Carlos Romero Barceló

Carlos Antonio Romero Barceló (September 4, 1932 – May 2, 2021) was a Puerto Rican politician who served as the governor of Puerto Rico from 1977 to 1985. He was the second governor to be elected from the New Progressive Party (PNP). He also served 2 terms in Congress as the 16th Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico from 1993 to 2001.

Carlos Romero Barceló
Carlos Romero Barcelo (cropped).png
United States Shadow Senator
from Puerto Rico
In office
August 15, 2017 – May 2, 2021
Appointed byRicardo Rosselló
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byZoraida Buxó
Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico
In office
January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2001
Preceded byAntonio Colorado
Succeeded byAníbal Acevedo Vilá
Governor of Puerto Rico
In office
January 2, 1977 – January 2, 1985
Preceded byRafael Hernández Colón
Succeeded byRafael Hernández Colón
Mayor of San Juan
In office
January 2, 1969 – January 2, 1977
Preceded byFelisa Rincón de Gautier
Succeeded byHernán Padilla
Personal details
Born
Carlos Antonio Romero Barceló

(1932-09-04)September 4, 1932
San Juan, Puerto Rico
DiedMay 2, 2021(2021-05-02) (aged 88)
San Juan, Puerto Rico[citation needed]
Political partyRepublican Statehood (Before 1967)
New Progressive (1967–2021)
Other political
affiliations
Democratic
Spouse(s)
(m. 1966)
Children4, including Melinda[1]
EducationYale University (BA)
University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras (LLB)

Romero Barceló was the grandson of Antonio R. Barceló, a Union Party leader and advocate of Puerto Rican independence during the early 20th century, and the son of Josefina Barceló, the first woman to preside over a major political party in Puerto Rico.

Early lifeEdit

Romero Barceló was born in 1932 in San Juan, Puerto Rico, the son of Antonio Romero Moreno and Josefina Barceló Bird. His father was a lawyer and engineer who served as a superior court judge.[2] His maternal grandfather was Antonio Rafael Barceló the son of Jaime José Barceló Miralles from Palma, Majorca, Balearic Islands, Spain and Josefa Martínez de León from Naguabo.[3][4][5]

EducationEdit

Carlos Romero Barceló attended Phillips Exeter Academy in the state of New Hampshire, graduating in 1949. Later he attended Yale University, obtaining a B.A. in Political Science and Economics in 1953. That same year, at age 21, he returned to Puerto Rico and enrolled at the University of Puerto Rico Law School, becoming a licensed lawyer in 1956.

Political careerEdit

Romero Barceló, an avid supporter of Puerto Rico statehood with the United States of America,[6] became involved with the "Partido Estadista Republicano", the forerunner of the New Progressive Party, which at the time was led by Miguel Angel Garcia Mendez. He formed part of "Ciudadanos pro Estado 51" (Citizens for the 51st State) in 1965. Later, he was one of the founder's of the pro-statehood group "Estadistas Unidos", founded by Luis Ferre.[7]

MayorEdit

Romero was one of the founding members of the New Progressive Party in 1967. The following year he was elected Mayor of San Juan, Puerto Rico, succeeding the legendary "doña Fela" (Felisa Rincón de Gautier) and becoming the first popularly elected mayor of San Juan, since previous mayors were elected by the San Juan City Council, not directly by the electorate. During his second term, in 1973, he became the first Hispanic to become vice-president of the National League of Cities and in 1974 became president of the organization. He served as mayor until 1976 when he defeated incumbent Governor of Puerto Rico Rafael Hernández Colón. While Hernán Padilla was elected to succeed him, technically, his immediate successor was Carlos S. Quirós, his Vice Mayor who became full Mayor for over a week until Padilla's term began. Some of his notable accomplishments as mayor were the inclusion of San Juan into U.S. President Lyndon Johnson's Model Cities Program, which changed the face of the slum called "El Fanguito" to become the area of the "new" San Juan where modern facilities such as the San Juan Natatorium, the Puerto Rico Coliseum and numerous residential condominium projects were eventually built; the construction of the Roberto Clemente Coliseum and the first municipal educational institution of Puerto Rico: the Colegio Universitario de San Juan.

