Open main menu

Wikipedia β

Richard Green "Dick" Lugar (born April 4, 1932) is an American politician who served as a United States Senator from Indiana from 1977 to 2013 as a member of the Republican Party.

Dick Lugar
Dick Lugar official photo 2010.JPG
United States Senator
from Indiana
In office
January 3, 1977 – January 3, 2013
Preceded by Vance Hartke
Succeeded by Joe Donnelly
Chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
In office
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2007
Preceded by Joe Biden
Succeeded by Joe Biden
In office
January 3, 1985 – January 3, 1987
Preceded by Chuck Percy
Succeeded by Claiborne Pell
Chair of the Senate Agriculture Committee
In office
January 20, 2001 – June 6, 2001
Preceded by Tom Harkin
Succeeded by Tom Harkin
In office
January 4, 1995 – January 3, 2001
Preceded by Patrick Leahy
Succeeded by Tom Harkin
44th Mayor of Indianapolis
In office
January 1, 1968 – January 1, 1976
Preceded by John Barton
Succeeded by William Hudnut
Personal details
Born Richard Green Lugar
(1932-04-04) April 4, 1932 (age 85)
Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Charlene Smeltzer (m. 1956)
Education Denison University (BA)
Pembroke College, Oxford (BA)
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch  United States Navy
Years of service 1957–1960
Rank Lieutenant

Born in Indianapolis, Lugar is a graduate of Denison University and Oxford University. He served on the Indianapolis Board of School Commissioners from 1964 to 1967 before he was elected to two terms as Mayor of Indianapolis, serving from 1968 to 1976. During his tenure as Mayor, Lugar served as the President of the National League of Cities in 1971 and gave the keynote address at the 1972 Republican National Convention.

In 1974, Lugar ran his first campaign for the U.S. Senate, losing to incumbent Democratic senator Birch Bayh. He ran again in 1976, defeating Democratic incumbent Vance Hartke. Lugar was reelected in 1982, 1988, 1994, 2000 and 2006. In 2012, Lugar was defeated in a primary challenge by Indiana State Treasurer Richard Mourdock, ending his 36-year tenure in the U.S. Senate. Lugar ran for the Republican nomination for President of the United States in 1996 but did not win any primaries or caucuses.

During Lugar's tenure, he served as Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations from 1985 to 1987 and from 2003 to 2007, serving as the ranking member of the committee from 2007 until his departure in 2013. Lugar also twice served as Chairman of the Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry, from 1995 to 2001 and briefly again in part of 2001. Much of Lugar's work in the Senate was toward the dismantling of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons around the world, co-sponsoring his most notable piece of legislation with Georgia Democrat Sam Nunn: the Nunn-Lugar Act.

He is also the longest-serving senator in Indiana's history and until leaving office was the most senior Republican member of the Senate.

Following his service in the Senate, Lugar created a nonprofit organization that specializes in the policy areas he pursued while in office. The Lugar Center focuses on global food security, the nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction, foreign aid effectiveness, and effective bipartisan governance.[1] Located in Washington, D.C., the nonpartisan Center works with academics, experts, and policymakers in order to create proposals for these 21st century issues. The Center works to highlight these specific topics and their implications, as well as educating the public on them. Lugar is also a member of Partnership for a Secure America's bipartisan Advisory Board.[2]


Early life, education, and early careerEdit

Richard Lugar was born on April 4, 1932 in Indianapolis, Indiana, the son of Bertha (née Green) and Marvin Lugar.[3] He is of part German descent.[4] Lugar attended the Indianapolis Public School. During this time he attained the Boy Scouts' highest rank: Eagle Scout.[5] Later, he became a recipient of the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award from the Boy Scouts of America.[6] He graduated first in his class at Shortridge High School in 1950 and from Denison University in 1954 where he was a member of Beta Theta Pi.[7] He went on to attend Pembroke College, Oxford, England, as a Rhodes Scholar, and received a second bachelor's degree and a master's degree in 1956.[8] He served in the U.S. Navy from 1956 to 1960; one of his assignments was as an intelligence briefer for Admiral Arleigh Burke. He achieved the rank of Lieutenant, Junior Grade.[9]

Lugar manages his family's 604-acre (244 ha) Marion County corn, soybean and tree farm. Before entering public life, he helped his brother Tom manage the family's food machinery manufacturing business in Indianapolis.[7]

Indianapolis politics and mayorshipEdit

Lugar served on the Indianapolis Board of School Commissioners from 1964 to 1967. At the age of 35, he was elected mayor of Indianapolis in 1967, defeating incumbent Democrat John J. Barton, and began serving the first of two mayoral terms in 1968 (A political cartoon of the time questioned how an Eagle Scout could survive in the world of politics).[5] He is closely associated with the adoption of Unigov in 1970, which unified the governments of Indianapolis and Marion County. The Unigov plan helped trigger Indianapolis's economic growth and earned Lugar the post of president of the National League of Cities in 1971. In 1972 Lugar was the keynote speaker at the Republican National Convention.[10] During this time he became known as "Richard Nixon's favorite mayor" owing to his support for devolving federal powers to local communities.[11] When Nixon visited Indianapolis in February 1970, he stated during a speech that he would meet with Lugar and other mayors ahead of a conference with Governors on environmental issues.[12] On March 14, 1974, Lugar dismissed Police Chief Winston L. Churchill following allegations of widespread corruption in the Indianapolis Police Department. Lugar stated the dismissal came following meetings with dozens of policemen and having the counsel of a seven member committee of citizens to aid in the investigation.[13]

U.S. SenateEdit



Lugar ran for the U.S. Senate in 1974 U.S. Senate election and lost to incumbent Democrat U.S. senator Birch Bayh (51%-46%).[14]

Lugar in 1977, during his first term in the Senate

Two years later, he ran against Indiana's other U.S. senator, Democrat Vance Hartke, defeating him by a massive landslide, 59%-40%, a 19-point margin.[15]


Lugar won reelection to a second term, defeating Democrat U.S. Congressman Floyd Fithian (54%-46%).[16]


Lugar won reelection to a third term, defeating Democrat Jack Wickes (68%-32%).[17]


Lugar won reelection to a fourth term, defeating Democratic former U.S. Congressman Jim Jontz (67%-31%).[18] He became the first Indiana U.S. senator elected to a fourth term.


