MirandaVerified account. "Lin-Manuel Miranda on Twitter: "Sometimes you run into your famous rapper cousin in the street. http://t.co/icve1VlzRJ"". Twitter.com. Retrieved 2017-04-12. External link in
- Lin-Manuel MirandaVerified account. "Lin-Manuel Miranda on Twitter: "The greatest rapper in the family came through tonight...@Residente aka mi primo RenĂŠ! #Asidegrandesonlasideas https://t.co/VFuHLkaiZU"". Twitter.com. Retrieved 2017-04-12. External link in
- "Instagram". Instagram. 2016-02-04. Retrieved 2017-04-12.
- Lin-Manuel MirandaVerified account. "Lin-Manuel Miranda on Twitter: ".â€œ@belisa78: @Lin_Manuel are u and Rene from Calle 13 really primos or did u mean it like brother or buddy?i MUST know!â€? 3rd cousins."". Twitter.com. Retrieved 2017-04-12.
- http://reggaeton.com/web/rene-de-calle-13-critica-fuertemente-el-trap-en-los-billboard/ Calle 13 Billboard interview
- http://www.mtv.com/news/3020805/residente-tempo-reggaeton-battle-of-the-century/ MTV news report of Calle 13 vs Tempo
- Rechtshaffen, Michael. "'Residente': Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter.
- Mendizabal, Amaya. "Residente's Debut Solo Album Bows at No. 1". Billboard.
- "Residente le tira con to' a Fortuño". Primera Hora (in Spanish). 2009-10-15. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
- Rosario, Mariela (2009-10-19). "POLL: Did Calle 13 Go Too Far?". Latina. Vibe Media Group.
- "Residente se arrepiente de haber insultado a Luis Fortuño". El Nuevo Día (in Spanish). Guaynabo, Puerto Rico. February 21, 2014. Retrieved November 1, 2018.
- Art Brut. "Centro Cultural Borda: Semiyero Rock Solidario, Calle 13 y Centro Cultural Borda, colecta con fines artísticos". Espacioculturalborda.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2017-04-12.
- by Paola Capó-García (2011-05-11). "Video: Calle 13 does Jimmy Kimmel Live! | Music". Remezcla. Retrieved 2017-04-12.
- "Calle 13, MTV Y UNICEF lanzan en Nicaragua MTV EXIT".
- "Calle 13 recolecta casi 50,000 libras de comida para los mexicanos".
- "Calle 13 almuerza con el gobernador en la Fortaleza". 26 February 2014.
- "René reúne a estrellas en solidaridad con estudiantes". El Nuevo Dia.
- "Aumentan las tensiones en la huelga de los estudiantes puertorriqueños (+ videos)". 14 May 2010.
- Carlos Weber (21 July 2013). "Calle 13 estudiantes Chile Huelga parte I" – via YouTube.
- "René Pérez, de Calle 13, se casó con la argentina Soledad Fandiño" (in Spanish). PeopleenEspanol.com. 16 January 2013.
- "Soledad Fandiño explicó por qué se separó de René de Calle 13" (in Spanish). Buenos Aires: Infobae. August 6, 2018. Retrieved October 5, 2018.
- "La esposa de René Pérez confirmó su separación del cantante" (in Spanish). Telemundo. July 20, 2018. Retrieved October 5, 2018.
- "René Pérez, vocalista de Calle 13, ya tiene a su hijo Milo en brazos". La Nación (in Spanish). San José, Costa Rica. August 11, 2014. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
- "'Afilando Los Cuchillos' Soundtracks Puerto Rico's Social Movement In Real Time". NPR.org. July 25, 2019. Retrieved July 26, 2019.
- "Calle 13 - Sin mapa". FilmAffinity. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
- "Mercedes Sosa, Cantora un viaje íntimo (2009)". IMDb. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
- "Old Dogs (2009)". IMDb. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
- "Sonó, Sonó, Tité Curet!!! (2011)". IMDb. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
- "Hecho en México (2012)". IMDb. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
- "Residente (2017)". IMDb. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
- "Ruben Blades Is Not My Name (2018)". IMDb. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
- "My Block: Puerto Rico (2006)". IMDb. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
- "Premios MTV: la noche del mezcladito". Clarín (in Spanish). Buenos Aires, Argentina. October 17, 2009. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
- "Residente presentó su documental sobre los refugiados de Siria". La Nación (in Spanish). Buenos Aires, Argentina. October 25, 2017. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
- Morales, Vanessa (January 13, 2017). "'Somos anormales': obra maestra de Residente que presenta "como algo sencillo" lo que no lo es" (in Spanish). Univisión. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
- Aguila, Justino (November 17, 2017). "Latin Grammy Winners: 'Despacito' Is King, Ruben Blades Wins Album of the Year, Eduardo Cabra Named Producer of the Year". Billboard. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
- "René Pérez "Residente" estrena su balada "Desencuentro"". El Nuevo Día (in Spanish). March 24, 2017. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
- "The Latin Academy Of Recording Arts & Sciences, Inc. – 19th Latin Grammy Awards" (PDF). The Latin Recording Academy. September 20, 2018. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
- "Residente estrena el videoclip de su tema 'Guerra'". Excélsior (in Spanish). August 18, 2017. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
- Cobo, Leila (September 18, 2018). "Latin American Music Awards 2018: Ozuna and J Balvin Lead Nominations". Billboard. Retrieved September 18, 2018.
- "Residente Tells You the One Thing on His Mind in New Video with Dillon Francis: 'Sexo'". Billboard. April 13, 2018. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
- Cobo, Leila (October 4, 2018). "Nach & Residente's 'Rap Bruto' Video Will Make Your Head Explode: Exclusive Premiere". Billboard. Retrieved October 5, 2018.
- Fernandez, Suzette (November 12, 2018). "Kany Garcia & Residente Advocate for Gender Equality in 'Banana Papaya': Video Premiere". Billboard. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
- "Calle 13 - Así de grandes son las ideas" (in Spanish). YouTube. September 16, 2014. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
- "Who Are The Top Latin GRAMMY Winners Of All Time?". The Latin Recording Academy. September 26, 2017. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
- "Calle 13 recibe Medalla Ramón Emeterio Betances del Ateneo Puertorriqueño". Primera Hora (in Spanish). Guaynabo, Puerto Rico. December 22, 2011. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
- "El Premio Walsh a Calle 13". Página/12 (in Spanish). Buenos Aires, Argentina. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
- "Premio Rodolfo Walsh a Calle 13: "La verdad está en sus manos"" (in Spanish). letrap.com.ar. February 6, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
- "Calle 13 es reconocido por Amnistía Internacional". El Nuevo Día (in Spanish). Guaynabo, Puerto Rico. September 22, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
- Cantor-Navas, Judy (November 16, 2015). "Calle 13's Rene Perez Receives Nobel Peace Summit Award". Billboard. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
- Fernandez, Suzette (March 6, 2018). "Residente to Receive First Champion Award at 2018 BMI Latin Awards: Exclusive". Billboard. Retrieved March 11, 2018.