Spotsylvania County, Virginia

Spotsylvania County is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia. It is a suburb approximately 60 miles (90km) south of D.C. It is a part of the Northern Virginia region and the D.C. area. As of 2024, Spotsylvania County is the 14th most populated county in Virginia with 149,588 residences.[6] Its county seat is Spotsylvania.[7]

Spotsylvania County
Historic home listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Spotsylvania County
Historic home listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Spotsylvania County
Flag of Spotsylvania County
Official seal of Spotsylvania County
Official logo of Spotsylvania County
Motto(s): 
Patior Ut Potiar
(Latin for 'I suffer to obtain')[1][2][3][4]
Map of Virginia highlighting Spotsylvania County
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 38°11′N 77°39′W / 38.18°N 77.65°W / 38.18; -77.65
Country United States
State Virginia
Founded1721
Named forAlexander Spotswood
SeatSpotsylvania
Largest communitySpotsylvania
Area
 • Total414 sq mi (1,070 km2)
 • Land401 sq mi (1,040 km2)
 • Water13 sq mi (30 km2)  3.1%
Population
 • Total145,324
 • Density350/sq mi (140/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district7th
Websitewww.spotsylvania.va.us

Located along the Rappahannock River bordering the City of Fredericksburg and Stafford County, Spotsylvania County is part of the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. Since 2010, the population has increased by 19.3%; for comparison, Virginia's population has only increased 7.7% in that time period. Spotsylvania County is currently the 74th highest-income county in America.[8]


History

edit

At the time of European encounter, the inhabitants of the area that became Spotsylvania County were a Siouan-speaking tribe called the Manahoac.[9]

As the colonial population increased, Spotsylvania County was established in 1721 from parts of Essex, King and Queen, and King William counties. The county was named in Latin for Lieutenant Governor of Virginia Alexander Spotswood who incidentally was also the second great-grandfather of Robert E. Lee.[10]

Many major battles were fought in this county during the Civil War, including the Battle of Chancellorsville, Battle of the Wilderness, Battle of Fredericksburg, and Battle of Spotsylvania Court House. The war resulted in widespread disruption and opportunity: some 10,000 African-American slaves left area plantations and city households to cross the Rappahannock River, reaching the Union lines and gaining freedom. This exodus is commemorated by historical markers on both sides of the river.[11]

General Stonewall Jackson was shot and seriously wounded by friendly fire in Spotsylvania County during the Battle of Chancellorsville. A group of Confederate soldiers from North Carolina were in the woods and heard General Jackson's party returning from reconnoitering the Union lines. They mistook them for a Federal patrol and fired on them, wounding Jackson in both arms. His left arm was amputated. General Jackson died a few days later from pneumonia at nearby Guinea Station. He and other Confederate wounded were being gathered there for evacuation to hospitals to the south and further away from enemy lines.

Geography

edit

It is bounded on the north by the Rappahannock and Rapidan rivers, the independent city of Fredericksburg (all of which were part of the area's early history), and the counties of Stafford and Culpeper; on the south by the North Anna River and its impoundment, Lake Anna, and by the counties of Hanover and Louisa; on the west by Orange County and Culpeper County; and on the east by Caroline County.

Adjacent counties and independent city

edit

National protected area

edit

Points of interest

edit

Communities

edit

There are no incorporated towns or cities in Spotsylvania County. Unincorporated communities in the county include:

Census-designated places

edit

Other unincorporated communities

edit
 
Spotsylvania Towne Centre

Many areas of the county have Fredericksburg addresses.

Major highways

edit
 
I-95 northbound in Spotsylvania County

Governance

edit

County government

edit

Spotsylvania County's highest level of management is that of County Administrator. This post oversees all county departments and agencies and serves as the Spotsylvania County's Board of Supervisors' liaison to state and regional agencies.

