Virginia House of Delegates
|163rd Virginia General Assembly|
|Preceded by||House of Burgesses|
New session started
|January 10, 2024|
Length of term
|Authority||Article IV, Virginia Constitution|
|Salary||$17,640/year + per diem|
|November 7, 2023|
|November 4, 2025|
|Redistricting||By 16-member bipartisan commission, approved by General Assembly|
|House of Delegates Chamber|
Virginia State Capitol
|Virginia General Assembly|
The Virginia House of Delegates is one of the two houses of the Virginia General Assembly, the other being the Senate of Virginia. It has 100 members elected for terms of two years; unlike most states, these elections take place during odd-numbered years. The House is presided over by the Speaker of the House, who is elected from among the House membership by the Delegates. The Speaker is usually a member of the majority party and, as Speaker, becomes the most powerful member of the House. The House shares legislative power with the Senate, the upper house of the General Assembly. The House of Delegates is the modern-day successor to the colonial House of Burgesses, which first met at Jamestown in 1619. The House is divided into Democratic and Republican caucuses. In addition to the Speaker, there is a majority leader, majority whip, majority caucus chair, minority leader, minority whip, minority caucus chair, and the chairs of the several committees of the House.
History and location edit
The House of Burgesses was the first elected legislative body in the New World. Originally having 22 members, the House of Burgesses met from 1619 through 1632 in the choir of the church at Jamestown. From 1632 to 1699 the legislative body met at four different state houses in Jamestown. The first state house convened at the home of Colonial Governor Sir John Harvey from 1632 to 1656. The burgesses convened at the second state house from 1656 until it was destroyed in 1660. Historians have yet to precisely identify its location.
The House of Burgesses had its final meeting in May 1776, and the House of Delegates took its place in October of that year.
The House has met in the Virginia State Capitol, designed by Thomas Jefferson, since 1788. The legislative body met from 1788 to 1904 in what is known as today the Old Hall of the House of Delegates or commonly referred to as the Old House Chamber. The Old House Chamber is part of the original Capitol building structure. It measures 76 feet in width and is filled today with furnishings that resemble what the room would have looked like during its time of use. There are many bronze and marble busts of historic Virginians on display in the Old House Chamber, including: George Mason, George Wythe, Patrick Henry, Richard Henry Lee, and Meriwether Lewis. From 1904 to 1906, University of Virginia graduate and architect John K. Peeples designed and built compatible classical wings to the west and east side of the Capitol building. The new wings added to provide more space and serve as the legislative chambers in the Virginia General Assembly, the Senate of Virginia resides in the west chamber and the House of Delegates resides in the east chamber. The General Assembly members and staff operate from offices in the General Assembly Building, located in Capitol Square. Prior to 1788 the House of Delegates met in the Colonial Capital of Williamsburg.
In 1999, Republicans took control of the House of Delegates for the first time since Reconstruction (with the exception of a brief 2-year period in which the Readjuster Party was in the majority in the 1880s). The Republican Party held the majority until 2019, when the Democratic Party won a majority of the seats, thus regaining control of the House of Delegates. The majority was sworn in on January 8, 2020, after which Eileen Filler-Corn (D-Fairfax) was elected as the first female and Jewish Speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates.
On November 4, 2020, Virginia voters approved a constitutional amendment that removed the authority to redistrict congressional and state legislative districts from the General Assembly, and gave that power to a newly-established 16-member panel composed of eight lawmakers and eight non-lawmaker citizens. The maps created by this commission are subject to the approval of the General Assembly, but lawmakers cannot change the commission's lines.
On November 7, 2023, the Democrats regained control of the House of Delegates after securing a 51-seat majority.
Salary and qualifications edit
The annual salary for delegates is $17,640 per year. Each delegate represents roughly 84,702 people. Candidates for office must be at least 21 years of age at the time of the election, residents of the districts they seek to represent, and qualified to vote for General Assembly legislators. The regular session of the General Assembly is 60 days long during even numbered years and 30 days long during odd numbered years, unless extended by a two-thirds vote of both houses.
Article IV, Section 3 of the Constitution of Virginia stipulates that the House of Delegates shall consist of between 90 and 100 members. It does not put any condition on the number of districts and only speaks of "several house districts". While there used to be multi-member districts, since 1982, there have been 100 districts electing one member each.
