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Lin-Manuel Miranda (/lɪn mænˈwɛl məˈrændə/; born January 16, 1980)[1] is an American composer, lyricist, playwright, and actor best known for creating and starring in the Broadway musicals Hamilton and In the Heights. He co-wrote the songs for Disney's Moana soundtrack (2016) and is set to star in their upcoming film Mary Poppins Returns. Miranda's awards include a Pulitzer Prize, two Grammy Awards, an Emmy Award, a MacArthur Fellowship, and three Tony Awards.

Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda.jpg
Miranda in Treasury Secretary Jack Lew's Office, March 2016
Born (1980-01-16) January 16, 1980 (age 37)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Alma mater Wesleyan University
Occupation
  • Composer, playwright, lyricist, actor, singer
Years active 1999–present
Spouse(s) Vanessa Nadal (m. 2010)
Children 1
Awards Emmy Award
Grammy Awards
MacArthur Fellowship
Pulitzer Prize
Tony Awards
Website www.linmanuel.com

Miranda wrote the music and lyrics for the musical In the Heights, which premiered on Broadway in 2008. For this work, he won the 2008 Tony Award for Best Original Score,[2] the show's cast album won the 2009 Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album[3] and the show won the Tony Award for Best Musical. Miranda was also nominated for the Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical for his performance in the show's lead role. Miranda prepared Spanish translations used in the 2009 Broadway production of West Side Story and was co-composer and lyricist for Bring It On the Musical, which played on Broadway in 2012. His television work includes recurring roles on The Electric Company (2009–2010) and Do No Harm (2013). He hosted Saturday Night Live for the first time in 2016 and earned his first Emmy award nomination for acting. Among other film work, Miranda contributed music and vocals for a scene in Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015).

Miranda also wrote the book, music and lyrics for another Broadway musical, Hamilton. The show earned the 2016 Pulitzer Prize for Drama, the 2016 Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album, and was nominated for a record-setting 16 Tony Awards, of which it won 11, including Best Musical, Best Original Score and Best Book. For his performance in the lead role of Alexander Hamilton, Miranda was nominated for another Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical. The Hamilton cast recording spent ten weeks atop Billboard's Top Rap Albums chart in 2015, while The Hamilton Mixtape, an album of covers of songs from the musical, developed by and featuring Miranda, reached number one on the Billboard 200 upon release in December 2016.

Contents

Early life

Miranda was born in New York City[1] and raised in the neighborhood of Inwood, the son of Luz Towns, a clinical psychologist, and Luis A. Miranda, Jr., a Democratic Party consultant who advised New York City mayor Ed Koch.[4][5][6] Miranda has one older sister, Luz, who is the Chief Financial Officer of the MirRam Group.[7] During childhood and his teens, he spent at least one month each year with his grandparents in Vega Alta, Puerto Rico.[8][9] He is of mostly Puerto Rican descent. His mother's ancestors include an interracial couple, Sophie, who was black, and David Towns, who was white; from the early 1800s, this couple spent their married life trying to outrun slavery as laws and governments changed around them. Ensuing branches of the Towns family primarily married Mexican spouses in Texas and Mexico, and Miranda, for his part, has described his ancestry as a quarter Mexican.[10][11][12] The name "Lin-Manuel" was inspired by a poem about the Vietnam War, Nana roja para mi hijo Lin Manuel, by the Puerto Rican writer José Manuel Torres Santiago.[13][14]

As a child, Miranda wrote jingles, including one later used for Eliot Spitzer's 2006 gubernatorial campaign. After attending Hunter College Elementary School and Hunter College High School,[15] Miranda graduated from Wesleyan University in 2002.[9][16] During his time there, he co-founded a hip hop comedy troupe called Freestyle Love Supreme. He wrote the earliest draft of In the Heights in 1999, his sophomore year of college. After the show was accepted by Second Stage, Wesleyan's student theater company, Miranda added "freestyle rap ... and salsa numbers."[9] Second Stage premiered it in 1999. Miranda wrote and directed several other musicals at Wesleyan and acted in many other productions, ranging from musicals to Shakespeare. He received the honorary degree of Doctor of Humane Letters from Wesleyan University in 2015.[17]

