George William Gekas (born April 14, 1930) is an American politician from Pennsylvania who served as a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives for Pennsylvania's 17th congressional district from 1983 to 2003.
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Pennsylvania's 17th district
January 3, 1983 – January 3, 2003
|Preceded by||Allen E. Ertel|
|Succeeded by||Tim Holden|
|Member of the Pennsylvania Senate|
from the 15th district
January 3, 1977 – December 31, 1982
|Preceded by||William B. Lentz|
|Succeeded by||John J. Shumaker|
|Member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives|
from the 103rd district
January 7, 1969 – November 30, 1974
|Preceded by||District created|
|Succeeded by||Stephen R. Reed|
|Member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives|
from the Dauphin County district
January 2, 1967 – November 30, 1968
George William Gekas
April 14, 1930
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Early life and educationEdit
George Gekas was born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania in 1930 to William and Mary Touloumes Gekas. He graduated from William Penn High School in 1948. He received a B.A. degree from Dickinson College in 1952 and a Doctorate of Law degree from Dickinson School of Law in 1958. He was a member of the fraternity Sigma Alpha Epsilon. He served in the United States Army from 1953 to 1955. He worked in a private law practice for two years and then served as assistant district attorney for Dauphin County from 1960 to 1966.
Pennsylvania State House and SenateEdit
In 1966, Gekas was elected to the Pennsylvania House of Representatives for the 103rd district. He served there until 1974, when he was upset by future Harrisburg mayor Steven Reed in the anti-Watergate Democratic landslide.
United States House of RepresentativesEdit
After the 1980 census, Pennsylvania lost two congressional districts due to very slow population growth. The Republican-controlled legislature drew a new, heavily Republican Harrisburg-based district designed for Gekas. He easily won the seat in 1982 and was reelected nine more times.
Gekas was one of the House's most conservative members, much to the liking of a district where Republicans dominated at every level of government. However, he alienated many Democrats and moderate Republicans in the Harrisburg area with his voting record, lack of zeal in bringing federal funds back home, and his leadership in seeking to make individual bankruptcy status more difficult and less useful to obtain. However, the district was drawn in such a way that Gekas never faced any serious opposition during his first 10 campaigns, and he even ran unopposed in 1994. He was one of the House managers in the impeachment trials of Alcee Hastings and President Bill Clinton.
2002 House CampaignEdit
Pennsylvania lost two districts after the 2000 census. One of the districts that was eliminated was the Reading-based 6th District, represented by five-term moderate-to-conservative Democrat Tim Holden. The legislature split the 6th among three other districts, with the largest slice, including Holden's home in St. Clair, going to Gekas' 17th District. On paper, the new 17th so heavily favored Gekas that it appeared to be unwinnable for a Democrat, even a conservative Democrat like Holden. Indeed, Gekas retained 60 percent of his former territory, and George W. Bush would have carried the reconfigured 17th with 57 percent of the vote had it existed in 2000. Some thought the district had been blatantly gerrymandered to force Holden out of office.
However, Holden surprised everyone by running in the 17th, even though it was 65% new to him (a small portion of the even more Republican 9th District had been shifted to the 17th). Gekas received another rude surprise as the campaign wore on, as much of his old base endorsed Holden. Even his hometown paper, The Patriot-News, endorsed Holden, saying that the 17th was not the same district that originally sent Gekas to Congress 20 years earlier. Holden made much of the fact that Gekas had never set foot in two predominantly African-American neighborhoods in Harrisburg, Uptown and Allison Hill, since first going to Congress. When Holden learned this, he visited these neighborhoods and asked residents not to vote for a congressman who could not trouble himself to visit them. On election night, Holden defeated Gekas by almost 6,000 votes. Gekas was the only Republican incumbent placed in a district with a Democratic incumbent to be defeated for re-election in 2002.
Life After CongressEdit
After his electoral defeat Gekas returned to Harrisburg where he established a law practice.
- "Congressman George W. Gekas Biography". U.S. House of Representatives. Archived from the original on 2002-12-25.
- Cox, Harold (2004). "Pennsylvania Senate - 1981-1982" (PDF). Wilkes University Election Statistics Project. Wilkes University.
- "Pennsylvania State Senate - George W Gekas Biography". www.legis.state.pa.us. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
- "Pennsylvania House of Representatives - GEORGE W. GEKAS Biography". www.legis.state.pa.us. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
- "Keystone State Yearbook Committee". PoliticsPA. The Publius Group. 2001. Archived from the original on 2002-08-03.
- Treadway, Jack M. (2005). Elections in Pennsylvania: A Century of Partisan Conflict in the Keystone State. University Park, Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State University Press. p. 212. ISBN 0-271-02703-7. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
- Ershadi, Julie, May 6, 2013, "George Gekas: Life After Congress", Roll Call.
Media related to George Gekas at Wikimedia Commons
- United States Congress. "George Gekas (id: G000121)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- George Gekas on the issues
- The Political Graveyard
|U.S. House of Representatives|
Allen E. Ertel
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 17th congressional district
|Pennsylvania State Senate|
William B. Lentz
| Member of the Pennsylvania Senate, 15th district
John J. Shumaker
|Pennsylvania House of Representatives|
| Member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives from the 103rd district
Stephen R. Reed
|| Member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives from the Dauphin County district