Joel Barlow Sutherland

Joel Barlow Sutherland (February 26, 1792 – November 15, 1861) was an American politician who served as the first President of the General Society of the War of 1812 from 1854 to 1861. He was a member of the Democratic Party who represented Pennsylvania in the United States House of Representatives (1827–1837).[1]

Joel B. Sutherland
1st President of the
General Society of the War of 1812
In office
Preceded byPosition Established
Succeeded byPeter Hay
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 1st district
In office
October 8, 1833 – March 3, 1837
Preceded byVacant
Succeeded byLemuel Paynter
In office
March 4, 1827 – March 3, 1833
Preceded byJohn Wurts
Succeeded byVacant
Personal details
Joel Barlow Sutherland

(1792-02-26)February 26, 1792
Gloucester County, New Jersey
DiedNovember 15, 1861(1861-11-15) (aged 69)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Resting placeOld Pine Street Church,
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
39°56′36.0″N 75°08′57.7″W / 39.943333°N 75.149361°W / 39.943333; -75.149361
Political partyWhig
Other political
Democratic (before 1836)
  • Mary Reade
  • (died 1887)
  • Mary Sutherland
  • (died 1915)
  • Thomas W. Sutherland
  • (b. 1817; died 1859)
  • Lydia Ann Sutherland
  • (b. 1820; died 1821)
  • Caroline (Prevost)
  • (b. 1820; died 1880)
  • Mary Jane Sutherland
  • (b. 1822; died 1832)
  • Daniel James Sutherland
  • (b. 1823; died 1861)
  • Anna Sutherland
  • (b. 1828; died 1832)
  • Charles Sutherland
  • (b. 1831; died 1895)
  • Daniel Sutherland (father)
  • Jane Sutherland (mother)
Alma materUniversity of Pennsylvania
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/servicePennsylvania Militia
Years of service1812–1814
RankLieutenant Colonel
Commands1st (Sutherland's) Regiment of Riflemen
Battles/warsWar of 1812

Early life and careerEdit

Joel Barlow Sutherland was born in Gloucester County, New Jersey. He graduated from the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia in 1812. He served in the War of 1812 as assistant surgeon to the "Junior Artillerists of Philadelphia," transferred to the line, and was appointed in 1814 lieutenant colonel of rifles in the State militia. He was a member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives from 1813 to 1816. He was a founder of Jefferson Medical College at Philadelphia. He served in the Pennsylvania State Senate for the 2nd district from 1816 and 1817.[2] He later abandoned medicine for the practice of law.[3]

Sutherland was elected as a Jacksonian to the Twentieth and to the four succeeding Congresses. He served as chairman of the United States House Committee on Commerce during the Twenty-third and Twenty-fourth Congresses. He was an unsuccessful Whig candidate for reelection in 1836 to the Twenty-fifth Congress and for election in 1838 to the Twenty-sixth Congress. He served as associate judge of the court of common pleas of Philadelphia in 1833 and 1834.[3]

He was one of the originators of the Lafayette Cemetery in South Philadelphia.[4]


Sutherland died on November 15, 1861, at the age of 69. His grave is in the churchyard of Old Pine Street Church, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Our History". General Society of the War of 1812. Retrieved October 24, 2017.
  2. ^ "Joel Barlow Sutherland". Retrieved January 22, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c United States Congress. "Joel Barlow Sutherland (id: S001083)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  4. ^ An Historical Catalogue of the St. Andrew's Society of Philadelphia. Philadelphia: The St. Andrew's Society of Philadelphia. 1907. pp. 336–337. Retrieved April 29, 2021.

External linksEdit

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district

March 4, 1827 – March 3, 1841
(Vacant February 1833 – October 8, 1833)
Succeeded by
Non-profit organization positions
New creation President of the General Society of the War of 1812
Succeeded by
Peter Hay