Open main menu

Lin-Manuel Miranda (/lɪn mænˈwɛl məˈrændə/; born January 16, 1980)[1] is an American composer, lyricist, playwright, rapper, and actor best known for creating and starring in the Broadway musicals In the Heights and Hamilton. He co-wrote the songs for Walt Disney Animation Studios' Moana soundtrack (2016) and is set to co-star in the upcoming film Mary Poppins Returns. Miranda's awards include a Pulitzer Prize, three Grammy Awards, an Emmy Award, a MacArthur Fellowship, and three Tony Awards.

Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda.jpg
Miranda in Treasury Secretary Jack Lew's Office, March 2016
Born (1980-01-16) January 16, 1980 (age 38)
New York City, U.S.
Alma materWesleyan University
Occupation
  • Composer
  • playwright
  • lyricist
  • actor
Years active1999–present
Spouse(s)
Vanessa Nadal (m. 2010)
Children2
AwardsEmmy Award
Grammy Awards
MacArthur Fellowship
Pulitzer Prize
Tony Awards
Websitewww.linmanuel.com

Miranda wrote the music and lyrics for the musical In the Heights, which premiered on Broadway in 2008. For this work, he won the 2008 Tony Award for Best Original Score,[2] the show's cast album won the 2009 Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album[3] and the show won the Tony Award for Best Musical. Miranda was also nominated for the Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical for his performance in the show's lead role. Miranda prepared Spanish translations used in the 2009 Broadway production of West Side Story and was co-composer and lyricist for Bring It On: The Musical, which played on Broadway in 2012. His television work includes recurring roles on The Electric Company (2009–2010) and Do No Harm (2013). He hosted Saturday Night Live for the first time in 2016 and earned his first Emmy award nomination for acting. Among other film work, Miranda contributed music and vocals for a scene in Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015).

Miranda is most celebrated for writing the book, music and lyrics for Hamilton: An American Musical, which has been acclaimed as a pop culture phenomenon since its Broadway premiere in August 2015.[4] The show earned the 2016 Pulitzer Prize for Drama, the 2016 Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album, and was nominated for a record-setting 16 Tony Awards, of which it won 11, including Best Musical, Best Original Score and Best Book. For his performance in the lead role of Alexander Hamilton, Miranda was nominated for another Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical. The Hamilton cast recording spent ten weeks atop Billboard's Top Rap Albums chart in 2015, while The Hamilton Mixtape, an album of covers of songs from the musical, developed by and featuring Miranda, reached number one on the Billboard 200 upon release in December 2016.

Miranda has been politically active, most notably on behalf of Puerto Rico.[5] He met with politicians in 2016 to speak out in favor of debt relief for Puerto Rico,[5] and raised funds for rescue efforts and disaster relief after Hurricane Maria struck the island in 2017.[6]

Contents

Early life

Miranda was born in New York City[1] and raised in the neighborhood of Inwood, the son of Luz Towns, a clinical psychologist, and Luis A. Miranda, Jr., a Democratic Party consultant who advised New York City mayor Ed Koch.[7][8][9] Miranda has one older sister, Luz, who is the Chief Financial Officer of the MirRam Group.[10] During childhood and his teens, he spent at least one month each year with his grandparents in Vega Alta, Puerto Rico.[11][12] He is of mostly Puerto Rican descent. His mother's ancestors include an interracial couple, Sophie, who was black, and David Towns, who was white; from the early 1800s, this couple spent their married life trying to outrun slavery as laws and governments changed around them. Ensuing branches of the Towns family primarily married Mexican spouses in Texas and Mexico, and Miranda, for his part, has described his ancestry as a quarter Mexican.[9][13][14] The name "Lin-Manuel" was inspired by a poem about the Vietnam War, Nana roja para mi hijo Lin Manuel, by the Puerto Rican writer José Manuel Torres Santiago.[15][16]

As a child, Miranda wrote jingles, including one later used for Eliot Spitzer's 2006 gubernatorial campaign. He attended Hunter College Elementary School and Hunter College High School,[17] where his classmates included journalist Chris Hayes, who was Miranda's first director when the latter starred in a school play described by Hayes as "a 20-minute musical that featured a maniacal fetal pig in a nightmare that (Miranda) had cut up in biology class",[18] and rapper Immortal Technique, who bullied Miranda during high school, although the two later became friends.[19][20]

As a student at Wesleyan University, Miranda co-founded a hip hop comedy troupe called Freestyle Love Supreme. He wrote the earliest draft of In the Heights in 1999, his sophomore year of college. After the show was accepted by Wesleyan's student theater company, Second Stage, Miranda added freestyle rap and salsa numbers, and the show was premiered there in 1999.[12] Miranda wrote and directed several other musicals at Wesleyan, and acted in many other productions, ranging from musicals to Shakespeare. He graduated from Wesleyan in 2002.[12][21]

Career

2002–10: In the Heights

In 2002, Miranda and John Buffalo Mailer worked with director Thomas Kail to revise In the Heights.[12][7] Book writer Quiara Alegría Hudes joined the team in 2004.[22] After success off-Broadway, the musical went to Broadway, opening in March 2008.[12] It was nominated for 13 Tony Awards, winning four, including Best Musical and Best Original Score.[2] It also won the 2009 Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album.[3] Miranda's performance in the leading role of Usnavi earned him a nomination for the Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical. Miranda left the cast of the Broadway production on February 15, 2009.[23]

Miranda reprised the role when the national tour of In the Heights played in Los Angeles from June 23 to July 25, 2010.[24][25] He again joined the tour in San Juan, Puerto Rico.[26] Miranda rejoined the Broadway cast as Usnavi from December 25, 2010 until the production closed on January 9, 2011, after 29 previews and 1,185 regular performances.[27]

