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Oliver Payne Bolton (February 22, 1917 – December 13, 1972) was an American politician of the Republican party who served in the United States House of Representatives from 1953 to 1957 and from 1963 to 1965. In 1953, he and his mother, Frances P. Bolton, became the first mother and son to serve simultaneously in Congress.

Oliver P. Bolton
Oliver P. Bolton (Office of Clerk).jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 11th district
In office
January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1957
Preceded byWalter E. Brehm
Succeeded byDavid S. Dennison
In office
January 3, 1963 – January 3, 1965
Preceded byRobert E. Cook
Succeeded byJ. William Stanton
Personal details
Born
Oliver Payne Bolton

(1917-02-22)February 22, 1917
Cleveland, Ohio
DiedDecember 13, 1972(1972-12-13) (aged 55)
Palm Beach, Florida
Resting placeLake View Cemetery
Political partyRepublican
RelationsHenry B. Payne
Frances P. Bolton
Chester Castle Bolton
Alma materHarvard University
Case Western Reserve University School of Law
Military service
AllegianceUnited States
Branch/serviceUnited States Marine Corps
Years of service1941–1946
UnitV Amphibious Corps
Battles/warsPacific Theater of World War II

Early lifeEdit

Bolton was born in Cleveland, Ohio, on February 22, 1917. His father, Chester Castle Bolton, represented Ohio's 22nd congressional district in the House of Representatives from 1929 to 1939. Upon his father's death in office, his mother Frances P. Bolton won a special election to succeed Chester and served in Congress from 1940 to 1969.[1] His great-grandfather Henry B. Payne also represented Ohio in both the House of Representatives and the United States Senate.

He graduated from Milton, Massachusetts Academy in 1935, and Harvard University in 1939 and Case Western Reserve University School of Law in 1947. He was admitted to the bar in 1947, and began practice in Cleveland.[2]

CareerEdit

After college, he served as a member of the Ohio National Guard in 170th Cavalry. After the United States' entry into World War II. He went on active duty in the United States Army and served though 1946, including one year in the Pacific Theater of Operations in the V Amphibious Corps.[2]

Bolton was chairman of the Ohio Young Republicans 1948 and 1949. He was the Young Republicans national committeeman from Ohio 1950 and 1951. From 1952 to 1963 he published the Lake County The News-Herald (Ohio) and Dover, Ohio Daily Reporter.[2]

Political careerEdit

In 1952, congressional redistricting removed a part of his mother's congressional district and allocated it to Ohio's 11th congressional district. Bolton entered the race and won, which marked the first time a mother and son would serve together in Congress. He served two terms in the 83rd and 84th Congresses.[1] After a heart attack in 1956, he declined to run for a third term.[3] After leaving Congress, he was the director of commerce for the state of Ohio from February to August 1957.

In 1962, he returned to politics and defeated incumbent Robert E. Cook in the 1962 midterm elections but served only one term. In 1964, he switched to run for Ohio's at-large seat that Robert Taft Jr. gave up to run for Senate.[4] With President Lyndon B. Johnson defeating Senator Barry Goldwater in the 1964 presidential election by a then-record one million votes, Bolton lost his seat to Robert E. Sweeney.[5]

After his political career, he joined the investment bank Prescott, Merrill, Turben & Co.

Personal lifeEdit

He died of heart failure December 13, 1972 at Palm Beach, Florida, and was buried at Lake View Cemetery, Cleveland.[2][1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Oliver P. Bolton of Ohio, 55, Dies". New York Times. 1972-12-15.
  2. ^ a b c d
  3. ^ "Former Rep. Frances Bolton, in Congress 29 Years, Dies". Washington Post. 1977-03-11.
  4. ^ "Young and Taft Winners in Ohio; To Vie for Senate in Fall —Glenn Shows Strength". New York Times. 1964-05-06.
  5. ^ "Young Beats Taft in an Ohio Upset; Senator Profits From Heavy Vote for Johnson There". New York Times. 1964-11-05.

See alsoEdit

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Walter E. Brehm
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 11th congressional district

January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1957
Succeeded by
David S. Dennison
Preceded by
Robert E. Cook
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 11th congressional district

January 3, 1963 – January 3, 1965
Succeeded by
J. William Stanton