Edward Garmatz

Edward Alexander Garmatz (February 7, 1903 – July 22, 1986), a Democrat, was a U.S. Congressman who represented the 3rd congressional district of Maryland from 1947 to 1973.

Edward Alexander Garmatz
Edward Garmatz.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 3rd district
In office
July 15, 1947 – January 3, 1973
Preceded byThomas D'Alesandro Jr.
Succeeded byPaul Sarbanes
Chairman of the United States House Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries
In office
Preceded byHerbert Covington Bonner
Succeeded byLeonor Sullivan
Personal details
Born(1903-02-07)February 7, 1903
Baltimore, Maryland
DiedJuly 22, 1986(1986-07-22) (aged 83)
Baltimore, Maryland
Political partyDemocratic

Early life and careerEdit

Born in Baltimore, Maryland; his father and maternal grandparents were German immigrants.[1] Garmatz attended the public schools, including the Baltimore Polytechnic Institute. He engaged in the electrical business from 1920 to 1942, and was associated with the Maryland State Racing Commission from 1941 to 1944. He served as police magistrate from 1944 to 1947.

Congressional TenureEdit

Garmatz was elected July 15, 1947 by special election to fill the vacancy left by Thomas D'Alesandro Jr., who had resigned the seat to become Mayor of Baltimore. He was re-elected to the twelve succeeding Congresses and served from July 15, 1947 to January 3, 1973. From the Eighty-ninth through the Ninety-second Congresses, Garmatz served as chairman of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. Garmatz did not sign the 1956 Southern Manifesto, and voted in favor of the Civil Rights Acts of 1957,[2] 1960,[3] 1964,[4] and 1968,[5] as well as the 24th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.[6][7]


He was not a candidate for reelection in 1972 to the Ninety-third Congress, and became employed by the International Organization of Masters, Mates, and Pilots Union. He was a resident of Baltimore until his death there.

In 1978, a federal bribery conspiracy case against Garmatz was dismissed at the urging of Justice Department officials who said they had discovered that their key witness had lied to a grand jury and forged documents.[8] This information was brought to their attention through the investigation of Garmatz's attorney, Arnold M. Weiner.[9]

The federal courthouse in Baltimore is named after Garmatz. After his acquittal, Garmatz stood before the courthouse that bears his name, took out his handkerchief and began wiping the courthouse sign. When asked what he was doing he replied that he was wiping the tarnish from his name.[10]


  • United States Congress. "Edward Garmatz (id: G000071)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 3rd congressional district

Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by
Herbert C. Bonner
North Carolina
Chairman of House Merchant Marine and Fisheries Committee
Succeeded by