Board of Supervisors

edit

Spotsylvania is governed by a Board of Supervisors. The board consists of seven members (one from each district within the county). The Board of Supervisors sets county policies, adopts ordinances, appropriates funds, approves land rezoning and special exceptions to the zoning ordinance, and carries out other responsibilities set forth by the county code.[12]

The following is the current list of supervisors and districts which they represent:[13]

Position Name Affiliation District
  Chairman Jacob Lane Republican Livingston
  Vice Chairman Chris Yakabouski Republican Battlefield
  Member Kevin Marshall Independent Berkeley
  Member Gerald Childress Republican Chancellor
  Member Drew Mullins Republican Courtland
  Member Lori Hayes Independent Lee Hill
  Member Deborah H. Frazier Independent Salem

County wide offices

edit
Office Name Affiliation
  Commonwealth's Attorney Ryan Mehaffey Republican
  Commissioner of the Revenue Deborah F Williams Independent
  Sheriff Roger Harris Independent
  Treasurer Larry Keith Pritchett Independent
  Clerk of Circuit Court Christalyn Mitchell Jett Republican

State representation

edit
Virginia House of Delegates
Office Name Party District
Delegate Phillip Scott Republican 63
Delegate Joshua G. Cole Democratic 65
Delegate Bobby Orrock Republican 66
Virginia State Senate
Office Name Party District
Senator Richard Stuart Republican 25
Senator Tara Durant Republican 27
Senator Bryce Reeves Republican 28

Federal representation

edit

Spotsylvania residents are represented by Abigail Spanberger (D-7th District) in the House of Representatives. The current U.S. senators from the Commonwealth of Virginia are Mark Warner (D) and Tim Kaine (D).

United States presidential election results for Spotsylvania County, Virginia[14][15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 39,411 52.33% 34,307 45.55% 1,599 2.12%
2016 34,623 55.35% 24,207 38.70% 3,719 5.95%
2012 31,844 54.93% 25,165 43.41% 965 1.66%
2008 28,610 52.91% 24,897 46.05% 562 1.04%
2004 28,527 62.77% 16,623 36.58% 295 0.65%
2000 20,739 59.22% 13,455 38.42% 827 2.36%
1996 13,786 52.62% 10,342 39.48% 2,069 7.90%
1992 11,829 49.26% 8,133 33.87% 4,052 16.87%
1988 10,978 66.16% 5,486 33.06% 129 0.78%
1984 8,207 66.74% 4,012 32.63% 78 0.63%
1980 5,385 53.82% 4,039 40.37% 581 5.81%
1976 3,210 42.46% 4,210 55.69% 140 1.85%
1972 3,577 65.73% 1,775 32.62% 90 1.65%
1968 1,675 34.00% 1,647 33.43% 1,604 32.56%
1964 1,261 37.45% 2,097 62.28% 9 0.27%
1960 1,288 46.02% 1,482 52.95% 29 1.04%
1956 1,244 51.94% 993 41.46% 158 6.60%
1952 1,174 48.98% 1,194 49.81% 29 1.21%
1948 517 34.24% 818 54.17% 175 11.59%
1944 504 40.29% 744 59.47% 3 0.24%
1940 365 31.63% 785 68.02% 4 0.35%
1936 453 35.01% 836 64.61% 5 0.39%
1932 346 30.17% 784 68.35% 17 1.48%
1928 654 59.84% 439 40.16% 0 0.00%
1924 255 34.65% 448 60.87% 33 4.48%
1920 380 45.56% 440 52.76% 14 1.68%
1916 249 38.37% 398 61.33% 2 0.31%
1912 58 9.40% 390 63.21% 169 27.39%
1908 282 43.93% 346 53.89% 14 2.18%
1904 237 40.79% 330 56.80% 14 2.41%
1900 817 51.19% 774 48.50% 5 0.31%
1896 903 50.50% 877 49.05% 8 0.45%
1892 679 42.62% 849 53.30% 65 4.08%
1888 922 51.22% 876 48.67% 2 0.11%
1884 820 49.28% 844 50.72% 0 0.00%
1880 576 42.76% 771 57.24% 0 0.00%

