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Campbell Bascom Slemp (September 4, 1870 – August 7, 1943) was an American Republican politician. He was a six-time United States congressman from Virginia's 9th congressional district from 1907 to 1923 and served as the presidential secretary to President Calvin Coolidge. As a philanthropist, Slemp set up the "Slemp Foundation", which provides gifts and scholarships to schools and colleges in Southwestern Virginia.

Campbell Bascom Slemp
C. Bascom Slemp cph.3b21040.jpg
C. Bascom Slemp in 1924
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 9th district
In office
December 17, 1907 – March 3, 1923
Preceded byCampbell Slemp
Succeeded byGeorge C. Peery
Personal details
Born(1870-09-04)September 4, 1870
Turkey Cove, Virginia, U.S.
DiedAugust 7, 1943(1943-08-07) (aged 72)
Knoxville, Tennessee, U.S.
Resting placeTurkey Cove, Virginia, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
FatherCampbell Slemp

Early and family lifeEdit

Slemp was born on September 4, 1870 at Turkey Cove, Virginia in Lee County to Colonel Campbell Slemp, who later became a United States Representative from the 9th district of Virginia(1903 to 1907). His mother was Nancy (Nannie) Britain Cawood of Harlan County, Kentucky. His father was an officer in the Confederate army during the American Civil War. The 64th Virginia Regimental History indicates her brother had enlisted in the Union army but became sick and went AWOL, dying at home early in the war while MPs attempted to return him to his unit, Jefrrey G. Weaver, 64th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, H.E. Howard, Inc. The Virginia Regimental Histories Series; 1992) </ref> Bascom Slemp had one brother who survived infancy, William Moses Slemp (1873-1912) and three sisters: Emma M. Slemp (1865-1889), Susan Jane Slemp Newman (1869-1935), and Laura Alpha Drucilla Slemp Habourn (1877-1900).

Slemp attended the Methodist-run "Seminary" in Turkey Cove, and had a private tutor (William Davidson of King College), and also at age 9 became a page in the Virginia House of Delegates after his father's election to the Virginia General Assembly in 1879.[1] In 1887, the 16 year old Slemp entered the Corp of Cadets at Virginia Military Institute in Lexington, Virginia. In 1891, he graduated with the highest grade point average in the school's history — a record that stands today. He also received the Jackson Medal for Most Distinguished Student four years in a row.[2]

Bascom Slemp then studied law for a year at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville and was admitted to the Virginia bar in 1901.

He briefly married Roberta Trousdale Barton (1891-1911) in New Orleans, Louisiana on December 26, 1911, but their daughter was stillborn the following year.[3][4]

Early careerEdit

Slemp served as Commandant of Cadets at the Marion Military Institute for one year, after which he was hired as the second Principal of the Stonega Academy in Big Stone Gap (1893-1895).[5] Slemp then taught at VMI as Professor of Mathematics for several years. In 1901, after being admitted to the Virginia bar, he resigned his position at the Institute to set up a law practice in Big Stone Gap. Slemp became president of the Slemp Coal Company and of the Hamilton Realty Company, among other business interests.[6]

Political careerEdit

 
Slemp being sworn in as presidential secretary, 1923

His father Campbell Slemp served in the United States House of Representatives from 1903 to 1907, controlling patronage in the state as well as representing Virginia's 9th congressional district until his unexpected death in October, 1907. In 1905, Bascom Slemp became chairman of Virginia's Republican State Committee, where he served until 1918, at which point he was elected to the Republican National Committee.

Bascom Slemp won the special election to fill his father's vacancy, and also won reelection six times, serving from 1907 until March 3, 1923, after he declined to be a candidate for re-election. As the leading Republican in the Old Dominion, he faced a difficult battle for re-election in 1910, after Democrats persuaded Henry C. Stuart to run against him, and used the slogan "Redeem the District." Theodore Roosevelt gave a speech for Slemp, who won by a margin of about 200 votes. Although Stuart initially refused to concede defeat, his contest failed, in part because all 265 precincts had a Democratic registrar, two Democratic clerks and at least two Democratic judges.[7] [8]

On September 4, 1923, six months after Slemp completed his last term as Congressman, President Calvin Coolidge appointed him to serve as his Secretary,[9][10] a post similar to the later White House Chief of Staff. Slemp served until March 4, 1925. He resigned early in Coolidge's second term after friction between himself and the President was unable to be resolved and was succeeded by Everett Sanders.[11]

Return to rural lifeEdit

After leaving the Coolidge administration, Slemp returned to his law practice in Big Stone Gap, Virginia and Washington D.C. In 1930, President Herbert Hoover appointed Slemp as United States Commissioner General to the International Colonial and Overseas Exposition in Paris, and at its conclusion in 1931, France awarded Slemp the French Legion of Honor Medal.[12][13] By the 1930 Census, Slemp lived in Big Stone Gap with his sister S. Janie and her husband John W. Newman and several servants.[14] With Janie's help, Slemp established the Southwest Virginia Museum, and after his death the Commonwealth accepted many pieces bequeathed to it.