Lugar won reelection to a fifth term, defeating Democrat David Johnson (67%-32%).[19]


Lugar won reelection to a sixth term, defeating Libertarian Steve Osborn (87%-13%).[20] The Democratic Party did not field a candidate. His was the highest-percentage win of the 2006 Senate elections despite a Democratic takeover of Washington.


Lugar ran for reelection to a seventh term but was defeated in the Republican primary by State Treasurer Richard Mourdock (61%-39%), who went on to lose the general election to Democratic Rep. Joe Donnelly. The only two counties that Lugar carried were Boone and Marion.[21][22] Lugar was the first six-term U.S. senator to lose his seat in a primary election since Kenneth McKellar in 1952.

Richard Lugar with then-Senator Barack Obama in August 2005 near Perm, Russia


Future Governor of Indiana Mitch Daniels served as his chief of staff from 1977 to 1982.[23] During the 1980 Republican National Convention, Lugar was rumored as a potential Vice Presidential nominee for Presidential nominee Ronald Reagan.[24]

On June 30, 1978, the Senate voted to approve granting New York City long term federal loan guarantees of 1.5 billion that the city had cited as essential to its prevention of bankruptcy. The measure was a compromise proposal by Lugar and Wisconsin Senator William Proxmire. Later that day, during a news conference, Senator Jacob K. Javits thanked Lugar and Proxmire.[25]

Lugar attended the January 7, 1980 signing ceremony of the Chrysler Corporation Loan Guarantee Act of 1979 in the Cabinet Room. Lugar addressed Carter during the ceremony by thanking him for signing what Lugar called "very humane and compassionate legislation" that was important for the US.[26]

In the early months of the Reagan administration, Lugar supported its program to eliminate all restrictions on planting and marketing of peanuts. An April 30, 1981 vote by members of the Senate Agriculture Committee continued the restrictions.[27]

On May 5, 1981, as part of the Senate Banking Committee, Lugar voted in favor of an amendment to the housing bill confronting New York City with either phasing out rent control or losing federal funds for housing.[28]

On May 11, 1981, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee voted in favor of implementing restrictions on American aid to El Salvador requiring President Reagan to verify the Salvadorian government was using the funds to implement human rights along with political and economic changes. The measure was opposed by Lugar who voted against the entirety of its conditions.[29]

Lugar was one of four senators on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee to vote against the Senate rejecting the nomination of Ernest W. Lefever for Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights on June 5, 1981.[30]

On October 15, 1981, Lugar voted against the recommendation of the disapproval toward the Reagan administration's intent to sell Awacs radar surveillance planes and other air-combat equipment to Saudi Arabia.[31]

In 1982, Lugar cosponsored a housing bill that would provide middle class purchasers of new homes with mortgage subsidies, which he referred to as "an emergency jobs program" that would provde 700,000 Americans with jobs in the housing and related industries while costing 5 billion over the following five years. The cancelling of an April meeting of the Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee to discuss how far-reaching the bill should be was seen as crippling to its chances of implementation.[32]

On July 13, 1983, Lugar voted in favor[33] of an authorization to appropriate 130 million toward the development of nerve gas bombs and shells.[34][35]

Lugar led the February 2, 1984 hearing of William A. Wilson, the nominee of President Reagan for United States Ambassador to the Holy See.[36]

United States Secretary of Transportation Elizabeth Dole announced President Reagan's support for legislation that would force states to raise the minimum drinking age to 21 during a news conference on June 13, 1984. Lugar was in attendance to the new conference and stated that Dole and himself had convinced President Reagan to change his mind through "the work of groups like MADD and the concern of hundreds of high school organizations called SADD (Students Against Driving Drunk)" and Lugar noted his commitment to working on bipartisan support for the legislation.[37]

On November 11, 1984, during an appearance on ABC News, Lugar stated that President Reagan misspoke in promising individuals would not pay higher taxes and in the event of a "huge national tax bill, someone is going to claim they are paying more and they'll be right."[38]

In November 1986, amid the Iran-Contra affair, Lugar stated that President Reagan was not understanding of the law requiring a president to inform Congress in a timely fashion over operations and that Reagan's rhetoric on the third party arm shipments had been confusing but stressed that the president had not been damaged in his credibility.[39] Around this time, Lugar conferred with John Poindexter, a key figure in the scandal.[40] After the 1987 State of the Union Address, Lugar stated that he believed President Reagan had taken responsibility for the Iran-Contra affair by acknowledging that the deal had been unsuccessful.[41]

The 1986 midterm election featured 22 of the 53 Senate Republicans up for re-election. In late 1984, Lugar predicted that "a number of our people are not going to win in '86" unless there was economic growth.[42] The Republicans lost 8 seats that election cycle.

