New Mexico Territory's at-large congressional district

New Mexico Territory's at-large congressional district is an obsolete congressional district representing the New Mexico Territory, which was created in 1850. After New Mexico's admission to the Union as the 47th state by act of Congress on January 6, 1912, this district was dissolved and replaced by New Mexico's at-large congressional district.

New Mexico Territory's at-large congressional district
Obsolete district
Delegate
  N/A
Created1851, as a non-voting delegate was granted by Congress
Eliminated1912, as a result of statehood
Years active1851–1912
New Mexico Territory with its final borders in 1866

Pre-territorial delegateEdit

While the general boundaries of the territory were established following the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, Congress did not formally organize the territory right away. Despite the uncertain status of the region, political leaders met in September 1849, and elected Hugh N. Smith as its Congressional delegate.[1] Smith presented his credentials to Congress on February 4, 1850, but the House refused to seat him, ruling that no territorial government existed and no authority to elect a delegate had been granted.[1][2]

List of delegates representing the districtEdit

On September 9, 1850, following the passage of the Compromise of 1850, New Mexico Territory was officially created by an act of Congress and was given the authority to elect a delegate.[1][2][3]

Delegate
(District home)
Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1851
 
Richard H. Weightman
(Santa Fe)
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32nd Elected in October 1851.[4]
Retired.
 
José Manuel Gallegos
(Albuquerque)
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
July 23, 1856
33rd
34th
Elected in 1853.
Re-elected in 1855.
Lost election contest.
 
Miguel A. Otero
(Albuquerque)
Democratic July 23, 1856 –
March 3, 1861
34th
35th
36th
Won election contest.
Re-elected in 1857.
Re-elected in 1859.
Retired.
John S. Watts
(Santa Fe)
Republican March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37th Elected in 1860.
Retired.
 
Francisco Perea
(Bernalillo)
Republican March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
38th Elected in 1862.
Lost renomination.
 
J. Francisco Chaves
(Santa Fe)
Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1867
39th Elected in 1864
Lost re-election.
Vacant March 4, 1867 –
September 2, 1867
40th
Charles P. Clever
(Santa Fe)
Democratic September 2, 1867 –
February 20, 1869
Elected in 1886
Re-elected in 1868
Lost election contest.
 
J. Francisco Chaves
(Santa Fe)
Republican February 20, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
40th
41st
Elected in 1868.
Won election contest to finish the current term.
Lost re-election.
 
José Manuel Gallegos
(Santa Fe)
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd Elected in 1870.
Lost re-election.
 
Stephen B. Elkins
(Santa Fe)
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1877
43rd
44th
Elected in 1872.
Re-elected in 1874.
Retired.
 
Trinidad Romero
(Las Vegas)
Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
45th Elected in 1876.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Mariano S. Otero
(Peralta)
Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
46th Elected in 1878.
Retired.
 
Tranquilino Luna
(Los Lunas)
Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 5, 1884
47th
48th
Elected in 1880.
Re-elected in 1882.
Lost election contest.
 
Francisco A. Manzanares
(Las Vegas)
Democratic March 5, 1884 –
March 3, 1885
48th Won election contest.
Retired.
 
Antonio Joseph
(Ojo Caliente)
Democratic March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1895
49th
50th
51st
52nd
53rd
Elected in 1884.
Re-elected in 1886.
Re-elected in 1888.
Re-elected in 1890.
Re-elected in 1892.
Lost re-election to Catron.
 
Thomas B. Catron
(Santa Fe)
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
54th Elected in 1894.
Lost re-election.
 
H. B. Fergusson
(Albuquerque)
Democratic March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
55th Elected in 1896.
Lost re-election.
 
Pedro Perea
(Bernalillo)
Republican March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1901
56th Elected in 1898.
Retired.
 
Bernard S. Rodey
(Albuquerque)
Republican March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1905
57th
58th
Elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Lost renomination.
 
William H. Andrews
(Albuquerque)
Republican March 4, 1905 –
January 7, 1912
59th
60th
61st
62nd
Elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Position eliminated.
District eliminated January 7, 1912

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Keleher, William Aloysius (1982). Turmoil in New Mexico. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. pp. 38–42. ISBN 0-8263-0631-4.
  2. ^ a b "House History". Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
  3. ^ "Biographical Directory of the United States Congress". United States Congress. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
  4. ^ "Interesting from the Plains.; ST. LOUIS, Monday, Oct. 13". The New York Times. Retrieved 2020-09-16.

Coordinates: 34°N 106°W / 34°N 106°W / 34; -106