Miranda performs "The Hamilton Mixtape" at the White House in 2009

Miranda created other work for the stage during this period. He wrote Spanish language dialogue and worked with Stephen Sondheim to translate into Spanish song lyrics for the 2009 Broadway revival of West Side Story.[28][29] In 2008, he was invited by composer-lyricist Stephen Schwartz to contribute two new songs to a revised version of Schwartz and Nina Faso's 1978 musical Working, which opened in May 2008 at the Asolo Repertory Theatre in Sarasota, Florida.[30]

Miranda also did work for film and television. In 2007, he made a guest appearance on the television series The Sopranos in the episode "Remember When",[31] and in 2009, he played Alvie, Gregory House's roommate in a psychiatric hospital, in the two-hour season six premiere episode of House; he returned to the role in May 2010. He also has done work for Sesame Street, playing occasional roles and singing the theme song to the recurring segment Murray Has a Little Lamb.[32] He was a composer and actor on the 2009 revival of The Electric Company[33][34] and appeared in the CollegeHumor sketch "Hardly Working: Rap Battle", playing himself working as an intern and rapper.[35]

During these years, Miranda also worked as an English teacher at his former high school, wrote for the Manhattan Times as a columnist and restaurant reviewer, and composed music for commercials.[36]

2011–14: Bring It On and television work

Bring It On

Miranda co-wrote the music and lyrics for Bring It On: The Musical with Tom Kitt and Amanda Green. Bring It On premiered at the Alliance Theatre in Atlanta, Georgia in January 2011.[37] The musical began a US national tour on October 30, 2011 in Los Angeles, California.[38][39] It then played a limited engagement on Broadway at the St. James Theatre, beginning previews on July 12, and officially opening on August 1, 2012. It closed on December 30, 2012. It was nominated for Tony Awards in the categories of Best Musical and Best Choreography.[40]

Other theatrical work

In February 2012, Miranda appeared in Merrily We Roll Along, in the role of Charley, in an Encores! staged concert at New York City Center.

His theatrical achievements in 2014 included an Emmy Award for the song "Bigger!", which he and Kitt co-wrote for the opening number at the 67th Tony Awards.[41]

Miranda also wrote music and lyrics for the one-act musical 21 Chump Street, and performed as narrator for the show's single performance at the Brooklyn Academy of Music on June 7, 2014, which was broadcast on National Public Radio's This American Life on June 20, 2014.[42] Later that month, he starred in the June 2014 Encores! revival of Jonathan Larson's Tick, Tick... Boom!, under the artistic direction of Jeanine Tesori. The show was directed by Oliver Butler.[43]

Earlier in 2014, he guest starred in a show by comedy duo The Skivvies.[44]

Film and television appearances

Miranda appeared in a small role in the Walt Disney Pictures live-action film The Odd Life of Timothy Green (2012).[45][46]

He also played several television roles during this period. He appeared on the TV series Modern Family in the 2011 episode "Good Cop Bad Dog".[47] In 2013, he played the recurring role of Ruben Marcado in the NBC drama Do No Harm.[48] He later appeared in the CBS sitcom How I Met Your Mother, in an all-verse episode titled "Bedtime Stories" that aired in November 2013.[49]

Hamilton: An American Musical (2015)

 
Miranda in Hamilton, 2016

While on a vacation in 2008, Miranda read Ron Chernow's biography of Alexander Hamilton and, inspired by the book, wrote a rap about Hamilton that he performed for the White House Evening of Poetry, Music, and the Spoken Word, on May 12, 2009, accompanied by Alex Lacamoire. Miranda later said he spent a year writing the Hamilton song "My Shot", revising it countless times for every verse to reflect Alexander Hamilton's intellect.[50][15] By 2012, Miranda was performing an extended set of pieces based on the life of Hamilton, which he then referred to as the Hamilton Mixtape; the New York Times called it "an obvious game changer".[51]

Hamilton: An American Musical premiered off-Broadway at The Public Theater in January 2015, directed by Thomas Kail. Miranda wrote the book and score, and starred as the title character.[52][53] The show received highly positive reviews,[54] and its engagement was sold out.[55] Chernow and Miranda received the 2015 History Makers Award from the New York Historical Society for their work in creating the musical.[56] The show began previews on Broadway in July 2015 at the Richard Rodgers Theatre and officially opened on August 6, 2015,[57] earning positive reviews.[58] On the first night of Hamilton previews over 700 people lined up for lottery tickets.[59] The Hamilton ticket lottery evolved into Ham4Ham, a series of outdoor mini-performances for lottery participants that was hosted daily by Miranda and cast members for over a year, until August 31, 2016.[60]

Miranda performs freestyle rap with President Barack Obama

On March 15, 2016, members of the cast of Hamilton performed at the White House and hosted workshops; Miranda performed freestyle rap from prompts held up by President Obama.[61]

In April 2016, Miranda and Jeremy McCarter published Hamilton: The Revolution, a book describing Hamilton's journey from conception to Broadway success and discussing the cultural revolution that permeates the show.[62]

In May 2016, for his work in the role of Alexander Hamilton, Miranda received the Drama League Distinguished Performance Award.[63] Miranda gave his last performance in Hamilton on July 9, 2016.[64] He vowed to return to the show.[65]

A documentary about the creation of the show, Hamilton's America, featuring Miranda, premiered at the New York Film Festival on October 1, 2016 and first aired on PBS' Great Performances series on October 21, 2016.[66][67]