After Vice President George H. W. Bush selected Lugar's fellow Indiana senator Dan Quayle for his running mate in the 1988 Presidential election, Lugar spoke with Bush by telephone and the presidential candidate explained his pick of Quayle: "The Vice President told me he wanted somebody of a distinctly different generation. It was obvious he felt that was more important than some other considerations. I certainly understand that."[43] In a September 28, 1988 news conference, Democratic vice-presidential nominee Lloyd Bentsen cited Lugar as one of three "heavyweights" Republican senators that was more qualified for the vice presidential nomination than Quayle.[44] On December 12, 1988, Lugar attended Vice President-elect Quayle's first news conference following the election, during which Quayle stated the Bush administration would be seeking his aid along with that of Dan Coats in pushing their agenda through Congress.[45]

Lugar was the only sitting senator to attend the January 18, 1989 Rose Garden ceremony for the Notre Dame Fighting Irish after their victory in the 1989 Fiesta Bowl.[46]

During the 1992 election cycle, Lugar stated President Bush needed to signal that his re-campaign was "a new campaign with a new game plan and a new vigor" and the best results would be formed through a message on "growth and jobs".[47]

During the August recess of 2005, Lugar and then-freshman Senator Barack Obama of neighboring Illinois visited Russia, Azerbaijan, and Ukraine to inspect nuclear facilities there.[48] He was detained for three hours at an airport in the city of Perm, near the Ural Mountains, where they were scheduled to depart for a meeting with the President and the Speaker of the House of Ukraine. He was released after a brief dialogue between U.S. and Russian officials, and the Russians later apologized for this incident. In January 2007, President Bush signed into law the Lugar-Obama Proliferation and Threat Reduction Initiative, which furthered Lugar's work with Senator Sam Nunn in deactivating weapons in the former Soviet Union. The Lugar-Obama program focuses on terrorists and their use of multiple types of weapons.[49]

In April 2006, Time magazine selected Lugar as one of America's 10 Best Senators.[50]

Senator Lugar tours an agricultural research facility

Although Lugar's party was in the minority in the Senate, he had good relationships with President Obama and Vice President Joe Biden. Lugar was named an honorary co-chairman of their inauguration.[51] On the day of the final 2008 presidential debate, Lugar gave a speech at the National Defense University praising Obama's foreign policy approach and warning against the isolationist, reactive policies espoused by John McCain.[52] At that debate, Obama also listed Lugar as among the individuals "who have shaped my ideas and who will be surrounding me in the White House".[53] There were rumors that either Obama or McCain would select Lugar to be Secretary of State, but that he preferred to keep his Senate seat.[49][54]

On March 18, 2009, Lugar cast his 12,000th Senate vote, putting him in 13th place for most votes. During his 32 years as senator, he had a 98% attendance record.[55]

Committee assignmentsEdit

1996 presidential campaignEdit

Richard Lugar inspects an SS-18 ICBM being prepared for destruction under the Nunn-Lugar cooperative threat reduction program.

Lugar ran for the Republican nomination for President in 1996. He declared his candidacy on 19 April 1995 in Indianapolis. However, the announcement was largely overshadowed by the bombing of the federal building in Oklahoma City, an event that was the largest act of domestic terrorism on U.S. soil up to that time. The primaries and caucuses began in January 1996. He ran on a campaign slogan of "nuclear security and fiscal sanity", but his campaign failed to gain traction.[56] He came in 7th in the Iowa caucuses on 12 February with 4%, and 4th in the New Hampshire primary on 20 February with 5%. In the Delaware primary on 24 February he also won 5%, and in the Arizona and North Dakota primaries on 27 February he came in last with 1%. He was on the ballot in seven of the nine contests on Super Tuesday on 5 March, winning 1% in Colorado, Connecticut and Maryland, 2% in Massachusetts, 3% in Maine and Rhode Island and 14% in Vermont, which was the best result he managed, though he still only came in 4th. He quit the race on the next day, 6 March. Lugar's fellow senator, and eventual Republican nominee, Bob Dole, had won all nine contests and Lugar endorsed him.[57]

Lugar's presidential campaign logo

He remained on the ballot in a number of states, winning 2% of the vote in Florida, then 1% each in Oregon, Illinois, Ohio and California, 5% in Pennsylvania and 1% in North Carolina and West Virginia. He finished sixth overall, with 127,111 votes, or 0.83%, though he did not win any contests or delegates. In retrospective, David Corn of Mother Jones called his presidential campaign "ludicrous".[58]

Political positionsEdit


Lugar's 2007 rating from NARAL was 40%.[59] His 2007–2008 rating from the National Right to Life Committee was 85%.[60]

Agricultural reformEdit

As Chairman of the Agriculture Committee, Lugar built bipartisan support for 1996 federal farm program reforms, ending 1930s-era federal production controls. He worked to initiate a biofuels research program to help increase U.S. utilization of ethanol and combustion fuels, and led initiatives to streamline the U.S. Department of Agriculture, reform the food stamp program, and preserve the federal school lunch program.

A sample from the Lugar Bipartisan Index, compiled by the Lugar Center

Bipartisan GovernanceEdit

Although nominally Republican, Lugar often worked across the aisle, working alongside Democrats on many initiatives. For this reason, he commonly broke with traditional Republican lines, especially on non-domestic issues. Lugar's most well-known piece of legislation, the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction Agreement, was co-sponsored with Sam Nunn, a Democratic Senator from Georgia. Lugar's bipartisan efforts earned him 24th place of 227 Senators' lifetime scores from 1993-2014 according to the Lugar Bipartisan Index, with a score of .668.[61] Lugar continues to support bipartisan solutions and initiatives as one of the policy focus areas of The Lugar Center.[62]

Climate ChangeEdit

Lugar is a firm believer in pragmatic, scientific solutions to climate change issues. In 2006, he co-sponsored Senate Resolution 312 with then-Senator Joe Biden, which encouraged American participation in international negotiations regarding mitigation agreements.[63] He continues to support multilateral initiatives for the deployment of innovative clean technology around the world.[64]


Richard Lugar meeting with actress Ashley Judd

Lugar believes that the U.S. sanctions on Cuba have failed and wrote to President Obama that "additional measures are recast a policy that has not only failed to promote human rights and democracy, but also undermines our broader security and political interests".[65] He supports the Freedom to Travel to Cuba Act (S.428), which would lift the restrictions on U.S. citizens visiting Cuba that have been in place since the early 1960s.[66]


Lugar takes a conservative approach to economics. He voted for Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001.[67] He voted against the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.[68]

Gun controlEdit

Lugar is also a supporter of gun control, and has supported a number of gun legislations and weapons bans. Lugar has an F rating from the National Rifle Association of America.[69] He has an F rating from Gun Owners of America and a 53% positive rating from the Brady Campaign to Prevent Handgun Violence.

