Port Jervis, New York

Port Jervis is a city located at the confluence of the Neversink and Delaware rivers in western Orange County, New York, United States, north of the Delaware Water Gap. Its population was 8,775 at the 2020 census. The communities of Deerpark, Huguenot, Sparrowbush, and Greenville are adjacent to Port Jervis. Matamoras, Pennsylvania, is across the river and connected by bridge. Montague Township, New Jersey, borders here. The Tri-States Monument, marking the tripoint between New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, lies at the southwestern corner of town.

Port Jervis
City of Port Jervis
A view of Port Jervis, taken from Elks-Brox Park
A view of Port Jervis, taken from Elks-Brox Park
The seal of Port Jervis, New York
Motto: 
Gateway to the Upper Delaware River
Interactive map of Port Jervis
Coordinates: 41°22′N 74°41′W / 41.367°N 74.683°W / 41.367; -74.683Coordinates: 41°22′N 74°41′W / 41.367°N 74.683°W / 41.367; -74.683
CountryUnited States United States
StateNew York
CountyOrange
Settled1690; 332 years ago (1690)
Incorporated (village)1853; 169 years ago (1853)
Incorporated (city)1907; 115 years ago (1907)
Named forJohn B. Jervis
Government
 • TypeMayor–council
 • MayorKelly Decker (D)
 • Councilman at LargeStanley Siegel (R), (C)
Area
 • Total2.70 sq mi (7.00 km2)
 • Land2.53 sq mi (6.55 km2)
 • Water0.17 sq mi (0.44 km2)  6.64%
Elevation
400 ft (122 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total8,775
 • Density3,468.38/sq mi (1,339.24/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
12771
Area code845
FIPS code36-59388
GNIS feature ID0960971
Websitewww.portjervisny.gov

Port Jervis was part of early industrial history, a point for shipping coal to major markets to the southeast by canal and later by railroads. Its residents had long-distance passenger service by railroad until 1970. The restructuring of railroads resulted in a decline in the city's business and economy.[2]

In the 21st century, from late spring to early fall, many thousands of travelers and tourists pass through Port Jervis on their way to enjoying rafting, kayaking, canoeing and other activities in the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area and the Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River and the surrounding area.

Port Jervis is part of the Poughkeepsie–Newburgh–Middletown metropolitan area as well as the larger New York metropolitan area. In August 2008, Port Jervis was named one of "Ten Coolest Small Towns" by Budget Travel magazine.[3]

HistoryEdit

The first fully developed European settlement in the area was established by Dutch and English colonists c.1690, and a land grant of 1,200 acres (490 ha) was formalized on October 14, 1697. The settlement was originally known as Mahackamack, after a Lenape word. It was raided and burned in 1779 during the American Revolutionary War, by British and Mohawk forces under the command of Mohawk leader Joseph Brant before the Battle of Minisink. Over the next two decades, residents rebuilt the settlement. They developed more roadways to better connect Mahackamack with the eastern parts of Orange County.

After the Delaware and Hudson Canal was opened in 1828, providing transportation of coal from northeastern Pennsylvania to New York and New England via the Hudson River, trade attracted money and further development to the area.[4] A village was incorporated on May 11, 1853.[2] It was renamed as Port Jervis in the mid-19th century, after John Bloomfield Jervis, chief engineer of the D&H Canal. Port Jervis grew steadily into the 1900s, and on July 26, 1907, it became a city.

 
The Erie Depot, built in 1892, was the largest station on the Erie Railroad's Delaware Division. The Erie ceased long-distance passenger service in 1970. The depot was recently restored and houses some retail shops.