2015–present: Disney and post-Hamilton work

Disney projects

Miranda interviewed with Disney in the winter of 2013, and submitted a six-song demo package to Walt Disney Animation Studios.[68] This kicked off a series of collaborations with the studio:

  • Moana – In spring 2014, the studio hired Miranda to help write music for Moana, its 2016 animated feature film.[68][69] From 2014 to 2016, Miranda collaborated with Opetaia Foa'i and Mark Mancina on the songs for Moana.[70] He later explained that because he was so busy with Moana and Hamilton, he turned down other projects "that would have distracted" him, but this served as an "ego check" as Hamilton became a hit.[68] Moana opened in November 2016 and was a box office hit, earning positive reviews and praise from critics for Miranda's songwriting.[71][72][73] Miranda also sang the song "We Know the Way" in the film, and recorded a duet with Jordan Fisher of the song "You're Welcome", which was played over the film's end credits.[74] For the song "How Far I'll Go", Miranda received Golden Globe, Critics' Choice, Oscar, and Grammy Award nominations.[75][76][77][78]
  • Star Wars: The Force Awakens – While working on Hamilton, Miranda contributed music for the Disney film Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015), writing a song for the scene in Maz Kanata's cantina, an homage to the classic Mos Eisley Cantina scene and song.[79]
  • DuckTales – Miranda debuted in May 2018 as the voice of Gizmoduck (a.k.a. Fenton Crackshell-Cabrera) in Disney Channel's 2017 reboot of DuckTales.[80]
  • Mary Poppins Returns – For his first major role after leaving the Broadway cast of Hamilton, Miranda traveled to London in 2017 to film Disney's sequel to the 1964 film Mary Poppins.[68][81] In the 2018 film directed by Rob Marshall, Miranda plays Jack, a lamplighter and former apprentice to Bert, the chimney sweep played by Dick Van Dyke in the original.[81] The expected release date is December 19, 2018.[82]

Theatre and television appearances

On January 24, 2016, Miranda performed the offstage cameo role of Loud Hailer in the Broadway production of Les Misérables,[83] fulfilling his childhood dream of being in the show, as it was the first production he ever saw on Broadway.[84]

On April 24, 2016, on the TV show Last Week Tonight with John Oliver, at the end of a segment about the debt crisis in Puerto Rico, Miranda performed an emotional rap about allowing the island to restructure its debt.[85]

Miranda hosted Saturday Night Live on October 8, 2016, and in July 2017, he received an Emmy Award nomination for the appearance.[86]

Forthcoming projects

In August 2016, Miranda agreed to write songs with Alan Menken for Disney's forthcoming live-action remake of The Little Mermaid.[87] Miranda will also co-produce the film with Marc Platt.[87] As of 2018, no release date has been set, but Menken announced in July 2017 that he and Miranda had begun working on new songs for the project.[68][88]

Miranda also agreed in 2016 to serve as executive producer and composer of Lionsgate's film adaptation of The Kingkiller Chronicle by Patrick Rothfuss as well as a tie-in television series.[89][90]

Miranda will provide eleven new songs for Vivo, an upcoming 2020 Sony Pictures Animation film directed by Kirk DeMicco.[91]

Imagine Entertainment announced in July 2018 that Miranda will make his debut as a film director with an adaptation of Jonathan Larson's semi-autobiographical musical Tick, Tick... Boom!, to be scripted by Dear Evan Hansen book writer Steven Levenson.[92][93] Miranda will also produce the film alongside Ron Howard and Brian Grazer.[93]

Personal life

Family

Miranda married Vanessa Adriana Nadal, a high school friend, in 2010.[94] At the wedding reception, Miranda, along with the wedding party, performed the Fiddler on the Roof song "To Life";[95] the video has been viewed more than six million times on YouTube.[96] Nadal was a lawyer at the law firm Jones Day.[97] Miranda and Nadal's son Sebastian was born in 2014. On December 3, 2017, Miranda announced he and Nadal were expecting their second child.[98] On February 2, 2018, Miranda confirmed via Twitter the birth of son Francisco.[99]

Miranda discovered that he is related to Residente and ILE of Calle 13 during a 2009 concert by the group in San Juan, Puerto Rico, where Miranda was invited to perform. Backstage, the mother of Residente and ILE revealed their connection to Gilberto Concepción de Gracia, founder of the Puerto Rican Independence Party.[100][101][102] Miranda and Residente have since confirmed the relationship.[103][104][105][106] In 2017, Miranda performed on the opening track of Residente's self-titled debut album.[107]

Activism

After a meeting with President Barack Obama in March 2016,[108] Miranda joined U.S. Senators Kirsten Gillibrand, Chuck Schumer, Elizabeth Warren and other Democratic lawmakers to call for congressional action to back a Senate bill in Washington that would allow Puerto Rico to declare bankruptcy and significantly ease its $70 billion government-debt burden.[109] Miranda was particularly active in the wake of Hurricane Maria's devastation in Puerto Rico,[5][6] and by December 2017, proceeds from his song "Almost Like Praying" had helped the Hispanic Federation to raise $22 million for rescue efforts and disaster relief.[110][111]

He performed with Ben Platt at the March for Our Lives anti-gun violence rally in Washington, D.C. on March 24, 2018.[112][113]

Awards and achievements

External video
  Playwright, Composer, and Performer Lin-Manuel Miranda, 2015 MacArthur Fellow, MacArthur Foundation[114]

Among his numerous accolades, Miranda has won a Pulitzer Prize, three Tony Awards, three Grammys, an Emmy, two Olivier Awards, and has been nominated for an Academy Award. In 2015, he was the recipient of a "Genius Grant" from the MacArthur Fellows Program.