Health care reformEdit

Lugar opposed President Barack Obama's health reform legislation, voted against the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in December 2009,[70] and voted against the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010.[71]


Lugar has a generally liberal stance on immigration, supporting the DREAM Act during the Obama administration and the McCain–Kennedy Comprehensive Immigration Reform bill under the Bush administration, both of which died in Congress. Both were described by critics as "amnesty".

Iraq WarEdit

Richard Lugar and then-President Ronald Reagan

On June 25, 2007, Lugar, who had been "a reliable vote for President Bush on the war", said that "Bush's Iraq strategy [is] not working and... the United States should downsize the military's role".[72]

Lugar's blunt assessment has been viewed as significant because it showed the growing impatience and dissatisfaction with President Bush's strategy in Iraq. After Lugar finished his remarks, Senate Majority Whip Richard Durbin (D-IL), a sharp critic of the war, praised Lugar's "thoughtful, sincere and honest" speech, which Durbin said was in "finest tradition of the U.S. Senate".[73] Durbin urged his Senate colleagues to take a copy of Lugar's speech home over the Fourth of July break and study it before returning to work.[73] Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid said, in reaction to Lugar's speech: "When this war comes to an end, and it will come to an end, and the history books are written, and they will be written, I believe that Sen. Lugar's words yesterday could be remembered as a turning point in this intractable civil war in Iraq".[74]

Two days later, on June 27, 2007, Lugar said that Congressional measures aimed at curtailing U.S. military involvement in Iraq – including "so-called timetables, benchmarks" – have "no particular legal consequence", are "very partisan", and "will not work".[75]

Judicial nomineesEdit

Senators Sam Nunn and Lugar leaving the White House in 1991 after briefing President George H. W. Bush on the Nunn-Lugar legislation

Lugar believes that judicial confirmation decisions should not be purely partisan. His view is if an appointee is properly qualified for the position by their education, integrity, and other similar factors, that they should be confirmed by the Senate. Lugar introduced President George W. Bush's appointee, now Chief Justice John Roberts, to the Senate at the beginning of Roberts' confirmation process and was instrumental in securing votes to confirm Roberts for the Supreme Court. Lugar was the first Republican senator to announce his support for President Barack Obama's first Supreme Court nominee United States Circuit Court of Appeals Judge Sonia Sotomayor[citation needed] and also voted in favor of his second Supreme Court nominee Solicitor General Elena Kagan.[citation needed]

LGBT issuesEdit

Lugar holds a socially conservative approach on the LGBT issue. He voted for the Federal Marriage Amendment, limiting the definition of marriage to one man and one woman.[76] However, he has also voted in favor of the Matthew Shepard Act, which expanded the federal hate crime statutes to include sexual orientation and gender identity.[77] In October 2010, Lugar voted against repeal of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell policy—which prevented gays and lesbians from serving openly in the armed forces.[citation needed] Although Senator Joe Lieberman of Connecticut announced on November 18, 2010, that Lugar promised to vote to repeal the policy the next time it comes up for a vote,[78] Lugar voted against DADT repeal in both the cloture[79] and final votes on December 18, 2010.[80]

Middle EastEdit

On May 6, 1986, Lugar was among 22 senators to vote in favor of the Reagan administration-backed proposed arms sale to Saudi Arabia, warning other senators prior to voting that they "were taking a headlong plunge in opposition to the President of the United States."[81] Lugar and fellow Senator Bob Dole, both of whom supporting the arms sale proposal, stated that President Reagan would be crippled in his role in the Middle East peace settlement in the event that he was unable to deliver a reduced arms package to the moderate Arab state.[82]

On August 7, 2012, Lugar called for the United States and Russia to work in collaboration to eliminate the stockpile of chemical weapons in Syria during an interview. He noted that the proposal had been turned down by Russian officials who noted Syria had not previously supported the Chemical Weapons Convention and that other countries saw the stockpile Syrian weapons as "influencing very adversely the potential for peace and stability in the Middle East."[83]

Nuclear stockpileEdit

Lugar has been influential in gaining Senate ratification of treaties to reduce the world's use, production and stockpiling of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, and has spearheaded many bipartisan nonproliferation initiatives. In 1991 he initiated a partnership with then-Senate Armed Services Committee Chairman Sam Nunn aiming to eliminate latent weapons of mass destruction in the former Soviet Union.[5] To date, the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction program has deactivated more than 7,500 nuclear warheads. In 2004, Lugar and Nunn were jointly awarded the Heinz Awards Chairman's Medal for their efforts.[84] He was an integral figure in the passing of the New START Treaty (which passed 71-26).[85]


In October 2008 Lugar and Joe Biden, his partner in the Committee on Foreign Relations, received the Hilal-i-Pakistan (Crescent of Pakistan) Award from the government of Pakistan for their continued support of the country. In July 2008 Lugar and Biden introduced a plan that would give $1.5 billion in aid per year to support economic development in Pakistan.[86]

Other international policy achievementsEdit

Senator Lugar supported Nelson Mandela's fight against South African apartheid. When President Reagan vetoed economic sanctions against South African leaders as a punitive measure for apartheid, Lugar turned against his own party and led the charge to overrule the veto successfully with bipartisan support. As Chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he declared on the Senate floor, "We are against tyranny, and there is tyranny in South Africa."[87]

Lugar was also instrumental to the fall of the dictatorial Marcos regime in the Philippines and overseeing the 1985 presidential election there, urging intervention from the Reagan administration.[88][89]

In addition, Lugar coauthored the Cardin-Lugar Amendment to the Dodd-Frank Act, which required all U.S.-listed oil and mining companies to report their payments to governments. Nearly identical pro-transparency measures, aimed at curbing natural resource-related corruption in the developing world, were subsequently adopted by the European Union and Canada, making extractive industry payment disclosure a global standard.[90]

