Open main menu

Connecticut's at-large congressional district

During the first twenty-four Congresses (March 4, 1789 until March 3, 1837) Connecticut elected all its Representatives in Congress from a single multi-member Connecticut at-large congressional district.

Connecticut elected a varying number of representatives during this period. From its inception in 1789 through the first reapportionment in 1793, there were five seats. From 1793 through 1823, there were seven seats. In 1823 the seats were reduced to six and in 1837 the system of at-large members was replaced with districts.

From 1903 to 1913 and from 1933 to 1965, Connecticut had a member of the United States House of Representatives who represented the state at-large, in addition to the members who represented distinct districts.

This practice was prohibited by the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

Contents

List of representativesEdit

1789–1837: five, then seven, then six seatsEdit

All members were elected statewide at-large on a general ticket.

Congress and years
Seat A Seat B Seat C Seat D Seat E Seat F Seat G
Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history Rep. Party Electoral history
1st March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1791
 
Benjamin Huntington
Pro-Admin Elected in 1788.
Lost re-election.
 
Roger Sherman
Pro-Admin Elected in 1788.
Re-elected in 1790,[1] but instead resigned to become U.S. Senator.
Jonathan Sturges Pro-Admin Elected in 1788.
Re-elected in 1790.
Re-elected in 1792 but declined to serve.
 
Jonathan Trumbull Jr.
Pro-Admin Elected in 1788.
Re-elected in 1790.
Re-elected in 1792.
Re-elected in 1794 but declined to serve when instead elected U.S. Senator.
Jeremiah Wadsworth Pro-Admin Elected in 1790 to finish the term of Pierpont Edwards (Pro-Administration), who had declined to serve.
Elected in 1790.
Re-elected in 1792.
Retired.
Seat created in 1793. Seat created in 1793.
2nd March 4, 1791 –
March 3, 1793
 
James Hillhouse
Pro-Admin Elected in 1790.
Re-elected in 1792.
Re-elected in 1794.
Resigned when elected U.S. Senator.
Amasa Learned Pro-Admin Elected to finish Sherman's term.
Re-elected in 1792.
Retired.
3rd March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
Joshua Coit Pro-Admin Elected in 1792.
Re-elected in 1794.
Re-elected in 1796.
Died.
Zephaniah Swift Pro-Admin Elected in 1792.
Re-elected in 1794.
Re-elected in 1796 but declined to serve.
 
Uriah Tracy
Pro-Admin Elected in 1792.
Re-elected in 1794.
Resigned when elected U.S. Senator.
4th March 4, 1795 –
April 13, 1795
Federalist  
Chauncey Goodrich
Federalist Elected in 1794.
Re-elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Lost re-election.
Federalist Vacant Nathaniel Smith Federalist Elected in 1794.
Elected in 1796.
Lost re-election.
Federalist Federalist
April 13, 1795 –
October 13, 1796
Roger Griswold Federalist Elected to finish Trumbull's term.
Re-elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Re-elected in 1800.
Re-elected in 1802.
Re-elected in 1804.
Resigned.
October 13, 1796 –
December 5, 1796
Vacant
December 5, 1796 –
January 3, 1797
James Davenport Federalist Elected to finish Hillhouse's term, having already been elected to the next term, see below.
Elected in 1796.
Died.
January 3, 1797 –
March 3, 1797
 
Samuel W. Dana
Federalist Elected to finish Tracy's term.
Re-elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Re-elected in 1800.
Re-elected in 1802.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Resigned to become U.S. Senator.
5th March 4, 1797 –
August 3, 1797
John Allen Federalist Elected to finish Swift's term.
Retired.
August 3, 1797 –
November 13, 1797
Vacant
November 13, 1797 –
September 5, 1798
William Edmond Federalist Elected to finish Davenport's term.
Re-elected in 1798.
Retired.
September 5, 1798 –
December 3, 1798
Vacant
December 3, 1798 –
March 3, 1799
Jonathan Brace Federalist Elected in 1798.
Later elected to finish Coit's term.
Resigned.
6th March 4, 1799 –
?
  Elizur Goodrich Federalist Elected in 1798.
Re-elected in 1800 but declined to serve.
 