Coming of the railroadEdit

The first rail line to run through Port Jervis was the New York & Erie Railroad, which in 1832 was chartered to run from Piermont, New York, on the Hudson River in Rockland County, to Lake Erie. Ground was broken in 1835, but construction was delayed by a nationwide financial panic, and did not start again until 1838. The line was completed in 1851, and the first passenger train – with President Millard Fillmore and former United States Senator Daniel Webster on board – came through the city on May 14. The railroad went through a number of name changes, becoming the Erie Railroad in 1897.[5]

A second railroad, the Port Jervis and Monticello Railroad, later leased to the New York, Ontario and Western Railway (O&W), opened in 1868, running northeast out of the city, and eventually connecting to Kingston, New York, Weehawken, New Jersey and eastern connections.[5]

Like the D&H Canal, the railroads brought new prosperity to Port Jervis in the form of increased trade and investment in the community from the outside. However, the competition by the railroad, which could deliver products faster, hastened the decline of the canal, which ceased operation in 1898. The railroads were the basis of the city's economy for the coming decades. Port Jervis became Erie's division center between Jersey City, New Jersey and Susquehanna, Pennsylvania, and by 1922, 20 passenger trains went through the city every day. More than 2,500 Erie RR employees made their homes there.[6]

The railroads began to decline after the Great Depression.[6] A shift in transportation accelerated after World War II with the federal subsidy of the Interstate Highway System and increased competition from trucking companies. One of the first Class I railroads to shut down was the O&W, on March 29, 1957, leaving Port Jervis totally reliant on the Erie. A few years later, in 1960, the Erie, also on a shaky financial footing, merged with Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad to become the Erie Lackawanna. Railroad restructuring continued and in 1976, the Erie Lackawana became part of Conrail, along with a number of other struggling railroads, such as the Penn Central.[5] Since the breakup of Conrail, the trackage around Port Jervis has been controlled by Norfolk Southern. The decline of the railroads was an economic blow to Port Jervis. The city has struggled to find a new economic basis.

Racial incidentsEdit

On June 2, 1892, Robert Lewis, an African American, was lynched, hanged on Main Street in Port Jervis by a mob after being accused of participation in an assault on a white woman.[7][8] A grand jury indicted nine people for assault and rioting rather than Lewis's lynching.[9] Some literary critics argue that this event influenced Stephen Crane's 1898 novella The Monster. Crane lived in Port Jervis from 1878 until 1883 and frequently visited the area from 1891 to 1897.[10]

In the mid-1920s some residents in the area formed a Ku Klux Klan chapter, in the period of the KKK's early 20th-century revival. They burned crosses on Point Peter, the mountain peak that overlooks the city.[11]

 
A view of Port Jervis showing the Mid-Delaware Bridge to Matamoras, Pennsylvania on the far right and New Jersey's High Point on the Kittatinny Ridge on the far left
 
The parade on July 14, 2007, celebrating the 100th year as a city

Recent historyEdit

The city's location at the confluence of the Delaware and Neversink rivers has made it subject to occasional flooding. There was flooding during the 1955 Hurricane Diane, and a flood-related rumor started a panic in the population. This incident was studied and a 1958 report issued by the National Research Council: "The Effects of a Threatening Rumor on a Disaster-Stricken Community".[12]

In addition to the rivers having flooded during periods of heavy rainfall, at times ice jams have effectively dammed the Delaware, also causing flooding. In 1875 ice floes destroyed the bridge to Matamoras, Pennsylvania.[6] In 1981 a large ice floe resulted in the highest water crest measured to date at the National Weather Service's Matamoras river gauge 26.6 feet (8.1 m).[13]

 
View of Port Jervis from High Point, New Jersey

GeographyEdit

Port Jervis is located on the north bank of the Delaware River at the confluence where the Neversink River – the Delaware's largest tributary – empties into the larger river. Port Jervis is connected by the Mid-Delaware Bridge across the Delaware to Matamoras, Pennsylvania.

From here the Delaware flows to the southwest, running parallel to Kittatinny Ridge until reaching the Delaware Water Gap. It heads southeastward, continuing past New Hope, Pennsylvania and Lambertville, New Jersey; and the New Jersey capital, Trenton; to Philadelphia, and the Delaware Bay.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.7 square miles (7.0 km2), of which 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (6.64%) is water.

ClimateEdit

Port Jervis has a Humid Continental Climate (Köppen Dfb) with relativity hot summers and cold winters. It revives approximately 47.18 inches (1,198 mm) of precipitation per year, most of which occurs in the late spring in early summer. Extremes range from −26 °F (−32 °C) on January 14, 1912, to 105 °F (40.5 °C) on July 9, 1936.

Climate data for Port Jervis, New York 1991–2022 normals, extremes 1893–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 71
(22)
75
(24)
88
(31)
96
(36)
98
(37)
102
(39)
105
(41)
103
(39)
103
(39)
93
(34)
85
(29)
73
(23)
105
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 33.9
(1.1)
37.3
(2.9)
46.2
(7.9)
60.1
(15.6)
71.3
(21.8)
78.8
(26.0)
83.6
(28.7)
81.4
(27.4)
73.8
(23.2)
61.8
(16.6)
49.4
(9.7)
38.5
(3.6)
59.7
(15.4)
Daily mean °F (°C) 24.9
(−3.9)
27.1
(−2.7)
35.4
(1.9)
47.4
(8.6)
58.4
(14.7)
66.9
(19.4)
71.8
(22.1)
69.8
(21.0)
62.4
(16.9)
50.7
(10.4)
39.7
(4.3)
30.4
(−0.9)
48.7
(9.3)
Average low °F (°C) 16.0
(−8.9)
17.0
(−8.3)
24.5
(−4.2)
34.7
(1.5)
45.6
(7.6)
55.0
(12.8)
60.0
(15.6)
58.3
(14.6)
51.0
(10.6)
39.6
(4.2)
30.1
(−1.1)
22.8
(−5.1)
37.8
(3.2)
Record low °F (°C) −26
(−32)
−20
(−29)
−9
(−23)
8
(−13)
21
(−6)
34
(1)
39
(4)
33
(1)
21
(−6)
15
(−9)
1
(−17)
−20
(−29)
−26
(−32)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.07
(78)
2.63
(67)
3.66
(93)
3.78
(96)
3.58
(91)
4.72
(120)
4.72
(120)
4.64
(118)
4.54
(115)
4.67
(119)
3.27
(83)
3.90
(99)
47.18
(1,198)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 8.6 8.6 11.9 16.1 16.7 15.1 15.7 13.7 11.5 11.7 9.4 11.5 150.5
Source: NOAA[14]

Weather Atlas[15]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
18706,377
18808,67836.1%
18909,3277.5%
19009,3850.6%
19109,5641.9%
192010,1716.3%
193010,2430.7%
19409,749−4.8%
19509,372−3.9%
19609,268−1.1%
19708,852−4.5%
19808,699−1.7%
19909,0604.1%
20008,860−2.2%
20108,828−0.4%
20208,775−0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]

As of the census[17] of 2000, there were 8,860 people, 3,533 households, and 2,158 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,500/sq mi (1,300/km2). There were 3,851 housing units at an average density of 1,500/sq mi (590/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.4% White, 8.2% African American, 0.59% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.19% from other races, and 2.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.5% of the population.

There were 3,533 households, out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.9% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.9% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.15.

 
The Deerpark Reformed Church on East Main Street was originally organized in 1737, making it the oldest congregation in the area. The current building dates from 1838.[18]

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 27.8% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,241, and the median income for a family was $35,481. Males had a median income of $31,851 versus $22,274 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,525. About 14.2% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.5% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.

Points of interestEdit

State line monumentsEdit

 
Overlooking the Tri-States Monument at the confluence of the Delaware and Neversink rivers from the Witness Monument

Port Jervis lies near the points where the states of New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania come together. South of the Laurel Grove Cemetery, under the viaduct for Interstate 84, are two monuments marking the boundaries between the three states.[19]

The larger monument is a granite pillar inscribed "Witness Monument". It is not on any boundary itself, but instead is a witness for two boundary points. On the north side (New York), it references the corner boundary point between New York and Pennsylvania that is located in the center of the Delaware River 475 feet (145 m) due west of the Tri-State Rock. On the south side (New Jersey), it references the Tri-State Rock 72.25 feet (22.02 m) to the south.

The smaller monument, the Tri-States Monument, also known as the Tri-State Rock, marks both the northwest end of the New Jersey and New York boundary and the north end of the New Jersey and Pennsylvania boundary.[20] It is a small granite block with inscribed lines marking the boundaries of the three states and a bronze National Geodetic Survey marker.[21] Both monuments were erected in 1882.[19]

TransportationEdit

US 6, U.S. Route 209, New York State Route 42, and New York State Route 97 (the "Upper Delaware Scenic Byway"[22]) pass through Port Jervis. Interstate 84 passes to the south.