Electoral historyEdit

Indianapolis mayoral election, 1967[91]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Richard Lugar 72,278 53.3
Democratic John J. Barton (incumbent) 63,284 46.7
Indianapolis mayoral election, 1971[91]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Richard Lugar 155,164 60.5
Democratic John Neff 101,367 39.5
U.S. Senator of Indiana (Class 3), 1974
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Birch Bayh (incumbent) 889,269 50.7
Republican Richard Lugar 814,117 46.4
American Don L Lee 49,592 2.8
U.S. Senator of Indiana (Class 1), 1976
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Richard Lugar 1,273,833 59.0
Democratic Vance Hartke (incumbent) 868,522 40.2
Independent Don L Lee 14,321 0.7
U.S. Labor David Lee Hoagland 2,511 0.1
U.S. Senator of Indiana (Class 1), 1982
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Richard Lugar (incumbent) 978,301 53.8
Democratic Floyd Fithian 828,400 45.6
American Raymond James 10,586 0.6
U.S. Senator of Indiana (Class 1), 1988
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Richard Lugar (incumbent) 1,430,525 68.1
Democratic Jack Wickes 668,778 31.9
U.S. Senator of Indiana (Class 1), 1994
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Richard Lugar (incumbent) 1,039,625 67.4
Democratic Jim Jontz 470,799 30.5
Libertarian Barbara Bourland 17,343 1.1
New Alliance Mary Catherine Barton 15,801 1.0
U.S. Senator of Indiana (Class 1), 2000
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Richard Lugar (incumbent) 1,427,944 66.6
Democratic David L. Johnson 683,273 31.9
Libertarian Paul Hager 33,992 1.6
U.S. Senator of Indiana (Class 1), 2006
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Richard Lugar (incumbent) 1,171,553 87.4
Libertarian Steve Osborn 168,820 12.6
Independent Mark Pool (write in) 444 0.0
Independent John H. Baldwin (write in) 294 0.0
Republican US Senate Primary, 2012[92]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Richard Mourdock 403,268 60.6
Republican Richard Lugar (incumbent) 262,388 39.4

Awards and honorsEdit

Indiana Sen. Richard Lugar, left, Secretary of Defense Leon E. Panetta, center, and former Georgia Sen. Sam Nunn receive recognition for their bipartisan work regarding nuclear nonproliferation.

Lugar has received numerous awards, including Guardian of Small Business, the Spirit of Enterprise, Watchdog of the Treasury, and 46 honorary doctorate degrees.[93] In 2001 Lugar received the Democracy Service Medal of the National Endowment for Democracy.[94] In June 2012 he was conferred with the Order of Lakandula by President Benigno S. Aquino III for his contributions to the enhancement of the Philippine-US alliance and friendship[95] as well as Poland's Knight of Freedom Award for his actions and support of the Polish accession process to NATO structures.[96]

On August 8, 2013, President Barack Obama named Lugar as a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom. The citation in the press release read as follows:

Richard Lugar represented Indiana in the United States Senate for more than 30 years. An internationally respected statesman, he is best known for his bipartisan leadership and decades-long commitment to reducing the threat of nuclear weapons. Prior to serving in Congress, Lugar was a Rhodes Scholar and Mayor of Indianapolis from 1968 to 1975. He currently serves as President of the Lugar Center.[97]

Lugar was knighted as a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) for his efforts to reduce Weapons of Mass Destruction and supporting NATO.[98] Lugar was awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit, from Germany, in 2013 for his work on fostering transatlantic cooperation.[99] In 2014, Lugar received the Golden Laurel Branch award, the highest honor given by the Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Lugar was recognized for his contributions to Bulgaria's accession to NATO.[100]

In August 2016 President Petro Poroshenko of Ukraine awarded Richard Lugar with the highest award for foreigners - Order of Liberty.[101]

In November 2016 he was awarded the 2016 J. William Fulbright Prize for International Understanding[102]

The Lugar CenterEdit

Sen. Susan Collins at an event facilitated by The Lugar Center

Following his service in the Senate, Lugar established The Lugar Center, a nonprofit public policy institution located in Washington, DC.[103]

Under the leadership of Lugar, the Lugar Center seeks to become a prominent voice in many of the global issues that defined the Senator's work in Congress. Among these are four "focus areas": Global Food Security, WMD Nonproliferation, Foreign Aid Effectiveness, and Bipartisan Governance. Since its inception in January 2013, the Lugar Center has served as a source of education and awareness on these pertinent issues.

Logo of The Lugar Center

The Center's initiatives include the following: working in conjunction with the McCourt School of Public Policy at Georgetown University to establish the Bipartisan Index,[104] partnering with the Arms Control Association to establish the Bipartisan Nuclear and WMD Policy Dialogue Project, and compiling a comprehensive selection of bibliographical resources for researchers and policymakers interested in global food security. In addition, the Lugar Diplomacy Series brings together American policy- and opinion-makers and the Washington diplomatic community. Guests have included Elena Kagan, David Petraeus, and Howard Buffett.[105]

In addition, the Lugar Center was awarded a grant by the Delegation of the European Union to conduct policy research regarding transatlantic cooperation. The grant permitted the Center to partner with the German Marshall Fund of the United States to work on bolstering trans-Atlantic energy security and economic cooperation, particularly in relation to the Trans-Atlantic Trade and Investment Partnership.

Other outside activitiesEdit

Lugar is a member the Indiana Society of the Sons of the American Revolution[106] as well as a member of the Society of Indiana Pioneers, based on his descent from very early settlers in the state.[107]

He joined the Rotary Club of Indianapolis in 1957 and spoke at the club annually during his time in the U.S. Senate. He remains an active Rotarian.[108][109] On February 16, 2013, Lugar was named the Rotarian of the Century.[110]

He served on the Board of Directors of the National Endowment for Democracy from 1992 to 2001.[111]

Lugar is a member of the board of the International Foundation for Electoral Systems, an organization involved in international elections.[112]

Lugar is a member of the board of the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI).