John Davenport
Elected in 1798.
Re-elected in 1800.
Re-elected in 1802.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Re-elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Retired.
? 1800 –
November 17, 1800
Vacant
November 17, 1800 –
March 3, 1801
 
John Cotton Smith
Federalist Elected to finish Brace's term.
Elected in 1800 to the next term.
Re-elected in 1802.
Re-elected in 1804.
Resigned.
7th March 4, 1801 –
May 14, 1801
Vacant Elias Perkins Federalist Elected in 1800.
Re-elected in 1802 but declined to serve.
Vacant
May 14, 1801 –
September 21, 1801
Calvin Goddard Federalist Elected to finish Goodrich's term.
Re-elected in 1802.
Re-elected in 1804.
Resigned.
September 21, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
 
Benjamin Tallmadge
Federalist Elected to finish Edmond's term.
Re-elected in 1802.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Re-elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Retired.
8th March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1805
Simeon Baldwin Federalist Elected elected to finish Perkins's term.
Retired.
9th March 4, 1805 –
?before September 16, 1805
Jonathan O. Moseley Federalist Elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Re-elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Re-elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818 as a Democratic-Republican.
Retired.
?before September 16, 1805 –
September 16, 1805
Vacant Vacant
September 16, 1805 –
August 1806
 
Timothy Pitkin
Federalist Elected to finish Griswold's term.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Re-elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Re-elected in 1816.
Retired.
Lewis B. Sturges Federalist Elected to finish Goddard's term.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Re-elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Lost re-election.
August 1806 –
December 1, 1806
Vacant
December 1, 1806 –
March 3, 1807
Theodore Dwight Federalist Elected to finish Smith's term.
Retired.
10th March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1809
 
Epaphroditus Champion
Federalist Elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Re-elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Lost re-election.
11th March 4, 1809 –
May 10, 1810
May 10, 1810 –
October 11, 1810
Vacant
October 11, 1810 –
March 3, 1811
Ebenezer Huntington Federalist Elected September 17, 1810 to finish Dana's term (seated October 11, 1810).
Not also elected to the next term.
12th March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
Lyman Law Federalist Elected in 1810.
Re-elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Lost re-election.
13th March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
14th March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
15th March 4, 1817 –
? 1818
Thomas Scott Williams Federalist Elected in 1816.
Retired.
Uriel Holmes Federalist Elected in 1816.
Resigned.
Samuel B. Sherwood Federalist Elected in 1816.
Retired.
Nathaniel Terry Federalist Elected to finish the term of member-elect Charles Dennison, who had declined the seat.
Retired.
Ebenezer Huntington Federalist Elected to finish the term of member-elect Sylvanus Backus, who had died.
Retired.
? 1818 –
November 16, 1818
Vacant
November 16, 1818 –
March 3, 1819
Sylvester Gilbert Democratic-Republican Elected to finish Holmes's term.
Was not elected to the next term.
16th March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1821
Gideon Tomlinson Democratic-Republican Elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1821.
Re-elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1825.
Retired.
Democratic-Republican  
Samuel A. Foot
Democratic-Republican Elected in 1818.
Lost re-election.
John Russ Democratic-Republican Elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1821.
Lost re-election.
James Stevens Democratic-Republican Elected in 1818.
Retired.
 
Elisha Phelps
Democratic-Republican Elected in 1818.
Lost re-election.
 
Henry W. Edwards
Democratic-Republican Elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1821.
Lost re-election.
17th March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
Ansel Sterling Democratic-Republican Elected in 1821.
Re-elected in 1823.
Retired.
Daniel Burrows Democratic-Republican Elected in 1821.
Lost re-election.
Noyes Barber Democratic-Republican Elected in 1821.
Re-elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1825.
Re-elected in 1827.
Re-elected in 1829.
Re-elected in 1831.
Re-elected in 1833.
Lost re-election.
Ebenezer Stoddard Democratic-Republican Elected in 1821.
Re-elected in 1823.
Retired.
18th March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican  
Samuel A. Foot
Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican Elected in 1823.
Lost re-election.
Lemuel Whitman Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican Elected in 1823.
Retired.
Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican Seat eliminated in 1823.
19th March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Anti-Jacksonian John Baldwin Anti-Jacksonian Elected in 1825.
Re-elected in 1827.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Ralph I. Ingersoll Anti-Jacksonian Elected in 1825.
Re-elected in 1827.
Re-elected in 1829.
Re-elected in 1831.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Orange Merwin Anti-Jacksonian Elected in 1825.
Re-elected in 1827.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Anti-Jacksonian  
Elisha Phelps
Anti-Jacksonian Elected in 1825.
Re-elected in 1827.
[Data unknown/missing.]
20th March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
David Plant Anti-Jacksonian Elected in 1827.
Retired.
21st March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
 