GovernorEdit

Romero Barceló brought well-received economic resolutions to the island during his terms in office, emphasizing the island's tourism potential. However, during his administration the economy recovered sluggishly, with unemployment dropping to 17% in 1979 from 19.0% in 1975, a disappointing 2% decline. The economy did not fully recover, and the island's government services deteriorated during his term in office. Moreover, his statements declaring the policemen that carried out the Maravilla murders to be heroes damaged his image.[citation needed]

In 1980 he was elected for a second term as governor by a margin of 3,037 votes again over PPD-candidate Rafael Hernández Colón. The 1980 gubernatorial elections were among the closest in Puerto Rican history, requiring the intervention of the Supreme Court of Puerto Rico to rule whether improperly cast ballots should be counted. In particular, the Puerto Rico Statehood Students Association under Luis Fortuño generated over 1,500 absentee ballots for Romero Barceló that proved an important factor in his re-election. However, the New Progressive Party lost control of the legislature, and party-affiliated mayors won in only 28 of the 78 municipalities on the island. The 1980 elections were the most controversial as many PPD followers said that the elections were stolen in which the PPD won the elections except for the governor candidacy in which almost every election the parties win with straight-party ballots. This election was similar to the 2004 and 2012 elections, decided by less-than-one-percent margins.

In his second term Puerto Rico was badly hit by a severe recession starting in 1980 and ending in 1983, the unemployment drastically rose to 25% in 1983 the highest since the Great Depression.

Romero Barceló is frequently associated with the "Cerro Maravilla Incident" of 1978 in which two young pro-Independence activists at Cerro Maravilla were killed at the hands of rogue members of the Puerto Rican Police after being lured by the police to a mountainous area that housed communications and television towers. The tragic incident was investigated several times by the Puerto Rico Justice Department, the U.S. Justice Department, and the F.B.I., and was widely reported on by the local press. In 1984, 10 police officers were indicted and found guilty of perjury, destruction of evidence, and obstruction of justice, with four being convicted of second-degree murder.[8]

He sought re-election for a third term in 1984 but was defeated by Rafael Hernández Colón. After the elections, Romero-Barceló's reaction to the defeat, in response to TV news reporter Rafael Bracero, was ¿Derrota, qué Derrota? (Defeat, what defeat?). For him, he said, what had occurred was not a defeat, but simply an "electoral loss". The comment has become legendary in Puerto Rican politics.[9]

SenatorEdit

In 1986, he was elected by his party to fill a vacancy in the Senate of Puerto Rico, a position for which he did not seek re-election in 1988. Instead, he returned to his private law practice and shortly thereafter merged his law firm with Del Toro & Santana where he practiced until his election to the United States Congress in 1992.

Resident CommissionerEdit

 
Carlos Romero Barcelo in Washington, D.C.

In the 1992 elections, Romero was elected to the 103rd and 104th United States Congress as Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico, and relocated to Washington, D.C. He was re-elected to the 105th and 106th United States Congress as well.

During his tenure as Resident Commissioner he campaigned for Puerto Rican statehood, successfully proposed to Congress the derogation of the 936 tax code and endorsed the Young Project, which sought to call a referendum to resolve Puerto Rico's political status. In 2000, he sought a third term but was defeated by PPD's Aníbal Acevedo Vilá. He once again sought his party's nomination for the post of Resident Commissioner in 2003, but was defeated by Luis Fortuño. Although he retired from electoral politics, he remained active in PNP political gatherings, the Puerto Rico Democratic Party, the United States Democratic party, and was a member of the League of United Latin American Citizens.

