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Cecil Murray Harden (November 21, 1894 – December 5, 1984) was an American educator who became a Republican politician and an advocate of women's rights.[1] She served five terms in the U.S. Representative (January 3, 1949 to January 3, 1959) representing Indiana's 6th congressional district. Harding was the only Republican woman elected to represent Indiana in the [[United States Congress|U.S. Congress until 2012, when Susan Brooks and Jackie Walorski were elected to serve in the 113th United States Congress beginning in January 2013.[2]

Cecil Murray Harden
Cecil Harden.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 6 district
In office
January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1959
Preceded byNoble J. Johnson
Succeeded byFred Wampler
Personal details
Born( 1894 -11-21)November 21, 1894
Covington[Fountain County, U.S.
DiedDecember 5, 1984(1984-12-05) (aged 90)
Lafayette, Tippecanoe County, Indiana U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Frost Revere Harden
ChildrenMurray Harden
Alma materIndiana University

Initially assigned to the Veterans' Affairs Committee in the 81st Congress, the next term she transferred to the House Committee on Expenditures in Executive Departments (later called Government Operations), where she served as the chair of the Inter-Governmental Relations subcommittee of Government Operations during the 83rd Congress. Harden also served six years (1953–59) on the Committee on the Post Office and Civil Service during the Eisenhower administration. In 1957 Harden and U.S. Representative Florence Dwyer proposed legislation in the U.S. House in support of equal pay for women. Harden also joined with U.S. Senator Margaret Chase Smith and U.S. Representative Frances Bolton to encourage inclusion of issues of interest to women in the Republican Party's platform. In addition, Harden helped her constituents in Indiana by securing federal funding for flood control projects, especially in the Wabash River valley, and was critical of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission's plan in 1956 to close its heavy water plant in Dana, Indiana.

Harden, who became in politics in 1932, served as the Republican precinct vice chairman from 1932 to 1940; vice chairman of the Fountain County, Indiana, Republican Party from 1938 until 1950; Indiana's Republican National committeewoman from 1944 to 1959 and from 1964 to 1972; and delegate-at-large to the Republican National Conventions in 1948, 1952, 1956, 1968, and in 1972. Harden was appointed to serve as special assistant for women's affairs to U.S. Postmaster General Arthur Summerfield (March 1959 to March 1961) and served on the National Advisory Committee for the White House Conference on Aging in 1972–73.

Early life and educationEdit

Cecil Murray was born on November 21, 1894, at Covington in Fountain County, Indiana,[3] to Jennie (Clotfelter) and Timothy J. Murray. Cecil's father was a real estate broker and a longtime leader of the local Democratic Party.[4]

She attended local public schools and graduated from Covington High School in 1912.[5] Murray enrolled at Indiana University in Bloomington, Indiana, but left IU to become a teacher in the Troy township schools, at later in her hometown of Covington.[4]

On December 22, 1914, Cecil Murray married Frost Revere Harden (1889-1965), "who eventually became an automobile dealer in Covington."[4][6] Their only child, a son named Murray Harden (1915-1989), became a doctory in Lafayette, Indiana.[1][4][7]

CareerEdit

Local and state politicsEdit

Despite her father's ties to the Democratic Party, Harden became active in the local Republican Party. She first became interested in local politics in 1931, when President Herbert Hoover appointed her husband as Covington's postmaster. Harden became even more active in Republican politics in 1933, after President Franklin Delano Roosevelt took office and appointed a Democrat to replace her husband as the Covington postmaster.[3][4]

Hardin entered politics in 1932 as the Republican precinct vice chairman, a position she retained until 1940. Beginning in the 1930s and 1940s, Harden was active in Indiana politics. In 1938, she became vice chairman of the Fountain County Republican Party, a position she held until 1950, and served as the vice chair of an Indiana congressional district.[2][3]

Harden joined the Republican National Speakers Bureay in 1940. She was elected Indiana's Republican National committeewoman in 1944, serving until 1959, and again from 1964 to 1972. Harden also served as a delegate-at-large to the Republican National Conventions in 1948, 1952, 1956, and 1968.[1][4]

U.S. House of RepresentativesEdit

In 1948, when Indiana Republican Noble J. Johnson resiged from the U.S. Congress to accept a federal judgeship, Harden won the Republican Party's nomination to run for his seat in the U.S. House of Representatives in the general election in the fall. In her first bid for elective office, Harden narrowly defeated Democrat Jack J. O'Grady by a margin of only 483 votes out of a total of 132,000 votes cast in the race.[3][4] O'Grady, a native of Terre Haute, Indiana,[2] was a U.S. army veteran who had represented Vigo County, Indiana, in both houses of the Indiana legislature.[citation needed] Harden was elected to the 81st Congress and the four succeeding Congresses, serving from January 3, 1949 to January 3, 1959,[5] a total of five consecutive terms in the U.S. House as a representative of Indiana's 6th congressional district.[3]

In her first term in Congress in 1949, Harden was initially assigned to the Veterans' Affairs Committee, but the next term she transferred to the House Committee on Expenditures in Executive Departments (later called Government Operations). During the 83rd Congress, Harden chaired the Inter-Governmental Relations subcommittee of Government Operations. She also served six years ((1953–59) on the Committee on the Post Office and Civil Service. While serving on these congressional committees, Harding toured military installations to evaluate and looking for ways to improve the military's procurement procedures. In an effort to cut government costs under the Eisenhower administration, she also urged military and other government offices to consider using private companies to perform some of their work.[4]