Current political composition edit
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|Previous legislature (2016–2018)||34||66||100||0|
|Previous legislature (2018-2020)||49||51||100||0|
|Previous legislature (2020-2022)||55||45||100||0|
|Previous legislature (2022-2024)||48||52||100||0|
|Latest voting share||49.5%||47.7%|
Historical party control edit
(The party control table shows the balance of power after each recent general election. The preceding Makeup table includes results of special elections since the last general election.)
House leadership edit
|Majority Leader||Charniele Herring|
|Majority Caucus Chair||Kathy Tran|
|Minority Leader||Todd Gilbert|
|Minority Caucus Chair||Amanda Batten|
Committee chairs and ranking members edit
The House has 14 standing committees.
|Committee||Chair||Vice Chair||Senior Minority Member|
|Agriculture, Chesapeake and Natural Resources||Lee Ware||Danny Marshall||Kenneth R. Plum|
|Appropriations||Barry Knight||Terry Austin||Luke Torian|
|Commerce and Energy||Terry Kilgore||Jeion Ward|
|Communications, Technology and Innovation||Emily Brewer||James E. Edmunds||Alfonso H. Lopez|
|Counties Cities and Towns||Keith Hodges||Will Morefield|
|Courts of Justice||Les Adams||Vivian Watts|
|Education||John Avoli||Jeff Bourne|
|Finance||Roxann Robinson||Buddy Fowler||Vivian Watts|
|General Laws||Jay Leftwich||Thomas C. Wright||David Bulova|
|Health, Welfare and Institutions||Bobby Orrock||Chris Head||Mark Sickles|
|Privileges and Elections||Margaret Ransone||Israel O'Quinn||Mark Sickles|
|Public Safety||Tony Wilt||Matt Fariss||Patrick Hope|
|Transportation||Terry Austin||Dave LaRock||Jeion Ward|
The Virginia House of Delegates is reelected every two years, with intervening vacancies filled by special election. The list below contains the House delegates that are currently serving in the 162nd Virginia General Assembly, which convened in January 2022.
|District||Name||Party||Areas represented||First election|
|1||Terry Kilgore||Rep||Lee, Scott, Wise (part)||Norton||1993|
|2||Candi King||Dem||Prince William (part), Stafford (part)||2021|
|3||Will Morefield||Rep||Bland, Buchanan, Russell (part), Tazewell||2009|
|4||Will Wampler||Rep||Dickenson, Russell (part), Washington (part), Wise (part)||2019|
|5||Israel O'Quinn||Rep||Grayson, Smyth (part), Washington (part)||Bristol, Galax||2011|
|6||Jed Arnold||Rep||Carroll, Smyth (part), Wythe||2023|
|7||Marie March||Rep||Floyd, Montgomery (part), Pulaski (part)||2021|
|8||Joseph McNamara||Rep||Craig, Montgomery (part), Roanoke (part)||Salem||2018|
|9||Wren Williams||Rep||Franklin (part), Henry (part), Patrick||2021|
|10||Wendy Gooditis||Dem||Clarke (part), Frederick (part), Loudoun (part)||2017|
|11||Sam Rasoul||Dem||Roanoke (part)||2013|
|12||Jason Ballard||Rep||Giles, Montgomery (part), Pulaski (part)||Radford||2021|
|13||Danica Roem||Dem||Prince William (part)||Manassas Park||2017|
|14||Danny Marshall||Rep||Henry (part), Pittsylvania (part)||Danville||2001|
|15||Todd Gilbert||Rep||Page, Rockingham (part), Shenandoah, Warren (part)||2005|
|16||Les Adams||Rep||Henry (part), Pittsylvania (part)||Martinsville||2013|
|17||Chris Head||Rep||Botetourt (part), Roanoke (part)||Roanoke (part)||2011|
|18||Michael Webert||Rep||Culpeper (part), Fauquier (part), Rappahannock, Warren (part)||2011|
|19||Terry Austin||Rep||Alleghany, Bedford (part), Botetourt (part)||Covington||2013|
|20||John Avoli||Rep||Augusta (part), Highland, Nelson(part)||Staunton, Waynesboro||2019|
|21||Kelly Fowler||Dem||Virginia Beach (part) Chesapeake (part)||2017|
|22||Vacant||Bedford (part), Campbell (part), Franklin (part)||Lynchburg (part)|
