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Pennsylvania's 25th congressional district

Pennsylvania's 25th congressional district was one of Pennsylvania's districts of the United States House of Representatives.

Contents

GeographyEdit

In 1903 the district was drawn to cover Crawford and Erie counties, which had been its original area 60 years earlier.

The district was again moved in 1922. At this time it was redrawn to cover Washington and Greene counties.[1]

In 1942 the boundaries of the district were redrawn without actually moving it for the first time. Greene County was transferred to the 24th District while parts of Allegheny County south and west of down-town Pittsburgh were moved to the 25th District. In 1944 the district boundaries were totally redrawn. It now consisted of Beaver, Butler and Lawrence counties. These boundaries were then redrawn in 1972, with a small strip of northern Allegheny County being put in the 25th district.[2]

The district was eliminated in 1983.

DemographicsEdit

In 1902 the district was drawn to cover an area with a population of 162,116. Only 4 of Pennsylvania's 30 districts had fewer people at this point. Some Pennsylvania districts had over 250,000 people at this point. 0.4% of the population of what would be the 25th district in 1902 was black in 1900.[3]

HistoryEdit

This district was created in 1833. In 1853, it consisted of Crawford County, Pennsylvania and Erie County, Pennsylvania at this point. The district had a population of 76,591.[4]

It was eliminated in 1863. This district was recreated in 1873. The district was held at-large until 1875. In 1875 it was made a geographical district covering Forest County, Pennsylvania, Clarion County, Pennsylvania, Jefferson County, Pennsylvania, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania and Indiana County, Pennsylvania. It had a population of 131,663.[5] In 1888 Pennsylvania congressional districts were redrawn because there was a decision to make Pennsylvania's 28th congressional district a geographical district and end its election at large. The 25th district was shifted to cover Butler County, Pennsylvania, Beaver County, Pennsylvania, Lawrence County, Pennsylvania and Mercer County, Pennsylvania.[6] These would remain the boundaries until 1912.

The district was eliminated in 1983.

ElectionsEdit

List of representativesEdit

Representative Party Years Note
District created in 1833
  John Gailbraith Jacksonian March 4, 1833 – March 3, 1837
  Arnold Plumer Democratic March 4, 1837 – March 3, 1839
  John Gailbraith Democratic March 4, 1839 – March 3, 1841
  Arnold Plumer Democratic March 4, 1841 – March 3, 1843
District eliminated in 1843, District recreated in 1853
  John Dick Whig March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1855
Opposition March 4, 1855 – March 3, 1857
Republican March 4, 1857 – March 3, 1859
  Elijah Babbitt Republican March 4, 1859 – March 3, 1863
District eliminated in 1863, District recreated in 1875
  George A. Jenks Democratic March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1877
  Harry White Republican March 4, 1877 – March 3, 1881 Not a candidate for reelection
  James Mosgrove Greenback March 4, 1881 – March 3, 1883 Declined to be a candidate for renomination
  John D. Patton Democratic March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1885 Declined to be a candidate for renomination
  Alexander C. White Republican March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1887 Not a candidate for reelection
  James T. Maffett Republican March 4, 1887 – March 3, 1889 Not a candidate for renomination
  Charles C. Townsend Republican March 4, 1889 – March 3, 1891 Not a candidate for renomination
  Eugene P. Gillespie Democratic March 4, 1891 – March 3, 1893 Unsuccessful candidate for reelection
  Thomas W. Phillips Republican March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1897 Declined to be a candidate for renomination
vacant March 4, 1897 – April 20, 1897 James J. Davidson was elected to this seat in 1896 but died on January 2, 1897.
  Joseph B. Showalter Republican April 20, 1897 – March 3, 1903 Not a candidate for reelection
  Arthur L. Bates Republican March 4, 1903 – March 3, 1913 Redistricted from the 26th district Declined to be a candidate for renomination
  Milton W. Shreve Republican March 4, 1913 – March 3, 1915 Unsuccessful candidate for reelection
  Michael Liebel, Jr. Democratic March 4, 1915 – March 3, 1917 Not a candidate for renomination
  Henry A. Clark Republican March 4, 1917 – March 3, 1919 Not a candidate for renomination
  Milton W. Shreve Republican March 4, 1919 – March 3, 1923 Redistricted to the 29th district
  Henry W. Temple Republican March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1933 Redistricted from the 24th district, Unsuccessful candidate for reelection
  Charles I. Faddis Democratic March 4, 1933 – December 4, 1942 Unsuccessful candidate for renomination, resigned to join the United States Army
vacant December 4, 1942 – January 3, 1943
  Grant Furlong Democrat January 3, 1943 – January 3, 1945 Unsuccessful candidate for renomination
  Louis E. Graham Republican January 3, 1945 – January 3, 1955 Redistricted from the 26th district, Unsuccessful candidate for reelection
  Frank M. Clark Democratic January 3, 1955 – December 31, 1974 Unsuccessful candidate for reelection
vacant December 31, 1974 – January 3, 1975
  Gary A. Myers Republican January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1979 Not a candidate for renomination
  Eugene Atkinson Democratic January 3, 1979 – October 14, 1981 Switched to Republican Party
Republican October 14, 1981 – January 3, 1983
District eliminated in 1983

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Martis, Kenneth C. Historical Atlas of Political Parties in Congress. (New York: Macmillan, 1989) p. 177
  2. ^ Martis. Historical Atlas. p. 227
  3. ^ Parsons. Congressional Districts p. 407
  4. ^ Parsons, Stanley B., William W. Beach and Michael J. Dubin United States Congressional Districts and Data, 1843-1883 (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1986) p. 82
  5. ^ Parsons. Congressional Districts and Data. p. 210
  6. ^ Parsons, Stanley B., Michale J. Dubin and Karen Toombs Parsons. United States Congressional Districts, 1883-1913. (Westwood: Greenwood Press, 1990) p. 136