Farmington, Connecticut

Farmington is a town in Hartford County in the Farmington Valley area of central Connecticut in the United States. The town is part of the Capitol Planning Region. The population was 26,712 at the 2020 census.[2] It sits 10 miles west of Hartford at the hub of major I-84 interchanges, 20 miles south of Bradley International Airport and two hours by car from New York City and Boston. It has been home to the world headquarters of several large corporations including Otis Elevator Company, United Technologies, and Carvel. The northwestern section of Farmington is a suburban neighborhood called Unionville.

Farmington, Connecticut
Aerial view of the Farmington Historic District
Aerial view of the Farmington Historic District
Official seal of Farmington, Connecticut
"Respecting History, Planning The Future"[1]
Farmington's location within Hartford County and Connecticut
Farmington's location within the Capitol Planning Region and the state of Connecticut
Coordinates: 41°43′40″N 72°50′25″W / 41.72778°N 72.84028°W / 41.72778; -72.84028
Country United States
U.S. state Connecticut
RegionCapitol Region
SettledJune 1640
IncorporatedDecember 1645
Bensted Corner
East Farmington Heights
Farmington Station
Oakland Gardens
River Glen
 • TypeCouncil-manager
 • Town CouncilC.J. Thomas (R), Chm
Rafeena Bacchus Lee (D)
Joseph Capidoferro (R)
Edward Giannaros (D)
Johnny Carrier (R)
Brian Connolly (D)
Keith Vibert (R)
 • Total28.8 sq mi (74.5 km2)
 • Land28.0 sq mi (72.6 km2)
 • Water0.8 sq mi (2.0 km2)
161 ft (49 m)
 • Total26,712
 • Density930/sq mi (360/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Codes
06032, 06085
Area code(s)860/959
FIPS code09-27600
GNIS feature ID0213430
U.S. Highways
State Routes

History edit

Eighteenth and nineteenth centuries edit

Town Date of separation
Harwinton (portion) 1737
Southington 1779
Berlin 1785
Bristol 1785
Wolcott (eastern part) 1796
Burlington (from Bristol) 1806
Avon 1830
Bloomfield 1835
New Britain (from Berlin) 1850
Plainville 1869

Farmington was originally inhabited by the Tunxis Indian tribe. In 1640, a community of English immigrants was established by residents of Hartford, making Farmington the oldest inland settlement west of the Connecticut River and the twelfth oldest community in the state. Settlers found the area ideal because of its rich soil, location along the floodplain of the Farmington River, and valley geography.

The town and river were given their present names in 1645, which is considered the incorporation year of the town. The town's boundaries were later enlarged several times, making it the largest in the Connecticut Colony. The town was named "Farmington" on account of its location within a farming district.[3]

Farmington has been called the "mother of towns" because its vast area was divided to produce nine other central Connecticut communities. The borough of Unionville, in Farmington's northwest corner, was once home to many factories harnessing the water power of the Farmington River.

Farmington is steeped in New England history. Main Street, in the historic village section, is lined with colonial estates, some of which date back to the 17th century. On May 19, 1774, in response to the adoption of the Boston Port Act, the people of Farmington assembled, held a mock trial for the bill, found the bill guilty of "being instigated by the devil," and subsequently had a copy of the bill hung and then set on fire.[4] During the Revolutionary War, George Washington passed through Farmington on several occasions and referred to the town as "the village of pretty houses."[5] In addition, French troops under General Rochambeau encamped in Farmington en route to Westchester County to offer crucial support to General Washington's army.

Nineteenth century edit

Northwest View of Farmington from Round Hill, by John Warner Barber, 1836
Post office and stage coach, 1907 postcard

The majority of Farmington residents were abolitionists and were active in aiding escaped slaves. Several homes in the town were "safe houses" on the Underground Railroad. The town became known as "Grand Central Station"[6][7] among escaped slaves and their "guides".

Farmington played an important role in the famous Amistad trial. In 1841, 38 Mende Africans and Cinqué, the leader of the revolt on the Amistad slave ship, were housed and educated in Farmington after the U.S. government refused to provide for their return to Africa following the trial. The Mende were educated in English and Christianity while funds were raised by residents for their return to Africa.

