Open main menu

Albert Sydney Herlong Jr. (February 14, 1909 – December 27, 1995) was an American politician from Florida who served in the United States House of Representatives from 1949 to 1969 as a member of the Democratic Party.

Syd Herlong
AS Herlong.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida
In office
January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1969
Preceded byJoe Hendricks
Succeeded byBill Chappell
Constituency5th district (1949–1967)
4th district (1967–1969)
Personal details
Albert Sydney Herlong Jr.

February 14, 1909
Manistee, Alabama
DiedDecember 27, 1995(1995-12-27) (aged 86)
Leesburg, Florida
Political partyDemocratic (1937–1985)
Other political
Republican (1985–1995)
Alma materUniversity of Florida


Early life and educationEdit

Herlong was born in the small community of Manistee, Alabama in 1909, and moved with his parents to Marion County, Florida in 1912. He attended the public schools of Sumter and Lake counties and graduated from Leesburg High School in Leesburg, Florida. Herlong attended the University of Florida in Gainesville, Florida, where he was a member of Pi Kappa Phi Fraternity (Alpha Epsilon Chapter), and graduated in 1930. He was admitted to The Florida Bar in 1930 and started his law practice in Leesburg.


Early political careerEdit

Herlong was elected county judge of Lake County, Florida, and served from 1937 to 1949. He served as city attorney of Leesburg from 1946 to 1948. He held a reserve commission as captain in the U.S. Army and was called to active duty in the Judge Advocate General's Department in August 1941. He was discharged in 1942 due to physical disability. He served two enlistments in the Florida State Guard. He served as president of the Florida State Baseball League in 1947 and 1948.[1]

Career in CongressEdit

Herlong was elected as a Democrat to the Eighty-first and to the nine succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1969).

In Congress, Herlong was noted for his anti-communist advocacy. In 1959, Herlong introduced a bill to establish a federally funded Freedom Academy that would counter-act foreign countries' Communist propaganda.[2][3][4] On January 10, 1963, at the request of constituent Patricia Nordman, Herlong read into the Congressional Record a list of 45 goals of communism from the book The Naked Communist by W. Cleon Skousen.[5]

Herlong was a signatory to the 1956 Southern Manifesto that opposed the desegregation of public schools ordered by the Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education.

He was not a candidate for reelection in 1968 to the Ninety-first Congress.

Post-Congressional careerEdit

He resumed his practice of law. Appointed in 1969 by President Richard Nixon,[6] Herlong served in the Securities and Exchange Commission until 1973.

In 1985, Herlong formally changed his party affiliation to Republican.[7]

Personal lifeEdit

Herlong died December 27, 1995 at his home in Leesburg, Florida. He was married and had four daughters, Sydney, Dorothy, Mary Alice, and Margaret.[7][8][9]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Bill in Congress Proposes to Bar Anti-Trust Prosecution of Sports," The New York Times, p. S40 (April 5, 1949). Retrieved August 7, 2010.
  2. ^ Hearings Before the Committee on Un-American Activities (30-471 O), Government Printing Office, February 19, 1964, p. 952
  3. ^ El Paso Herald-Post, February 3, 1959
  4. ^ "Freedom Academy Bill Reported to House", CQ Almanac 1965 (21st ed.), Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly, p. 720, 1966, archived from the original on December 25, 2017
  5. ^ Herlong, Albert S. Jr. (January 10, 1963), "Current Communist Goals" (PDF), Congressional Record, 109 (22), pp. A34–A35
  6. ^ Associated Press, "S.E.C. Member is Sworn," The New York Times, p. 72 (October 30, 1969). Retrieved August 7, 2010.
  7. ^ a b Fernandez, Don (December 28, 1995). "Former Congressman Herlong Dies". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved December 18, 2017.
  8. ^ "A.S. "Syd" Herlong dies". The Washington Post. December 29, 1995. Retrieved December 18, 2017.
  9. ^ Van Gelder, Lawrence (December 29, 1995). "A. Sydney Herlong Jr., 86, Florida Congressman". The New York Times. Retrieved December 19, 2017.

External linksEdit