Demographics

edit
Historical population
CensusPop.Note
179011,252
180013,00215.6%
181013,2962.3%
182014,2547.2%
183015,1346.2%
184015,1610.2%
185014,911−1.6%
186016,0767.8%
187011,728−27.0%
188014,82826.4%
189014,233−4.0%
19009,239−35.1%
19109,9357.5%
192010,5716.4%
193010,056−4.9%
19409,905−1.5%
195011,92020.3%
196013,81915.9%
197016,42418.9%
198034,435109.7%
199057,40366.7%
200090,39557.5%
2010122,39735.4%
2020140,03214.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]
1790–1960[17] 1900–1990[18]
1990–2000[19] 2010[20] 2020[21]

2020 census

edit
Spotsylvania County, Virginia - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[20] Pop 2020[21] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 88,077 87,278 71.96% 62.33%
Black or African American alone (NH) 18,298 22,436 14.95% 16.02%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 323 375 0.26% 0.27%
Asian alone (NH) 2,768 3,933 2.26% 2.81%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 135 122 0.11% 0.09%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 272 845 0.22% 0.60%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 3,246 8,389 2.65% 5.99%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 9,278 16,654 7.58% 11.89%
Total 122,397 140,032 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2010 census

edit

As of the census[22] of 2010, there were 122,397 people, 31,308 households, and 24,639 families residing in the county. The population density was 226 inhabitants per square mile (87/km2). There were 33,329 housing units at an average density of 83 units per square mile (32 units/km2). The racial makeup of the county was:

7.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 31,308 households, out of which 42.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.80% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.30% were non-families. 16.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 30.00% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 32.20% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 8.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.10 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 93.00 males.

The 2021 median income for a household in the county was $98,973 compared to $69,021 for the United States; the median income for a family was $87,922. Males had a median income of $49,166 versus $38,076 for females. The per capita income for the county was $37,212. 6.6% of the population lives below the poverty line, including 6.70% of those under age 18 and 5.20% of those age 65 or over.[23]

Infrastructure

edit

Emergency services

edit

Fire and rescue services in Spotsylvania County are provided by a combination of career and volunteer organizations. The career staff of the Department of Fire, Rescue, and Emergency Management provide fire and rescue services 24/7/365 at all 11 stations, 1 (Courthouse), 2 (Brokenburg), 3 (Partlow), 4 (Four Mile Fork), 5 (Chancellor), 6 (Salem Church), 7 (Wilderness), 8 (Thornburg), 9 (Belmont), 10 (Salem Fields), 11 (Crossroads). Volunteers provide additional staffing nights and weekends at Stations 1, 2, 4, and 8. The volunteer organizations include The Spotsylvania Volunteer Fire Department, and The Spotsylvania Volunteer Rescue Squad.[24]

Education

edit

Public schools

edit

Spotsylvania County Public Schools
Location
8020 River Stone Drive
Spotsylvania
Fredericksburg
, Virginia, 22407
United States
District information
TypePublic, school division
MottoTogether, we prepare our students for their future.
GradesK–12
SuperintendentDr. Clint Mitchell
Schools31
Students and staff
Students24,064 (2023-24)
Teachers1,846[25]
Other information
Websitewww.spotsylvania.k12.va.us

Spotsylvania County Public Schools is a public school district serving Spotsylvania County, Virginia. It consists of 17 Elementary, 7 Middle, and 5 High Schools and has a total enrollment of nearly 24,000 students.[26] The Spotsylvania County School division also has a Career and Technical Center and participates with other local school systems to offer the Commonwealth Governor's School. The district partners with area businesses to develop learning opportunities for the students.[27]

History

edit

In 1870 the public education system in Spotsylvania County was established with segregated one-room schools. These schools were gradually abandoned for larger buildings combining both elementary and high schools. The former Spotsylvania High School was a state-of-the-art building when constructed in 1939 for $158,000. During the twentieth century, the school system moved from scattered one-room schools for elementary education to consolidated schools for grades 1–12, to an integrated system in 1968. Until that time, most African American children attended one-room schools until the John J. Wright Consolidated School opened in 1952. Since 1968, the school system has evolved to the present system of separate elementary, middle, and high schools.[28][29]

Robert E. Lee High School became the first accredited high school in the County in 1920. It was built in 1914 at Spotsylvania Courthouse. The building was destroyed by fire in 1941.[30]

More recently, the district pushed their start dates to before Labor Day (2005), switched from 7 period day (50-minute class) schedule to an A Day/B Day block schedule with 90-minute class periods at the secondary level (2006), implemented the Parents Acess for Students' Success (PASS) program (2008), and switched to a 10-point grading system[29].

