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Windham is a town in Windham County, Connecticut, United States. It contains the city suburb of Willimantic as well as the boroughs of Windham Center, North Windham, and South Windham. Willimantic, an incorporated city since 1893, was consolidated with the town in 1983. The population was 25,268 at the 2010 census.

Windham, Connecticut
Dr. Chester Hunt Office in Windham Center
Official seal of Windham, Connecticut
Seal
Location in Windham County and the state of Connecticut.
Location in Windham County and the state of Connecticut.
Coordinates: 41°43′N 72°10′W / 41.717°N 72.167°W / 41.717; -72.167Coordinates: 41°43′N 72°10′W / 41.717°N 72.167°W / 41.717; -72.167
CountryUnited States
StateConnecticut
NECTAWillimantic
RegionWindham Region
Incorporated1693
Government
 • MayorVictor Funderburk
 • Town ManagerJames Rivers
Area
 • Total27.9 sq mi (72.3 km2)
 • Land27.1 sq mi (70.1 km2)
 • Water0.9 sq mi (2.2 km2)
Elevation
233 ft (71 m)
Population
 (2010)[1]
 • Total25,268
 • Density876/sq mi (339/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
06226, 06235, 06256, 06266, 06280
Area code(s)860
FIPS code09-86790
GNIS feature ID0213537
Websitewww.windhamct.com
[2]

HistoryEdit

Prior to colonization, the region was occupied by Algonquian peoples, including the Pequot, Mohegan, Narragansett, and Nipmuck. After the conclusion of the Pequot War in 1638, the Pequots ceased to exist as a tribe; after King Philip's War ended in 1678, the Narragansett and Nipmuck did as well, leaving the Mohegans the only native power in the region. The settlement of Windham was left to settlers by Joshua Uncas, son of Uncas, in a will dated 1675.[3] Settlers moved in, and held their first town meeting on May 18, 1691. The tract was named the town of Windham in May of 1692, and was incorporated into Hartford County in fall of 1693.[4]:82-83

Starting in the early nineteenth century, the town's center of activity moved from Windham to Willimantic, as the water power available there led to the establishment of factories.[4]:104 First established as a borough in 1833,[5] it was incorporated as a separate city in 1893, then reincorporated into the town of Windham in 1983 as its industry declined.[6]

Sites listed on the National Register of Historic PlacesEdit

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 27.9 square miles (72.3 km²), of which, 27.1 square miles (70.1 km²) of it is land and 0.9 square miles (2.2 km²) of it (3.04%) is water.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Windham Airport (KIJD), Connecticut (1981-2010), Snow data for Storrs, Connecticut (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 69
(21)
72
(22)
82
(28)
93
(34)
95
(35)
98
(37)
100
(38)
100
(38)
100
(38)
88
(31)
80
(27)
75
(24)
100
(38)
Average high °F (°C) 35.3
(1.8)
38.4
(3.6)
47.3
(8.5)
59.3
(15.2)
70.1
(21.2)
78.0
(25.6)
82.3
(27.9)
80.8
(27.1)
73.8
(23.2)
62.1
(16.7)
51.9
(11.1)
40.3
(4.6)
60.0
(15.5)
Daily mean °F (°C) 29.0
(−1.7)
31.7
(−0.2)
38.3
(3.5)
48.1
(8.9)
57.9
(14.4)
67.7
(19.8)
73.4
(23.0)
72.1
(22.3)
64.9
(18.3)
54.0
(12.2)
44.7
(7.1)
34.7
(1.5)
51.4
(10.8)
Average low °F (°C) 17.0
(−8.3)
19.6
(−6.9)
26.3
(−3.2)
36.2
(2.3)
45.9
(7.7)
55.5
(13.1)
61.0
(16.1)
59.9
(15.5)
51.4
(10.8)
39.6
(4.2)
31.4
(−0.3)
22.3
(−5.4)
38.8
(3.8)
Record low °F (°C) −27
(−33)
−21
(−29)
−16
(−27)
6
(−14)
22
(−6)
30
(−1)
37
(3)
32
(0)
20
(−7)
15
(−9)
1
(−17)
−18
(−28)
−27
(−33)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.36
(85)
3.25
(83)
4.32
(110)
3.74
(95)
3.49
(89)
3.68
(93)
3.43
(87)
3.35
(85)
3.44
(87)
3.94
(100)
3.99
(101)
3.78
(96)
43.77
(1,111)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 8.1
(21)
11.1
(28)
5.5
(14)
1.1
(2.8)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.9
(2.3)
6.7
(17)
33.4
(85.1)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 in) 6 6 7 7 8 7 6 5 6 6 6 7 72
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in.) 4 4 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 15
Source: [7] [8]


DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18202,489
18403,382
18504,50333.1%
18604,243−5.8%
18705,41227.6%
18808,26452.7%
189010,03221.4%
19008,937−10.9%
191012,60441.0%
192013,8019.5%
193013,773−0.2%
194013,8240.4%
195015,88414.9%
196016,9736.9%
197019,62615.6%
198021,0627.3%
199022,0394.6%
200022,8573.7%
201025,26810.5%
Est. 201425,005[9]−1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 22,857 people, 8,342 households, and 5,088 families residing in the town. The population density was 844.4 people per square mile (326.0/km²). There were 8,926 housing units at an average density of 329.8 per square mile (127.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 74.02% White, 5.06% African American, 0.56% Native American, 1.30% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 15.16% from other races, and 3.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 26.85% of the population.

There were 8,342 households out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.4% were married couples living together, 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.0% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the town, the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 18.1% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $35,087, and the median income for a family was $42,023. Males had a median income of $32,742 versus $25,703 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,978. About 12.7% of families and 17.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.9% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.

EducationEdit

Public Schools

  • Windham Early Childhood Center
  • Natchaug School
  • North Windham School
  • W.B. Sweeney School
  • Windham Center School
  • Windham Middle School
  • Windham High School
  • Windham Technical High School

Magnet Schools

  • Charles H. Barrows STEM Academy

Private Schools

  • St Mary-St Joseph School

TransportationEdit

Route 32 runs through South Windham and north-western Willimantic. Route 66 goes east to west from North Windham to Columbia. Route 14 severs Willimantic to Windham Center. Route 203 severs the eastern section of town from North Windham to South Windham. Route 195 goes from Willimantic to Mansfield eventually going to the University of Connecticut. Route 289 starts in southern Willimantic and shortly after going into Lebanon to Route 87. US 6 bypasses the city and severs North Windham. Bus service is available around the town Monday thru Saturday. Airport service is from Windham Airport in North Windham. There is no passenger train service, but a freight train stop is found in Willimantic for the Providence and Worcester Railroad. Bus service is provided by the Windham Region Transit District.

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ U.S. Census Bureau Population Estimates
  2. ^ "Mayor and Town Manager". Town of Windham, Connecticut. Retrieved 2018-06-19.
  3. ^ "Will of Joshua Uncas". The New England Historical and Genealogical Register. 13 (3): 235. June 1859. Retrieved 2019-05-26.
  4. ^ a b Lincoln, Allen B., ed. (1920). A Modern History of Windham County, Connecticut. 1. S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. Retrieved 2019-05-26.
  5. ^ Public Archaeology Survey Team. "History of Willimantic, The Thread City". Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  6. ^ Hamilton, Robert A. (1983-02-13). "TOWNS TAKE STEPS TO CONSOLIDATE". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
  7. ^ "NOWData for Windham Airport". NOAA. Retrieved September 10, 2016.
  8. ^ "Intellicast Willimantic, Connecticut Historical Averages". The Weather Company. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External linksEdit