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New Mexico Territory's at-large congressional district

New Mexico Territory with its final borders in 1866

New Mexico Territory's at-large congressional district is an obsolete congressional district representing the New Mexico Territory, which was created in 1850. After New Mexico's admission to the Union as the 47th state by act of Congress on January 6, 1912, this district was dissolved and replaced by New Mexico's at-large congressional district.

Pre-territorial delegateEdit

While the general boundaries of the territory were established following the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, Congress did not formally organize the territory right away. Despite the uncertain status of the region, political leaders met in September 1849, and elected Hugh N. Smith as its Congressional delegate.[1] Smith presented his credentials to Congress on February 4, 1850, but the House refused to seat him, ruling that no territorial government existed and no authority to elect a delegate had been granted.[1][2]

List of delegatesEdit

On September 9, 1850, following the passage of the Compromise of 1850, New Mexico Territory was officially created by an act of Congress and was given the authority to elect a delegate.[1][2][3]

Delegate Party Years Congress District home Notes
District created March 4, 1851
  Richard H. Weightman Democratic March 4, 1851 – March 3, 1853 32nd Santa Fe
  José Manuel Gallegos Democratic March 4, 1853 – July 23, 1856 33rd
34th
Albuquerque Lost contested election
  Miguel A. Otero Democratic July 23, 1856 – March 3, 1861 34th
35th
36th
Albuquerque Won contested election
  John S. Watts Republican March 4, 1861 – March 3, 1863 37th Santa Fe
  Francisco Perea Republican March 4, 1863 – March 3, 1865 38th Bernalillo
  J. Francisco Chaves Republican March 4, 1865 – March 3, 1867 39th Santa Fe
Vacant March 4, 1867 – September 2, 1867
  Charles P. Clever Democratic September 2, 1867 – February 20, 1869 40th Santa Fe Lost contested election
  J. Francisco Chaves Republican February 20, 1869 – March 3, 1871 40th
41st
Santa Fe Won contested election
  José Manuel Gallegos Democratic March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1873 42nd Santa Fe
  Stephen B. Elkins Republican March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1877 43rd
44th
Santa Fe
  Trinidad Romero Republican March 4, 1877 – March 3, 1879 45th Las Vegas
  Mariano S. Otero Republican March 4, 1879 – March 3, 1881 46th Peralta
  Tranquilino Luna Republican March 4, 1881 – March 5, 1884 47th
48th
Los Lunas Lost contested election
  Francisco A. Manzanares Democratic March 5, 1884 – March 3, 1885 48th Las Vegas Won contested election
  Antonio Joseph Democratic March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1895 49th
50th
51st
52nd
53rd
Ojo Caliente
  Thomas B. Catron Republican March 4, 1895 – March 3, 1897 54th Santa Fe
  H. B. Fergusson Democratic March 4, 1897 – March 3, 1899 55th Albuquerque
  Pedro Perea Republican March 4, 1899 – March 3, 1901 56th Bernalillo
  Bernard S. Rodey Republican March 4, 1901 – March 3, 1905 57th
58th
Albuquerque
  William H. Andrews Republican March 4, 1905 – January 7, 1912 59th
60th
61st
62nd
Albuquerque
District eliminated January 7, 1912

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Keleher, William Aloysius (1982). Turmoil in New Mexico. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. pp. 38–42. ISBN 0-8263-0631-4.
  2. ^ a b "House History". Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
  3. ^ "Biographical Directory of the United States Congress". United States Congress. Retrieved April 30, 2010.

Coordinates: 34°N 106°W / 34°N 106°W / 34; -106