The Farmington Canal, connecting New Haven with Northampton, Massachusetts, passed through the Farmington River on its eastern bank and was in operation between 1828 and 1848. The canal's right of way and towpath were eventually used for a railroad, portions of which were active up to the 1990s. Part of the canal and railroad line has now been converted to multi-use paved trails, called the Farmington Canal Heritage Trail and the Farmington River Trail, respectively.[8]

Geography edit

Rattlesnake Mountain

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.8 square miles (74.5 km2), of which 28.0 square miles (72.6 km2) is land and 0.77 square miles (2.0 km2), or 2.65%, is water.[9]

After its founding, Farmington gave up territory to form Southington (1779), Bristol (1785), Avon (1830), Plainville (1869), and parts of Berlin (1785) and Bloomfield (1835).[10] Farmington presently borders the towns of Avon, Burlington, Newington, West Hartford, and Plainville, and the cities of New Britain and Bristol.

Farmington is mostly wooded, but there are also meadows and hills in the east and southeast. There are also numerous ponds and lakes. The Farmington River runs through the town from the northwest from Burlington, enters Unionville, then takes a sharp turn near Farmington Center and flows north towards Avon. The Metacomet Ridge, a 100-mile (160 km) range of low traprock mountain ridges, occupies the east side of Farmington as Pinnacle Rock, Rattlesnake Mountain, Farmington Mountain, and Talcott Mountain.

Demographics edit

Historical population
1756 3,707—    
1774 6,069+63.7%
1782 5,542−8.7%
1790 2,696−51.4%
1800 2,809+4.2%
1810 2,748−2.2%
1820 3,042+10.7%
1830 1,901−37.5%
1840 2,041+7.4%
1850 2,630+28.9%
1860 3,144+19.5%
1870 2,616−16.8%
1880 3,017+15.3%
1890 3,179+5.4%
1900 3,331+4.8%
1910 3,478+4.4%
1920 3,844+10.5%
1930 4,548+18.3%
1940 5,313+16.8%
1950 7,026+32.2%
1960 10,813+53.9%
1970 14,390+33.1%
1980 16,407+14.0%
1990 20,608+25.6%
2000 23,641+14.7%
2010 25,340+7.2%
2020 26,712+5.4%
Source: Interactive Connecticut State Register & Manual and U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division

As of the census[11] of 2010, there were 25,340 people, 9,496 households, and 6,333 families residing in the town. The population density was 879.9 inhabitants per square mile (339.7/km2). There were 11,072 housing units at an average density of 351.2 per square mile (135.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 85.92% White, 9.59% Asian, 2.98% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 2.43% from two or more races, 2.21% African American, 0.49% from other races, and 0.04% Native American. [12]

There were 10,522 households, out of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.7% were non-families. Of all households, 29.6% were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 22.0% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males.

In 2018, the median household income was $94,606 and the per capita income for the town was $56,571.[13] About 3.1% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics edit

Farmington town vote
by party in presidential elections[14][15]
Year Democratic Republican Third Parties
2020 59.95% 9,616 38.41% 6,160 1.64% 261
2016 53.37% 7,634 41.79% 5,977 4.84% 692
2012 50.89% 7,013 47.97% 6,611 1.15% 158
2008 57.48% 8,088 41.38% 5,822 1.14% 161
2004 52.62% 7,209 45.97% 6,298 1.41% 193
2000 51.49% 6,374 43.97% 5,443 4.55% 563
1996 47.48% 5,415 41.56% 4,739 10.96% 1,250
1992 39.74% 4,917 39.54% 4,893 20.72% 2,564
1988 45.12% 4,847 54.02% 5,803 0.86% 92
1984 37.25% 3,542 62.37% 5,931 0.38% 36
1980 34.91% 3,173 47.47% 4,314 17.62% 1,601
1976 41.63% 3,536 58.01% 4,927 0.35% 30
1972 39.56% 3,087 59.54% 4,646 0.90% 70
1968 44.80% 2,942 50.75% 3,333 4.45% 292
1964 63.04% 3,568 36.96% 2,092 0.00% 0
1960 45.44% 2,545 54.56% 3,056 0.00% 0
1956 30.71% 1,434 69.29% 3,236 0.00% 0
Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of February 22, 2023[16]
Party Active Voters Percentage
Democratic 6,684 33.10%
Republican 4,513 22.35%
Unaffiliated 8,693 43.05%
Minor parties 301 1.49%
Total 20,191 100%

Economy edit

Top employers in Farmington according to the town's 2023 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report[17]

# Employer # of Employees
1 UConn Health 7,664
2 Otis Worldwide 4,077
3 Companions & Homemakers 3,000
4 Trumpf 1,700
5 Town of Farmington/Board of Education 830
6 ConnectiCare 750
7 Tunxis Community College 500
8 American Red Cross 428
9 Connecticut Spring and Stamp 375
10 Jackson Laboratory 370

Farmington is home to a significant and growing number of corporations.