|23||Wendell Walker||Rep||Amherst (part), Bedford (part)||2019|
|24||Ellen Campbell||Rep||Amherst (part), Augusta (part), Bath, Rockbridge||Buena Vista, Lexington||2023|
|25||Chris Runion||Rep||Albemarle (part), Augusta (part), Rockingham (part)||2019|
|26||Tony Wilt||Rep||Rockingham (part)||Harrisonburg||2010|
|27||Roxann Robinson||Rep||Chesterfield (part)||2010|
|28||Tara Durant||Rep||Stafford (part)||Fredericksburg (part)||2021|
|29||Bill Wiley||Rep||Frederick (part), Warren (part)||Winchester||2020|
|30||Nick Freitas||Rep||Culpeper (part), Madison, Orange||2015|
|31||Elizabeth Guzmán||Dem||Fauquier (part), Prince William (part)||2017|
|32||David A. Reid||Dem||Loudoun (part)||2017|
|33||Dave LaRock||Rep||Clarke (part), Frederick (part), Loudoun (part)||2013|
|34||Kathleen Murphy||Dem||Fairfax (part), Loudoun (part)||2015|
|35||Holly Seibold||Dem||Fairfax (part)||2023|
|36||Kenneth R. Plum||Dem||1981|
|40||Dan Helmer||Dem||Fairfax (part), Prince William (part)||2019|
|41||Eileen Filler-Corn||Dem||Fairfax (part)||2010|
|45||Elizabeth Bennett-Parker||Dem||Arlington (part), Fairfax (part)||Alexandria (part)||2021|
|47||Patrick Hope||Dem||Arlington (part)||2009|
|48||Rip Sullivan||Dem||Arlington (part), Fairfax (part)||2014|
|49||Alfonso H. Lopez||Dem||2011|
|50||Michelle Maldonado||Dem||Prince William (part)||Manassas||2021|
|53||Marcus Simon||Dem||Fairfax (part)||Falls Church||2013|
|54||Bobby Orrock||Rep||Caroline (part), Spotsylvania (part)||1989|
|55||Buddy Fowler||Rep||Caroline (part), Hanover (part), Spotsylvania (part)||2009|
|56||John McGuire||Rep||Goochland (part), Henrico (part), Louisa, Spotsylvania (part)||2017|
|57||Sally L. Hudson||Dem||Albemarle (part)||Charlottesville||2019|
|58||Vacant||Albemarle (part), Fluvanna (part), Greene, Rockingham (part)|
|59||Matt Fariss||Rep||Albemarle (part), Appomattox, Buckingham, Campbell (part), Nelson (part)||2011|
|60||James E. Edmunds||Rep||Campbell (part), Charlotte, Halifax, Prince Edward||2009|
|61||Thomas C. Wright||Rep||Amelia, Cumberland, Lunenburg (part), Mecklenburg, Nottoway||2000|
|62||Carrie Coyner||Rep||Chesterfield (part), Henrico (part), Prince George (part)||Hopewell (part)||2019|
|63||Kim Taylor||Rep||Chesterfield (part), Dinwiddie (part), Prince George (part)||Hopewell (part), Petersburg||2021|
|64||Emily Brewer||Rep||Isle of Wight (part), Prince George (part), Southampton (part), Surry (part), Sussex (part)||Franklin (part), Suffolk (part)||2017|
|65||Lee Ware||Rep||Chesterfield (part), Fluvanna (part), Goochland (part), Powhatan||1998|
|66||Mike Cherry||Rep||Chesterfield (part)||Colonial Heights||2021|
|67||Karrie Delaney||Dem||Fairfax (part), Loudoun (part)||2017|
|68||Dawn Adams||Dem||Chesterfield (part), Henrico (part)||Richmond (part)||2017|
|69||Betsy B. Carr||Dem||Chesterfield (part)||2009|
|70||Delores McQuinn||Dem||Chesterfield (part), Henrico (part)||2009|
|71||Jeff Bourne||Dem||Henrico (part)||2017|
|73||Rodney Willett||Dem||Richmond (part)||2019|
|74||Vacant||Charles City, Henrico (part)|
|75||Otto Wachsmann||Rep||Brunswick, Dinwiddie (part) Greensville, Isle of Wight (part), Lunenburg (part), Southampton (part), Surry (part), Sussex (part)||Emporia, Franklin (part)||2021|
|76||Clinton Jenkins||Dem||Chesapeake (part), Suffolk (part)||2019|
|77||Cliff Hayes Jr.||Dem||2016|
|78||Jay Leftwich||Rep||Chesapeake (part)||2013|
|79||Vacant||Norfolk (part), Portsmouth (part)|
|80||Don Scott||Dem||Chesapeake (part), Norfolk (part), Portsmouth (part), Suffolk (part)||2019|
|81||Barry Knight||Rep||Chesapeake (part), Virginia Beach (part)||2009|
|82||Anne Ferrell Tata||Rep||Virginia Beach (part)||2021|
|83||Vacant||Norfolk (part), Virginia Beach (part)|