Career

2002–10: In the Heights

In 2002, Miranda and John Buffalo Mailer worked with director Thomas Kail to revise In the Heights.[9][4] Book writer Quiara Alegría Hudes joined the team in 2004.[18] After success off-Broadway, the musical went to Broadway, opening in March 2008.[9] It was nominated for 13 Tony Awards, winning four, including Best Musical and Best Original Score.[2] It also won the 2009 Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album.[3] Miranda's performance in the leading role of Usnavi earned him a nomination for the Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical. Miranda left the cast of the Broadway production on February 15, 2009.[19]

Miranda reprised the role when the national tour of In the Heights played in Los Angeles from June 23 to July 25, 2010.[20][21] He again joined the tour in San Juan, Puerto Rico.[22] Miranda rejoined the Broadway cast as Usnavi from December 25, 2010 until the production closed on January 9, 2011, after 29 previews and 1,185 regular performances.[23]

Miranda performs "The Hamilton Mixtape" at the White House in 2009

Miranda created other work for the stage during this period. He wrote Spanish language dialogue and worked with Stephen Sondheim to translate into Spanish song lyrics for the 2009 Broadway revival of West Side Story.[24][25] In 2008, he was invited by composer-lyricist Stephen Schwartz to contribute two new songs to a revised version of Schwartz and Nina Faso's 1978 musical Working, which opened in May 2008 at the Asolo Repertory Theatre in Sarasota, Florida.[26]

Miranda also did work for film and television. In 2007, he made a guest appearance on the television series The Sopranos in the episode "Remember When",[27] and in 2009, he played Alvie, Gregory House's roommate in a psychiatric hospital, in the two-hour season six premiere episode of House; he returned to the role in May 2010. He also has done work for Sesame Street, playing occasional roles and singing the theme song to the recurring segment Murray Has a Little Lamb.[28] He was a composer and actor for 17 episodes of the 2009 revival of The Electric Company[citation needed] and appeared in the CollegeHumor sketch "Hardly Working: Rap Battle", playing himself working as an intern and rapper.[29]

During these years, Miranda also worked as an English teacher at his former high school, wrote for the Manhattan Times as a columnist and restaurant reviewer, and composed music for commercials.[30]

2011–14: Bring It On and television work

Miranda co-wrote the music and lyrics for Bring It On: The Musical with Tom Kitt and Amanda Green. Bring It On premiered at the Alliance Theatre in Atlanta, Georgia in January 2011.[31][32] The musical began a US national tour on October 30, 2011 in Los Angeles, California.[33][34] It then played a limited engagement on Broadway at the St. James Theatre, beginning previews on July 12, and officially opening on August 1, 2012. It closed on December 30, 2012. It was nominated for Tony Awards in the categories of Best Musical and Best Choreography.[35]

In 2011, Miranda appeared on the TV series Modern Family in the episode "Good Cop Bad Dog".[36] He appeared as Charley in an Encores! staged concert of Merrily We Roll Along at New York City Center in February 2012. Later that year, he appeared in a small role in The Odd Life of Timothy Green as Reggie[citation needed] and played the recurring role Ruben Marcado on the 2013 NBC drama Do No Harm.[37]

In 2013, Miranda appeared in the episode "Bedtime Stories" (Season 9, Episode 11) on the CBS sitcom How I Met Your Mother.[38] Later that year, he submitted a six-song demo package to Walt Disney Animation Studios; in spring 2014, the studio hired him to help write the songs for its 2016 animated feature film, Moana.[39][40] In 2014, he performed with comedy duo The Skivvies,[41] and participated in This American Life at the Brooklyn Academy of Music on June 7, 2014 and broadcast on the radio on June 20, 2014, writing the music and lyrics for, and playing The Narrator in, the one-act 21 Chump Street: The Musical.[42] Also in 2014, Miranda appeared in the Encores! revival of Tick, Tick... Boom! under the artistic direction of Jeanine Tesori. The show was directed by Oliver Butler.[43] Miranda won a 2014 Emmy Award for co-composing (with Tom Kitt) the song "Bigger!", the opening number at the 67th Tony Awards in 2013.[44]