Port Jervis is the last stop on the 95-mile-long (153 km) Port Jervis Line, which is a commuter railroad service from Hoboken, New Jersey and New York City (via a Secaucus Transfer) that is contracted to NJ Transit by the Metro-North Railroad of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority. The track itself continues on to Binghamton and Buffalo, but passenger service west of Port Jervis was discontinued in November 1966.

Short Line provides bus service between Honesdale, Pennsylvania, Port Jervis, and the Port Authority Bus Terminal.[23]

GovernmentEdit

 
Port Jervis City Hall

Port Jervis is governed by a mayor and a city council under a mayor–council government system. The city council has nine members: a councilman-at-large and eight members elected from wards. The city comprises four wards, residents of which elect two council members each for two year terms.[24] The mayor and councilman-at-large are elected at large for two year terms. Elections are held in odd number years. Terms of office begin on January 1.

Representation in the state legislature is solidly Republican. The city is located in the 98th Assembly district, currently represented by Karl Brabenec. Mike Martucci represents the city in the state senate as part of the 42nd district.

Port Jervis is a part of New York's 18th congressional district, represented by Democrat Sean Patrick Maloney. Senators Charles Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand represent all of New York in the U.S. Senate, including the city.

City council
Seat Member Party Took office
Councilman-at-large Stanley Siegel Republican January 1, 2022
Councilman (ward 1) Regis Foster Republican January 1, 2016
Councilman (ward 1) Elizabeth Miller Democratic January 1, 2022
Councilman (ward 2) Misty Fuller Republican January 1, 2022
Councilman (ward 2) Maria Mann Republican January 1, 2018
Councilman (ward 3) Michael Decker Republican January 1, 2022
Councilman (ward 3) Denis Livingston Republican January 1, 2022
Councilman (ward 4) Melissa Newhauser Republican January 1, 2022
Councilman (ward 4) Timothy Simmons Republican January 1, 2020
 
Port Jervis Middle School, in the Port Jervis city limits

EducationEdit

Port Jervis City School District operates public schools serving Port Jervis.[25] The area elementary school, Anna S. Kuhl Elementary School, is in Deerpark but with a Port Jervis postal address.[26] Port Jervis Middle School is in Port Jervis.[27] Port Jervis High School is also in Deerpark but with a Port Jervis postal address.[28] Kuhl and Port Jervis High are on the same property.[29]

MediaEdit

On July 4, 1953 WDLC at 1490 on the AM dial signed-on. Co-owned.[clarification needed] The station also can receive WSPK-FM K104.7 and WRRV on 92.7.

Notable peopleEdit

Notable current and former residents of Port Jervis include:

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Minisink Valley Historical Society - Port Jervis and the Gilded Age". minisink.org. Retrieved 2019-10-21.
  3. ^ Harrison, Karen Tina. "10 Coolest Small Towns: Port Jervis" Archived 2010-09-22 at the Wayback Machine. Budget Travel. (September 2008). Retrieved January 13, 2011.
  4. ^ "D&H Canal & Gravity Railroad", Minisink Valley Historical Society
  5. ^ a b c "Railroads of Port Jervis". Minisink Valley Historical Society website
  6. ^ a b c "Port Jervis and the Gilded Age", Minisink Valley Historical Society
  7. ^ "Lynching at Port Jervis. – Robert Jackson, a colored man, hanged by a mob" (PDF). New York Times. June 3, 1892.
  8. ^ https://academicworks.cuny.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1025&context=ho_pubs
  9. ^ "Port Jervis Lynching indictments" (PDF). New York Times. June 30, 1892.
  10. ^ Wertheim, Stanley. A Stephen Crane Encyclopedia. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1997. ISBN 0-313-29692-8. p. 195
  11. ^ "Boys get 'K.K.K.' Warning – Port Jervis Youths are Ordered to restore crosses to Point Peter" (PDF). New York Times. August 13, 1922.
  12. ^ "The Effects of a Threatening Rumor on a Disaster-Stricken Community ". National Research Council (NRC). (1958) Retrieved January 13, 2011.
  13. ^ Weyandt, Kimberly. "Flooding is old news". The River Reporter (September 30 – October 6, 2004). Retrieved March 5, 2011.