In 2016, Time magazine included Miranda in its annual Time 100 as one of the "Most Influential People in the World" and he received a star on the Puerto Rico Walk of Fame.[115][116] It was announced in June 2017 that Miranda would be honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 2018.[117]

In 2015, Miranda was the recipient of Smithsonian Magazine's American Ingenuity Award in the History category.[118]

Honorary degrees

Miranda received an honorary degree in 2009 from Yeshiva University in Washington Heights, Manhattan, becoming the youngest person to receive an honorary degree from that university.[119] Ed Koch, former mayor of New York City, presented Miranda with the degree.[120]

He received the honorary degree of Doctor of Humane Letters in 2015 from his alma mater, Wesleyan University,[121] and gave their commencement address.[122] In May 2016, he received an honorary Doctorate of the Arts from the University of Pennsylvania and gave the commencement speech.[123]

Theater credits

Year Title Role Details Notes
1999 In the Heights Usnavi Wesleyan University, April 20–22 Also composer and lyricist
2005 Eugene O'Neill Theater Center
2007 Off-Broadway, Feb 8 – July 15, 2007
2008–09 Broadway, February 14, 2008 – February 15, 2009
2009–10 US tour
2009 West Side Story Broadway revival Spanish translations
2010–11 In the Heights Usnavi Broadway, December 25, 2010 – January 9, 2011 Also composer and lyricist
2011 Working Chicago revival Wrote two new songs
2012 Merrily We Roll Along Charley Encores!, Feb 8–9, 2012
Bring It On: The Musical Broadway & tour Co-composer and lyricist
2014 21 Chump Street Narrator Brooklyn Academy of Music, June 7, 2014 Also playwright, composer, & lyricist
Tick, Tick... Boom! Jon Encores!, June 25–28, 2014
2015 Hamilton Alexander Hamilton Off-Broadway, Jan 20 – May 3, 2015 Also playwright, composer, & lyricist
2015–16 Broadway, August 6, 2015 – July 9, 2016
2016 Les Misérables Loud Hailer Broadway, January 24, 2016[83] Voice only
2019 Hamilton Alexander Hamilton University of Puerto Rico Teatro UPR, Jan 8–27, 2019 Also playwright, composer, & lyricist

Filmography

Film

Year Title Role Notes
1996 Clayton's Friends Pete Also writer, producer, director, editor
2012 The Odd Life of Timothy Green Reggie
The Polar Bears Jak Short film[citation needed]
2013 200 Cartas Raul [124]
2015 Star Wars: The Force Awakens Shag Kava (voice) Also special featured composer
2016 Studio Heads Himself Short
Moana Composer/singer
Hamilton's America Himself Also aired on PBS's Great Performances series
2017 Speech & Debate The Genie
2018 Mary Poppins Returns Jack Post-production

Television

Year Title Role Notes
2007 The Sopranos Bellman Episode: "Remember When"
2009–2012 Sesame Street Freddy Flapman/Lamb-Manuel Miranda 2 episodes; also composer/lyricist
2009–10 House Juan "Alvie" Alvarez 2 episodes
The Electric Company Mario/himself 17 episodes; also composer
2011 Modern Family Guillermo Episode: "Good Cop Bad Dog"
65th Tony Awards Awards show; writer of the closing rap number
2012 Submissions Only Auditioner #1 Episode: "Another Interruption"
Freestyle Love Supreme Himself TV series; also lyricist
2013 Do No Harm Ruben Marcado 11 episodes
Smash Himself Episode: "The Transfer"[125]
67th Tony Awards Awards show; composer of the opening number "Bigger!"
How I Met Your Mother Gus Episode: "Bedtime Stories"
2016 Inside Amy Schumer Himself Episode: "The World's Most Interesting Woman in the World"
Last Week Tonight with John Oliver Himself Episode: "Puerto Rico"
Difficult People Himself Episode: "Carter"
Saturday Night Live Himself (host) Episode: "Lin-Manuel Miranda/Twenty One Pilots"
Drunk History Himself Episode: "Hamilton"
2017 My Brother, My Brother and Me Himself Episode: "Candlenights & Vape Ape"
BoJack Horseman Crackerjack Sugarman Voice role
Episode: "The Old Sugarman House"
The Magic School Bus Rides Again Theme song singer
Curb Your Enthusiasm Himself 2 episodes
2018 DuckTales Gizmoduck/Fenton Crackshell-Cabrera Voice role
3 episodes
Bartlett Jesus 2 episodes
Nina's World Paquito Fernando Voice role
Episode: "Nina Live"
TBA His Dark Materials Lee Scoresby In production

Bibliography

Books

  • Hamilton: The Revolution (2016) with Jeremy McCarter
  • Gmorning, Gnight!: Little Pep Talks for Me & You (2018) with Jonny Sun

Articles

  • "Stop the Bots From Killing Broadway," The New York Times (2016)[126]
  • "Give Puerto Rico Its Chance to Thrive," The New York Times (2016)[127]

Discography

Original cast recordings

Year Title Notes
2008 In the Heights
  • Winner of the Grammy Award for Best Musical Theatre Album
2014 21 Chump Street Playwright/composer and The Narrator
2015 Hamilton
  • Also producer of album
  • Peaked at #1 US Top Cast Albums, #1 US Top Rap Albums, #1 on US Top Albums
  • Certified 5x Platinum by the RIAA
  • Winner of the Grammy Award for Best Musical Theatre Album
2016 The Hamilton Mixtape
  • also Executive Producer of album
  • Peaked at #1 US Billboard 200, #1 US Digital albums, #1 US Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums
  • Certified Gold by the RIAA
  • vocals on 3 tracks
2017 The Hamilton Instrumentals [128]

