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Isidor Rayner (April 11, 1850 – November 25, 1912) was a Democratic member of the United States Senate, representing the State of Maryland from 1905 to 1912. He also represented the Fourth Congressional District of Maryland from 1887 to 1889, and 1891 to 1895.

Isidor Rayner
Isidor Rayner standing photograph portrait.jpg
United States Senator
from Maryland
In office
March 4, 1905 – November 25, 1912
Preceded byLouis E. McComas
Succeeded byWilliam P. Jackson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 4th district
In office
March 4, 1887 – March 3, 1889
Preceded byJohn Van Lear Findlay
Succeeded byHenry Stockbridge, Jr.
In office
March 4, 1891 – March 3, 1895
Preceded byHenry Stockbridge, Jr.
Succeeded byJohn K. Cowen
Attorney General of Maryland
In office
GovernorLloyd Lowndes Jr.
John W. Smith
Preceded byGeorge Riggs Gaither, Jr.
Succeeded byWilliam Shepard Bryan, Jr.
Member of the Maryland Senate
In office
Member of the Maryland House of Delegates
In office
Personal details
Born(1850-04-11)April 11, 1850
Baltimore, Maryland
DiedNovember 25, 1912(1912-11-25) (aged 62)
Washington, D.C.
Political partyDemocratic

Rayner was born into a German-Jewish family[2] in Baltimore, Maryland, and attended local private schools. He later attended the University of Maryland, Baltimore, and the University of Virginia. He began to study law and was admitted to the Maryland bar in 1871.

Rayner was elected to the Maryland House of Delegates and served from 1878 to 1884. In 1885, he was elected to the Maryland State Senate, serving one year until 1886.

Rayner was elected the same year to the 50th United States Congress. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1888 to the 51st Congress, but was victorious in the next two elections to the 52nd and 53rd Congresses. He declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1894.

Several years later in 1899, Rayner was chosen to be the Attorney General of Maryland, serving until 1903. He was elected as a Democrat in 1905 to the U.S. Senate, and was reelected again in 1911. While senator, he served as chairman of the Committee on Indian Depredations (Sixty-second Congress).

In 1912, Rayner died in Washington, D.C., while serving as senator. He is buried at Rock Creek Cemetery.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Stone, Kurt F. "The Jews of Capitol Hill: A Compendium of Jewish Congressional Members, (2011). Pages 46–48. ISBN 9780810857315.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-07-23. Retrieved 2008-08-19.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit