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Leo Elwood Allen (October 5, 1898 – January 19, 1973) was an American politician from Illinois.

Leo E. Allen
Leo Elwood Allen.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 16th district
In office
January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1961
Preceded by Everett Dirksen
Succeeded by John B. Anderson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 13th district
In office
March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1949
Preceded by William R. Johnson
Succeeded by Ralph E. Church
Personal details
Born (1898-10-05)October 5, 1898
Elizabeth, Illinois U.S.
Died January 19, 1973(1973-01-19) (aged 74)
Galena, Illinois U.S.
Political party Republican

Born in Elizabeth, Illinois, Allen's maternal grandparents were German immigrants and his paternal grandfather was from England.[1] He attended public schools and graduated from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor in 1923. During the First World War, he served as a sergeant in the 123rd Field Artillery Regiment between 1917 and 1919. He taught school in Galena, Illinois in 1922 and 1923 and was clerk of the circuit court of Jo Daviess County from 1924 to 1932. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1930, starting a practice in Galena.

Allen was elected as a Republican to the United States House of Representatives in 1932 and would be re-elected thirteen additional times, serving from January 3, 1933 to January 3, 1961. He twice served as chairman of the House Committee on Rules during the two Congresses he served in which the Republicans held majorities, the 80th Congress (1947–1949) and the 83rd Congress (1953–1955). Allen declined to seek a fifteenth term in 1960 and retired in Galena, where he died on January 19, 1973. He is buried in Greenwood Cemetery.

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U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
William R. Johnson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 13th congressional district

March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1949
Succeeded by
Ralph E. Church
Preceded by
Everett Dirksen
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 16th congressional district

January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1961
Succeeded by
John B. Anderson