United Technologies was headquartered on Farm Springs Road along with its subsidiary Otis Worldwide. In 2019 it was announced that United Technologies would relocated it's headquarters to Waltham, Massachusetts after the merger with Raytheon.[18]

McKesson had a location in Farmington before departing in 2019.[19]

Carvel, ConnectiCare, Farmington Displays, and Horizon Technology Finance, all maintain corporate headquarters in Farmington. Other prominent employers include the American Red Cross, Bank of America, Farmington Sports Arena, Stanley Black & Decker and TRUMPF Inc.

Farmington Bank was headquartered in town until it was acquired by People's United Bank in 2018.

The Jackson Laboratory of Bar Harbor, Maine, is building a new facility on the grounds of the University of Connecticut Health Center, which specializes in the research and development of genomic medicine. The project is part of BioScience Connecticut, an initiative designed to launch Connecticut into the forefront of biomedical research. A growing collection of doctor's offices and medical practices is concentrated in the vicinity of the University of Connecticut Health Center.

Farmington is unique in that more people work within the town lines than actually live there, a characteristic atypical of a traditional suburb.

Arts and culture edit

Locations listed on the National Register of Historic Places edit

First Church of Christ. Photo by Jack Boucher.

Education edit

Farmington's seven public schools are highly regarded rank among the top in the state and nationally. [20] The district's four pre-K to 4 elementary schools are Union School, West District School, Noah Wallace School, and East Farms School. West Woods Upper Elementary School houses grades 5 and 6. Irving A. Robbins Middle School houses grades 7 and 8. Farmington High School serves grades 9–12. In 2005, Farmington High School was ranked 125 on Newsweek magazine's list of the best schools in the United States, in 2006 it was ranked 269, and in 2007, 298.[21]

Miss Porter's School, a private college preparatory school for girls, is located in Farmington's Historic District. The day and boarding school occupies much of the village center. Founded in 1843 by educational reformer Sarah Porter, the school has played a significant part in Farmington's history since its founding. As of the mid-2010s, the school owned over 90 buildings in Farmington center, approximately 70% of which were historic. Since then, Miss Porter's has been concentrating its footprint around its core buildings at the center of Main Street. Famous alumni include Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, Princess Anastasia of Greece & Denmark, Lee Bouvier Radziwill, Lilly Pulitzer and members of the Bush, Vanderbilt, and Rockefeller families.

Tunxis Community College is in the southwest part of the town.

Infrastructure edit

UConn Health Center

The University of Connecticut Health Center in Farmington employs approximately 4,600 full-time employees as of 2021.[22] The Health Center also houses John Dempsey Hospital. The hospital provides the only full-service emergency department in the Farmington Valley and a Level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), one of only two in Connecticut.

Connecticut's first temple of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints opened in Farmington in 2016.

Transportation edit

Connecticut Transit Hartford provides local bus service.

