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Paul Albert Fino (December 15, 1913 – June 16, 2009) was an American lawyer and politician from New York. A member of the Republican Party, he served as a New York State Senator, a member of the United States House of Representatives and a justice of the New York Supreme Court.

Paul A. Fino
Paul A. Fino.jpg
Member of the New York State Senate
from the 27th district
In office
January 1, 1945 – December 31, 1950
Preceded byThomas C. Desmond
Succeeded byEnzo Gaspari
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from New York
In office
January 3, 1953 – December 31, 1968
Preceded byCharles A. Buckley
Succeeded byMario Biaggi
Constituency25th district (1953–63)
24th district (1963–68)
Justice of the New York Supreme Court
In office
January 1, 1969 – December 31, 1972
Personal details
Born(1913-12-15)December 15, 1913
The Bronx, New York
DiedJune 16, 2009(2009-06-16) (aged 95)
Political partyRepublican
Alma materSt. John's University School of Law

Early LifeEdit

Fino was born on December 15, 1913, in The Bronx to Isidore and Lucia Fino. He graduated from St. John's University School of Law in 1937.[1]

Legislative CareerEdit

He ran unsuccessfully for the New York State Assembly in 1940 and the New York State Senate in 1942. In 1944, Fino ran in the 27th district and defeated the Minority Leader of the State Senate, John J. Dunnigan.[2] He represented the 27th from 1945 to 1950, sitting in the 165th, 166th and 167th New York State Legislatures.

In 1952, he defeated Bernard O'Connell to win a seat in the 83rd Congress. He went on to win seven more terms, serving in the 84th, 85th, 86th, 87th, 88th, 89th and 90th United States Congresses, holding office from January 3, 1953, until his resignation on December 31, 1968.

In Congress, Fino leaned conservative and opposed racial busing and President Lyndon Johnson's anti-poverty programs. He championed the creation of a "national lottery," which he believed would allow the federal government to raise additional revenue to fund crucial programs without raising taxes. At one point, he introduced a bill to outlaw the Communist Party[1] His positions also included support for traditionally liberal programs such as Medicare, Social Security and mass transit. In 1964, he proposed changes to the Social Security that would allow recipients to draw benefits at age 60 with no income limits. This was more generous than what the Democratic Party proposed.[3]

Fino became an opponent of John Lindsay when the two served in Congress. After Lindsay became the Mayor of New York City in 1966, Fino continued to feud with him. The New York Times reported that Fino asked Lindsay for the appointment of a law partner as sanitation commissioner and was denied by the new mayor.[2] Afterwards, he criticized Lindsay's more liberal legislative initiatives and mocked him for promoting New York as "Fun City".[1] Lindsay countered by tacitly supporting efforts to remove Fino as the Bronx Republican leader.[4]

He was a delegate to the 1960, 1964 and 1968 Republican National Conventions. From 1961 to 1968, he was also the Republican leader in The Bronx.[5]

Later CareerEdit

Fino won election to a newly created seat on the New York Supreme Court in 1968 and resigned from Congress on December 31. He served until 1972 and built a reputation for tough sentencing. In one case, he sentenced an addict to 30 years in prison for possession of 1/73 of an ounce of heroin.[1]

On December 31, 1972, he resigned from the bench in order to run for a seat on the New York City Council. He stated at the time that a goal of returning to politics was to push out State Senator John D. Calandra from his post as the Bronx Republican leader.[5] Fino lost in the Republican primary election to Pasquale Mele.[6]

Later LifeEdit

In 1986, Fino published his autobiography, My Life in Politics and Public Service.

He was a resident of Atlantic Beach, New York when he died on June 16, 2009, in North Woodmere, New York.[1] He was buried at the Woodlawn Cemetery in the Bronx.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Paul Fino, Politician Who Battled Lindsay, Dies at 95". New York Times. 2009-06-18.
  2. ^ a b "G.O.P. Foe of Mayor; Paul Albert Fino". New York Times. 1967-05-18.
  3. ^ "Republican Seeks 7th Term by Promising Benefits Aplenty". New York Times. 1964-10-30.
  4. ^ "Mayor Hints He Favors Ouster Of Fino as Bronx G.O.P. Chief". New York Times. 1967-04-29.
  5. ^ a b "Fino to Leave Supreme Court And Return to Politics in Bronx". New York Times. 1972-11-29.
  6. ^ "O'Dwyer Looks to Election And Garelik to a Recount". New York Times. 1973-06-07.

SourcesEdit

New York State Senate
Preceded by
Thomas C. Desmond
New York State Senate
27th District

1945–1950
Succeeded by
Enzo Gaspari
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Charles A. Buckley
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 25th congressional district

1953–1963
Succeeded by
Robert R. Barry
Preceded by
Charles A. Buckley
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 24th congressional district

1963–1968
Succeeded by
Mario Biaggi
Party political offices
Preceded by
Harry Uviller
Republican Nominee for New York City Comptroller
1953
Succeeded by
Walter McGahan
Preceded by
Caroline K. Simon
1957
Republican Nominee for New York City Council President
1961
Succeeded by
Timothy Costello