|84||Vacant||Virginia Beach (part)|
|86||Irene Shin||Dem||Fairfax (part), Loudoun (part)||2021|
|87||Suhas Subramanyam||Dem||Loudoun (part), Prince William (part)||2019|
|88||Philip Scott||Rep||Fauquier (part), Spotsylvania (part), Stafford (part)||Fredericksburg (part)||2021|
|89||Jackie Glass||Dem||Norfolk (part)||2022|
|90||Angelia Williams Graves||Dem||Norfolk (part), Virginia Beach (part)||2021|
|91||A.C. Cordoza||Rep||York (part)||Hampton (part), Poquoson||2021|
|92||Jeion Ward||Dem||Hampton (part)||2003|
|93||Vacant||James City (part), York (part)||Newport News (part), Williamsburg|
|94||Shelly Simonds||Dem||Newport News (part)||2019|
|95||Marcia Price||Dem||Hampton (part), Newport News (part)||2015|
|96||Amanda Batten||Rep||James City (part), York (part)||2019|
|97||Scott Wyatt||Rep||Hanover (part), King William (part), New Kent||2019|
|98||Keith Hodges||Rep||Essex, Gloucester, King and Queen, King William (part), Mathews, Middlesex||2011|
|99||Margaret Ransone||Rep||Caroline (part), King George, Lancaster, Northumberland, Richmond, Westmoreland||2011|
|100||Robert Bloxom, Jr.||Rep||Accomack, Northampton||Norfolk (part), Virginia Beach (part)||2014|
Database of Members past and present edit
Marking the 400th anniversary of the House of Burgesses, the House Clerk's Office announced a new Database of House Members called "DOME" that chronicles the "9,700-plus men and women who served as burgesses or delegates in the Virginia General Assembly over the past four centuries."
See also edit
- "This Day in History". Retrieved March 23, 2016.
- Commonwealth of Virginia. "Capitol Square Timeline". Retrieved April 26, 2011.
- Commonwealth of Virginia. "Timeline".
- "Newly-Empowered Virginia Democrats Promise Action". Voice of America. Associated Press. January 8, 2020. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
- "Proposed Amendments for 2020 - Virginia Department of Elections". www.elections.virginia.gov. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
- Kronzer, Jessica (November 7, 2023). "Democrats sweep Virginia elections to take control of General Assembly". WTOP. Retrieved November 8, 2023.
- "Virginia House of Delegates". DailyPress.com. Retrieved September 11, 2008.
- "Virginia State Legislature" (PDF). VAKids.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 17, 2008. Retrieved September 11, 2008.
- "Constitution of Virginia, Article IV, Section 4. Qualifications of senators and delegates". Commonwealth of Virginia. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
- "Constitution of Virginia, Article IV, Section 6. Legislative sessions". Virginia General Assembly. Archived from the original on December 18, 2008. Retrieved October 22, 2008.
- The 1997 general election yielded a 51-48-1 Democratic majority. David Brickley resigned his seat right afterward, however, and a special election for District 51 was called. His seat flipped to the Republicans, and with Independent Lacey Putney siding with the Republicans, the chamber was tied. Democrats retained the Speakership through a power-sharing agreement.  
- "Virginia House of Delegates Committees List". virginiageneralassembly.gov. Retrieved August 29, 2023.
- "Virginia House unveils new searchable website of its members". Village News. January 8, 2019. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
- "Virginia House of Delegates unveils searchable website". Henrico Citizen. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
- Hankerson, Mechelle (January 3, 2019). "New database holds 400 years worth of information on members of Virginia's legislature". Virginia MErcury. Retrieved January 25, 2019.