Leslie C. Arends
Leslie C. Arends
|United States House of Representatives Republican Whip|
May 13, 1943 – December 31, 1974
|Leader||Joseph W. Martin|
John J. Rhodes
|Preceded by||Harry L. Englebright|
|Succeeded by||Robert Michel|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Illinois's 17th district
January 3, 1935 – January 3, 1973
|Preceded by||Frank Gillespie|
|Succeeded by||George M. O'Brien|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Illinois's 15th district
January 3, 1973 – December 31, 1974
|Preceded by||Cliffard D. Carlson|
|Succeeded by||Tim Lee Hall|
Leslie Cornelius Arends
September 27, 1895
Melvin, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||July 17, 1985 (aged 89)|
Naples, Florida, U.S.
A native and lifelong resident of Melvin, Illinois, Arends attended Oberlin College and served in the United States Navy during World War I. He was involved in farming and banking; in addition to renting out several farms he owned, he eventually became president of the local bank that his father had started.
A Republican, he was elected to the U.S. House in 1934. He served from 1935 until resigning on December 31, 1974. From 1943 until his retirement, Arends served as the Republican Whip, holding the post during periods of Republican majority (1947-1949, 1953-1955) and minority (1943-1947, 1949-1953, 1955-1974). In addition, Arends rose by seniority to become the ranking minority member of the House Armed Services Committee.
A party loyalist, Arends opposed much government spending, and provided strong support to the party's presidential candidates. He remained loyal to Richard M. Nixon during the Watergate scandal, and indicated that he would not vote to impeach Nixon.
After resigning from the House, Arends served on the President's Intelligence Advisory Board, and lived in retirement in Melvin, Washington, DC, and Naples, Florida. He died in Naples, and was buried in Melvin.
Born in Melvin, Illinois on September 27, 1895, Arends was the youngest of 10 children (seven of whom lived to adulthood) born to George Teis Arends and Talea (née Weiss) Arends. His father was born in Peoria to parents who were both natives of Germany; his mother was born in Hanover, Germany.
Arends attended the local schools and from 1912 to 1913 was a student at Oberlin College in Ohio. He served in the United States Navy during World War I, and after his discharge he acquired and rented out several farms, and became active in banking. He eventually became president of the Commercial State Bank in Melvin, which had been founded by his father. He was a member of the Ford County Farm Bureau, and a member of the board of trustees of Illinois Wesleyan University, which awarded him the honorary degree of LL.D. in 1962.
In 1934, Arends was elected as a Republican to the 74th Congress. He was reelected nineteen times, and served from January 3, 1935 until resigning on December 31, 1974, a few days before the end of his final term. He alternately served as majority whip and minority whip for House Republicans from 1943 to 1974, and was the longest-serving whip in U.S. House of Representatives history. He rose through seniority to become the ranking Republican on the House Armed Services Committee, where one of his pet projects was preventing the closure of Chanute Air Force Base in Illinois; it remained open until 1993.
Arends represented a heavily Republican, largely rural downstate Illinois district. A conservative but pragmatic Republican, he opposed much of the New Deal and remained a staunch isolationist until the American entry into World War II. After becoming minority whip in 1943, Arends helped create the powerful Conservative Coalition of Republicans and Southern Democrats that controlled the domestic agenda from 1937 to 1964. He was reelected as whip amid Republican in-fighting following their large Congressional losses in the 1964 elections; after their setback, House Republicans replaced leader Charles Halleck with Gerald Ford. Ford backed Peter Frelinghuysen Jr. for Whip. Arends had usually been reelected Whip without opposition, and despite a strong challenge from Frelinghuysen, Arends relied on the personal relationships forged over 30 years to provide the votes that enabled him to retain the post.
He supported Robert A. Taft over Dwight D. Eisenhower for the 1952 Republican presidential nomination, and was an early supporter of the party's nominees Richard M. Nixon and Barry Goldwater in the campaigns of the 1960s. He organized the GOP opposition to Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society, but supported some civil rights legislation.