Lugar is on the Board of Selectors of Jefferson Awards for Public Service.[113]

Richard G. Lugar Center for Public Health ResearchEdit

A biological research facility in Tbilisi, Georgia, is named for Lugar in honor of his efforts to reduce nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons around the world. The Richard G. Lugar Center for Public Health Research is a Georgian biological research facility established with technical assistance from the U.S. Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) to contain and house dangerous pathogens and support international research efforts. This and other upgraded bio-threat reduction facilities in the region are designed to stop diseases like plague and African swine fever from spreading globally.[114][citation needed][115]

Lugar, utilizing the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction Program (CTR) which helped former Soviet Union states dismantle weapons of mass destruction after the Cold War, worked with the country of Georgia on biosafety, biosecurity and biosurveillance efforts through CTR’s Cooperative Biological Engagement Program (CBEP). The main goal was to improve the biosafety, biosecurity, disease surveillance, and establish the Central Public Health Reference Laboratory.[116]

In 2012 Georgian authorities renamed the facility the Richard G. Lugar Center for Public Health Research; it belongs to and is run by the Georgian National Center for Disease Control and Public Health (NCDC). In 2014, then-U.S. Ambassador to Georgia at the time, Richard Norland, signed an agreement with then-Georgian Prime Minister Irakli Garibashvili to transfer custody of the Center to the NCDC during the 2014 World Congress on Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Science & Consequence Management. At the invitation of the Georgian government, a contingent of U.S. scientists from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Global Disease Detection Program, and the U.S. Walter Reed Army Institute of Research are co-located in the facility. They work collaboratively alongside their Georgian counterparts.[117][118][119]

Personal lifeEdit

Lugar married Charlene Smeltzer on September 8, 1956. The couple have four sons and thirteen grandchildren.[7]

He is a member of the United Methodist Church.