2015–16: Hamilton: An American Musical

 
Miranda in Hamilton, 2016

In 2008, while on vacation, Miranda read Ron Chernow's biography of Alexander Hamilton and, inspired by the book, wrote a rap about Hamilton that he performed for the White House Evening of Poetry, Music, and the Spoken Word, on May 12, 2009, accompanied by Alex Lacamoire. Miranda later said he spent a year writing the Hamilton song "My Shot", revising it countless times for every verse to reflect Alexander Hamilton's intellect.[45][46] By 2012, Miranda was performing an extended set of pieces, based on the life of Hamilton, referred to as the Hamilton Mixtape; the New York Times called it "an obvious game changer".[47]

Hamilton, a musical based on the Hamilton Mixtape, premiered off-Broadway at The Public Theater in January 2015, directed by Thomas Kail. Miranda wrote the book and score and starred as the title character.[48][49] The show received highly positive reviews,[50] and its engagement was sold out.[51] Chernow and Miranda received the 2015 History Makers Award from the New York Historical Society for their work in creating the musical.[52] The show began previews on Broadway in July 2015 at the Richard Rodgers Theatre and officially opened on August 6, 2015,[53] earning rave reviews.[54] On the first night of Hamilton previews over 700 people lined up for lottery tickets.[55]

Miranda performs freestyle rap with President Barack Obama

Meanwhile, Miranda contributed music for the film Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015), writing a song for the scene in Maz Kanata's Cantina, an homage to the classic Mos Eisley Cantina scene and song.[citation needed] On January 24, 2016, Miranda performed the offstage cameo role of Loud Hailer in the Broadway production of Les Misérables,[56] fulfilling his childhood dream of being in the show, as it was the first production he ever saw on Broadway.[57] On March 15, 2016, members of the cast of Hamilton performed at the White House and hosted workshops; Miranda performed freestyle rap from prompts held up by President Obama.[58] In April 2016, Miranda and Jeremy McCarter published Hamilton: The Revolution, a book describing Hamilton's journey from conception to Broadway success and discussing the cultural revolution that permeates the show.[59]

On April 24, 2016, on the TV show Last Week Tonight with John Oliver, at the end of a segment about the debt crisis in Puerto Rico, Miranda performed an emotional rap about allowing the island to restructure its debt.[60] In May 2016, Miranda received an honorary Doctorate of the Arts from the University of Pennsylvania and gave the commencement speech.[61] The same month, for his work in the role of Alexander Hamilton, Miranda received the Drama League Distinguished Performance Award.[citation needed] Miranda gave his last performance in Hamilton on July 9, 2016.[62] He vowed to return to the show.[63] A documentary about the creation of the show, Hamilton's America, featuring Miranda, premiered at the New York Film Festival on October 1, 2016 and first aired on PBS' Great Performances series on October 21, 2016.[64][65]

2016–present: Disney collaborations and film work

From 2014 to 2016, Miranda collaborated with Opetaia Foa'i and Mark Mancina to write the music for Moana.[66] He later explained that because he was so busy with those two projects, he turned down other projects "that would have distracted" him, but this served as an "ego check" as Hamilton became a hit.[39] Miranda sings the song "We Know the Way" in the film. He also recorded a duet with Jordan Fisher of the song "You're Welcome", which is played over the film's end credits.[67] Moana opened to positive reviews in November 2016 and was a box office hit. Miranda's songwriting work was praised by critics,[citation needed] and he received Golden Globe, Critics Choice Award, and Academy Award nominations for the song "How Far I'll Go".[citation needed]

