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Felisa Rincón de Gautier (born Felisa Rincón Marrero)[note 1] (also known as Doña Fela) (January 9, 1897 – September 16, 1994) was the first woman to be elected as the Mayor of a capital city in The Americas.[1]

Felisa Rincón de Gautier
Felia rincon de gautier.JPG
San Juan Seal.jpg
Mayor of San Juan, Puerto Rico
In office
January 2, 1947 – January 2, 1969
Preceded by Roberto Sánchez Vilella
Succeeded by Carlos Romero Barceló
Personal details
Born Felisa Rincón Marrero
(1897-01-09)January 9, 1897
Ceiba, Puerto Rico
Died September 16, 1994(1994-09-16) (aged 97)
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Political party Popular Democratic Party
Spouse(s) Genaro A. Gautier
Profession Pharmacist

Contents

Early yearsEdit

Rincón de Gautier was born on January 9, 1897 in Ceiba, Puerto Rico. The oldest of all siblings (Felisa, Josefina, Cecilia, Esilda, Ramón, Rafael, Enrique and Rita), she was politically influenced by her father, attorney Enrique Rincón Plumey, family of an earlier Mayor of Yabucoa.[who?] Her mother, teacher Rita Marrero Rivera, died when she was around 11 years old. However, her father was determined to give her the best education possible. She went to school in Fajardo, Humacao and Santurce although she did not graduate from high school; in the summers she visited her uncle in San Lorenzo where she learned how to prepare medications pharmacy and became a pharmacist.[1] Of Spanish descent; her direct paternal grandfather Francisco Rincón Martín came from Salamanca, Spain.[2]

After her mother died, her father married Mercedes Acha, the mother of her half brother Manuel. Felisa ran the household and raised her younger brothers and sisters.

In the early 20th Century, "there was no welfare on the island; no social department to provide money or clothing or food for the poor (but) no jíbaro would let another jíbaro starve. This was the most important truth she learned. The jíbaros were a people steeped in tradition, the noblest of which was their hospitality" (Ruth Gruber, Felisa Rincon de Gautier: The Mayor of San Juan).

An expert seamstress, Felisa set herself the goal of creating employment in Puerto Rico by launching a local clothing factory. In order to master necessary skills she worked for two years in New York City during the Great Depression, living with relatives, including her sister Josefina.

Upon her return to San Juan, she entered the wholesale/retail business and opened Felisa's Style Shop on Calle Fortaleza in Old San Juan. She also managed a flower shop called Miles de Flores. Throughout her lifetime, she remained closely tied to the Roman Catholic Church as she directed her efforts to raising the standards of living for impoverished Puerto Ricans.

Women's rights activistEdit

Rincón de Gautier was a firm believer in the women's right to vote and was an active participant in the suffragist movement, motivating many women to register. When the law allowing women to vote was passed, Rincón de Gautier was the fifth woman to officially register. In 1932, she joined the Liberal Party of Puerto Rico, which believed in Puerto Rico's independence, and was named representative by the party's president Antonio R. Barceló. Motivated by the political ideas of Luis Muñoz Marín, she left the Liberal Party and in 1938 helped organize the Popular Democratic Party of Puerto Rico.[1][3][4]

Marriage and familyEdit

In 1940, Rincón de Gautier married the San Juan lawyer Genaro A. Gautier, who served as the Assistant Attorney General of Puerto Rico and Secretary General of the Popular Democratic Party.[1] They had no children.

Political careerEdit

In 1946, she was elected mayor of San Juan - the first woman mayor of a capital city in the Americas. Under her leadership, San Juan was transformed into a Latin-American urban center. Rincón de Gautier designed innovative public services and established the first preschool centers called "Las Escuelas Maternales", which would eventually become the model for the Head Start programs in the United States.[5] She also renovated the public health system and was responsible for the establishment of the School of Medicine in San Juan.

