Pennsylvania's 25th congressional district

Pennsylvania's 25th congressional district was one of Pennsylvania's districts of the United States House of Representatives.

GeographyEdit

In 1903 the district was drawn to cover Crawford and Erie counties, which had been its original area 60 years earlier.

The district was again moved in 1922. At this time it was redrawn to cover Washington and Greene counties.[1]

In 1942 the boundaries of the district were redrawn without actually moving it for the first time. Greene County was transferred to the 24th District while parts of Allegheny County south and west of down-town Pittsburgh were moved to the 25th District. In 1944 the district boundaries were totally redrawn. It now consisted of Beaver, Butler and Lawrence counties. These boundaries were then redrawn in 1972, with a small strip of northern Allegheny County being put in the 25th district.[2]

The district was eliminated in 1983.

DemographicsEdit

In 1902 the district was drawn to cover an area with a population of 162,116. Only 4 of Pennsylvania's 30 districts had fewer people at this point. Some Pennsylvania districts had over 250,000 people at this point. 0.4% of the population of what would be the 25th district in 1902 was black in 1900.[3]

HistoryEdit

This district was created in 1833. In 1853, it consisted of Crawford County, Pennsylvania and Erie County, Pennsylvania at this point. The district had a population of 76,591.[4]

It was eliminated in 1863. This district was recreated in 1873. The district was held at-large until 1875. In 1875 it was made a geographical district covering Forest County, Pennsylvania, Clarion County, Pennsylvania, Jefferson County, Pennsylvania, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania and Indiana County, Pennsylvania. It had a population of 131,663.[5] In 1888 Pennsylvania congressional districts were redrawn because there was a decision to make Pennsylvania's 28th congressional district a geographical district and end its election at large. The 25th district was shifted to cover Butler County, Pennsylvania, Beaver County, Pennsylvania, Lawrence County, Pennsylvania and Mercer County, Pennsylvania.[6] These would remain the boundaries until 1912.

The district was eliminated in 1983.

List of members representing the districtEdit

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1833
 
John Gailbraith
Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
23rd
24th
Elected in 1832.
Re-elected in 1834.
[data unknown/missing]
Arnold Plumer Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
25th Elected in 1836.
[data unknown/missing]
 
John Gailbraith
Democratic March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
26th Elected in 1838.
[data unknown/missing]
Arnold Plumer Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th Elected in 1840.
[data unknown/missing]
District eliminated in 1843, District recreated in 1853
John Dick Whig March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd
34th
35th
Elected in 1852.
Re-elected in 1854.
Re-elected in 1856.
[data unknown/missing]
Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
 
Elijah Babbitt
Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1863
36th
37th
Elected in 1858.
Re-elected in 1860.
[data unknown/missing]
District eliminated in 1863, District recreated in 1875
 
George A. Jenks
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th Elected in 1874.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Harry White
Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1881
45th
46th
Elected in 1876.
Re-elected in 1878.
Retired.
 
James Mosgrove
Greenback March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
47th Elected in 1880.
Retired.
John D. Patton Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
48th Elected in 1882.
Retired.
Alexander C. White Republican March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1887
49th Elected in 1884.
Retired.
James T. Maffett Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
50th Elected in 1886.
Retired.
Charles C. Townsend Republican March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
51st Elected in 1888.
Retired.
Eugene P. Gillespie Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
52nd Elected in 1890.
Lost re-election.
 
Thomas W. Phillips
Republican March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1897
53rd
54th
Elected in 1892.
Re-elected in 1894.
Retired.
Vacant March 4, 1897 –
April 20, 1897
55th James J. Davidson was elected in 1896 but died on January 2, 1897.
Joseph B. Showalter Republican April 20, 1897 –
March 3, 1903
55th
56th
57th
Elected to finish Davidson's term.
Re-elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
Retired.
 
Arthur L. Bates
Republican March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1913
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
Redistricted from the 26th district and re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Retired.
 
Milton W. Shreve
Republican March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
63rd Elected in 1912.
Lost re-election.
 
Michael Liebel Jr.
Democratic March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1917
64th Elected in 1914.
Retired.
 
Henry A. Clark
Republican March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1919
65th Elected in 1916.
Retired.
 
Milton W. Shreve
Republican March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
66th Elected in 1918
Re-elected in 1920.
Redistricted to the 29th district.
Independent Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
67th
 
Henry W. Temple
Republican March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1933
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
Redistricted from the 24th district and re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Lost re-election.
 
Charles I. Faddis
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
December 4, 1942
73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
Elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Lost renomination.
Resigned to join the United States Army.
Vacant December 4, 1942 –
January 3, 1943
77th
Grant Furlong Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
78th Elected in 1942.
Lost renomination.
 
Louis E. Graham
Republican January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1955
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
Redistricted from the 26th district and re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Lost re-election.
 
Frank M. Clark
Democratic January 3, 1955 –
December 31, 1974
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
Elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Lost re-election.
Vacant December 31, 1974 –
January 3, 1975
93rd
 
Gary A. Myers
Republican January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1979
94th
95th
Elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Retired.
 
Eugene Atkinson
Democratic January 3, 1979 –
October 14, 1981
96th
97th
Elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Republican October 14, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
District eliminated January 3, 1983

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Martis, Kenneth C. Historical Atlas of Political Parties in Congress. (New York: Macmillan, 1989) p. 177
  2. ^ Martis. Historical Atlas. p. 227
  3. ^ Parsons. Congressional Districts p. 407
  4. ^ Parsons, Stanley B., William W. Beach and Michael J. Dubin United States Congressional Districts and Data, 1843-1883 (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1986) p. 82
  5. ^ Parsons. Congressional Districts and Data. p. 210
  6. ^ Parsons, Stanley B., Michale J. Dubin and Karen Toombs Parsons. United States Congressional Districts, 1883-1913. (Westwood: Greenwood Press, 1990) p. 136

Coordinates: 40°40′N 80°15′W / 40.667°N 80.250°W / 40.667; -80.250