In early 2021, Robert E. Lee Elementary had its name changed to Spotsylvania Elementary.[31]

In November 2021, the school board decided that any book it deemed to have explicit sexuality be taken out of circulation from school libraries.[32] However, a lawyer for the board decided that this would be against the United States Constitution, and the board rescinded the plan.[33]

Scott Baker, the superintendent, announced his resignation in 2021 and planned to leave his post at the termination of his existing contract.[34] In January 2022, the composition of the school board changed due to an election, and the largest faction in members had conservative beliefs. The new board immediately fired Baker despite the fact he had already resigned.[35] In September 2022 the board selected Mark Taylor as the new superintendent; Taylor had no prior experience in the educational sector. A group of parents, criticized the move.[36]

On January 23, 2024, superintendent Mark Taylor was placed on administrative leave for unknown reasons.[37]

Governance

edit

Superintendent

edit

The superintendent of Spotsylvania County Public Schools is Dr. Clint Mitchell. Prior to his appointment in 2024, he served as superintendent of Colonial Beach Public Schools. He was also the 2024 Virginia Region III Superintendent of the Year and the 2021 Virginia Principal of the Year[38].

School Board

edit

The school board has seven members elected to oversee the school administration. School board members are elected every four years. One school board member is elected from each magisterial district in the county. The elections are staggered and non-partisan.[39]

The following are the current school board members.[40]

Position Name District Year Elected
Chairperson Dr. Lorita Daniels Salem 2021
Vice-Chairperson Nicole Cole Battlefield 2023
Member April Gilespie Berkeley 2021
Member Megan Jackson Livingston 2023
Member Carol Medawar Courtland 2023
Member Lisa A. Phelps Lee Hill 2021
Member Belen Rodas Chancellor 2023

School board member arrested for forgery

edit

On February 23, 2023, school board member (and former chairman) Kirk Twigg was arrested on two charges: forging a public record, a felony, and tampering with a county record, a misdemeanor. Twigg was indicted by a Spotsylvania grand jury before turning himself in at a magistrate's office. He was released on a personal recognizance bond. Though court records do not state specifically what Twigg is suspected of doing, both alleged offenses took place on or about June 21 and involve a county contract. Twigg was the chairman of the school board at that time.[41] Twigg had also received national attention when, during a school board meeting in 2021, he publicly called for burning books stating that he wanted to "see the books before we burn them so we can identify within our community that we are eradicating this bad stuff."[42]

In December of 2023, a deal was worked out by special prosecutor Jim Hingeley, the commonwealth’s attorney in Albemarle County, and defense attorney Jeffrey Mangeno, whereby the felony charge against Twigg was dismissed. Twigg did not enter a plea to the misdemeanor charge, but that charge will also be dismissed in a year as long as Twigg complies with certain conditions and pays restitution totaling $10,164 by Dec. 20 of 2024.[43]

Schools

edit

High Schools

edit

Middle School

edit
  • Battlefield Middle School
  • Chancellor Middle School
  • Ni River Middle School
  • Spotsylvania Middle School
  • Post Oak Middle School
  • Thornburg Middle School

Elementary Schools

edit
  • Battlefield Elementary School
  • Berkeley Elementary School
  • Brock Road Elementary School
  • Cedar Forest Elementary School
  • Chancellor Elementary School
  • Courthouse Road Elementary School
  • Courtland Elementary School
  • Harrison Road Elementary School
  • Spotsylvania Elementary School
  • Lee Hill Elementary School
  • Livingston Elementary School
  • Parkside Elementary School
  • Riverview Elementary School
  • Salem Elementary School
  • Smith Station Elementary School
  • Spotswood Elementary School
  • Wilderness Elementary School

Commonwealth Governor's School

edit

The Commonwealth Governor's School (CGS) is one of 18 magnet Governor's Schools in Virginia. The Commonwealth Governor's School is a half-day program for gifted and highly motivated students based on a school-within-a-school model. Admissions are competitive to try out per say you have to create a project of anything you like and describe it to two teachers there is also a review of school disciplinary history and teacher recommendations) students are selected from Stafford, Spotsylvania, Caroline, and King George counties. Students may attend CGS grades 9 through 12.