Miranda hosted Saturday Night Live on October 8, 2016; in July 2017, he received an Emmy nomination for his appearance.[68] He is set to star in the Mary Poppins sequel Mary Poppins Returns, directed by Rob Marshall.[69] He has been confirmed as executive producer and composer on Lionsgate's film adaptation of The Kingkiller Chronicle, along with a tie-in television series.[70][71] Miranda is producing eleven songs set to be used in the upcoming Sony Pictures Animation film, Vivo, which is being directed by Kirk DeMicco.[72] He is expected to voice Fenton Crackshell/Gizmoduck in the 2017 reboot of DuckTales.[73] He is also negotiating with Disney concerning a live-action film remake of The Little Mermaid, for which he may co-write additional songs (with Alan Menken).[74] However, in February 2017, Miranda told The New York Times that "We haven't formalized anything."[39] As of July 2017, it has been confirmed he is working with Alan Menken.[75]

Personal life

Miranda married Vanessa Adriana Nadal, a high school friend, in 2010.[76] At the wedding reception, Miranda, along with the wedding party, performed the Fiddler on the Roof song "To Life";[77] the video has been viewed more than five million times on YouTube.[78] Nadal is a lawyer at the global law firm Jones Day.[79] Miranda and Nadal's son Sebastian was born in 2014. According to a 2015 interview on the podcast Can I Pet Your Dog?, Miranda has a dog named Tobi.[80][81] Miranda discovered that he is related to Residente and ILE of Calle 13 during a 2009 concert by the group in San Juan, Puerto Rico, where Miranda was invited to perform. Backstage, the mother of Residente and ILE revealed their connection to Gilberto Concepción de Gracia, founder of the Puerto Rican Independence Party.[82] Miranda and Residente have since confirmed the relationship.[83] In 2017, Miranda performed on the opening track of Residente's self-titled debut album.[84]

External video
  Playwright, Composer, and Performer Lin-Manuel Miranda, 2015 MacArthur Fellow, MacArthur Foundation[85]

Miranda received an honorary degree from Yeshiva University, in Washington Heights, Manhattan, in 2009. He is the youngest person to receive an honorary degree from that university.[86] Former mayor of New York City, Ed Koch, presented Miranda with the degree.[citation needed] In 2015, Miranda received a MacArthur "Genius" Award.[87] In May of that year, he also received an honorary doctorate from his alma mater, Wesleyan.[88] The following year, after a meeting with President Barack Obama,[89] Miranda joined US Senators Kirsten Gillibrand, Charles Schumer, Elizabeth Warren and other Democratic lawmakers to call for congressional action to back a Senate bill in Washington that would allow Puerto Rico to declare bankruptcy and significantly ease its $70 billion debt burden.[90]

Miranda, a fan of My Brother, My Brother and Me on the Maximum Fun podcast network, has appeared on the podcast as a "guestpert"[91] and referenced the podcast in the Hamilton score.[92] Miranda wrote new lyrics to the song "Fugue for Tinhorns", from the musical Guys and Dolls, called "Fugue for Brotherhorns", for the podcast's hosts to perform.[91] Miranda has also referred to the podcast in his public appearances at the Grammy Awards[93] and on Saturday Night Live.[94] He is also a fan of the Comedy Bang! Bang! podcast on the Earwolf podcast network, on which he has appeared by telephone,[95] and of the TV drama The West Wing, rapping a tribute to the show in 2017.[96]

Theater credits

Year Title Role Details Notes
1999 In the Heights Usnavi Wesleyan University, April 20–22 Also composer and lyricist
2005 Eugene O'Neill Theater Center
2007 Off-Broadway, Feb. 8 – Jul. 15, 2007
2008–09 Broadway, Feb. 14, 2008 – Feb. 15, 2009
2009–10 US tour
2009 West Side Story Broadway revival Spanish translations
2010–11 In the Heights Usnavi Broadway, Dec. 25, 2010 – Jan. 9, 2011 Also composer and lyricist
2011 Working Chicago revival Wrote two new songs
2012 Merrily We Roll Along Charley Encores!, Feb. 8–9, 2012
Bring It On the Musical Broadway & tour Co-composer and lyricist
2014 21 Chump Street Narrator Brooklyn Academy of Music, June 7, 2014 Also playwright, composer, & lyricist
Tick, Tick... Boom! Jon Encores!, June 25–28, 2014
2015 Hamilton Alexander Hamilton Off-Broadway, Jan. 20 – May 3, 2015 Also playwright, composer, & lyricist
2015–16 Broadway, Aug. 6, 2015 – Jul. 9, 2016
2016 Les Misérables Loud Hailer Broadway, January 24, 2016[97] Voice only

