William Eldridge "Bill" Frenzel (July 31, 1928 – November 17, 2014) was a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from Minnesota, representing Minnesota's Third District, which included the southern and western suburbs of Minneapolis.
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Minnesota's 3rd district
January 3, 1971 – January 3, 1991
|Preceded by||Clark MacGregor|
|Succeeded by||Jim Ramstad|
|Member of the Minnesota House of Representatives|
William Eldridge Frenzel
July 31, 1928
St. Paul, Minnesota
|Died|| November 17, 2014 (aged 86) |
|Spouse(s)||Ruth Purdy (married June 9, 1951)|
|Children||Deborah, Pamela, Melissa|
|Alma mater||Dartmouth College (B.A. 1950, M.B.A. 1951)|
|Website||Bill Frenzel – Brookings Institution|
|Branch/service||United States Naval Reserve|
|Years of service||1951–54|
Early life and careerEdit
Frenzel was educated at the Saint Paul Academy in Saint Paul, Minnesota, and earned both a B.A. (1950) and M.A. (1951) from Dartmouth College. He served as a lieutenant in the United States Naval Reserve during the Korean War from 1951 to 1954.
Frenzel served eight years in the Minnesota House of Representatives from 1962 to 1970, prior to serving in the U.S. Congress. He was president of the No. Waterway Terminals Corp. (1965–70) and of Minneapolis Terminal Warehouse Company (1966–1970). He was a member of the executive committee[clarification needed] for Hennepin County, Minnesota (1966–1967).
House of RepresentativesEdit
Frenzel was elected as a Republican to the 92nd, 93rd, 94th, 95th, 96th, 97th, 98th, 99th, 100th, and 101st congresses, serving from January 3, 1971 to January 3, 1991, and was the ranking Republican on the House Budget Committee and a member of the influential Ways and Means Committee. He was a Congressional Representative to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in Geneva for 15 years. Frenzel became known as an expert in budget and fiscal policy, election law, trade, taxes and congressional procedures, and was a negotiator in the 1990 budget summit. During the Iran–Iraq War of the 1980s, Frenzel was a proponent of economic ties to the regime of Saddam Hussein, and opposed congressional efforts to condemn Iraqi war crimes such as the infamous Halabja chemical attack, the deadliest chemical-weapons attack in history, on the grounds that they would disrupt future trade with Iraq. He also served as vice chairman of the Committee on House Administration, and vice chairman of the Commission on Congressional Mailing Standards. He did not run for re-election to the House in 1990.
Frenzel was chairman of the Ripon Society, a Republican think-tank, from the 1990s until March 2004. He has been a Guest Scholar at the Brookings Institution in Washington, DC, since January 1991, and was named director of the Brookings Governmental Affairs Institute on July 18, 1997.
In 2001, President George W. Bush appointed him to a commission to study the Social Security system, and, in 2002, to the Advisory Committee on Trade Policy and Negotiations (ACTPN), which he chairs. He was interviewed on NPR's All Things Considered, on December 20, 2004, as an advocate of President Bush's plan for Social Security privatization.
At the time of his death, he was chairman of the Pew Commission on Children in Foster Care, the Vice Chairman of the Eurasia Foundation, Chairman of the Japan-America Society of Washington, Chairman of the U.S. Steering Committee of the Transatlantic Policy Network, Co-Chairman of the Center for Strategic Tax Reform, Co-Chairman of the Bretton Woods Committee, Co-Chairman of the Committee For A Responsible Federal Budget, a member of the Executive Committee of the Committee on U.S.-China Relations, and Chairman of the Executive Committee of the International Tax and Investment Center.
He was an alternate board member of the Office of Congressional Ethics (as of 2011.)
On political gridlockEdit
Frenzel wrote in 1995:
There are some of us who think gridlock is the best thing since indoor plumbing. Gridlock is the natural gift the Framers of the Constitution gave us so that the country would not be subjected to policy swings resulting from the whimsy of the public. And the competition – whether multi-branch, multi-level, or multi-house – is important to those checks and balances and to our ongoing kind of centrist government. Thank heaven we do not have a government that nationalizes one year and privatizes next year, and so on ad infinitum.
(Checks and Balances, 8)
Family and Personal lifeEdit
Frenzel and his wife Ruth had three daughters. In 2000, he was awarded the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star, by the Emperor of Japan. In 2002, he received an Honorary Doctor of Laws Degree from Hamline University.
In 1984, the National Coalition for Science and Technology named him a "friend of science."
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Minnesota's 3rd congressional district
- "Bill Frenzel" (Fee – via Fairfax County Public Library). The Complete Marquis Who's Who. Marquis Who's Who. 2010. Gale Document Number: GALE|K2013033467. Retrieved 2011-08-21. Gale Biography In Context.
- Frenzel, W.E. (August 2009). "Curriculum Vitae". Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution. Missing or empty
- "Frenzel, William Eldridge "Bill" - Legislator Record - Minnesota Legislators Past & Present". Retrieved 6 October 2016.
- Holt, Brian (July 1998). "Military Intervention in the Kurdish Crisis (March-July 1991) [Ph.D. thesis]" (PDF). King's College, University of London. p. 135. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
- McCaslin, John (September 5, 2008). "Inside the Beltway". Washington Times.
- Bradsher, Keith (September 3, 1993). "Clinton to Name Republican To Aid in Selling Trade Pact". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-08-21.
- Ifill, Gwen (September 9, 1993). "Clinton to Delay Effort for Trade Pact". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-08-21.
...Bill Frenzel, the former Republican Congressman ... is now helping lead the Nafta lobbying effort for the Administration.
- "Geoffrey Kabaservice Interview on "Rule and Ruin"". Retrieved 6 October 2016.
- Walsh, John (1984). Document Number: GALE|A3513749 "Coalition recognizes ten Friends of Science" Check
|url=value (help) (Fee – via Fairfax County Public Library). Science. Gale Biography In Context. 226 (4675): 675. Bibcode:1984Sci...226Q.675W. doi:10.1126/science.226.4675.675. PMID 17774937. Retrieved 2011-08-21.
- Neely, Brett. "Former Minnesota U.S. Rep. Bill Frenzel dies". Retrieved 6 October 2016.
- "Bill Frenzel, Key Voice on Economics in House, Dies at 86". The New York Times. 18 November 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
- United States Congress. "Bill Frenzel (id: F000380)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- the Bill Frenzel Papers, available for research use at the Minnesota Historical Society
- Minnesota Legislators Past and Present
- "Bill Frenzel – Office of Congressional Ethics". Archived from the original on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-21. Biography