Singles

Narration

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Lin-Manuel Miranda: Theater Actor, Songwriter, Playwright (1980–)". Biography.com (FYI / A&E Networks. Archived from the original on November 8, 2017. Retrieved November 8, 2017.
  2. ^ a b Gans, Andrew; Hernandez, Ernio (May 13, 2008). "2007–2008 Tony Nominations Announced; In the Heights Earns 13 Noms". Playbill. Retrieved 2015-10-01.
  3. ^ a b "2009 Grammy Awards – Complete Winners and Nominees". Uproxx.com. February 8, 2009. Retrieved 2015-10-01.
  4. ^ Boedeker, Hal (October 15, 2016). "'Hamilton': PBS explores inspiring phenom". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 2018-06-18.
  5. ^ a b c "'Hamilton' creator Lin-Manuel Miranda takes on new role as activist for Puerto Rico". PBS NewsHour. November 24, 2017. Archived from the original on August 14, 2018. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
  6. ^ a b Marks, Peter (May 31, 2018). "Lin-Manuel Miranda is both artist and activist. Just don't ask him to run for office". Washington Post. Archived from the original on August 8, 2018. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
  7. ^ a b MacGregor, Jeff (November 12, 2015). "Meet Lin-Manuel Miranda, the Genius behind "Hamilton," Broadway's Newest Hit". Smithsonian. Archived from the original on November 8, 2017. Retrieved June 9, 2016. Then and now the family lived in the Inwood neighborhood, just up from Washington Heights
  8. ^ Rosman, Katherine (June 16, 2016). "Behind the Scenes With Lin-Manuel Miranda and Family on Tonys Night". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-12-15.
  9. ^ a b Smith, David (July 1, 2016). "Lin-Manuel Miranda's ancestry is as multifaceted as Hamilton". The Guardian. UK. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 2017-10-07. Retrieved 2016-12-25.
  10. ^ Mead, Rebecca (February 9, 2015). "All About the Hamiltons". The New Yorker. ISSN 0028-792X. Archived from the original on 2017-09-30. Retrieved 2016-12-25. The composer of 'In the Heights' grew up not in Washington Heights but thirty blocks farther uptown, across from Inwood Hill Park...
  11. ^ Jones, Kenneth (November 24, 2010). "Lin-Manuel Miranda Takes In the Heights to Puerto Rico". Playbill. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  12. ^ a b c d e Miranda, Lin-Manuel (January 9, 2007). "Lin-Manuel Miranda: Scaling the Heights". Broadway.com. Retrieved 2015-02-21.
  13. ^ Smolenyak, Megan (June 27, 2016). "Lin-Manuel Miranda's Revolutionary Ancestors". Retrieved 2016-07-07.
  14. ^ "Lin-Manuel Miranda on Twitter". May 5, 2015. Retrieved 2017-07-27. It's true! The 1/4 Mexican part, not the Sondheim part.
  15. ^ a b Mead, Rebecca (February 9, 2015). "All About the Hamiltons". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
  16. ^ "Lin-Manuel Miranda on Twitter". March 3, 2016. Retrieved 2016-06-13. Gmorning. The story of my name, w a dedication from Jose Manuel Torres Santiago, the poet who inspired it.
  17. ^ Hensley, Nicole (January 18, 2016). "'Hamilton' star honors NYC teacher by singing MLK tribute with Hunter College Elementary School alumni". Daily News. New York City. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  18. ^ Gans, Andrew (21 September 2017). "Which MSNBC Host Directed Lin-Manuel Miranda in His First Musical?". playbill.com. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  19. ^ Ivey, Justin (18 November 2016). "Immortal Technique Sends Love to Lin-Manuel Miranda After Bullying Story". XXL (magazine). Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  20. ^ Cush, Andy (15 November 2016). "Immortal Technique Threw Lin-Manuel Miranda in the Garbage When They Were in High School". spin.com. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  21. ^ Murphy, Tim (March 7, 2008). "Lin-Manuel Miranda of In the Heights on No Longer Being in the Heights". Vulture. Retrieved 2008-08-26.
  22. ^ Low, David (June 20, 2007). "Scaling the Heights". Wesleyan. Wesleyan University. Archived from the original on 2017-11-08. Retrieved 2017-06-13.
  23. ^ Jones, Kenneth (January 12, 2009). "Lin-Manuel Miranda to Leave In the Heights in February". Playbill. Archived from the original on 2009-01-14.
  24. ^ Ng, David (May 10, 2010). "Lin-Manuel Miranda returning to 'In the Heights' at Pantages Theater". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  25. ^ "Lin-Manuel Miranda and In the Heights Say Bye-Bye to Los Angeles". Broadway.com. July 26, 2010. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  26. ^ Jones, Kenneth (November 30, 2010). "No Me Diga! Lin-Manuel Miranda Stars in Puerto Rico Leg of In the Heights Tour". Playbill. Retrieved 2016-06-18.
  27. ^ Gans, Andrew (October 27, 2010). "In the Heights to Close on Broadway in January; Miranda to Return to Cast". Playbill. Archived from the original on 2010-12-01. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  28. ^ Cohen, Patricia (March 11, 2009). "Same City, New Story". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  29. ^ McCarter, Jeremy (August 24, 2008). "This Could Drive a Person Crazy". New York Magazine. Retrieved 2016-04-17.
  30. ^ Jones, Kenneth (May 16, 2008). "Working, with Two New Songs by Heights Writer Miranda, Opens in FL ⍌930⍍". Playbill. Archived from the original on 2008-05-19.
  31. ^ "Profile: Lin-Manuel Miranda". Broadway.com. Archived from the original on 2008-07-30.
