Alaska Territory's at-large congressional district

Alaska Territory, 1912–1959

Alaska Territory's at-large congressional district (also District of Alaska's at-large congressional district) was an obsolete congressional district created in 1906 to represent the District of Alaska, which was reorganized into the Alaska Territory in 1912. After Alaska's admission to the Union as the 49th state by act of Congress on January 3, 1959, this district evolved into Alaska's at-large congressional district.

In the years following the Alaska Purchase, Alaskans held a series of political conventions focused on sending an representative to the U.S. Congress. The purpose was to lobby mainly for representation in the body, in similar fashion to the later application of the Tennessee Act to lobby for Alaskan statehood, but also for greater autonomy for Alaska. The first convention, held in 1881, saw a non-partisan group send a Democrat (M. D. Ball) to Washington, who worked with a Republican senator (Benjamin Harrison) to craft the organic act which created the District of Alaska. Ball and several subsequent individuals were unable to convince Congress to grant the District a delegate, however. Events changed as the population of Alaska increased around the turn of the 20th century, mainly on account of immigration due to gold rushes.

On May 7, 1906, an act of Congress gave the District of Alaska the authority to elect a Congressional delegate.[1][2][3] On August 24, 1912, the District of Alaska was reorganized into an organized incorporated territory and continued to elect delegates until Alaska became a state in 1959.[1]

List of delegates representing the districtEdit

Delegate District home Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
 
Frank Hinman Waskey
Nome Democratic[a] August 14, 1906 –
March 3, 1907
59th Elected in 1906.
Retired.
 
Thomas Cale
Fairbanks Independent March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1909
60th Elected in 1906.
Retired.
 
James Wickersham
Fairbanks Republican March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1917
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
Elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Re-elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Lost re-election.
 
Charles August Sulzer
Prince of Wales Island Democratic March 4, 1917 –
January 7, 1919
65th Elected in 1916.
Lost election contest.
 
James Wickersham
Fairbanks Republican January 7, 1919 –
March 3, 1919
Won election contest.[5]
Lost re-election.
 
Charles August Sulzer
Prince of Wales Island Democratic March 4, 1919 –
April 28, 1919
66th Elected in 1918.
Died.
Vacant April 28, 1919 –
June 3, 1920
 
George Barnes Grigsby
Juneau Democratic June 5, 1919 –
March 1, 1921
Elected June 5, 1919 to finish Sulzer's term[6] and seated July 1, 1919.[7]
Lost election contest.[8]
 
James Wickersham
Fairbanks Republican March 1, 1921 –
March 3, 1921
Won election contest.[8]
Retired.
 
Daniel Sutherland
Juneau Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1931
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
Elected in 1920.[9]
Re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Retired
 
James Wickersham
Juneau Republican March 4, 1931 –
March 3, 1933
72nd Elected in 1930.[10]
Lost re-election.
 
Anthony Dimond
Valdez Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1945
73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
Elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Retired to become a state judge.
 
Bob Bartlett
Juneau Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1959
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
Elected in 1944.
Elected in 1946.
Elected in 1948.
Elected in 1950.
Elected in 1952.
Elected in 1954.
Elected in 1956.
Ran for U.S. senator upon statehood.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Waskey was elected on a nonpartisan ticket[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "A history of Alaska's primary elections". Alaska Division of Elections. September 2000. Retrieved April 28, 2010.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Biographical Directory of the United States Congress". United States Congress. Archived from the original on 23 April 2010. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
  3. ^ "House History". Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives. Archived from the original on 24 April 2010. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
  4. ^ "Alaskan Delegate Here: Frank H. Waskey Pleases by Good Looks and Modest Ways". The Washington Post. October 29, 1906. p. 7. ProQuest 144691230.
  5. ^ "Our Campaigns - AK Territorial Delegate - Recount Race - Jan 07, 1919". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  6. ^ "Our Campaigns - AK Territorial Delegate - Special Election Race - Jun 05, 1919". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  7. ^ https://historycms2.house.gov/WorkArea/DownloadAsset.aspx?id=40914
  8. ^ a b "Our Campaigns - AK Territorial Delegate - Recount Race - Mar 01, 1921". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  9. ^ "Our Campaigns - AK Territorial Delegate Race - Nov 02, 1920". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  10. ^ "Our Campaigns - AK Territorial Delegate Race - Nov 04, 1930". www.ourcampaigns.com.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 64°N 153°W / 64°N 153°W / 64; -153