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South Dakota's 1st congressional district

South Dakota's 1st congressional district is now obsolete. It existed from 1913 to 1983.

When South Dakota was admitted into the Union in 1889, it was allocated two congressional seats, both of which were elected statewide at-large. This continued until South Dakota received a third congressional seat after the 1910 Census, and individual districts were established.

From 1913 until 1933, the newly created 1st District covered 21 counties in southeastern South Dakota, including the state's largest city Sioux Falls.[1] When South Dakota's 3rd congressional district was eliminated after the 1930 Census, the 1st District was expanded to include all of the counties in South Dakota east of the Missouri River.[2] Population changes eventually reduced the district size until it again covered just 21 counties in the eastern part of the state. During the 97th Congress, it included the cities of Aberdeen, Brookings, Sioux Falls, Watertown, Vermillion, and Yankton.[3]

List of representativesEdit

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
District home Electoral history
District created March 4, 1913
  Charles H. Dillon Republican March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1919
63rd
64th
65th
Yankton First elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Lost renomination.
  Charles A. Christopherson Republican March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1933
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
Sioux Falls First elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
Re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Lost re-election.
  Fred H. Hildebrandt Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1939
73rd
74th
75th
Watertown First elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
  Karl E. Mundt Republican January 3, 1939 –
December 30, 1948
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
Madison First elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator and then resigned when appointed to the seat.
Vacant December 30, 1948 –
January 3, 1949
  Harold Lovre Republican January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1957
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
Hayti First elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Lost re-election.
  George McGovern Democratic January 3, 1957 –
January 3, 1961
85th
86th
Mitchell First elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
  Ben Reifel Republican January 3, 1961 –
January 3, 1971
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
Aberdeen First elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Retired.
  Frank E. Denholm Democratic January 3, 1971 –
January 3, 1975
92nd
93rd
Brookings First elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Lost re-election.
  Larry Pressler Republican January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1979
94th
95th
Humboldt First elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
  Tom Daschle Democratic January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1983
96th
97th
Aberdeen First elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Redistricted to the At-large district in 1982.
District eliminated January 3, 1983

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Official Congressional Directory, 63rd Congress (1913) through 72nd Congress (1931)
  2. ^ Official Congressional Directory, 73rd Congress (1933)
  3. ^ Official Congressional Directory, 97th Congress (1981)
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

Coordinates: 44°40′N 97°20′W / 44.667°N 97.333°W / 44.667; -97.333