William W. Ellsworth
Anti-Jacksonian Elected in 1829.
Re-elected in 1831.
Re-elected in 1833.
Resigned.
 
Jabez W. Huntington
Anti-Jacksonian Elected in 1829.
Re-elected in 1831.
Re-elected in 1833.
Resigned to become judge of the Connecticut Supreme Court of Errors.
Ebenezer Young Anti-Jacksonian Elected in 1829.
Re-elected in 1831.
Re-elected in 1833.
[Data unknown/missing.]
William L. Storrs Anti-Jacksonian Elected in 1829.
Re-elected in 1831.
[Data unknown/missing.]
22nd March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
23rd March 4, 1833 –
May 9, 1834
 
Samuel A. Foot
Anti-Jacksonian Elected in 1833.
Resigned to become Governor of Connecticut.
Samuel Tweedy Anti-Jacksonian Elected in 1833.
[Data unknown/missing.]
May 9, 1834 –
July 8, 1834
Vacant
July 8, 1834 –
August 16, 1834
Vacant
August 16, 1834 –
December 1, 1834
Vacant
December 1, 1834 –
March 3, 1835
Joseph Trumbull Anti-Jacksonian Elected to finish Ellsworth's term.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Phineas Miner Anti-Jacksonian Elected to finish Huntington's term.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Ebenezer Jackson, Jr. Anti-Jacksonian Elected to finish Huntington's term.
[Data unknown/missing.]
24th March 4, 1835 –
December 10, 1835
Elisha Haley Jacksonian Elected in 1835.
Redistricted to the 4th district.
Samuel Ingham Jacksonian Elected in 1835.
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
Andrew T. Judson Jacksonian Elected in 1835.
Resigned to become U.S. District Judge.
Lancelot Phelps Jacksonian Elected in 1835.
Redistricted to the 5th district.
 
Isaac Toucey
Jacksonian Elected in 1835.
Redistricted to the 1st district.
Zalmon Wildman Jacksonian Elected in 1835.
Died.
December 10, 1835 –
April 29, 1836
Vacant
April 29, 1836 –
July 4, 1836
Thomas T. Whittlesey Jacksonian Redistricted to the 3rd district.
July 4, 1836 –
December 5, 1836
Vacant
December 5, 1836 –
March 3, 1837
Orrin Holt Jacksonian Redistricted to the 6th district.

In 1837, Connecticut abandoned general tickets and adopted districts instead.

1903–1913: one seatEdit

In 1903, one at-large seat was created, four district seats continued.

Member Party Years Cong
ress(es)
Electoral history
 
George L. Lilley
Republican March 4, 1903 –
January 5, 1909
58th
59th
60th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned when elected Governor of Connecticut.
Vacant January 5, 1909 –
March 3, 1909
 
John Q. Tilson
Republican March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1913
61st
62nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 3rd district and lost re-election.
At-large seat eliminated

1933–1965: one seatEdit

In 1933, one at-large seat was created, five district seats continued.
Representative Party Years Cong
ress(es)
Electoral history
Charles Montague Bakewell Republican March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
73rd [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
William M. Citron
Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1939
74th
75th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
B. J. Monkiewicz
Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
76th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Lucien J. Maciora Democratic January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
77th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
B. J. Monkiewicz
Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
78th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Joseph F. Ryter
Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
79th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Antoni Sadlak
Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1959
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Frank Kowalski
Democratic January 3, 1959 –
January 3, 1963
86th
87th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for Governor of Connecticut.
 
Bernard F. Grabowski
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
88th [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 6th district.
At-large district eliminated

ReferencesEdit

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
  1. ^ "Connecticut 1790 U.S. House of Representatives". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved February 4, 2018., citing The Connecticut Gazette (New London, CT). October 22, 1790.