Notable people edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Town of Farmington Connecticut". Town of Farmington Connecticut. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
  2. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Farmington town, Hartford County, Connecticut". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  3. ^ The Connecticut Magazine: An Illustrated Monthly. Connecticut Magazine Company. 1903. p. 332.
  4. ^ "Proceedings of Farmington, Connecticut, on the Boston Port Act; May 19, 1774". Avalon Project. Retrieved July 4, 2021.
  5. ^ Glasberg, Eve (March 3, 2006). "A 'Village of Pretty Houses,' Where Women's Lives Were Reshaped". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 13, 2007. Retrieved March 15, 2007.
  6. ^ "Underground Railroad, Black History Freedom Trail and Amistad Sites Tour in Farmington". Heritage Trails Sightseeing Tours. Archived from the original on September 25, 2010. Retrieved September 20, 2010.
  7. ^ "History of Farmington". Farmington Historical Society. Archived from the original on November 9, 2010. Retrieved September 20, 2010.
  8. ^ "Trail System | Town of Farmington, CT". Retrieved December 9, 2020.
  9. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Farmington town, Hartford County, Connecticut". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved November 26, 2012.
  10. ^ Barry, Ann P. “Connecticut Towns and Their Establishment.” Hartford, CT: Connecticut State Library, Archives, History, and Genealogy Unit, 1985.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  12. ^ "Farmington, Connecticut fact sheet". American Fact Finder. United States Census Bureau. 2010. Archived from the original on December 3, 2007. Retrieved March 6, 2007.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Farmington town, Hartford County, Connecticut". Retrieved July 8, 2020.
  14. ^ "General Elections Statement of Vote 1922".
  15. ^ "Election Night Reporting". CT Secretary of State. Retrieved May 2, 2021.
  16. ^ "Election Data - Town of Farmington". Town of Farmington. Retrieved April 28, 2023.
  17. ^ "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report of the Town of Farmington, Connecticut For the Year Ended June 30, 2023". Town of Farmington. Retrieved April 6, 2024.
  18. ^ "Under the radar, UTC moved Carrier HQs out of CT". Hartford Business Journal. Retrieved April 6, 2024.
  19. ^ "Pharmaceutical distributor McKesson to vacate Farmington location; 150 jobs lost". Hartford Business Journal. Retrieved April 6, 2024.
  20. ^ "Farmington School District Overview". Retrieved August 6, 2022.
  21. ^ Bondy, Halley; Brillman, Dan; Kaufman, Becca. "The Top of the Class". Newsweek. Archived from the original on June 8, 2007. Retrieved June 17, 2007.
  22. ^ "UConn Health Annual Report 2021" (PDF). Retrieved August 6, 2022.
  23. ^ "Steve Addazio". Official Site of The Boston College Eagles. Archived from the original on December 18, 2013. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
  24. ^ Binder, David (February 8, 1994). "Richard M. Bissell, 84, Is Dead; Helped Plan Bay of Pigs Invasion". The New York Times. New York. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
  25. ^ "Put Down The Cigarette . . . And Drop Out of BU". SB Nation. October 19, 2009. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
  26. ^ "'Green' Garden with Roosevelt Ties Part of Farmington Tour". The Courant. May 31, 2013. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
  27. ^ "Handyman at Work on a Booming Business". The Courant. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
  28. ^ "Michael Gladis". The Courant. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
  29. ^ THE LEGISLATIVE MANUAL OF THE STATE OF WISCONSIN (15th ed.). Madison, Wis. 1876. p. 475.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  30. ^ Register of the California Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. San Francisco, CA: California Society, Sons of the American Revolution. 1901. p. 90 – via Google Books.
  31. ^ Dana, Henry Swan (1889). History of Woodstock, Vermont. Boston, MA: Houghton, Mifflin and Company. pp. 17–19 – via Google Books.
  32. ^ "HUNGERFORD, Orville, (1790 - 1851)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
  33. ^ "50 Cent's Farmington Mansion Still On The Market". The Courant. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  34. ^ "LANGDON, Chauncey, (1763 - 1830)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
  35. ^ Thompson, Daniel. P. (1860). History of the Town of Montpelier. Montpelier, VT: E. P. Walton. pp. 211–213.
  36. ^ "Retrospective: Mary Jane Osborn (1927–2019)". Retrieved May 19, 2019.
  37. ^ "Erin Pac Returns Home With Olympic Medal". The Courant. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
  38. ^ Linebaugh, Donald (2012). The Springfield Gas Machine: Illuminating Industry and Leisure, 1860s–1920s. Univ. of Tennessee Press. p. 302. ISBN 9781572338357.
  39. ^ Joan Marter (2011). The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art, Volume 1. Oxford University Press. p. 147. ISBN 9780195335798.
  40. ^ "Profile".
  41. ^ [bare URL PDF]
  42. ^ "Pawel Szajda". The Courant. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
  43. ^ "Connecticut Governor John Treadwell". National Governors Association. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  44. ^ "50 Cent Shows Off Mansion On 'Cribs'". CBS News. November 29, 2007.
  45. ^ "Suzy M. Whaley, PGA". PGA. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
  46. ^ "Wilford Woodruff-Fourth President of the Church". The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. Retrieved March 7, 2014.

External links edit