During the Watergate scandal, Arends provided unwavering loyalty to President Richard M. Nixon, and stated that he would not vote for impeachment, citing his strong personal friendship with Nixon and belief that Nixon had performed capably as president. Despite the Whip challenge following the 1966 elections, Nixon's successor Gerald Ford and Arends maintained a close personal friendship, ensuring Arends a good relationship with the White House after Nixon's resignation.
Arends' papers are part of the collections of Illinois Wesleyan University, and the university library's special collections room was named for him.
Death and burialEdit
- "Leslie C. Arends, 89, Dies".
- Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, p. 106.
- Alumni Record of the University of Illinois, p. 514.
- "Leslie Arends, 40-Year House Member, Dies".
- "Arends: Vote-Finder for Republicans in the House", p. 16.
- "Founders' Day Sees 2 Renamings", p. 5.
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774-2005, p. 452.
- Historical Dictionary of the U.S. Congress, pp. 19-20.
- "Illinois GOP leaders Set to Back Ike", p. 1.
- "Nixon to Attend Melvin Celebration", p. 5.
- "Arends Lashes Out Against Johnson", p. 2.
- "Arends On Committee Informing Nixon On Issues", p. 7.
- "G.O.P. Girds for New War on U.S. Spending", p. 61.
- "House Whip Arends Won't Support Impeachment Vote", p. 15.
- "Remarks at Ceremonies Honoring Representative Leslie C. Arends in Melvin, Illinois".
- Lane, Russell (July 12, 1952). "Illinois GOP leaders Set to Back Ike". Decatur Daily Review. Decatur, IL. Associated Press.
- "Nixon to Attend Melvin Celebration". The Pantagraph. Bloomington, IL. May 5, 1960.
- "Arends Lashes Out Against Johnson as 'Wheeler Dealer': 'Unqualified' Support for Barry". The Pantagraph. Bloomington, IL. October 9, 1964.
- McNeil, Marshall (December 1, 1965). "Guns-Vs.-Butter Issue:G.O.P. Girds for New War on U.S. Spending". Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh, PA. Scripps-Howard.
- Beckman, Aldo (October 29, 1967). "Arends: Vote-Finder for Republicans in the House". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, IL.
- "Arends On Committee Informing Nixon On Issues". Freeport Journal-Standard. Freeport, IL. Associated Press. July 20, 1968.
- "House Whip Arends Won't Support Impeachment Vote". Southern Illinoisan. Carbondale, IL. Associated Press. August 8, 1974.
- Spencer, Sandy (February 20, 1975). "Founders' Day Sees 2 Renamings". The Pantagraph. Bloomington, IL.
- Pearson, Richard (July 17, 1985). "Leslie C. Arends, 89, Dies". Washington Post. Washington, DC.
- Cook, Joan (July 17, 1985). "Leslie Arends, 40-Year House Member, Dies". New York Times. New York, NY.
- Illinois State Historical Society (1991). Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society. 84-85. Springfield, IL: ISHS.
- Schraufnagel, Scot (2011). Historical Dictionary of the U.S. Congress. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-7196-0.
- United States Congress (2005). Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774-2005. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.
- University of Illinois (1913). Alumni Record of the University of Illinois. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press.
- Ford, Gerald R. (October 24, 1974). "Remarks at Ceremonies Honoring Representative Leslie C. Arends in Melvin, Illinois". The American Presidency Project: Gerald Ford. Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley. Retrieved September 6, 2017.
- Lichtenstein, Nelson et al. Political Profiles. Volume 3, "The Kennedy Years." pg 14. New York: Facts On File, Inc, 1976.
- Schapsmeier, Edward L. and Frederick H. Schapsmeier, "Serving under Seven Presidents: Les Arends and His Forty Years in Congress." Illinois Historical Journal 1992 85(2): 105-118. ISSN 0748-8149
- United States Congress. "Leslie C. Arends (id: A000216)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.