    However, the NWS' list of "Historical Crests" for the river at Matamoras/Port Jervis shows a peak of 25.5 feet (7.8 m) in 1904, and no record peak in 1981 at all.
  14. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Dat". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 14, 2022.
  15. ^ "Port Jervis, New York - Monthly weather forecast and Climate data". Weather Atlas. Retrieved June 14, 2022.
  16. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  17. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  18. ^ City of Port Jervis historical marker at the church site
  19. ^ a b Graff, Bill (Summer 2006). "Sentinels at the Northern Border" (PDF). Unearthing New Jersey Vol. 2, No. 2. New Jersey Geological Survey.
  20. ^ Vermeule, C. Clarkson (1888). "Physical Description of New Jersey: Northern Boundary Between New Jersey and New York". In Cook, George H. (ed.). Final Report of the State Geologist. Vol. 1. Trenton, New Jersey: Geological Survey of New Jersey. pp. 66–67.
  21. ^ "LY2604: TRI STATES". U.S. National Geodetic Survey.
  22. ^ "Upper Delaware Scenic Byway website Archived 2011-10-09 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ Short Line bus schedules
  24. ^ "City Council". Port Jervis Website. Retrieved 2022-09-09.
  25. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Orange County, NY" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2021-05-05.
  26. ^ "Home". Anna S. Kuhl Elementary School. Retrieved 2022-01-18. 10 Route 209 Port Jervis, New York 12771 - Despite the "Port Jervis" postal address, the school is physically in Deerpark.
  27. ^ "Home". Port Jervis Middle School. Retrieved 2022-01-18. 118 E Main Street Port Jervis, New York 12771
  28. ^ "Home". Port Jervis High School. Retrieved 2022-01-18. 10 Route 209 Port Jervis, New York 12771 - Despite the "Port Jervis" postal address, the school is physically in Deerpark.
  29. ^ "Port Jervis High School Profile" (PDF). Port Jervis School District. Retrieved 2022-01-18.
  30. ^ Rimer, Sara. "Port Jervis Celebrates Its Conquering Heroes", New York Times, September 3, 1984. Accessed October 10, 2007. "The Banach boys, as everyone knows them here, came back home this weekend, and as the townspeople celebrated their own Olympic gold medalists with a day of marching bands, waving flags and heartfelt speeches, all the hard times and disasters Port Jervis had endured seemed at last forgotten."
  31. ^ "Lockerbie victim's mom happy to see 'monster' Gadhafi gone". Times Herald-Record. 2011-10-21. Retrieved 2021-04-03. Theo’s parents, Susan and Dan Cohen, moved from Port Jervis to Cape May Courthouse, N.J.,[...]
  32. ^ Wertheim, Stanley and Paul Sorrentino. 1994. The Crane Log: A Documentary Life of Stephen Crane, 1871–1900. pp. 13-30, 54, 65, 71, 108, et al to 240, New York: G. K. Hall & Co. ISBN 0-8161-7292-7.
  33. ^ Samuel Fowler, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed September 4, 2007.
  34. ^ "E. Arthur Gray Post Office Building" Archived 2014-08-28 at the Wayback Machine in the Congressional Record (March 10, 2008)
  35. ^ "Gus Oberg: Recording The Strokes' Angles". Sound on Sound. Retrieved 2020-11-11. [In 2007-2008]... Albert and I needed a place to work, so we started to build what's now his One Way Studios, which is located one and a half hours' drive from Manhattan, in the Catskill Mountains. Albert and I designed the studio together. We had a building constructed from scratch...
  36. ^ Frisicano, Andrew (September 15, 2015). "See photos from our interview with Albert Hammond Jr". Time Out New York. Retrieved 2020-11-07. He might live upstate these days (Eldred, NY, to be exact)...

External linksEdit