Shadow United States SenatorEdit

On July 3, 2017, he was appointed by Governor Ricardo Rosselló as Puerto Rico's first United States Shadow Senator to the U.S. Senate under the Tennessee Plan approved by Act No. 30 of June 5, 2017 of the Puerto Rico Legislature. Holders of this position do not officially participate in Senate proceedings, but may serve as an advocate for their territories.[10]

DeathEdit

Romero Barceló was hospitalized in San Juan, Puerto Rico in March 2021 for sepsis and a urinary tract infection.[11] He died a month later on May 2, 2021, at the age of 88.[11]

LegacyEdit

Romero Barceló married Kate Donnelly on January 2, 1966. His daughter, Melinda Romero Donnelly, was an NPP member of the House of Representatives of Puerto Rico for 8 years, later becoming state senator when she won a special election in 2009 for the vacant seat of former Senator Jorge De Castro Font. Romero Barceló was a boxing fan, and advocated for holding world championship bouts in San Juan during his terms in office. Some of his accomplishments were the Minillas Tunnel, the Centro de Bellas Artes Luis A. Ferre, the creation of the Puerto Rico Federal Affairs Administration, and the Roberto Clemente Coliseum (while the Mayor of San Juan).

Federal charges filed against Puerto Rico former governor Aníbal Acevedo Vilá stemmed from a tip brought to federal prosecutors by Romero Barceló. Romero openly admitted to being the catalyst of the federal investigation against Acevedo Vilá. In 2000, Acevedo accused Romero Barcelo of receiving $175,000 USD of illegal contributions to fund his own campaign bid for Resident Commissioner. In the end, Acevedo Vilá was acquitted of all charges.[12]

AccoladesEdit

In 1977, he received a doctorate Honoris causa from the University of Bridgeport in Connecticut.

PublicationsEdit

  • "Puerto Rico, U.S.A.: The Case for Statehood." Foreign Affairs 59 (Fall 1980): pp. 58–81.
  • Statehood Is For the Poor. N.P.: Master Typesetting of P.R. Inc., 1978. Originally published as La Estatidad es para los Pobres, 1973.
  • The book titled Two Lynchings on Cerro Maravilla: The Police Murders in Puerto Rico and the Federal Government Coverup by then San Juan Star journalist Manuel 'Manny' Suarez.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Official congressional directory, 106th Congress (1999-2000)
  2. ^ Carlos Moreno Barceló: Biography
  3. ^ BIOGRAFÍA: DON ANTONIO R. BARCELÓ Archived January 27, 2017, at the Wayback Machine: PRIMER PRESIDENTE DEL SENADO
  4. ^ Ancestors of Jaime José Barceló Miralles Familias de Fajardo
  5. ^ La formación del pueblo puertorriqueño: la contribución de los catalanes, baleáricos y valencianos Estela Cifre de Loubriel. Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña
  6. ^ "Puerto Rico Statehood Commission Demands Seats in Congress". Puerto Rico Report. January 10, 2018. Retrieved January 29, 2020.
  7. ^ historiador, Mario Ramos Méndez. "El último estadista". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved June 13, 2021.
  8. ^ 10 From Puerto Rico Police Indicted on Cover-Up of '78 Killings Archived June 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine by Reginald Stuart, The New York Times, February 7, 1984, retrieved August 2, 2006.
  9. ^ Jiménez, Lester. "Carlos Romero Barceló: Una vida dedicada a la política y a la estadidad". www.noticel.com. Retrieved June 13, 2021.
  10. ^ Samantha Spencer. "Former Puerto Rico Governor Carlos Romero Barceló dies at 88". Blasting News.
  11. ^ a b "Former Governor of Puerto Rico, Carlos Romero Barceló, passed away on Sunday". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved May 3, 2021.
  12. ^ Puerto Rico Ex-gov cleared in Corruption-trial. Associated Press. NBC News. 20 March 2009. Accessed 21 June 2018.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by Mayor of San Juan
1969–1977
Succeeded by
Preceded by Governor of Puerto Rico
1977–1985
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by Chair of the Puerto Rico New Progressive Party
1974–1987
Succeeded by
New Progressive nominee for Governor of Puerto Rico
1976, 1980, 1984
Preceded by Chair of the Puerto Rico New Progressive Party
1989–1991
Succeeded by
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico
1993–2001
Succeeded by
U.S. Senate
New seat U.S. Shadow Senator (Seat 2) from Puerto Rico
2017–2021
Served alongside: Zoraida Fonalledas
Succeeded by