  1. ^ "About the Center" Archived April 19, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Advisory Board - PSA". Retrieved November 25, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Ancestry of Dick Lugar". Retrieved November 25, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 2, 2013. Retrieved November 7, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c Townley, Alvin (2007) [December 26, 2006]. Legacy of Honor: The Values and Influence of America's Eagle Scouts. New York: St. Martin's Press. pp. 123–132, 237. ISBN 0-312-36653-1. Retrieved December 29, 2006. 
  6. ^ "Distinguished Eagle Scouts" (PDF). Retrieved November 4, 2010. 
  7. ^ a b c "Biography of Senator Dick Lugar". United States Senate: Richard G. Lugar. Archived from the original on July 30, 2008. Retrieved November 23, 2008. 
  8. ^ "Dick Lugar". September 8, 1956. Retrieved May 6, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Senator Dick Lugar - Biography - Project Vote Smart". Retrieved May 6, 2012. 
  10. ^ Witherbee, Amy. 2008. "Richard Lugar". Our States: Indiana.
  11. ^ Hallow, Ralph Z. (April 3, 1995). "Lugar takes a walk on the wild side". News World Communications, Inc. Retrieved November 23, 2008. 
  12. ^ Nixon, Richard (February 5, 1970). "30 - Remarks on Arrival at Indianapolis, Indiana". American Presidency Project. 
  13. ^ "Indianapolis Mayor Ousts Police Chief In Inquiry on Graft". New York Times. March 15, 1974. 
  14. ^ "Our Campaigns - IN US Senate Race - Nov 05, 1974". Retrieved November 25, 2017. 
  15. ^ "Our Campaigns - IN US Senate Race - Nov 02, 1976". Retrieved November 25, 2017. 
  16. ^ "Our Campaigns - IN US Senate Race - Nov 02, 1982". Retrieved November 25, 2017. 
  17. ^ "Our Campaigns - IN US Senate Race - Nov 08, 1988". Retrieved November 25, 2017. 
  18. ^ "Our Campaigns - IN US Senate Race - Nov 08, 1994". Retrieved November 25, 2017. 
  19. ^ "Our Campaigns - IN US Senate Race - Nov 07, 2000". Retrieved November 25, 2017. 
  20. ^ "Our Campaigns - IN US Senate Race - Nov 07, 2006". Retrieved November 25, 2017. 
  21. ^ "Our Campaigns - IN US Senate - R Primary Race - May 08, 2012". Retrieved November 25, 2017. 
  22. ^ "Indiana - Summary Vote Results". C-SPAN. May 9, 2012. Retrieved May 9, 2012. 
  23. ^ "Mitch Daniels". IndyStar. November 1, 2005. Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved July 9, 2008. 
  24. ^ Richard V. Allen (2000), How the Bush Dynasty Almost Wasn't Archived July 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., Hoover Digest, 2000 no 4.
  25. ^ Dembart, Lee (June 30, 1978). "NEW YORK; EFFORTS TO CUT AID DEFEATED". New York Times. 
  26. ^ "Remarks on Signing Into Law H.R. 5860, the Chrysler Corporation Loan Guarantee Act of 1979". American Presidency Project. January 7, 1980. 
  28. ^ Molotsky, Irvin (May 6, 1981). "U.S. SENATE UNIT VOTES BILL AIMED AT RENT CONTROL". New York Times. 
  29. ^ Miller, Judith. "SENATE PANEL VOTES CURBS ON SALVADORAN ARMS AID". New York Times. 
  31. ^ Mohr, Charles (October 16, 1981). "SENATE UNIT VOTES, 9 TO 8, TO OPPOSE SAUDI AWACS SALE". New York Times. 
  32. ^ Roberts, Steven V. (April 2, 1982). "G.O.P. HOUSING PLAN FALTERS IN SENATE". 
  33. ^ "SENATE ROLL-CALL ON NERVE GAS". New York Times. July 14, 1983. 
  34. ^ Ayres, Jr., B. Drummond (July 14, 1983). "NERVE GAS ARMS ARE AUTHORIZED IN SENATE VOTE". New York Times. 
  35. ^ "Senate votes for nerve gas, B-1, against neutron weapons". UPI. July 16, 1983. 
  36. ^ Anderson, David E. (February 2, 1984). "President Reagan's nominee to be the first full-fledged ambassador..." UPI. 
  37. ^ Mackay, Robert (June 13, 1984). "Reagan backs prodding states to raise drinking age". UPI. 
  38. ^ "TAX CODE CHANGE WILL RAISE SOME TAX BILLS, SENATORS SAY". New York Times. November 12, 1984. 
  39. ^ Fuerbringer, Jonathan (November 20, 1986). "LAWMAKERS FIND REAGAN MISLEADING". New York Times. 
  40. ^ Weinraub, Bernard (November 10, 1986). "SHULTZ EXAMINING HOW TO KEEP SYRIA FROM TERROR ROLE". New York Times. 
  41. ^ Sandler, Norman D. (January 27, 1987). "President Reagan acknowledges mistakes of Iran-Contra Scandal". UPI. 
  42. ^ Smith, Hedrick (November 28, 1984). "SENATE REPUBLICANS SEE OBSTACLES FOR REAGAN". New York Times. 
  43. ^ Johnson, Dirk (September 28, 1988). "WASHINGTON TALK: The Senate; For Lugar of Indiana, the Torch Passes to a New Generation". New York Times. 
  44. ^ Weaver, Jr., Warren (September 29, 1988). "Bentsen, in Truman's Town, Turns Up the Heat on Quayle". New York Times. 
  45. ^ Oreskes, Michael (December 13, 1988). "Quayle Shows He Has Learned How to Be No. 2". New York Times. 
  46. ^ Dunham, Will (January 18, 1989). "President Reagan, whose most famous film role was that..." UPI. 
  47. ^ Apple, Jr., R. W. (July 23, 1992). "THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Republicans; FACING PRESSURE, BUSH IS ADAMANT ON KEEPING QUAYLE". New York Times. 
  48. ^ Zelany, Jeff (September 23, 2005). "A foreign classroom for junior senator". Archived from the original on October 30, 2008. Retrieved November 2, 2008. 
  49. ^ a b Schnitzler, Peter (November 1, 2008). "Could Obama call on Lugar?: Presidential hopeful frequently praises foreign policy guru". Indianapolis Business Journal. Retrieved November 2, 2008. [permanent dead link]
  50. ^ "Richard Lugar: The Wise Man". Time. April 14, 2006. Retrieved November 2, 2008. 
  51. ^ "Indiana Senator hits unexpected Milestone". Retrieved January 5, 2009. [dead link]
  52. ^ Graham-Silverman, Adam (October 15, 2008). "Obama's 'Diplomacy' Wins a Republican Endorsement". Archived from the original on October 21, 2008. Retrieved November 2, 2008. 
  53. ^ "McCain, Obama go head to head in last debate -". Retrieved November 25, 2017. 
  54. ^ "Lugar Addresses Rumors Of Possible Obama Appointment". November 12, 2008. Retrieved November 13, 2008. 
  55. ^ "Lugar Boosts Senate Clout With History-Making Vote". March 18, 2009. Retrieved March 19, 2009. 
  56. ^ "Richard Lugar's Loss Devastates Moderate Republicans". The Huffington Post. 9 May 2012. 
  57. ^ "Now It's a Three-Way Race". CNN/Time AllPolitics. March 6, 1996. Archived from the original on October 17, 2015. 
  58. ^ "Why Washington Needs Dick Lugar". Mother Jones. 8 May 2012. 
  59. ^ "Indiana". NARAL Pro-Choice America. Archived from the original on November 27, 2008. Retrieved January 20, 2009. 
  60. ^ "Federal NRLC Scorecard – 110th Congress, Combined Sessions". National Right to Life Committee. Retrieved January 20, 2009. 
  61. ^ "Our Work: The Lugar Center". Retrieved 2017-08-18. 
  62. ^ "The Lugar Center". Retrieved 2017-08-18. 
  63. ^ "The Lugar-Biden Climate Change Resolution (Senate Resolution 312) | Center for Climate and Energy Solutions". Retrieved 2017-07-27. 
  64. ^ Lugar, Richard G.; Jr, Henry M. Paulson (2008-07-14). "Bridging the Gap on Climate Change". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2017-07-27. 
  65. ^ Langan, Michael (April 2, 2009). "Key US senator urges Obama to reach out to Cuba". Yahoo!. Retrieved April 4, 2009. [dead link]
  66. ^ Brice, Arthur (March 31, 2009). "Bill to allow travel to Cuba has a better shot". CNN. Retrieved April 4, 2009. 
  67. ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 107th Congress – 1st Session". 
  68. ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 111th Congress – 1st Session". 