John J. Wright Educational & Cultural Center

edit

John J. Wright Educational & Cultural Center is built on the site of the first high school for black students in Spotsylvania County. The original building, known as the Snell Training School, was built in 1913 by the Spotsylvania Sunday School Union under the leadership of John J. Wright, a prominent county educator.

The original building was destroyed by fire in 1941. The Spotsylvania County School Board agreed to erect a new school on 20 acres (81,000 m2) of land donated by the Sunday School Union and to pay the teachers' salaries. Completed in 1952, the John J. Wright Consolidated School was opened to all county black youth in grades 1–12. When the school system integrated in 1968, the school became John J. Wright School, housing the county's entire sixth and seventh grade enrollment.

In 1978, with the closing of Spotsylvania Junior High School and the opening of Battlefield Intermediate School, the eighth grade was moved to the intermediate level.

During 1981–82, while the John J. Wright building underwent extensive renovation, the school occupied the current Marshall Building across from the present day Spotsylvania Middle School. In the fall of 1982, John J. Wright School reopened with many added improvements, including central air conditioning, wall-to-wall carpet and a new kitchen and cafeteria.

With the opening of Spotsylvania Intermediate School in the fall of 1982, John J. Wright Intermediate School began serving the predominantly southern portion of Spotsylvania County, with an approximate enrollment of 700 students in grades six, seven, and eight.

On July 1, 1990, the name John J. Wright Intermediate School was officially changed to John J. Wright Middle School in keeping with the Commonwealth's restructuring plan for middle school education.

In 1991–92, John J. Wright Middle School was recognized by the Virginia Department of Education for its outstanding middle school practices, including reading and public speaking, community involvement, rewards and recognition, and technology education.

During the summer of 1997, two areas of John J. Wright Middle School were dedicated to two long-term employees. The library was dedicated in honor of Dr. Sadie Coates Combs Johnson, a former teacher and librarian for thirty-one years. The athletic fields were dedicated in honor of William H. Poindexter, custodian of John J. Wright Middle School. In April of the following spring, a ceremony was held to dedicate a sign, commissioned and funded by a joint Parent Teacher Organization and community endeavor, identifying the fields behind the school as the William H. Poindexter Athletic Fields.

In 2001, the school board commissioned an architectural firm to propose a plan to renovate and expand JJW's facilities. Due to the cost of the needed improvements and the inability to purchase additional land to expand the athletic fields, the school board decided to build a replacement building for JJW to open in 2006, adjacent to Spotsylvania High School.

In 2008, after extensive renovations and modernization the doors reopened as the John J. Wright Educational and Cultural Center. Today, John J. Wright offers educational services to Spotsylvania County students from Pre-K through 12th Grade.[44]

Spotsylvania Career and Technical Center

edit
 
A Spotsylvania Career and Tech Dentistry student practices what they have learned hands on.[45]

The Spotsylvania Career and Technical Center, commonly referred to as SCTC, serves all the High Schools in the Spotsylvania school district. Most students who apply to one of the nineteen programs at the center often commit to a two-year program of study. The SCTC mission statement is "The mission of the Center is to prepare students with the knowledge and skills necessary to enter the workforce directly out of high school or to enter a post-secondary educational or training program that compliments their program of study at the SCTC.[46]" Some of the pathway programs students are able to enroll in include Metal Trades, Health and Medical Pathways, Construction Pathways, Video/Media Pathways, Dental Assisting, Medical Assisting, and Veterinary Science.

