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Henry De Lamar Clayton Jr.

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Henry De Lamar Clayton Jr. (February 10, 1857 – December 21, 1929) was a United States Representative from Alabama and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Middle District of Alabama and the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama.

Henry De Lamar Clayton Jr.
Henry De Lamar Clayton, Jr..jpg
Judge of the United States District Court for the Middle District of Alabama
Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama
In office
May 2, 1914 – December 21, 1929
Appointed byWoodrow Wilson
Preceded byThomas G. Jones
Succeeded byCharles Brents Kennamer
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1897 – May 25, 1914
Preceded byGeorge Paul Harrison Jr.
Succeeded byWilliam Oscar Mulkey
Member of the Alabama House of Representatives
In office
1890-1901
Personal details
Born
Henry De Lamar Clayton Jr.

(1857-02-10)February 10, 1857
Clayton, Alabama
DiedDecember 21, 1929(1929-12-21) (aged 72)
Montgomery, Alabama
Resting placeFairview Cemetery
Eufaula, Alabama
Political partyDemocratic
FatherHenry DeLamar Clayton
RelativesBertram Tracy Clayton
EducationUniversity of Alabama (A.B.)
University of Alabama School of Law (LL.B.)

Contents

Education and careerEdit

Born on February 10, 1857, near Clayton, in Barbour County, Alabama,[1] Clayton attended the common schools, then received an Artium Baccalaureus degree in 1877 from the University of Alabama and a Bachelor of Laws in 1878 from the University of Alabama School of Law.[1] He was admitted to the bar and entered private practice in Clayton from 1878 to 1880.[1] He continued private practice in Eufaula, Alabama from 1880 to 1914.[1] He was a register in chancery for Barbour County from 1880 to 1884.[1] He was a member of the Alabama House of Representatives from 1890 to 1891.[1] He was the United States Attorney for the Middle District of Alabama from 1893 to 1896.[1] He was permanent Chairman of the Democratic National Convention in 1908.[2]

Congressional serviceEdit

Clayton was elected as a Democrat to the United States House of Representatives of the 55th United States Congress and to the eight succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1897, until May 25, 1914, when he resigned and moved to Montgomery, Alabama to accept a federal judgeship.[2] He was Chairman of the United States House Committee on the Judiciary for the 62nd and 63rd United States Congresses.[2] He was sponsor of the Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914.[2] He was one of the managers appointed by the House of Representatives in 1905 to conduct the impeachment proceedings against Charles Swayne, Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida, and in 1912 against Robert Wodrow Archbald, Judge of the United States Commerce Court.[2] He was appointed to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of United States Senator Joseph F. Johnston, but his appointment was challenged and withdrawn.[2]

Federal judicial serviceEdit

Clayton was nominated by President Woodrow Wilson on May 2, 1914, to a joint seat on the United States District Court for the Middle District of Alabama and the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama vacated by Judge Thomas G. Jones.[1] He was confirmed by the United States Senate on May 2, 1914, and received his commission the same day.[1] His service terminated on December 21, 1929,[1] due to his death in Montgomery.[2] He was interred in Fairview Cemetery in Eufaula.[2]

FamilyEdit

Clayton's father, Henry DeLamar Clayton, was a Major General in the Confederate States Army.[citation needed] His brother, Bertram Tracy Clayton, was a United States Representative from New York.[2]

HomeEdit

Clayton's home in Clayton, the Henry D. Clayton House, was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1976.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Henry De Lamar Clayton at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Henry De Lamar Clayton Jr". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

SourcesEdit

BibliographyEdit

  • Rodabaugh, Karl. Congressman Henry D. Clayton and the Dothan Post Office Fight: Patronage and Politics in the Progressive Era. Alabama Review 33 (April 1980): 125-49;
  • Rodabaugh, Karl. Congressman Henry D. Clayton, Patriarch in Politics: A Southern Congressman During the Progressive Era. Alabama Review 31 (April 1978): 110-20.
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
George Paul Harrison Jr.
United States Representative for the 3rd Congressional District of Alabama
1897–1914
Succeeded by
William Oscar Mulkey
Legal offices
Preceded by
Thomas G. Jones
Judge of the United States District Court for the Middle District of Alabama
Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama

1914–1929
Succeeded by
Charles Brents Kennamer