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New Mexico's at-large congressional district

From statehood in 1912 to 1969, New Mexico did not use congressional districts for its representatives to the United States House of Representatives. Instead, it elected its representatives statewide at-large.

List of members representing the districtEdit

Years Congress Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
January 8, 1912 –
March 3, 1913
62nd  Harvey Fergusson Democratic Elected in 1911 for the term starting upon 1912 statehood.
Re-elected in 1912.
Lost re-election.
 
George Curry
Republican Elected in 1911 for the term starting upon 1912 statehood.
Retired.
March 3, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
63rd No second seat until 1943
March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1917
64th  
Benigno C. Hernández
Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1919
65th  
William B. Walton
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
66th  
Benigno C. Hernández
Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1921 –
January 13, 1923
67th  
Néstor Montoya
Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
January 13, 1923 –
March 3, 1923
Vacant
March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1929
68th
69th
70th
 
John Morrow
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1929 –
March 3, 1931
71st Albert G. Simms Republican [Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1931 –
January 3, 1935
72nd
73rd
 
Dennis Chavez
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1941
74th
75th
76th
 
John J. Dempsey
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
77th  
Clinton P. Anderson
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of Agriculture.
January 3, 1943 –
June 30, 1945
78th
79th
 
Antonio M. Fernández
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
June 30, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
79th Vacant
January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
80th  
Georgia Lee Lusk
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost renomination.
January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1951
81st  
John E. Miles
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
January 3, 1951 –
November 7, 1956
82nd
83rd
84th
 
John J. Dempsey
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
November 7, 1956 –
April 9, 1957
84th
85th
Vacant
April 9, 1957 –
March 11, 1958
85th  
Joseph Montoya
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned when elected U.S. Senator.
March 12, 1958 –
January 3, 1959
Vacant
January 3, 1959 –
November 3, 1964
86th
87th
88th
 
Thomas G. Morris
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
November 3, 1964 –
January 3, 1965
88th Vacant
January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1969
89th
90th
 
E. S. Johnny Walker
Democratic [Data unknown/missing.]

ElectionsEdit

Republicans held onto the seat in 1920 by nominating Néstor Montoya, the county clerk of Bernalillo County and former Speaker of the New Mexico Territorial Legislature. Montoya won with a combination of Hispanic voters and coat-tails from the election of President Warren Harding. Republicans did not renominate him in 1922, choosing instead suffragist Adelina Otero-Warren, the niece of former territorial Governor, Miguel Otero, and the first woman to run for statewide office in New Mexico. Otero-Warren was defeated by Democrat John Morrow, an educator and lawyer from northeast New Mexico. Morrow would win consecutive re-elections in 1924 and 1926, but lost re-election in 1928 to Albert G. Simms, an Albuquerque businessman, on the coat-tails of the election of President Herbert Hoover.

1920 United States House of Representatives election in New Mexico
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Néstor Montoya 54,672 51.88%
Democratic Antonio Lucero 49,426 46.9%
Farmer–Labor A.J. McDonald 1,290 1.22%
Majority 5,246 4.98%
Turnout 105,388
Republican gain from Democratic Swing
1922 United States House of Representatives election in New Mexico
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic John Morrow 59,254 54.42% +7.25%
Republican Adelina Otero-Warren 49,635 45.58% -6.3%
Majority 9,619 8.83% +3.85%
Turnout 108,889
Democratic gain from Republican Swing
1924 United States House of Representatives election in New Mexico
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic John Morrow 57,802 51.76% -2.66%
Republican J. Felipe Hubbell 53,860 48.24% +2.66%
Majority 3,942 3.53% -5.30%
Turnout 111,662
Democratic hold Swing
1926 United States House of Representatives election in New Mexico
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic John Morrow 55,433 51.42% -0.34%
Republican Juan A. A. Sedillo 52,075 48.31% +0.07%
Socialist E. E. Denniston 287 0.27% +0.27%
Majority 3,358 3.12% -0.41%
Turnout 107,795
Democratic hold Swing
1928 United States House of Representatives election in New Mexico
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Albert G. Simms 61,208 52.2% +3.89%
Democratic John Morrow 56,048 47.8% -3.62%
Majority 5,160 4.4% +1.28%
Turnout 117,256
Republican gain from Democratic Swing
1930 United States House of Representatives election in New Mexico
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Dennis Chavez 65,194 57.1% +9.3%
Republican Albert G. Simms 48,699 42.65% -9.55%
Socialist John Whitley 299 0.26% +0.26%
Majority 16,495 14.45% +10.05%
Turnout 114,192
Democratic gain from Republican Swing
1932 United States House of Representatives election in New Mexico
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Dennis Chavez 94,764 63.36% +6.26%
Republican Jose E. Armijo 52,905 35.37% -7.28%
Socialist N. S. Sweeney 1,349 0.9% +0.64%
Liberty L. E. Lake 418 0.28% +0.28%
Communist E. T. Howell 132 0.09% +0.09%
Majority 41,859 27.99% +13.54%
Turnout 149,568
Democratic hold Swing
1934 United States House of Representatives election in New Mexico
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic John J. Dempsey 76,833 51.82% -11.54%
Republican Maurecio F. Miera 70,659 47.66% +12.29%
Socialist Frank Edwards 643 0.43% -0.47%
Communist H. Turnbaugh 133 0.09% +0.00%
Majority 6,174 4.16% -23.83%
Turnout 148,268
Democratic hold Swing
1936 United States House of Representatives election in New Mexico
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic John J. Dempsey 105,937 62.92% +11.10%
Republican M. Ralph Brown 62,375 37.05% -10.61%
Farmer–Labor Albert Ortiz 61 0.03% +0.03%
Majority 43,562 25.87% +21.71%
Turnout 168,373
Democratic hold Swing
1938 United States House of Representatives election in New Mexico
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic John J. Dempsey 90,608 58.4% -4.52%
Republican Peace C. Rodney 64,281 41.43% +4.38%
Independent E. W. Fawkes 268 0.17% +0.17%
Majority 26,327 16.97% -8.9%
Turnout 155,157
Democratic hold Swing

ReferencesEdit

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present