edit

References

edit
  1. ^ "Latin Lovers". The Washington Times. November 4, 2002. Archived from the original on August 30, 2016. Retrieved August 30, 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  2. ^ "motto". www.jsasoc.com.
  3. ^ "Clan Spottiswood - ScotClans - Scottish Clans".
  4. ^ "Surname Database: Spens Last Name Origin". The Internet Surname Database.
  5. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2022.
  6. ^ "Spotsylvania County, VA population by year, race, & more". USAFacts. June 22, 2024. Retrieved July 3, 2024.
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  8. ^ hdpulse.nimhd.nih.gov https://hdpulse.nimhd.nih.gov/data-portal/social/table?socialtopic=030&socialtopic_options=social_6&demo=00011&demo_options=income_3&race=00&race_options=race_7&sex=0&sex_options=sexboth_1&age=001&age_options=ageall_1&statefips=51&statefips_options=area_states. Retrieved July 3, 2024. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ Swanton, John R. (1952). The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution. pp. 61–62. ISBN 0-8063-1730-2. OCLC 52230544.
  10. ^ "Family relationship of General Robert e. Lee and Alexander Spotswood via Alexander Spotswood".
  11. ^ "Trail of Freedom", Rappahannock River Heritage Trail, University of Mary Washington blog
  12. ^ "Spotsylvania County Home : Departments: Board of Supervisors". Spotsylvania.va.us. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  13. ^ "Members of the Board of Supervisors". Spotsylvania.ua.us. Retrieved January 14, 2021.
  14. ^ David Leip. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  15. ^ "Élections présidentielles aux États-Unis 1788-2004" [United States presidential elections 1788-2004] (in French). Retrieved November 10, 2021.
  16. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  17. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on June 23, 2018. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
  18. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
  19. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved January 5, 2014.
  20. ^ a b "P2 Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Spotsylvania County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.
  21. ^ a b "P2 Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Spotsylvania County, Virginia". United States Census Bureau.
  22. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  23. ^ Census Bureau Median Income Figures Archived February 10, 2020, at archive.today, census.gov.
  24. ^ Spotsylvania County Fire;Rescue and Emergency Services Volunteer Agencies Archived October 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ "At A Glance". Spotsylvania County Public Schools. Spotsylvania County Public Schools. Retrieved July 31, 2022.
  26. ^ "VDOE :: Fall Membership". Doe.virginia.gov. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
  27. ^ Annette Jones (September 13, 2005). "Incentives for Education Businesses Encourage Learning". The Free Lance-Star. Retrieved March 15, 2008.
  28. ^ Virginia Foundation for the Humanities
  29. ^ a b "Spotsylvania County Public Schools". www.spotsylvania.k12.va.us. Retrieved July 11, 2024.
  30. ^ Historical Marker Database
  31. ^ Uphaus-Conner, Adele (January 12, 2021). "Spotsylvania School Board changes name of Robert E. Lee Elementary". Culpeper Star-Exponent. Retrieved August 10, 2021.
  32. ^ Leshan, Bruce (November 10, 2021). "Spotsylvania school board orders 'sexually explicit' books removed from libraries". WUSA-TV. Retrieved September 17, 2022.
  33. ^ Arnold, Jess; Satterfield, Kolbie (November 16, 2021). "After public backlash, Spotsylvania school board will not remove 'sexually explicit' books from libraries". WUSA-TV. Retrieved September 17, 2022.
  34. ^ Satterfield, Kolbie (December 13, 2021). "Controversy over books in Spotsylvania County schools continue as its Superintendent resigns". WUSA-TV. Retrieved September 17, 2022.
  35. ^ Leshan, Bruce (January 11, 2022). "Spotsylvania school board scrambles after abrupt firing of superintendent". WUSA-TV. Retrieved September 17, 2022.
  36. ^ Nolen, Casey; Cremen, Alanea (September 16, 2022). "'Insulting' | Parents, teachers angry after Spotsylvania School Board selects man with no education experience to be new superintendent". WUSA-TV. Retrieved September 17, 2022.
  37. ^ Carey, Julie; Chief • •, News4 Northern Virginia Bureau (January 24, 2024). "Spotsylvania County Public Schools Superintendent Mark Taylor placed on administrative leave". NBC4 Washington. Retrieved January 25, 2024.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  38. ^ Lockman, JeanneTyler Moodee (June 24, 2024). "Spotsylvania County names Dr. Clint Mitchell as next superintendent". WJLA. Retrieved July 11, 2024.
  39. ^ "Spotsylvania County Code". Retrieved May 21, 2010.
  40. ^ "Members / Members".
  41. ^ Epps, Keith (February 24, 2023). "Spotsylvania School Board member charged with forgery". Fredericksburg Free Lance-Star. Retrieved February 24, 2023.
  42. ^ Haltiwanger, John (November 10, 2021). "Virginia school board members call for books to be burned amid GOP's campaign against schools teaching about race and sexuality". Business Insider. Retrieved February 24, 2023.
  43. ^ Epps, Keith (December 23, 2023). "Albemarle commonwealth's attorney works out deal to keep ex-Spotsylvania School Board chair out of prison". The Daily Progress. Retrieved January 1, 2024.
  44. ^ John J. Wright Alumni Association http://jjwalumni.org/
  45. ^ LANCE–STAR, EMILY JENNINGS THE FREE. "Area businesses can check out Spotsylvania Career & Technical Center at open house". Fredericksburg.com. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
  46. ^ "About SCTC / About SCTC". www.spotsylvania.k12.va.us. Retrieved February 17, 2022.