  32. ^ Hernandez, Lee (May 27, 2009). "Lin Manuel Miranda: "In the Heights" PBS Special filled with "Really Amazing Moments"". Latina.com. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  33. ^ Smith, Jody (March 1, 2016). "Before 'Hamilton', Lin-Manuel Miranda Taught Our Kids Letter Sounds". Pajiba. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  34. ^ Cameron, Scott, in "Classic Children's TV Show Makes A Comeback". NPR. January 27, 2009. Retrieved 2018-01-12. : Mm hmm, Lin-Manuel Miranda. And he wrote a lot of the music on 'The Electric Company.'
  35. ^ "Hardly Working: Rap Battle". CollegeHumor. June 15, 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-06-17. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  36. ^ "Profile: Lin-Manuel Miranda". BigSight.org. Archived from the original on 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  37. ^ Jones, Kenneth; Hetrick, Adam (January 16, 2011). "Something to Cheer About:' Bring It On: The Musical' Begins Atlanta Run Jan 16 After Ice Delay". Playbill. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  38. ^ "Stage Tube: Highlights from 'Bring It On: The Musical' Day!". BroadwayWorld.com. October 28, 2011. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  39. ^ "Bring It On: The Musical". Center Theatre Group. Archived from the original on 2011-11-13. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  40. ^ "Tony Awards 2013 winners and nominees: Complete list". Los Angeles Times. April 30, 2013. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  41. ^ "2014 Creative Arts Emmy Award Winners". The Television Academy. August 18, 2014. Retrieved 2017-01-28.
  42. ^ "528: The Radio Drama Episode". This American Life. June 20, 2014. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  43. ^ "Breaking News: Lin-Manuel Miranda & Karen Olivo to Star in tick, tick...BOOM! for Encores! Faust and Pump Boys Announced". BroadwayWorld.com. March 9, 2014. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  44. ^ "The Skivvies with Lin-Manuel Miranda, Fyvush Finkel and More Set for 54 Below this Week". BroadwayWorld.com. March 10, 2014. Retrieved 2016-04-17.
  45. ^ Debruge, Peter (August 13, 2012). "The Odd Life of Timothy Green". Variety. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  46. ^ "Lin-Manuel Miranda On The Movie 'The Odd Life of Timothy Green': "It's Really a Beautiful Movie"". Latina. August 14, 2012. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  47. ^ "Modern Family: Good Cop Bad Dog". TheFutonCritic.com. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
  48. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (September 12, 2012). "Lin-Manuel Miranda To Recur On NBC Drama Series 'Do No Harm'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  49. ^ Rothman, Lily (November 26, 2013). "The 7 Best Rhymes From the All-Verse Episode of How I Met Your Mother". Time Magazine. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  50. ^ "Lin-Manuel Miranda Performs at the White House Poetry Jam: 8 of 8". The White House. May 12, 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-11-06. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  51. ^ Holden, Stephen (January 12, 2012). "Putting the Hip-Hop in History as Founding Fathers Rap". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-09-25.
  52. ^ Healy, Patrick (March 6, 2014). "Lin-Manuel Miranda's Hamilton Heading to Public Theater". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  53. ^ "Lin-Manuel Miranda's Hamilton Starts Previews Off-Broadway". Broadway.com. January 20, 2015. Retrieved 2015-01-22.
  54. ^ Stasio, Marilyn (February 17, 2015). "Off Broadway Review: 'Hamilton' by Lin-Manuel Miranda". Variety. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  55. ^ Gioia, Michael (August 6, 2015). "History in the Making – Revolutionary Musical 'Hamilton' Opens on Broadway Tonight". Playbill. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  56. ^ Rickwald, Bethany (October 29, 2015). "Ron Chernow and Lin-Manuel Miranda to Be Honored by New-York Historical Society". TheaterMania.com. Retrieved 2015-11-10.
  57. ^ Gioia, Michael (February 24, 2015). "Revolutionaries, Turn Up! Lin-Manuel Miranda's 'Hamilton' Will Head To Broadway This Summer". Playbill. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  58. ^ Brantley, Ben (August 6, 2015). "Review: 'Hamilton,' Young Rebels Changing History and Theater". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  59. ^ Gioia, Michael (July 14, 2015). "Hundreds Mob the First 'Hamilton' Lottery". Playbill. Retrieved 2017-11-08.
  60. ^ Viagas, Robert (August 31, 2016). "Hamilton Hosts Final Live #Ham4Ham Concert Today". Playbill. Archived from the original on 2016-09-01.
  61. ^ Tsioulcas, Anastasia (March 15, 2016). "'Hamilton' Freestyles At The White House. Mic Drop". NPR Music Radio. Retrieved 2016-03-16.
  62. ^ Alter, Alexandra (May 3, 2016). "'Hamilton: The Revolution' Races Out of Bookstores, Echoing the Musical's Success". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
  63. ^ Gans, Andrew (May 20, 2016). "Winners of Drama League Awards Announced". Playbill. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  64. ^ Marks, Peter (June 16, 2016). "Hurry up, 'Hamilton' fans: Lin-Manuel Miranda announces departure date from show". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2016-06-16.