  69. ^ Washington Post: Richard Lugar targeted by new ads from conservative groups. April 9, 2012. Accessed February 16, 2015.
  70. ^ "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". Retrieved September 19, 2011. 
  71. ^ "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". Retrieved August 29, 2010. 
  72. ^ Flaherty, Anne (June 26, 2007). "GOP senator says Iraq plan not working". Associated Press. Retrieved June 27, 2007. [dead link]
  73. ^ a b "Lugar urges Bush to change course soon in Iraq". CNN. June 26, 2007. Retrieved June 27, 2007. 
  74. ^ The Swamp: Sen. Harry Reid: Lugar Iraq speech a 'turning point' Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
  75. ^ "Lugar: Plans To End The War Are ‘Very Partisan,’ ‘Will Not Work’",, June 27, 2007
  76. ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 109th Congress – 2nd Session". 
  77. ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 111th Congress – 1st Session". 
  78. ^ "Lieberman confident about 60 votes for 'Don't Ask' repeal". 
  79. ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 111th Congress – 2nd Session". 
  80. ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 111th Congress – 2nd Session". 
  81. ^ Roberts, Steven V. (May 7, 1986). "SENATE REJECTS SAUDI ARMS SALE, 73-22". New York Times. 
  82. ^ Myers, E. Michael (May 30, 1986). "Showdown over Saudi arms deal, Reagan's own clout". UPI. 
  83. ^ Herszenhorn, David M. (August 7, 2012). "Lugar Urges U.S. and Russia to Team Up to Rid Syria of Chemical Weapons". New York Times. 
  84. ^ "The Heinz Awards :: Richard Lugar + Sam Nunn". Retrieved November 25, 2017. 
  85. ^ Baker, Peter (December 22, 2010). "Senate Passes Arms Control Treaty with Russia, 71-26". NY Times. 
  86. ^ Zeeshan, Haider (October 28, 2008). "Pakistan gives awards to Biden, Lugar for support". Reuters. Retrieved November 2, 2008. 
  87. ^ "Indiana's Richard Lugar helped Mandela's anti-apartheid cause". Indianapolis Star. Retrieved 2017-07-27. 
  88. ^ Adapted, Stanley Karnow; Stanley Karnow's Most Recent Book Is in Our Image: America's Empire In The Philippines, To Be Published Next Month By Random House, From Which This Article Is (1989-03-19). "REAGAN AND THE PHILIPPINES: Setting Marcos Adrift". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-07-27. 
  89. ^ "Philippines 2016: Governance, Growth, Development and Security Keynote Remarks: The Lugar Center". Retrieved 2017-07-27. 
  90. ^ Jordan, Chuck (2017-01-31). "Put the American people first: Keep the anti-corruption rule". TheHill. Retrieved 2017-07-27. 
  91. ^ a b Bodenhamer, David J.; Barrows, Robert Graham (1994). The Encyclopedia of Indianapolis. Vanderstel, David Gordon. Indiana University Press. p. 1356. ISBN 0-253-31222-1. Retrieved November 23, 2008. 
  92. ^
  93. ^ "Senator Richard Lugar: The Lugar Center". Retrieved 2017-07-28. 
  94. ^ National Endowment for Democracy, Democracy Service Medal Archived June 11, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  95. ^ "Lugar Receives Order Of Lakandula - Yahoo! News Philippines". June 13, 2012. Archived from the original on June 13, 2012. Retrieved November 25, 2017. 
  96. ^ "Press Releases Archive". Retrieved 2018-01-06. 
  97. ^ "President Obama Names Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients". Office of the Press Secretary, The White House. August 8, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  98. ^, The Washington Times. "Ex-Sen. Richard Lugar knighted by Queen Elizabeth II". Retrieved November 25, 2017. 
  99. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 6, 2014. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  100. ^ "Senator Lugar to receive Golden Laurel Branch award from Bulgaria". April 29, 2014. Retrieved November 25, 2017. 
  101. ^ "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №340/2016". Office of the President. August 22, 2016. Retrieved August 22, 2016. 
  102. ^ "2016 Fulbright Prize Laureate: Richard G. Lugar". Retrieved 8 March 2017.  External link in |website= (help)
  103. ^ "The Lugar Center". Retrieved November 25, 2017. 
  104. ^ "Our Work: The Lugar Center". Retrieved 2017-07-27. 
  105. ^ "Lugar Diplomacy Series Kicks Off with Gen. David Petraeus: The Lugar Center". Retrieved 2017-07-27. 
  106. ^ "Clarence A Cook SAR Newsletter" (PDF). Winter 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 26, 2011. Retrieved January 11, 2011. 
  107. ^ Yearbook, Society of Indiana Pioneers, published annually by the Society
  108. ^ "History - My Rotary". Retrieved November 25, 2017. 
  109. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 18, 2014. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  110. ^
  111. ^ National Endowment for Democracy, November 6, 2003, Official Commemoration of the Twentieth Anniversary of the National Endowment for Democracy, Retrieved August 5, 2010
  112. ^ "Board". IFES. 2009. Archived from the original on March 1, 2009. Retrieved Oct 16, 2009. 
  113. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 24, 2010. Retrieved December 5, 2013. 
  114. ^ "U.S. Senator Richard Lugar to Visit Georgia". Embassy of the United States - Georgia. Archived from the original on February 15, 2013. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  115. ^ Keenan, Jillian (23 September 2013). "New High-Tech Laboratory in Kazakhstan to Fight Plague Outbreaks". National Geographic. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  116. ^ Lugar, Richard. "Remarks - Richard G. Lugar Center for Public Health Research". Embassy of the United States - Georgia. Archived from the original on February 18, 2013. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  117. ^ "Georgia to assume control of Lugar Center for Public Health at World CBRN Congress". BioPrepWatch. 5 June 2014. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  118. ^ Pellerin, Cheryl (3 December 2012). "Panetta Awards Nunn, Lugar Highest Civilian Defense Honors". American Forces Press Service. U.S. Department of Defense. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  119. ^ "Tbilisi's new biolab to be owned by the NCDC". Democracy & Freedom Watch. 10 May 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
John Barton
Mayor of Indianapolis
Succeeded by
William Hudnut
Party political offices
Preceded by
William Ruckelshaus
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Indiana
(Class 3)

Succeeded by
Dan Quayle
Preceded by
Richard Roudebush
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Indiana
(Class 1)

1976, 1982, 1988, 1994, 2000, 2006
Succeeded by
Richard Mourdock
Preceded by
Bob Packwood
Chair of the National Republican Senatorial Committee
Succeeded by
John Heinz
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Vance Hartke
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Indiana
Served alongside: Birch Bayh, Dan Quayle, Dan Coats, Evan Bayh, Dan Coats
Succeeded by
Joe Donnelly
Preceded by
Chuck Percy
Chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
Succeeded by
Claiborne Pell
Preceded by
Patrick Leahy
Chair of the Senate Agriculture Committee
Succeeded by
Tom Harkin
Preceded by
Tom Harkin
Chair of the Senate Agriculture Committee
Preceded by
Joe Biden
Chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
Succeeded by
Joe Biden
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Ted Stevens
Most Senior Republican United States Senator
Succeeded by
Orrin Hatch