Filmography

Film

Year Title Role Notes
1996 Clayton's Friends Pete Also writer, producer, director, editor
2012 The Odd Life of Timothy Green Reggie
The Polar Bears Jak Short[citation needed]
2013 200 Cartas Raul [citation needed]
2015 Star Wars: The Force Awakens Shag Kava (voice) Also special featured composer
2016 Studio Heads Lin-Manuel Miranda Short
Moana Composer/singer
Hamilton's America Himself Also aired on PBS's Great Performances series
2017 Speech & Debate The Genie
2018 Mary Poppins Returns Jack Post-production

Television

Year Title Role Notes
2007 The Sopranos Bellman Episode: "Remember When"
2009–2012 Sesame Street Freddy Flapman/Lamb-Manuel Miranda 2 episodes; also composer/lyricist
2009–10 House Juan "Alvie" Alvarez 2 episodes
The Electric Company Mario/himself 17 episodes; also composer
2011 Modern Family Guillermo Episode: "Good Cop Bad Dog"
65th Tony Awards Awards show; writer of the closing rap number
2012 Submissions Only Auditioner #1 Episode: "Another Interruption"
Freestyle Love Supreme Lin-Manuel Miranda TV series; also lyricist
2013 Do No Harm Ruben Marcado 11 episodes
Smash Himself Episode: "The Transfer"[citation needed]
67th Tony Awards Awards show; composer of the opening number "Bigger!"
How I Met Your Mother Gus Episode: "Bedtime Stories"
2016 Inside Amy Schumer Himself Episode: "The World's Most Interesting Woman in the World"
Last Week Tonight with John Oliver Himself Episode: "Puerto Rico"
Difficult People Himself Episode: "Carter"
Saturday Night Live Himself (host) Episode: "Lin-Manuel Miranda/Twenty One Pilots"
Drunk History Himself Episode: "Hamilton"
2017 My Brother, My Brother and Me Himself Episode: "Candlenights & Vape Ape"
DuckTales Gizmoduck/Fenton Crackshell-Cabrera Voice role
BoJack Horseman Crackerjack Sugarman Voice role
Episode: "The Old Sugarman House"
The Magic School Bus Rides Again Theme song singer

Bibliography

Books

  • Hamilton: The Revolution (2016) with Jeremy McCarter

Articles

  • "Stop the Bots From Killing Broadway," The New York Times (2016)[98]
  • "Give Puerto Rico Its Chance to Thrive," The New York Times (2016)[99]

Discography

Original cast recordings

Year Title Notes
2008 In the Heights
  • Winner of the Grammy Award for Best Musical Theatre Album
2014 21 Chump Street Playwright/composer and The Narrator
2015 Hamilton
  • Also producer of album
  • Peaked at #1 US Top Cast Albums, #1 US Top Rap Albums, #1 on US Top Albums
  • Certified Triple Platinum
  • Winner of the Grammy Award for Best Musical Theatre Album
2016 The Hamilton Mixtape
  • also Executive Producer of album
  • Peaked at #1 US Billboard 200, #1 US Digital albums, #1 US Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums
  • vocals on 3 tracks
2017 The Hamilton Instrumentals [100]

Singles

Narration

Awards and achievements

Among his numerous accolades, Miranda has won a Pulitzer Prize, three Tony Awards, two Grammys, an Emmy, and has been nominated for an Academy Award. He additionally was the recipient of a MacArthur Fellowship in 2015. In 2016, Time magazine included him in its annual Time 100 as one of the "Most Influential People in the World" and he received a star on the Puerto Rico Walk of Fame.[103][104] On June 22, 2017, it was announced that Miranda would be honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 2018.[105]