  65. ^ Kennedy, Mark (June 17, 2016). "'Lin-Manuel Miranda leaving 'Hamilton' July 9; vows to return". Associated Press. Retrieved 2016-06-17.
  66. ^ "PBS Became 'The Place Where it Happened' as 3.6 Million Watched Hamilton's America on PBS Stations Last Weekend". PBS. October 26, 2016. Retrieved 2016-11-19.
  67. ^ Brooks, Katherine (October 19, 2016). "Inside The History Documentary Every 'Hamilton' Fan Will Want To See". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2017-04-09.
  68. ^ a b c d e Buckley, Cara (February 17, 2017). "Lin-Manuel Miranda Was Talking to Meryl Streep the Other Day". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
  69. ^ Breznican, Anthony; Smith, C. Molly (August 14, 2015). "Moana at D23: The Rock gets emotional at Disney fan event". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
  70. ^ Newman, Melinda (November 23, 2016). "Lin-Manuel Miranda, Mark Mancina & Opetaia Foa'i on Creating Disney's Moana Music as Hamilton Exploded". Billboard. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  71. ^ Stewart, Sara (November 22, 2016). "Moana has some of Disney's best music ever". New York Post. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  72. ^ Phillips, Michael (November 22, 2016). "Moana review: With songs from Lin-Manuel Miranda, Dwayne Johnson sails into another Disney hit". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  73. ^ Travers, Peter (November 23, 2016). "Moana Review: Disney's Animated Polynesian Musical Is a Feminist Delight". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  74. ^ Singh, Olivia (October 29, 2016). "Alessia Cara and Jordan Fisher Will Be Featured in This Disney Movie Soundtrack". Tiger Beat. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  75. ^ "Golden Globes 2017: Complete Winners List". The Hollywood Reporter. January 8, 2017. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  76. ^ Coggan, Devan (December 1, 2016). "Critics' Choice Awards 2017 nominees announced". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  77. ^ "Oscar Nominations: Complete List". Variety. January 24, 2017. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  78. ^ Lynch, Joe (November 28, 2017). "Grammys 2018: See the Complete List of Nominees". Billboard. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  79. ^ Kreps, Daniel (December 7, 2015). "Lin-Manuel Miranda Talks 'Joyous' 'Star Wars' Cantina Music". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  80. ^ Evans, Greg (April 13, 2018). "Lin-Manuel Miranda DuckTales Debut Sets Date, Highlights New 'Duck Week'". Deadline: Hollywood. Archived from the original on 2018-07-20.
  81. ^ a b Derschowitz, Jessica (May 31, 2016). "Mary Poppins Returns, with Emily Blunt & Lin-Manuel Miranda, gets release date". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2016-06-10.
  82. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (July 10, 2018). "'Indiana Jones 5' Shifts To 2021, 'Mary Poppins Returns' Moves Up A Week & More: Disney Release-Date Moves". Deadline. Retrieved 2018-07-10.
  83. ^ a b Digital Ham4Ham 1.27.16 – You at the Barricade Listen to This. Hamilton the Musical. January 27, 2016. Retrieved 2016-04-17 – via YouTube.
  84. ^ Milzoff, Rebecca (January 15, 2016). "Lin-Manuel Miranda on Jay Z, The West Wing, and 18 More Things That Influenced Hamilton". Vulture.com (New York. Retrieved 2016-03-13.
  85. ^ Last Week Tonight with John Oliver: Puerto Rico (HBO). April 24, 2016 – via YouTube.
  86. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (October 11, 2016). "Saturday Night Live Week 2 Telecast With Host Lin-Manuel Miranda Sets 12-Year Ratings High". Deadline: Hollywood. Retrieved 2017-06-13.
  87. ^ a b Fleming, Mike, Jr. (August 16, 2016). "Hamilton's Lin-Manuel Miranda & Alan Menken Duet on Disney's Live Action The Little Mermaid". Deadline: Hollywood. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  88. ^ Gettell, Oliver (July 17, 2017). "Lin-Manuel Miranda Working on New Little Mermaid Music With Alan Menken". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2017-07-19.
  89. ^ Gartenberg, Chaim (November 29, 2016). "Lin-Manuel Miranda to produce film and TV adaptations of The Kingkiller Chronicle". The Verge. Archived from the original on 2017-12-24.
  90. ^ Hibberd, James (October 26, 2017). "Lin-Manuel Miranda developing a Kingkiller Chronicle TV series". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on 2018-07-11.
  91. ^ Gans, Andrew (December 15, 2016). "Sony Animation Fast Tracks Lin-Manuel Miranda's Vivo". Playbill. Retrieved 2016-12-20.
  92. ^ McPhee, Ryan (July 19, 2018). "Lin-Manuel Miranda to Direct Film Adaptation of Tick, Tick... BOOM!". Playbill. Archived from the original on 2018-07-19.
  93. ^ a b Fleming, Mike, Jr. (July 19, 2018). "Imagine Sets Lin-Manuel Miranda's Helming Debut: Rent Creator Jonathan Larson's Tick, Tick... Boom!; Evan Hansen's Steven Levenson Scripting". Deadline: Hollywood. Archived from the original on 2018-07-19.
  94. ^ Brady, Lois Smith (September 10, 2010). "Vows: Vanessa Nadal and Lin Miranda". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-03-03.
  95. ^ "To Life: Vanessa's Wedding Surprise". SweetSpeeches.com. September 5, 2010. Archived from the original on 2011-07-16.
  96. ^ "To Life: Vanessa's Wedding Surprise". YouTube. September 8, 2010. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  97. ^ "Vanessa Adriana Miranda Nadal". Jones Day. Archived from the original on 2016-04-18. Retrieved 2016-04-10.
