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Alexandre Mouton (November 19, 1804 – February 12, 1885) was a United States Senator and the 11th Governor of Louisiana.

Alexandre Mouton
Alexandre Mouton âgé.jpg
11th Governor of Louisiana
In office
January 30, 1843 – February 12, 1846
Preceded byAndre B. Roman
Succeeded byIsaac Johnson
United States Senator
from Louisiana
In office
January 12, 1837 – March 1, 1842
Preceded byAlexander Porter
Succeeded byCharles M. Conrad
Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives
In office
1827–1832
Personal details
BornNovember 19, 1804
Lafayette Parish, Louisiana
Died(1885-02-12)February 12, 1885 (aged 80)
near Lafayette, Louisiana
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)(1) Zelia Rousseau
(2) Emma Kitchell Gardner
Alma materGeorgetown University

Early lifeEdit

 
Alexandre Mouton

He was born in Attakapas district (now Lafayette Parish) into a wealthy plantation-owning Acadian family. He pursued classical studies and graduated from Georgetown College. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1825, and commenced practice in Lafayette Parish. He married Zelia Rousseau, the granddaughter of Governor Jacques Dupré, and they had 13 children before her death. In 1829, he married Emma Kitchell Gardner; this marriage had six children.

Political careerEdit

From 1827 to 1832 was a member of the Louisiana House of Representatives, serving as speaker in 1831 - 1832. He was a presidential elector on the Democratic ticket in 1828, 1832, and 1836, and was an unsuccessful candidate for election in 1830 to the Twenty-second Congress. In 1836 he was again a member of the State house of representatives.

Mouton was elected as a Democrat to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Alexander Porter, was reelected to the full term, and served from January 12, 1837, until his resignation on March 1, 1842. While in the Senate he was chairman of the Committee on Agriculture (Twenty-sixth Congress).

From 1843 to 1846, Mouton was governor of Louisiana. As governor, Mouton reduced expenditures and liquidated state assets to balance the budget and meet bond obligations without raising taxes. He sold state-owned steamboats, equipment and slaves used to remove the Red River Raft in 1834 under Governor Roman. As governor, he opposed all expenditures for internal improvements. He leased out state penitentiary labor and equipment. He supported the call for a constitutional convention, removal of property qualifications for suffrage and office holding, and the election of all local officials and most judges.

Civil WarEdit

He was president of the State secession convention in 1861 and an unsuccessful candidate to the Confederate Senate. Actively involved in railroads, he was president of the Southwestern Railroad Convention.

He was an active supporter of the Confederacy, devoting a large amount of his wealth to the cause. His son Alfred Mouton became a general and died at the Battle of Mansfield. His daughter married Confederate Major General Franklin Gardner, whose older sister became his own second wife.

DeathEdit

 
Governor Mouton's residence at Ile Copal sugar plantation outside Vermilionville.

He died near Vermillionville (now Lafayette) in 1885. He is buried in the cemetery at St. John's Cathedral.

ReferencesEdit

  • United States Congress. "Alexandre Mouton (id: M001050)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  • Congressional Bioguide's Guide to Research Collections for Alexander Mouton
  • National Governors Association

External linksEdit