Litchfield is a town in and former county seat of Litchfield County, Connecticut, United States. The population was 8,466 at the 2010 census. The boroughs of Bantam and Litchfield are located within the town. There are also three unincorporated villages: East Litchfield, Milton, and Northfield.
Commercial blocks on West Street
Unitas Sub Lege (Latin)
"Unity Under the Law"
Location in Litchfield County, Connecticut
|• Type||Selectman-town meeting|
|• First selectman||Leo Paul, Jr. (R)|
|• Selectmen||Paul J. Parsons (R)|
Jonathan E. Torrant (R)
Diane Knox (D)
Jeffrey J. Zullo (D)
|• Total||56.8 sq mi (147.1 km2)|
|• Land||56.1 sq mi (145.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.7 sq mi (1.9 km2)|
|Elevation||495 ft (151 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||200/sq mi (60/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0213452|
During the American Revolutionary War several prominent Loyalists were held prisoner in the town, including William Franklin, son of Benjamin Franklin, and David Mathews, Mayor of New York City.
In 1784, the first law school in the United States, the so-named Litchfield Law School, was established by judge and legal scholar Tapping Reeve. Prior to its establishment Reeve had accepted several legal apprentices since he had settled there in 1773, but saw such demand for his expertise that he formally opened the one-room school within a decade. During the school's fifty year history it would accept more than 1,100 students, including Aaron Burr, Jr., Horace Mann, and Levi Woodbury, the first justice of the US Supreme Court to attend law school.
Located southwest of Torrington, Litchfield also includes part of Bantam Lake. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 56.8 square miles (147.1 km²), of which, 56.1 square miles (145.2 km²) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.9 km²) of it (1.3%) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,316 people, 3,310 households, and 2,303 families residing in the town. The population density was 148.4 people per square mile (57.3/km²). There were 3,629 housing units at an average density of 64.7 per square mile (25.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.99% White, 0.75% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.56% of the population.
There were 3,310 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.9% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the town, the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 3.6% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $58,418, and the median income for a family was $70,594. Males had a median income of $50,284 versus $31,787 for females. The per capita income for the town was $30,096. About 2.8% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.
|Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 25, 2005|
|Party||Active voters||Inactive voters||Total voters||Percentage|
Government and infrastructureEdit
The town houses the 1812 Litchfield County Jail, the town's oldest public building and a former jail. The facility, controlled by the Connecticut state government, historically held inmates convicted of minor offenses. Governor of Connecticut Lowell P. Weicker Jr. ordered the facility closed for financial reasons in 1993. It was converted into the McAuliffe Manor, a substance abuse treatment center for women operated by Naugatuck Valley HELP Inc., but in 2009 the contract between Naugatuck Valley HELP Inc. and the state expired, leading to the closure of McAuliffe Manor.
Route 202 is the main east-west road connecting Bantam and Litchfield center to the city of Torrington. Route 63 runs north-south through the town center. The Route 8 expressway runs along the town line with Harwinton. It can be accessed from the town center via Route 118. The town is also served by buses from the Northwestern Connecticut Transit District connecting to the city of Torrington. The Shepaug Valley Railroad opened a Litchfield terminal in 1872, but passenger service ended in 1930 and freight service in 1948.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (November 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Andrew Adams
- Josephine Cables Aldrich (1843-1917), spiritualist, Theosophist, editor, and publisher
- Ethan Allen
- Catharine Beecher
- Peter Brimelow - Founder of VDARE
- Henry Ward Beecher
- Lyman Beecher
- Mary Charlotte Ward Granniss Webster Billings
- Solyman Brown
- Adelaide Deming
- Dick Ebersol
- Caroline Fitzgerald (1865–1911), poet
- Eugene Fodor - Travel writer and author
- Jerome Fuller
- Elizabeth Gilbert – author of Eat, Pray, Love
- F. Norton Goddard
- Benjamin Hanks (1755–1824) – goldsmith, instrument maker, and first maker of bronze cannons and church bells in America
- Uriel Holmes
- Isabella Beecher Hooker – women's suffrage activist
- Daniel Albion "Jumping Jack" Jones (1860–1936) – professional baseball pitcher
- Madeleine L'Engle
- Admiral Charles B. McVay III
- Phineas Miner
- Joseph Robert Morris - entrepreneur, investor, mayor of Houston, Texas, was born and raised in Milton
- Samuel S. Phelps
- Sarah Pierce - Teacher, educator and founder of the Litchfield Female Academy
- John Pierpoint, Chief Justice of the Vermont Supreme Court
- Robert Pierpoint, Lieutenant Governor of Vermont
- Austin M. Purves, Jr.
- Tapping Reeve
- Mary Livingston Ripley – horticulturist, entomologist, and photographer
- Susan Saint James – actress
- Richard Skinner, Governor of Vermont
- Roger Skinner, Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of New York
- Harriet Beecher Stowe
- Benjamin Tallmadge
- Frank Livingston Underwood (1844–1918), banker, copper magnate, railroad founder
- Emily Noyes Vanderpoel (1842–1939), painter, writer, philanthropist
- Louis Fenn Wadsworth (1825–1908) – early baseball pioneer
- Paul Winter – saxophonist
- Oliver Wolcott, Sr.
- Oliver Wolcott, Jr.
On the National Register of Historic PlacesEdit
- Capt. William Bull Tavern — CT 202 (added July 30, 1983)
- Henry B. Bissell House — 202 Maple St. (added October 7, 1990)
- J. Howard Catlin House — 14 Knife Shop Rd. (added September 6, 1993) (Since demolished)
- Litchfield Historic District — Roughly both sides of North and South Sts. between Gallows Lane and Prospect St. (added December 24, 1968)
- Milton Center Historic District (added March 14, 1978)
- Humaston Brook State Park (added May 8, 1997)
- Oliver Wolcott House — South St. (added December 11, 1971)
- Rye House — 122–132 Old Mount Tom Rd. (added September 10, 2000)
- Tapping Reeve House and Law School — South St. (added November 15, 1966)
- Topsmead — 25 and 46 Chase Rd. (added December 19, 1993)
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- *Johnson, Crisfield (1878). History of Washington Co., New York. Everts & Ensign: Philadelphia, PA.
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- Carley, Rachel. Litchfield: The Making of a New England Town (Litchfield: Litchfield Historical Society, 2011). 303 pp.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Litchfield, Connecticut.|
- Litchfield town's web page
- General information about Litchfield
- Litchfield Historical Society
- Northwest Connecticut Convention and Visitors Bureau
- Northwest Connecticut Arts Council
- Northwestern Connecticut Community College in Winsted
- Litchfield Weather
- epodunk: Profile for Litchfield, Connecticut