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David Hampton Pryor (born August 29, 1934) is an American politician and former Democratic United States Representative and United States Senator from the State of Arkansas. Pryor also served as 39th Governor of Arkansas from 1975 to 1979 and was a member of the Arkansas House of Representatives from 1960 to 1966. He served as the interim chairman of the Arkansas Democratic Party, following Bill Gwatney's assassination.
|Chair of the Arkansas Democratic Party|
September 5, 2008 – January 28, 2009
|Preceded by||Bill Gwatney|
|Succeeded by||Todd Turner|
|Secretary of the Senate Democratic Conference|
January 3, 1989 – January 3, 1995
|Leader||George J. Mitchell|
|Preceded by||Daniel Inouye|
|Succeeded by||Barbara Mikulski|
|Chair of the Senate Aging Committee|
January 3, 1989 – January 3, 1995
|Preceded by||John Melcher|
|Succeeded by||William Cohen|
|United States Senator|
January 3, 1979 – January 3, 1997
|Preceded by||Kaneaster Hodges Jr.|
|Succeeded by||Tim Hutchinson|
|39th Governor of Arkansas|
January 14, 1975 – January 3, 1979
|Preceded by||Bob C. Riley (Acting)|
|Succeeded by||Joe Purcell (Acting)|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Arkansas's 4th district
November 8, 1966 – January 3, 1973
|Preceded by||Oren Harris|
|Succeeded by||Ray Thornton|
David Hampton Pryor
August 29, 1934
Camden, Arkansas, U.S.
|Education||Henderson State University (BA)|
University of Arkansas, Fayetteville (LLB)
Pryor was born in Camden, the seat of Ouachita County in southern Arkansas, to William Edgar Pryor and the former Susan Newton. He attended public schools in Camden, attended Henderson State Teacher's College in Arkadelphia, and graduated from the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville in 1957. Pryor was founder and publisher of the Ouachita Citizen from 1957 to 1960. He graduated from law school at the University of Arkansas in 1964 and was admitted to the bar that same year.
His state House service preceded his tenure in the U.S. House.
He was elected to Congress in a special election to fill the unexpired term in the 89th Congress of fellow Democrat Oren Harris, whom U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed to a federal judgeship. At the same time, Pryor was elected to the 90th Congress for a full term. In the primary, Pryor defeated the Texarkana lawyer Richard S. Arnold, whom he later described as "a very, very close friend." Pryor thereafter defeated the Republican candidate, A. Lynn Lowe of Texarkana, by a comfortable margin. Lowe would subsequently become chairman of the fledgling Arkansas GOP. Pryor was reelected to the House twice and served from November 8, 1966 to January 3, 1973.
He was not a candidate for reelection in 1972. Instead he failed in a hard-fought campaign to wrest the Democratic U.S. Senate nomination from the popular conservative John L. McClellan, from Sheridan, Arkansas.
The race for GovernorEdit
Pryor's next success came in the 1974 gubernatorial race. He was elected to succeed Dale Bumpers, who won the Senate seat long held by J. William Fulbright in the same year. Pryor first defeated former Governor Orval Faubus in the primary and then crushed the Republican nominee, Ken Coon, who would also later chair the Arkansas GOP. He was reelected in 1976 by a huge margin over the Republican Leon Griffith, a plumber from Pine Bluff, the seat of Jefferson County, who relocated to North Little Rock during the campaign. Before they could face Pryor, Coon and Griffith first had to defeat Joseph H. Weston of Cave City, editor of the controversial Sharp Citizen newspaper, whose work led to a change in Arkansas libel law.
Pryor's gubernatorial tenure extended from 1975 to January 3, 1979.
Lieutenant Governor Joe Purcell was an interim successor for six days as governor until the beginning of the term of the next governor-elect and future President Bill Clinton, who had served as Arkansas Attorney General during Pryor's second two-year term.
Pryor finally won McClellan's Senate seat in 1978. McClellan died in 1977, and Governor Pryor appointed a caretaker successor Kaneaster Hodges, Jr., who was prohibited by the Arkansas Constitution from running himself. Pryor won the Democratic senatorial nomination over then U.S. Representatives Jim Guy Tucker and Ray Thornton and then secured a lopsided general election victory in the fall over the liberal Republican Tom Kelly, who advocated marijuana legalization, among other things. He served three Senate terms. His closest contest was his 1984 reelection against the Republican U.S. Representative Edwin Bethune. Despite the presence of Ronald Reagan on the Republican ticket, Pryor still defeated Bethune, 502,3431 (57.3 percent) to 373,615 (42.7 percent). Pryor was unopposed in 1990, and he did not seek a fourth term in 1996. The seat instead went Republican for one term with the election of U.S. Representative Tim Hutchinson. Pryor hence retired from elected office in 1997.
Pryor served as chairman of the Committee on Aging. Pryor was known for his advocacy for the aged and for promoting taxpayer rights. During his tenure, he was secretary of the Democratic Conference, third in the Senate Democratic Leadership.
In 2000 Pryor became Director of the Institute of Politics at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He currently serves as dean of the Clinton School of Public Service in Little Rock. In June 2006, President George W. Bush nominated Pryor to the board of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, and in September of that year he was confirmed by the Senate for a six-year term. As he has done occasionally in the past, Pryor taught a political science course at the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville during the Fall 2008 term.
His son is former United States Senator Mark Pryor, a Democrat who held the same seat that his father vacated in 1997.
Pryor had quadruple bypass surgery performed by Dr. Tamim Antaki at UAMS on October 11, 2006. He had suffered a heart attack the previous day. His recovery was satisfactory and he was released from the hospital on October 17, 2006. [permanent dead link]
Pryor briefly returned to politics, when he served as an interim chairman of the Arkansas Democratic Party following the murder of Bill Gwatney, and plays an important role in Arkansas Democratic politics.
In 1957, Pryor married Barbara Jean Lunsford, who at the time was a 19 year old freshman at the University of Arkansas. Unable to tolerate the stresses of public life, she briefly lived away from her family from 1975 to 1977, while her husband was governor. During that time, she took various university courses and had trouble finding a job, and she eventually moved back into the governor's mansion after completing her rest.
- "1". freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com. Retrieved 23 August 2017.
- "Joseph H. Weston, Publisher of an Arkansas Newspaper". The New York Times, November 19, 1983. November 19, 1983. Retrieved May 11, 2010.
- "Data" (PDF). www.clintonfoundation.org.
- "David Hampton Pryor (1934–) - Encyclopedia of Arkansas". www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved 23 August 2017.
- Mann, Judy (1979-03-16). "Barbara Pryor Is Back As a Complete Person". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2019-04-04.
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture entry: David Hampton Pryor
- Oral History Interview with David Pryor from Oral Histories of the American South
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arkansas's 4th congressional district
|Party political offices|
| Democratic nominee for Governor of Arkansas
| Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Arkansas
1978, 1984, 1990
| Secretary of the Senate Democratic Conference
| Chair of the Arkansas Democratic Party
Bob C. Riley
| Governor of Arkansas
Kaneaster Hodges Jr.
| U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Arkansas
Served alongside: Dale Bumpers
| Chair of the Senate Aging Committee