Harden, an advocate for women's rights, joined with Maine's U.S. Senator, Margaret Chase Smith, and Ohio's U.S. Representative, Frances Bolton, to urge the Republican Party to adopt platform planks of interest to women. In 1957, Harden and New Jersey's U.S. Representative, Florence Dwyer, offered "a bill to provide equal pay for women."[2]

Harden served her Indiana constituents by promoting flood control in the Wabash River valley, helping to secure federal funding for flood control projects in her state. She was also critical of U.S. Atomic Energy Commission's plan in 1956 to close its heavy water plant in Dana, Indiana, which was within her congressional district. Harden claimed that 900 workers would become unemployed as a result of the closure.[3][4]

Harden, who aligned her political interests with the Eisenhower administration, lost her bid for a sixth term in the U.S. House to Democrat Fred Wampler, a Terre Haute high school football coach, in 1958 by slightly more than a two-percent margin.[2][8] Harden was one of Indiana's seven Republican congressional members who were defeated in the 1958 election (and one of the forty-seven seats in the U.S. House that the Republicans lost in the election). Her defeat was blamed, in part, on a recession that negatively affected industrial employment in Terra Haute.[4]

Other serviceEdit

Although her final congressional term ended in January 1959, Harden remained in Washington, D.C. Two months later, March 1959, she was appointed to served as special assistant for women's affairs to U.S. Postmaster General Arthur Summerfield. Harden remained at this post until President John F. Kennedy's Democratic administration replaced Eisenhower's Republican administration in March 1961.[1][4] Harden also continued to serve as a Republican national committeewomen for Indiana from 1964 until 1972, and as a delegate-at-large for the Republican National Conventions in 1968 and in 1972.[5] In 1970, President Richard M. Nixon appointed Hardin to the National Advisory Committee for the White House Conference on Aging, where she served in 1972–73.[3][4]

Later yearsEdit

Harden outlived her husband, Frost Harden, by nearly two decades. Following her retirment from politics in the early 1970s, Harden returned to her home in Covington, Indiana.[3][4] She spent her final years in an assisted living facility.[1][9]

Death and legacyEdit

Cecil Harden died of cancer on December 5, 1984, at the age of ninety, in Lafayette, Indiana. She was survived by her son and grandchildren.[1][9] Her remains are at Mount Hope Cemetery in Fountain County.[10]

The "Cecil Murray Harden Papers, 1938–1984," are housed in the collections of the Indiana Historical Society in Indianapolis.[4]

On December 14, 1974, President Gerald R. Ford signed a bill renaming Mansfield Lake in Parke County, Indiana, in Harding's honor. As U.S. Representative she had been involved in securing funds for the project. Under the Flood Control Act of 1938, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers designed and built the lake by damming Big Raccoon Creek as part of flood control project for Big Raccoon Creek and the Lower Wabash River watersheds in Parke County. Construction began on the 2,060-acre (830-hectare) lake in October 1956; it was completed in July 1960. Indiana's Department of Natural Resources administers recreational uses of the lake in the Raccoon State Recreational Area.[11][12]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Joan Cook (December 8, 1984). "Ex-Rep. Cecil Harden Dies; Worked for Women's Rights". New York Times: Section 1, 17. Retrieved September 22, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Harden, Cecil Murray". United States House of Representatives. Retrieved September 22, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Cecil Hardin" (pdf). Writing Her Story. Indiana Commission for Women. Retrieved September 21, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Cecil Murray Harden" in Committee on House Administration by the Office of History & Preservation, U.S. House of Representatives. (2006). Women in Congress, 1917-2006. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. pp. 273–77.
  5. ^ a b c "Harden, Cecil Murray, (1894 – 1984)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774 – Present. United States Congress. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
  6. ^ "Frost Revere Harden". Find A Grave. Retrieved September 23, 2019.
  7. ^ "Murray Eugene Harden". Find A Grave. Retrieved September 23, 2019.
  8. ^ "Republicans Gain in Womanpower in Congress, Total Now is 17". Retrieved September 22, 2019.
  9. ^ a b "Cecil Harden, former U.S. congresswoman". The Evening Independent. St. Petersburg, Florida. December 7, 1984. pp. 21-A. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
  10. ^ Cecil M. Harden at Find a Grave
  11. ^ "Cecil M. Harden Lake, Raccoon State Recreation Area" (pdf). Indiana Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved September 24, 2019. See also: "Cecil M. Hardin Lake (Raccoon SRA)". Indiana Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved September 24, 2019. Also: "Cecil Harden Lake". Lakebrowser.com. Retrieved September 27, 2019.
  12. ^ Wonning incorrectly states that President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the authorization to change the name to Harden Lake, but Gerald Ford was the U.S. president on December 14, 1974, and signed the legislation to rename the lake. See: Paul R. Wonning (2019). Parke County Covered Bridge Auto Trails: A West-Central Indiana Road Trip. Exploring Indiana’s Highways and Back Roads Series. Mossy Feet Books. p. 46.

ReferencesEdit

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