See also

References

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  2. ^ a b "2007–2008 Tony Nominations Announced; In the Heights Earns 13 Noms". Playbill. May 13, 2008. Retrieved 2015-10-01. 
  3. ^ a b "2009 Grammy Awards – Complete Winners and Nominees". Retrieved 2015-10-01. 
  4. ^ a b MacGregor, Jeff. "Meet Lin-Manuel Miranda, the Genius behind "Hamilton," Broadway's Newest Hit". Smithsonian. Archived from the original on November 8, 2017. Retrieved June 9, 2016. Then and now the family lived in the Inwood neighborhood, just up from Washington Heights 
  5. ^ Rosman, Katherine (2016-06-16). "Behind the Scenes With Lin-Manuel Miranda and Family on Tonys Night". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  6. ^ Smith, David (2016-07-01). "Lin-Manuel Miranda's ancestry is as multifaceted as Hamilton". The Guardian. UK. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on October 7, 2017. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  7. ^ Mead, Rebecca (2015-02-09). "All About the Hamiltons". The New Yorker. ISSN 0028-792X. Archived from the original on September 30, 2017. Retrieved 2016-12-25. The composer of 'In the Heights' grew up not in Washington Heights but thirty blocks farther uptown, across from Inwood Hill Park... 
  8. ^ Jones, Kenneth (November 24, 2010). "Lin-Manuel Miranda Takes In the Heights to Puerto Rico". Playbill. 
  9. ^ a b c d e "Lin-Manuel Miranda: Scaling the Heights". Broadway.com. Retrieved February 21, 2015. 
  10. ^ Smith, David (2016-07-01). "Lin-Manuel Miranda's ancestry is as multifaceted as Hamilton". The Guardian. UK. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  11. ^ Smolenyak, Megan. "Lin-Manuel Miranda's Revolutionary Ancestors". Retrieved July 7, 2016. 
  12. ^ "Lin-Manuel Miranda on Twitter". Retrieved 27 July 2017. 
  13. ^ Mead, Rebecca (9 February 2015). "All About the Hamiltons". Retrieved 13 June 2016 – via The New Yorker. 
  14. ^ "Lin-Manuel Miranda on Twitter". Retrieved 13 June 2016. 
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  38. ^ "The 7 Best Rhymes From the All-Verse Episode of 'How I Met Your Mother'". 26 November 2013. 
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  46. ^ Mead, Rebecca (2015-02-09). "A Hip-Hop Interpretation of the Founding Fathers". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2015-09-25. 
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  66. ^ Melinda Newman. "Lin-Manuel Miranda, Mark Mancina & Opetaia Foa'i on Creating Disney's 'Moana' Music as 'Hamilton' Exploded," Billboard, November 23, 2016.
  67. ^ Singh, Olivia. "Alessia Cara and Jordan Fisher Will Be Featured in This Disney Movie Soundtrack", Tiger Beat, October 29, 2016.
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  71. ^ http://ew.com/tv/2017/10/26/kingkiller-chronicles-lin-manuel-miranda/
  72. ^ "Sony Animation Fast Tracks Lin-Manuel Miranda's Vivo". December 15, 2016. Retrieved December 30, 2016. 
  73. ^ Miranda, Lin-Manuel [@Lin_Manuel] (May 19, 2017). "It has been so hard to keep this a secret" (Tweet) – via Twitter.  as a response to @DuckTales (May 19, 2017). "Blathering Blaterskie!!! Lin-Manuel Miranda is gearing up to play #Gizmoduck on #DuckTales! Woo-oo!" (Tweet). Retrieved 7 July 2017 – via Twitter. 
  74. ^ Jr, Mike Fleming (16 August 2016). "'Hamilton's Lin-Manuel Miranda & Alan Menken Duet On Disney's Live Action 'The Little Mermaid'". 
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