Private schools

edit

Colleges and universities

edit

Germanna Community College is part of the Virginia Community College System and serves the City of Fredericksburg, and the counties of Stafford, Spotsylvania, Orange, Culpeper, and King George.

The University of Mary Washington located in neighboring Fredericksburg, Virginia, is a four-year university and graduate school that also serves the area.

Notable people

edit

See also

edit

References

edit
  1. ^ Benham, Priscilla Myers. "Andrews, John Day". Texas Handbook Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved January 7, 2023.
  2. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
  3. ^ now the United Methodist Church in the United States
  4. ^ Gross, Edie. "Covering Caressa Cameron". www.fredericksburg.com. Archived from the original on January 23, 2013.
  5. ^ "Fredericksburg Baptist Church" Archived February 21, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Nomination for National Register of Historic Places, State of Virginia; cf. "The First Hundred Years Were The Hardest". The Free Lance-Star. Fredericksburg, Virginia. November 18, 1967. p. 8.
  6. ^ Willard, Frances Elizabeth; Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice (1893). A Woman of the Century: Fourteen Hundred-seventy Biographical Sketches Accompanied by Portraits of Leading American Women in All Walks of Life (Public domain ed.). Moulton. pp. 237–.
  7. ^ Frost, May (Miller) (1954). De Jarnette and Allied Families in America (1699-1954). San Bernardino, Calif. [1954].
  8. ^ Couloumbis, Angela E. (March 2, 1996). "Fawn Lake: On The Water In Spotsylvania". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
  9. ^ Black, Jane (December 26, 2008). ""Hell's Kitchen" winner Rahman "Rock" Harper Readying Menu for New D.C. Eatery". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved February 17, 2018.
  10. ^ "Movie, TV projects fall in line for local native". Fredericksburg.com. January 24, 2008. Archived from the original on January 24, 2013. Retrieved September 8, 2013.
  11. ^ "A Virginian in Short". enlou.com. Retrieved November 3, 2009.
  12. ^ Birth: Stevens, J. A., DeCosta, B. F., Johnston, H. P., Lamb, M. J., & Pond, N. G. (1887). The Magazine of American History with Notes and Queries. A. S. Barnes.
  13. ^ Father of modern oceanography: Hager, W. H. (2015). Hydraulicians in the USA 1800-2000: A biographical dictionary of leaders in hydraulic engineering and fluid mechanics. CRC Press.
edit

38°11′N 77°39′W / 38.18°N 77.65°W / 38.18; -77.65