Jeremiah Wadsworth

Jeremiah Wadsworth (July 12, 1743 – April 30, 1804) was an American sea captain, merchant, and statesman from Hartford, Connecticut who profited from his position as a government official charged with supplying the Continental Army. He represented Connecticut in both the Continental Congress and the United States House of Representatives.

Jeremiah Wadsworth
Jeremiah Wadsworth and His Son Daniel John Trumbull 1784.jpeg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Connecticut's At-large district
In office
March 4, 1789 – March 3, 1795
Preceded byPosition established
Personal details
Born(1743-07-12)July 12, 1743
Hartford, Connecticut Colony, British America
DiedApril 30, 1804(1804-04-30) (aged 60)
Hartford, Connecticut, U.S.
Citizenship United States

Early lifeEdit

He was a descendant of William Wadsworth, one of the founders of Hartford and a pastor of the town's Center Congregational Church. He went to sea in 1761 at the age of 18 for health reasons, starting as a regular sailor on one of his uncle's ships. He rose to become first mate of a vessel and eventually a captain who made his fortune in the West India trade.[1]

He married Mehithabel Russell[2](1734-1817) in 1767.

During the American RevolutionEdit

Tablet dedicated to George Washington and honoring Jeremiah Wadsworth

When the war started, Wadsworth was appointed to a committee charged with buying 5,000 pairs of yarn stockings for the army (which had already been sent to Canada). He served on another committee to procure 1,800 pounds of "lawful money in specie" in exchange for bills for use by the army. The Connecticut General Assembly later commissioned him and Col. Jonathan Fitch to find a large number of tin kettles for the army. The next assignment was to buy up as much pork as he could (both to furnish the American army and to keep it out of the hands and stomachs of the British forces).[1]

Having served effectively in these assignments in Connecticut, Congress elected him Deputy Commissary General of Purchases on June 17, 1777, but he resigned in August. When Congress reorganized the supply system, he became Commissary General in April 1778, resigning in December 1779.[1]

Reaching the rank of colonel, he became commissary for Comte de Rochambeau's army until the war's end. In the summer of 1783, he went to Paris to report to the French on his activities.[1]

He is said to have turned a good profit for himself in his transactions for supplies.[1]

Wadsworth was a good friend of Nathanael Greene and during the time Greene was Quarter-master General they formed some investment partnerships.

After the RevolutionEdit

Wadsworth became a "pioneer in banking, insurance, and the breeding of cattle" after the war, according to historian North Callahan.[1]

He was a member of the Continental Congress in 1788 and a member of the Connecticut convention which ratified the U.S. Constitution in 1788. From 1789 to 1795 he served three terms in the U.S. House of Representatives. Wadsworth initially lost reelection in 1790 but was specially reelected when his initial successor Pierpont Edwards declined to take his seat. He was a member of the Connecticut House of Representatives in 1795 and of the state Executive Council from 1795 to 1801.[3]

He was appointed Treaty Commissioner, by George Washington, at the Treaty of Big Tree between the U.S. and the Seneca nation in 1797.

He died in Hartford, Connecticut, April 30, 1804, and is interred in the Ancient Burying Ground.[3] His domestic arrangements were described by Lydia Sigourney in her memoirs.[4] He built two mansions near his own house, one for his daughter Catharine,[5] who had married Nathaniel Terry, and one for his son, Daniel Wadsworth.[6]


In World War II, the United States liberty ship SS Jeremiah Wadsworth was named in his honor.


  1. ^ a b c d e f Callahan, North, Connecticut's Revolutionary War Leaders A publication of the American Bicentennial Commission of Connecticut (Pequot Press: Chester, Connecticut), 1973, chapter on Jeremiah Wadsworth pp. 36-37
  2. ^ "Find a Grave - Mehitabel Russell Wadsworth". November 16, 2006. Retrieved May 13, 2021.
  3. ^ a b [1] "WADSWORTH, Jeremiah, (1743 - 1804)" Web page at the Web site of the "Biographical Directory of the United States Congress," accessed August 6, 2006
  4. ^ Sigourney, Lydia (1866). Letters of Life. Retrieved July 19, 2017.
  5. ^ "Find a Grave - Nathaniel Terry, Jr". December 18, 2000. Retrieved May 13, 2021.
  6. ^ Sigourney, Lydia (1866). Letters of Life. Retrieved July 19, 2017.

External linksEdit

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
District created
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Connecticut's at-large congressional district

March 4, 1789 – March 3, 1795
Succeeded by