Death and legacyEdit

Slemp often maintained a local residence with siblings, remained a prominent member of the southwest Virginia community and political scene until his death. He died at St. Mary's hospital in Knoxville, Tennessee on August 7, 1943, aged 73, of long-standing heart disease, He was later buried in the family cemetery at Turkey Cove.[15]

As a philanthropist, Slemp continues to touch many young lives through the Slemp Foundation,[16] established in his will and which provides gifts to libraries, schools and colleges in Southwestern Virginia. The "Lonesome Pine Regional Library" (which serves Lee, Dickenson, and Wise Counties, Virginia) has received support from the foundation, and its branch in Big Stone Gap is named in Slemp's honor.[17]

The Slemp Scholarship, named in honor of the late congressman, is awarded to outstanding college students who graduated from schools in Lee, Scott, and Wise Counties, Virginia.

In October 2003, the long-planned C. Bascom Slemp Student Center[18] was opened on the campus of the University of Virginia's College at Wise. This $10.9 million, 46,234-square-foot (4,295.3 m2) structure was funded by student fees as well as $2.5 million from the Slemp Foundation.

Slemp was a cousin three times removed of the American film star George C. Scott.

The Slemp family remains active in political life throughout Southwestern Virginia, including current Lee County, Virginia Board of Supervisors Member Charles Herbert Slemp, Jr. and current Commonwealth's Attorney for Wise County & the City of Norton, Virginia Charles Herbert "Chuck" Slemp, III.

The United States Post Office and Courthouse at Big Stone Gap, Virginia is named the C. Bascom Slemp Federal Building. A historical marker in Seminary, Virginia about 6 miles southwest of Big Stone Gap on Alt. Route 58, also honors three Congressmen born within a mile of the marker: Slemp (61st-67th Congresses), his father Campbell Slemp (58th through 60th Congresses) and Congressman James B. Richmond (46th Congress).[19]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.swvamusueum.org/cbslemp.htm
  2. ^ The Slemp Foundation., The Slemp Foundation, retrieved 2009-05-09
  3. ^ North Carolina death certificate dated October 15, 1912 at Mission Hospital, Asheville, North Carolina. Roberta Trousdale Barton may have married Goodyear tire salesman William Warren Council in 1916 with Slemp as a wintess, for she was listed on his WWI draft registration card and subsequent census forms indicate they moved to Mississippi by 1929, but the marriage record is not available for online inspection, and ancestry.com records include no divorce record. She bore daughters Roberta Sue and Grace Council in 1919 and 1924, respectively
  4. ^ Bascom Slemp was listed among the lawyer boarders at a Bethesda, Maryland boardinghouse in the 1920 U.S. Federal Census.
  5. ^ Sharon B. Ewing, Big Stone Gap, p. 67, available athttps://books.google.com/books?id=uGS1UNoQ7rIC&pg
  6. ^ Virginia Biographical Encyclopedia, available online
  7. ^ Guy B. Hathorn, Congressional Campaign in the Fighting Ninth: The Contest between C. Bascom Slemp and Henry C. Stuart, 66 Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, vol. 66 (1958) pp.337-344
  8. ^ According to Brent Tarter, The Grandees of Government: the origins and persistence of undemocratic politics in Virginia (University of Virginia Press 2013), Democrat Ebbie Combs of Russell County arranged to have state auditors from Richmond audit the poll tax lists of eligible voters shortly after the deadline, precluding late payment of poll taxes in the district's 15 counties, all then controlled by Republican clerks.
  9. ^ "An Appointment", Time, 1923-08-20, retrieved 2009-05-09
  10. ^ "C. Bascom Slemp.", Time, 1923-08-27, retrieved 2009-05-09
  11. ^ "A Sanders for a Slemp.", Time, 1925-01-26, retrieved 2009-05-09
  12. ^ "Honors 1932.", Time, 1932-10-03, retrieved 2009-05-09
  13. ^ "Inspiratio0", Time, 1932-12-15, retrieved 2009-05-09
  14. ^ 1930 U.S. Federal Census for Big Stone Gap district 19, Wise County Virginia family 45, house number 820; 1940 census missing or mis-indexed
  15. ^ findagrave no. 13440185
  16. ^ The Slemp Foundation., The Slemp Foundation, retrieved 2009-05-09
  17. ^ http://lonesomepine.boundless.ly/branches/all/
  18. ^ C. Bascom Slemp Student Center., The University of Virginia, retrieved 2009-05-09
  19. ^ A Guidebook to Virginia's Historical Markers (University of Virginia Press 1994), p. 198

See alsoEdit

Guy B. Haroth, The Political Career of C. Bascom Slemp, (Duke University PhD Dissertation 1950) Slemp, Campbell Bascom (ed.) Addresses of Famous Southwest Virginians (Bristol: The King Printing Company 1939)

External linksEdit