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United States Senate Select Committee on the Transportation and Sale of Meat Products

The Select Committee on the Transportation and Sale of Meat Products, also known as the Vest Committee, after its first chairman Senator George G. Vest of Missouri, was a select committee of the United States Senate from 1887 – 1921. It was established to consider various aspects of the meat packing industry.

HistoryEdit

The committee was formed in response to complaints by cattle producers and ranchers of abuse by major meat packers. It was the first investigation of the meat packing industry by U.S. Congress.[1] One of the committee's first hearings was in St. Louis in November 1888 to investigate allegations that the "Big Four" meatpackers in Chicago were trying to "freeze out" competitors.[2] In 1890, the committee issued a report that found no evidence of collusion by the major meat packers,[1] but outlined various incidences of price fixing in the beef industry.[3]

The committee's report stated, in part:

The principal cause of the depression in the prices paid to the cattle raiser and of the remarkable fact that the cost of beef to the consumer has not decreased in proportion, comes from the artificial and abnormal centralization of markets, and the absolute control by a few operators thereby made possible.[1]

In place of the old system when shippers and butchers went from one cattle raiser to another, competing in the purchase of cattle, there is now a concentration of the market at a few points ... So far has this centralizing process continued that for all practical purposes the [Chicago] market ... dominates absolutely the price of beef cattle in the whole country.[4]

ChairmenEdit

Name Party State Years
George G. Vest Democratic Missouri 1887-1893
Orville H. Platt Republican Connecticut 1893-1895
William B. Bate Democratic Tennessee 1898-1899
Richard F. Pettigrew Silver Republican South Dakota 1900
Vacant 1901
John W. Daniel Democratic Virginia 1902-1907
Samuel D. McEnery Democratic Louisiana 1908-1910
Murphy J. Foster Democratic Louisiana 1911-1912
Henry A. du Pont Republican Delaware 1913-1915
Carroll S. Page Republican Vermont 1916-1921
John K. Shields Democratic Tennessee 1919-1921

SourcesEdit