  98. ^ "Lin-Manuel Miranda Confirms He and His Wife Are Expecting Second Child". BroadwayWorld.com. December 3, 2017. Retrieved 2017-12-04.
  99. ^ "Lin-Manuel Miranda on Twitter". February 2, 2018. Int. Hospital Room. Night. [The screams reach a delirious crescendo. FRANCISCO MIRANDA enters. He is 7 pounds and 13 ounces.] Intermission.
  100. ^ Polley, Leonor (May 1, 2016). "In Lin-Manuel Miranda's Puerto Rican Town, Economic Crisis Takes Toll". NBC News. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  101. ^ "Calle 13 & Lin Miranda - La Fucking Moda @ Calle 13 Concert In Puerto Rico". Vimeo. May 3, 2009. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  102. ^ Baerga, Vanessa (June 27, 2013). "A paso firme en las alturas". Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  103. ^ "Lin-Manuel Miranda on Twitter". May 4, 2015. Retrieved 2016-07-11. Sometimes you run into your famous rapper cousin in the street.
  104. ^ "Lin-Manuel Miranda on Twitter". February 4, 2016. Retrieved 2016-07-11. The greatest rapper in the family came through tonight...@Residente aka mi primo René!
  105. ^ "Instagram photo by Rene Perez Joglar". February 4, 2016. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  106. ^ "Lin-Manuel Miranda on Twitter". September 29, 2011. Retrieved 2016-07-11. "@belisa78: @Lin_Manuel are u and Rene from Calle 13 really primos or did u mean it like brother or buddy?i MUST know!" 3rd cousins.
  107. ^ a b Pareles, Jon (January 20, 2017). "Residente Chases His Muse, at the Genetic Level". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2017-04-11.
  108. ^ Victor, Daniel (March 15, 2016). "Lin-Manuel Miranda, Hamilton Creator, Freestyles for Obama". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 18, 2016. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
  109. ^ Macht, Daniel (March 15, 2016). "Hamilton's Lin-Manuel Miranda Calls for Action on Puerto Rico's Debt Crisis". WNBC News: U.S. & World. New York: NBCUniversal Media. Archived from the original on July 31, 2018. Retrieved March 16, 2016.
  110. ^ Lilley, Sandra; Armas, Marissa (October 6, 2017). "Lin-Manuel Miranda's 'Almost Like Praying': Catchy Single Raises Funds for Puerto Rico". NBC News. Archived from the original on October 14, 2017. Retrieved August 17, 2018.
  111. ^ Miranda, Lin-Manuel (December 13, 2017). "This is what Puerto Ricans need from the government. Right now". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on August 7, 2018. Retrieved August 17, 2018.
  112. ^ Miranda, Lin-Manuel; Platt, Ben (March 26, 2018). "Found/Tonight" – March For Our Lives Performance. Atlantic Records. Video on YouTube.
  113. ^ Kreps, Daniel (March 24, 2018). "See Lin-Manuel Miranda, Ben Platt Perform at March for Our Lives Rally". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2018-03-28.
  114. ^ "Class of 2015: Lin-Manuel Miranda, Playwright, Composer, and Performer". MacArthur Foundation. September 28, 2015. Retrieved 2015-09-29.
  115. ^ "Time 100: Lin-Manuel Miranda". Time. April 21, 2016. Retrieved 2017-01-28.
  116. ^ Flores, Griselda (July 18, 2016). "Lin-Manuel Miranda to Receive Star on Puerto Rico's Walk of Fame". Billboard. Retrieved 2017-01-28.
  117. ^ "Lin-Manuel Miranda, Jennifer Lawrence, "Weird Al" Yankovic to Receive Hollywood Walk of Fame Stars". The Hollywood Reporter. June 22, 2017. Retrieved 2017-07-29.
  118. ^ "2015 American Ingenuity Award Winners". Smithsonian Magazine. Smithsonian. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  119. ^ "Commencement Speaker David Shatz Lauds YU Students for "Historic" Innovations". YU News. Yeshiva University. May 14, 2009. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  120. ^ Jones, Kenneth (May 7, 2009). "Tony Winner Miranda Will Get Honorary Degree From Yeshiva University". Playbill. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  121. ^ Megan, Kathleen (May 24, 2015). "Broadway Composer Energizes Wesleyan Grads With Hip-Hop, Wit". Hartford Courant. Connecticut. Retrieved 2015-09-29.
  122. ^ Wesleyan (May 24, 2015). "Lin-Manuel Miranda's Commencement Address". YouTube. Retrieved 2017-07-07.
  123. ^ Gans, Andrew (May 16, 2016). "Watch Lin-Manuel Miranda Deliver Passionate Commencement Speech". Playbill. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  124. ^ Scheck, Frank (June 14, 2013). "200 Cartas: Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  125. ^ Motta, Laura; McKenna, Aileen (May 13, 2013). "'Smash' Recap: Episode 15, 'The Transfer'". Backstage. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  126. ^ Miranda, Lin-Manuel (June 7, 2016). "Stop the Bots From Killing Broadway". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-01-12.
  127. ^ Miranda, Lin-Manuel (March 28, 2016). "Lin-Manuel Miranda: Give Puerto Rico Its Chance to Thrive". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-07-07.
  128. ^ Thompson, Stephen (June 30, 2017). "Think You've Memorized 'Hamilton'? Get Ready To Prove It". NPR. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  129. ^ Gibbs, Adrienne (October 5, 2017). "Lin-Manuel Miranda Joins With Jennifer Lopez and Gloria Estefan In Song For Puerto Rico Relief". Forbes. Retrieved 2017-10-06.
  130. ^ "Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe". Audible. Retrieved 2016-11-30.

External links