Rincón worked with Ricardo Alegría to restore and conserve the historical structures of Old San Juan and provided housing and basic services to thousands of people. In 1951, during the Cold War era, she ordered the establishment of the island's first Civil Defense system which was under the directorship of Colonel Gilberto José Marxuach.[6] She often opened City Hall to the public and listened to concerns of the residents of the city. In 1959, San Juan was awarded the All American City Award.[3][4]

Rincón de Gautier started a Christmas tradition, which would be continued every year by the governors of Puerto Rico. On the Día de los Reyes (Three Kings Day), celebrated on January 6, she would bring gifts and treats to the poor and needy children. In 1952, 1953 and 1954, she had plane loads of snow delivered to San Juan so that the children who had never seen or played in snow would be able to do so.[1][7]

Later yearsEdit

Rincón was mayor of San Juan for 22 years, from 1946 to 1968.[1] Upon retiring, she served as the American Goodwill Ambassador for four United States Presidents. She served in Latin America, Asia, and Europe promoting friendship between those regions and the United States. When Felisa Rincón de Gautier died in San Juan, aged 97, on September 16, 1994, she was given the burial honors of a head of state. Dignitaries from all over the world attended her funeral service. Felisa Rincón de Gautier was buried at the Municipal Cemetery Monacillos in Río Piedras, Puerto Rico[3][4]

HonorsEdit

In both Puerto Rico and the United States, numerous public structures and avenues have been named in honor of Rincón de Gautier. There is a Felisa Rincón de Gautier Museum and a parking lot with the name of Doña Fela on Calle Recinto Sur in Old San Juan.[8][9] In New York City, both the Felisa Rincón de Gautier Institute for Law & Public Policy in the Bronx and a public school (PS 376) in Brooklyn, New York are named in her honor.[3][4]

In May 29, 2014, The Legislative Assembly of Puerto Rico honored 12 illustrious women with plaques in the "La Plaza en Honor a la Mujer Puertorriqueña" (Plaza in Honor of Puerto Rican Women) in San Juan. According to the plaques the 12 women, who by virtue of their merits and legacies, stand out in the history of Puerto Rico. Rincón de Gautier was among those who were honored.[10]

AncestryEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ This name uses Spanish marriage naming customs; the first is the maiden family name "Rincón" and the second or matrimonial family name is "Gautier".

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Pérez, Jorge (September 16, 2012). "La alcaldesa que trajo la nieve". El Nuevo Día. 
  2. ^ Enrique Rincon Plumey (shows grandparents names) - mentioned in the record of Maria Esilda Rincon Marrero
  3. ^ a b c d "Felisa Rincón de Gautier: Official Biography". www.preb.com. Retrieved 7 August 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d Davila, Hector. "Felisa Rincon de Gautier". www.prboriken.com. Retrieved 7 August 2017. 
  5. ^ "Fundación Felisa Rincón de Gautier Casa Museo San Juan Puerto Rico". www.museofelisarincon.com. Retrieved 7 August 2017. 
  6. ^ "heroe del 65 Satisfecho de Haber Cumplido su Deber"; El Mundo; May 2, 1952
  7. ^ "Fundación Felisa Rincón de Gautier Casa Museo San Juan Puerto Rico". www.museofelisarincon.com. Retrieved 7 August 2017. 
  8. ^ Estacionamiento Doña Fela
  9. ^ "Felisa Rincon de Gautier Museum, San Juan - By Puerto Rico Channel". www.puertorico.com. Retrieved 7 August 2017. 
  10. ^ La Mujer en nuestra historia
  11. ^ Enrique Rincón Plumey (shows grandparents names) - mentioned in the record of María Esilda Rincón Marrero
  12. ^ Rita Marrero Rivera - mentioned in the record of Rita María Rincón y Marrero
  13. ^ Enrique Rincón y Plumey - United States Census, 1910
  14. ^ Enrique Rincón Plumey - mentioned in the record of Rita María Rincón y Marrero

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit