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Ezekiel Candler "Took" Gathings (November 10, 1903 – May 2, 1979) was a U.S. Representative from Arkansas, representing Arkansas' First Congressional District from 1939 to 1969. A conservative and segregationist, Gathings was an ally of Strom Thurmond, and stood against all civil rights legislation. Gathings also chaired the 1952 House Select Committee on Current Pornographic Materials, which advocated for censorship of obscene magazines, books, and comics.

Ezekiel Candler Gathings
Ezekiel Gathings.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arkansas's 1st district
In office
January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1969
Preceded byWilliam J. Driver
Succeeded byBill Alexander, Jr.
Member of the Arkansas Senate
from the Thirty-second district
In office
January 14, 1935[1] – January 9, 1939[2]
Preceded byMarvin B. Norfleet[3]
Succeeded byJ. O. E. Beck, Jr.[4]
Personal details
Born(1903-11-10)November 10, 1903
Prairie, Mississippi
DiedMay 2, 1979(1979-05-02) (aged 75)
West Memphis, Arkansas
Political partyDemocratic
Alma materUniversity of Alabama (did not graduate)
University of Arkansas School of Law

Early life and educationEdit

Born in Prairie, Mississippi, Gathings' family moved to Earle, Arkansas when Gathings was school-aged.[5]

His nickname derived from Gathings' younger brother's mispronunciation of his childhood nickname, "Sugar" ("Tooker", shortened to "Took").

Gathings graduated from high school in Earle, and briefly attended University of Alabama, before transferring to the University of Arkansas School of Law, where he graduated in 1929. He was admitted to the bar the same year and commenced practice in Helena, Arkansas, moving his practice to West Memphis, in 1932.

Political careerEdit

Gathings served in the Arkansas Senate from 1935–1939, representing Crittenden and St. Francis Counties. He served in the 50th and 51st Arkansas General Assembly, which were entirely Democratic during the Solid South period. He was elected as a Democrat (defeating incumbent William J. Driver in the 1938 Democratic primary) to the Seventy-sixth and to the fourteen succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1969) as a representative of Arkansas' 1st Congressional District. He was a signatory of the 1956 Southern Manifesto that opposed the desegregation of public schools ordered by the Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education.

Gathings resided in West Memphis, Arkansas, where he died May 2, 1979. He was interred in Crittenden Memorial Park, Marion, Arkansas.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "SOS" (1998), p. 289.
  2. ^ "SOS" (1998), p. 270.
  3. ^ "SOS" (1998), p. 287-288.
  4. ^ "SOS" (1998), p. 292-293.
  5. ^ "Ezekiel Candler "Took" Gathings (1903–1979) - Encyclopedia of Arkansas". www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
William J. Driver
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arkansas's 1st congressional district

1939–1969
Succeeded by
Bill Alexander

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.